86 illustrations of fish including: eel, flatfish, flathead, flounder, flying fish, fork-beard, foureyes, gar, gilt-head, globefish, goby, goldfish, goramy, graining, grayling, grouper, and gudgeon, gunnel, gurnard, and gwyniad

The eel has a long snakelike body.

Eel

The eel has a long snakelike body.

"Common Eel (Anguilla vulgaris)."-Whitney, 1902

Common Eel

"Common Eel (Anguilla vulgaris)."-Whitney, 1902

"These have an elongated form, and a soft, thick, slimy skin; the scales are very minute, and imbedded in the thick, fat, cuticle so as only to be seen when this is dried. The gill orifices are small, and cartried far back, so that the branchiae are protected, on which account these animals can live a considerable time out of water. They are averse to cold and are not found in high northern countries." — Goodrich, 1859

Common European Eel

"These have an elongated form, and a soft, thick, slimy skin; the scales are very minute, and imbedded…

"It varies in length from three to ten feet, and in weight from five to one hundred and thirty pounds. It is a most voracious fish, feeding often on the young of its own species; from the stomach of one that weighed twenty-five pounds, Mr. Yarrell took three dabs and a young conger three feet long." — Goodrich, 1859

Conger Eel

"It varies in length from three to ten feet, and in weight from five to one hundred and thirty pounds.…

"Conger is a large sea-eel, 5, 6, or, in rare cases, even 10 feet long. Its upper parts are brownish-white, and the lower dirty-white; the lateral line spotted with white, the dorsal and anal fins white margined with black. A smaller species is found in the Mediterranean."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Conger Eel

"Conger is a large sea-eel, 5, 6, or, in rare cases, even 10 feet long. Its upper parts are brownish-white,…

The electric eel can generate a shock to overcome the animals it devours.

Electric Eel

The electric eel can generate a shock to overcome the animals it devours.

The electric eel, Electrophorus electricus, is a species of fish. It is capable of generating powerful electric shocks, which it uses for both hunting and self-defense. It is an apex predator in its South American range. Despite its name it is not an eel at all but rather a knifefish.

Electric Eel

The electric eel, Electrophorus electricus, is a species of fish. It is capable of generating powerful…

The Electric Eel (Electrophorus electricus) is a fish in the Gymnotidae family of naked-back knifefishes.

Electric Eel

The Electric Eel (Electrophorus electricus) is a fish in the Gymnotidae family of naked-back knifefishes.

Moray eels are large cosmopolitan eels of the family Muraenidae. There are approximately 200 species in 15 genera. The typical length of a moray is 1.5 m (5 ft), with the largest being the slender giant moray, Strophidon sathete, at up to 4 m (13 ft). Morays usually live in warm waters, and subtropical coral reefs to depths of 150 m, where they spend most of their time concealed inside crevices and alcoves.

Moray Eel

Moray eels are large cosmopolitan eels of the family Muraenidae. There are approximately 200 species…

A sea eel that can grow up to 10 feet in length and weigh 100 pounds. Usually a brownish green.

Sea Eel

A sea eel that can grow up to 10 feet in length and weigh 100 pounds. Usually a brownish green.

"It is from one to four feet long, and weighs from one to twenty-five pounds. This species feed on frogs and fish, and are most active at night." — Goodrich, 1859

Sharp-Nosed Eel

"It is from one to four feet long, and weighs from one to twenty-five pounds. This species feed on frogs…

The sharp-nosed eel (Anguilla acutirostris) is a is also known as the European eel (Anguilla anguilla).

Sharp-Nosed Eel

The sharp-nosed eel (Anguilla acutirostris) is a is also known as the European eel (Anguilla anguilla).

The Snubnosed Eel (Simenchelys parasitica) is a fish in the Synaphobranchidae family of cutthroat eels.

Snubnosed Eel

The Snubnosed Eel (Simenchelys parasitica) is a fish in the Synaphobranchidae family of cutthroat eels.

A eel with a spines all the way down its length.

Spiny Back Eel

A eel with a spines all the way down its length.

The Elephantfish (Callorhinchus callorhynchus) is a species of fish in the Chimaeriformes order of chimaeras.

Elephantfish

The Elephantfish (Callorhinchus callorhynchus) is a species of fish in the Chimaeriformes order of chimaeras.

The European bullhead, Cottus gobio, is a fish of the Cottidae family that is widely distributed in Europe. It is a type of sculpin and has two alternative names: miller's thumb and tommy logge.

European Bullhead

The European bullhead, Cottus gobio, is a fish of the Cottidae family that is widely distributed in…

Betta pugnax, also known as the Fighting Fish (on account of its pugnacious habits), is a bony fish of the family Labyrinthidae, found in the streams of Siam. The fish is bred by the Siamese, who hold fish-fights, similar to cock-fights.

Fighting Fish

Betta pugnax, also known as the Fighting Fish (on account of its pugnacious habits), is a bony fish…

The Orange Filefish (Aluterus schoepfii) is a species of fish in the Monacanthidae family of filefish, also known as foolfish.

Orange Filefish

The Orange Filefish (Aluterus schoepfii) is a species of fish in the Monacanthidae family of filefish,…

A fish in a hatchery

Fish

A fish in a hatchery

An illustration of a fish underwater.

Fish

An illustration of a fish underwater.

An illustration of a whole fish being served on a plate.

Whole Fish on a Plate

An illustration of a whole fish being served on a plate.

"The Flying fish, with wings expanded and elevated in the act of flight. This anomalous and interesting creature is adapted both for swimming and flying. The swimming-tail is consequently retained, and the pectoral fins, which act as wings, are enormously increased in size."—Pettigrew, 1874

Flying Fish

"The Flying fish, with wings expanded and elevated in the act of flight. This anomalous and interesting…

The gars, or garpikes, are members of the Lepisosteiformes (or Semionotiformes), an ancient order of "primitive" ray-finned fish. Fossil gars are found in Europe, South America, and North America, indicating that in times past these fish had a wider distribution than they do today. Gars are considered to be a remnant of a group of rather primitive bony fish that flourished in the Mesozoic, and are most closely related to the bowfin, another archaic fish now found only in North America.

Garpikes Fish

The gars, or garpikes, are members of the Lepisosteiformes (or Semionotiformes), an ancient order of…

The spotted Gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) is a primitive freshwater fish of the family Lepisosteidae, native to North America from the Lake Erie and southern Lake Michigan drainages south through the Mississippi River basin to Gulf Slope drainages, from lower Apalachicola River in Florida to Nueces River in Texas, USA. It has a profusion of dark spots on the body, head and fins. It occurs in quiet, clear pools and backwaters of lowland creeks, small to large rivers, oxbow lakes, swamps and sloughs. It occasionally enters brackish waters. The fish is a voracious predator feeding on various kinds of fishes and crustaceans. They are notable for being one of the few extant fish species with ganoid scales.

Garpikes Fish

The spotted Gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) is a primitive freshwater fish of the family Lepisosteidae, native…

An illustration of the Hussar fish which is nest building fish which can be found in the Sea of Galilee. Hussar fish build protective nest for their young and are also known to carry their young in their mouths when they feel threatened.

Hussar Fish

An illustration of the Hussar fish which is nest building fish which can be found in the Sea of Galilee.…

An illustration of the Cyclopterus lumpus or "lump-fish" found commonly on the coast of Maine. These fish are referred to as "suckers" because their pelvic fins are adhesive disks.

Lump Fish

An illustration of the Cyclopterus lumpus or "lump-fish" found commonly on the coast of Maine. These…

A genus of fished included in the Goby family, and of which the common remora or sucking fish, is the typical example. These fishes have on the top of the head a peculiar sucking-disc, composed of a series of cartilaginous plates arranged transversely, by means of which they attach themselves to other fish or to the bottoms of vessels.

Remora Fish

A genus of fished included in the Goby family, and of which the common remora or sucking fish, is the…

An unsymmetrical fish with both eyes on one sides of its face; one side colored and the other colorless.

Flatfish

An unsymmetrical fish with both eyes on one sides of its face; one side colored and the other colorless.

A flat fish with large fins.

Flatfish

A flat fish with large fins.

A fish with a broad flat skull, deformed from synosteosis of frontal and parietal bones.

Flathead

A fish with a broad flat skull, deformed from synosteosis of frontal and parietal bones.

The wide-eyed flounder adult, showing both eyes on upper side of head.

Flounder

The wide-eyed flounder adult, showing both eyes on upper side of head.

Flounder keep near the bottom, swimming on one side, and the two eyes are both on the side that is uppermost.

Flounder

Flounder keep near the bottom, swimming on one side, and the two eyes are both on the side that is uppermost.

Flounder

Flounder

Flounder

"Is found at the mouths of nearly all European rivers, and is especially abundant where the bottom is soft and muddy." — Goodrich, 1859

Flounder

"Is found at the mouths of nearly all European rivers, and is especially abundant where the bottom is…

A common fish known for its flat appearance and both eyes being on the upper, darker side of its body.

Flounder

A common fish known for its flat appearance and both eyes being on the upper, darker side of its body.

Flounder (also; fluke) are flatfish that live in ocean waters ie., Northern Atlantic and waters along the east coast of the United States and Canada, and the Pacific Ocean, as well. While flounders have both eyes situated on one side of the head, they are not born this way. Their life involves metamorphosis. During metamorphosis, one eye migrates to the other side of the body so that both eyes are situated on the upward-facing side of its body. After metamorphosis, flounder lie on one side on the ocean floor; either the left or right side might face upward depending on the species.

Flounder

Flounder (also; fluke) are flatfish that live in ocean waters ie., Northern Atlantic and waters along…

The American Fourspot Flounder (Hippoglossina oblonga) is a fish in the Paralichthyidae family of large-tooth flounders.

American Fourspot Flounder

The American Fourspot Flounder (Hippoglossina oblonga) is a fish in the Paralichthyidae family of large-tooth…

The scaldfish (Arnoglossus laterna) is a species of lefteye flounder of the Bothidae family.

Lefteye Flounder (Scaldfish)

The scaldfish (Arnoglossus laterna) is a species of lefteye flounder of the Bothidae family.

The Flying Fish is enabled to fly by having fins which approach in extent the wings of a bird, (Hooker, 1882.)

Flying Fish

The Flying Fish is enabled to fly by having fins which approach in extent the wings of a bird, (Hooker,…

Fish that often leap high out of the water to escape enemies.

Flying Fish

Fish that often leap high out of the water to escape enemies.

"Is twelve to fourteen inches long, and has the ventral fins placed anterior to the middle part of the body; it may thus be distinguished from the flying gurnard of the Mediterranean." — Goodrich, 1859

Flying Fish

"Is twelve to fourteen inches long, and has the ventral fins placed anterior to the middle part of the…

"These Flying-fishes in their common element are harassed by the attacks of other inhabitants of the ocean, and when under the excitement of fear they take to the air. Their flight does not usually exceed thirty seconds. They fly from two to three feet above the water."

The Flying Fish (E. Volitans)

"These Flying-fishes in their common element are harassed by the attacks of other inhabitants of the…

The California Flying Fish (Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus) is the largest species in the Exocoetidae family of flying fish.

California Flying Fish

The California Flying Fish (Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus) is the largest species in the…

"One to two feet long, with a long barbule hanging from each chin." — Goodrich, 1859

Great Forked-Beard

"One to two feet long, with a long barbule hanging from each chin." — Goodrich, 1859

"There are several species of the genus, Anableps, the principal one being Four Eyes, inhabiting the sandy shores of tropical American seas."-Whitney, 1902

Four Eyes

"There are several species of the genus, Anableps, the principal one being Four Eyes, inhabiting the…

Ganoids were ancient fish from the Paleozoic time. The image is of the Cephalaspis Lyellii.

Ganoid

Ganoids were ancient fish from the Paleozoic time. The image is of the Cephalaspis Lyellii.

The gar fish has a cylindrical body covered by rhomboidal bony scales that are coated with enamel, making a strong and complete armor.

Gar

The gar fish has a cylindrical body covered by rhomboidal bony scales that are coated with enamel, making…

"Two feet long, with the under jaw greatly protruded; it swims near the surface; bites at a hook; makes violent resistance when drawn up, and emits a strong smell when just taken." — Goodrich, 1859

Gar

"Two feet long, with the under jaw greatly protruded; it swims near the surface; bites at a hook; makes…

The Shortnose Gar (Lepisosteus platostomus) is a fish in the Lepisosteidae family of garpikes.

Shortnose Gar

The Shortnose Gar (Lepisosteus platostomus) is a fish in the Lepisosteidae family of garpikes.

"The gar-pike (Lepidosteus osseus), a Ganoid fish, now living in North American rivers." -Taylor, 1904

Gar-Pike

"The gar-pike (Lepidosteus osseus), a Ganoid fish, now living in North American rivers." -Taylor, 1904

"Twelve inches long, abundant in the Mediterranean, and found on the coasts of Africa and Europe, from France to the Cape of Good Hope. It frequents deep water on bold rocky coasts, and is occasionally taken both by nets and lines." — Goodrich, 1859

Gilt-Head

"Twelve inches long, abundant in the Mediterranean, and found on the coasts of Africa and Europe, from…

"Six to eight inches long, its general color being red varied with green." — Goodrich, 1859

Gilt-Head

"Six to eight inches long, its general color being red varied with green." — Goodrich, 1859

A fish which, by inflating an abdominal sac, can swell out its body to a globular shape.

Globefish

A fish which, by inflating an abdominal sac, can swell out its body to a globular shape.

"Tetraodon have a remarkable power of inflating their bodies by filling their stomachs with air, the stomach being extremely dilatable, and assuming a globular form when distended, whence they have received the name Globe Fish, whilst from the spines, which stand out in all directions, like those of a hedgehog when rolled up, as if for defence of the inflated body, some of them have been designated Porcupine Fish." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Globefish

"Tetraodon have a remarkable power of inflating their bodies by filling their stomachs with air, the…

"Is found in Europe; it occasionally happens that this, as well as other species, when they have puffed themselves up, lose their balance in the water, and float about, belly upwards, in a most helpless condition. The sharp spines on their stomach, however, protect them from their enemies" — Goodrich, 1859

Pennat's Globefish

"Is found in Europe; it occasionally happens that this, as well as other species, when they have puffed…

"It is five to six inches long, and found on the rocky coasts of Europe. It is not esteemed for food." — Goodrich, 1859

Black Goby

"It is five to six inches long, and found on the rocky coasts of Europe. It is not esteemed for food."…

The Goldfish, Carassius auratus, was one of the earliest fish to be domesticated, and is still one of the most commonly kept aquarium fish and water garden fish. A relatively small member of the carp family, the goldfish is a domesticated version of a dark-gray/brown carp native to East Asia. It was first domesticated in China and introduced to Europe in the late 17th century. Goldfish can grow to a maximum length of 23 inches (159 cm) and a maximum weight of 9.9 pounds (4.5 kg), although this is rare; few goldfish reach even half this size. The oldest recorded goldfish lived to 49 years, but most household goldfish generally live only six to eight years, due to being kept in bowls.

Gold Fish

The Goldfish, Carassius auratus, was one of the earliest fish to be domesticated, and is still one of…

"Is two to five inches long, found in Europe, but less abundantly than most other species." — Goodrich, 1859

Goldfinny

"Is two to five inches long, found in Europe, but less abundantly than most other species." —…

"In China and the warmer parts of Japan a fish extremely similar to the Crucian carp of Europe is of very common occurrence in ponds and other still waters. In the wild state its colors do not differ from those of a Crucian carp, and like that fish it is tenacious of life and easily domesticated. Albinos seem to be rather common and as in other fishes, the color of most of these albinos is a bright orange or golden yellow; occasionally even this shade of color is lost, the fish being more or less pure white or silvery." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Goldfish

"In China and the warmer parts of Japan a fish extremely similar to the Crucian carp of Europe is of…

"The goldfish (Cyprinus auratus)." -Thomson, 1916

Goldfish

"The goldfish (Cyprinus auratus)." -Thomson, 1916