The Wing Bones of a Young Grouse

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“Fig. 29., from a young grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus, six months old), is designed to show the composition of the carpus and metacarpus before the elements of these bones fuse together: r, radius; u, ulna; s, scapholunar or radiale; c, cuneiform or ulnare; om, a carpal bone believed to be os magnum, later fusing with the metacarpus; z, a carpal bone, supposed to be unciform, later fusing with metacarpus; 8, an unidentified fifth carpal bone, which may be called pentosteon, later fusing with the metacarpus; 7, radial or outer metacarpal bone, bearing the pollex or outer digit, consisting of two phalanges, d and k; 9’, principal (median) metacarpal bone, bearing the middle finger, consisting of the two phalanges, d’, d"; 9, inner or ulnar metacarpal, bearing a digit of one phalanx, d’". The pieces marked om, z, 7, 8, 9,. all fuse with 9’. (From nature by Dr. R. W. Shufeldt, U.S.A.)."Elliot Coues, 1884


Bird Anatomy


Elliot Coues Key to North American Birds (Boston, MA: Estes and Lauriat, 1884)


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