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When the glacier extends into the sea, the base is undermined by the warmer waters of the ocean, and great fragments are broken off by the waves, forming floating mountains of ice, called icebergs. Icebergs are particularly numerous in the North Atlantic, into which they descend from the extensive Arctic glacial region already described.




Edwin J. Houston, The Elements of Physical Geography, for the use of Schools, Academies, and Colleges. (Philadelphia: Eldredge & Brother, 1891) 110


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