48 illustrations from Greek mythology including Satyrs, Scylla, Sibyl, Silenus, Sirens, Sleep, Sphinx, Sunrise, Tantalus, Terpsichore, Thalia, Themis, Theseus, Thisbe, Triptolemus, and Triton

The sculpture of an ancient Snake Goddess. The artifact demonstrates typical Minoan female attire.

Aegean Snake Goddess

The sculpture of an ancient Snake Goddess. The artifact demonstrates typical Minoan female attire.

Illustration of the life-size marble statue located in Munich, Germany. It was found in 1620 in a moat below  Castel Sant'Angelo in Rome. Satyrs attended Dionysus. The satyr in this scuplture is leaning back with his arm behind his head. He has two small horns on his forehead, but otherwise no goat-like features. "In classical myth, a sylvan deity, representing the luxuriant forces of Nature, and closely connected with the worship of Baachus." —Whitney, 1889

The Barberini Faun, or Drunken Satyr

Illustration of the life-size marble statue located in Munich, Germany. It was found in 1620 in a moat…

Winged sandals.

Winged sandals

Winged sandals.

"Satyr" — Gayley, 1893

Satyr

"Satyr" — Gayley, 1893

"Satyr Drinking" — Gayley, 1893

Satyr Drinking

"Satyr Drinking" — Gayley, 1893

"Satyr and Maenad with child Dionysus" — Gayley, 1893

Satyr Maenad

"Satyr and Maenad with child Dionysus" — Gayley, 1893

"Satyr swinging Maiden" — Gayley, 1893

Satyr Maiden

"Satyr swinging Maiden" — Gayley, 1893

"The Furies are generally represented with a scourge, with which to punish the wicked in Tartarus. It probably was supposed to resemble the whip used for punishing slaves, which was a dreaedful instrument, knotted with bones or heavy indented circles of bronze, or terminated by hooks, in which latter case it was aptly denominated a scorpion." — Anthon, 1891

Scourge

"The Furies are generally represented with a scourge, with which to punish the wicked in Tartarus. It…

"Scylla" — Gayley, 1893

Scylla

"Scylla" — Gayley, 1893

"A Sea-God" — Gayley, 1893

Sea god

"A Sea-God" — Gayley, 1893

A Tetradrachm (which is an ancient Greek coin) with the head of Seleucus.

Tetradrachm of Seleucus

A Tetradrachm (which is an ancient Greek coin) with the head of Seleucus.

Prophetess

Sibyl

Prophetess

"The Cumaean Sibyl" — Gayley, 1893

Sibyl

"The Cumaean Sibyl" — Gayley, 1893

Silenus, companion of Dionysus, and a donkey.

Silenus

Silenus, companion of Dionysus, and a donkey.

Silenus was the companion of Dionysus

Silenus

Silenus was the companion of Dionysus

"Silenus taking Dionysus to School" — Gayley, 1893

Silenus

"Silenus taking Dionysus to School" — Gayley, 1893

"Silenus" — Gayley, 1893

Silenus

"Silenus" — Gayley, 1893

"In Greek mythology, a divinity of Asiatic origin, the foster-father of Bacchus, and leader of the satyrs, but very frequently merely one of a number of kindred attendants in the Dionysiac thiasus. He was represented as a robust, full-bearded old man, hairy and with pointed ears, frequently in a state of intoxication, often riding on an ass and carrying a cantharus or other wine-vessel." —Whitney, 1889

Silenus - Marble Sculpture

"In Greek mythology, a divinity of Asiatic origin, the foster-father of Bacchus, and leader of the satyrs,…

"The Sirens were sea nymphs who had the power of charming by their song all who heard them, so that the unhappy mariners were irresistibly impelled to cast themselves into the sea to their distruction." —Bulfinch, 1897

Siren

"The Sirens were sea nymphs who had the power of charming by their song all who heard them, so that…

"In Greek mythology, one of two, or three, or an indeterminate number of sea-nymphs who by their singing fascinated those who sailed by their island, and destroyed them. In works of art they are represented as having the head, arms, and generally the bust of a young woman, the wings and lower part of the body, or sometimes only the feet, of a bird." —Whitney, 1889.
<p>This illustration is of two of the sirens depicted on a funeral marble in Chios. The top siren appears to be dancing. The one on the bottom is playing an instrument.

Sirens on a Greek Funeral Marble

"In Greek mythology, one of two, or three, or an indeterminate number of sea-nymphs who by their singing…

"The God of Sleep" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Sleep

"The God of Sleep" — Gayley, 1893

"Oedipus and the Sphinx" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Sphinx

"Oedipus and the Sphinx" — Gayley, 1893

"Sun, rising, preceded by Dawn" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Sun Rising

"Sun, rising, preceded by Dawn" — Gayley, 1893

"Sunrise; Eos pursuing Cephalus" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Sunrise

"Sunrise; Eos pursuing Cephalus" — Gayley, 1893

"Sylvanus and Faunus were Latin divinities, whose characteristics are so nearly the same as Pan that we may safely consider them as the same personage under different names." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Sylvanus

"Sylvanus and Faunus were Latin divinities, whose characteristics are so nearly the same as Pan that…

"As he sang these tender strains, the very ghosts shed tears. Tantalus, in spite of his thirst, stopped for a moment his efforts for water, Ixion's wheel stood still, the vulture ceased to tear the giant's liver, the daightrs of Danaus rested from their task of drawing water in a sieve, and Sisyphus sat on his rock to listen." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Tantalus, Sisyphus, and Ixion

"As he sang these tender strains, the very ghosts shed tears. Tantalus, in spite of his thirst, stopped…

Muse of dancing and the dramatic chorus

Terpsichore

Muse of dancing and the dramatic chorus

Muse of dancing and the dramatic chorus

Terpsichore

Muse of dancing and the dramatic chorus

Muse of comedy and pastoral poetry

Thalia

Muse of comedy and pastoral poetry

Muse of comedy and pastoral poetry

Thalia

Muse of comedy and pastoral poetry

Personification of law and justice

Themis

Personification of law and justice

"Theseus" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Theseus

"Theseus" — Gayley, 1893

"In the year 1234 B.C., Theseus came to the throne of Athens. He was one of the most renowned characters in the heroic age of Greece, not only on account of his warlike achievements, but from his political wisdom. In the latter part of his reign he is said to have accompanied Hercules in one of his expeditions, and carried off the beautiful Helen, daughter of Tyndarus, king of Lacedaemon." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Theseus and Helen

"In the year 1234 B.C., Theseus came to the throne of Athens. He was one of the most renowned characters…

"The Athenians were at that time in deep affiction on account of the tribute which they were forced to pay to Minos, king of Crete. This tribute consisted of seven youths and seven maidens, who were sent every year to be devoured by the Minotaur." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Theseus and the minotaur

"The Athenians were at that time in deep affiction on account of the tribute which they were forced…

"The Athenians were at that time in deep affiction on account of the tribute which they were forced to pay to Minos, king of Crete. This tribute consisted of seven youths and seven maidens, who were sent every year to be devoured by the Minotaur." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Theseus and the minotaur

"The Athenians were at that time in deep affiction on account of the tribute which they were forced…

"Thisbe" —Gayley, 1893

Thisbe

"Thisbe" —Gayley, 1893

"Triptolemus and the Eleusinian Deities" — Gayley, 1893

Triptolemus

"Triptolemus and the Eleusinian Deities" — Gayley, 1893

"After his return Triptolemus built a magnificent temple to Ceres in Eleusis and established the worship of the goddess, under the name of the Eleusinian mysteries, which, in the splendor and solemnity of their observance, surpassed all other religious celebrations among the Greeks." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Triptolemus

"After his return Triptolemus built a magnificent temple to Ceres in Eleusis and established the worship…

In Greek mythology, the only son of Poseidon, who is described as one of the minor sea gods. He was represented as an attendant of his father, usually mounted on a sea monster, and holding in his hand a conch-shell trumpet.

Triton

In Greek mythology, the only son of Poseidon, who is described as one of the minor sea gods. He was…

"One of the Nereides, Triton. A sea deity, son of Neptune and Amphrodite. His lower extremities were that of a fish." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Triton

"One of the Nereides, Triton. A sea deity, son of Neptune and Amphrodite. His lower extremities were…

"Triton carrying off a Nymph" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Triton Nymph

"Triton carrying off a Nymph" — Gayley, 1893

"Triton was the son of Neptune and Amphitrite, and the poets made him his father's trumpeter. Proteus was also a son of Neptune." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Tritons

"Triton was the son of Neptune and Amphitrite, and the poets made him his father's trumpeter. Proteus…

The Trojan Horse given to the Trojans from the Greeks as a gift but was actually war strategy, the horse being filled with Greek soldiers to attack once inside Troy.

Trojan Horse

The Trojan Horse given to the Trojans from the Greeks as a gift but was actually war strategy, the horse…

"The Wooden Horse" — Gayley, 1893

Trojan Horse

"The Wooden Horse" — Gayley, 1893

"According to the poets, it was by stratagem that this famous city was at last overcome. They tell us that the Greeks constructed a wooden horse of prodigious size, and in the body of which they concealed a number of armed men, and then retired towards the sea-shore to induce the enemy to believe that the besiegers had given up the enterprise, and were about to return home. Deceived by this maneuver, the Trojans brought the gigantic horse into the city, and the men who had been concealed within it, stealing out in the night time, unbarred the gates and admitted the Grecian army within the walls." — Goodrich, 1844

Trojan horse

"According to the poets, it was by stratagem that this famous city was at last overcome. They tell us…

"The Sack of Troy" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Troy Sack

"The Sack of Troy" — Gayley, 1893

"The Sack of Troy" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Troy Sack

"The Sack of Troy" — Gayley, 1893

"Two Hours" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Two Hours

"Two Hours" — Gayley, 1893