In the season of 1915 the 8-cylinder car proved an absorbing topic for automobile engineers and experts, as well as for the layman, and many 8-cylinder cars were speedily rushed upon the market. Adams, 1919

8-Cylinder car

In the season of 1915 the 8-cylinder car proved an absorbing topic for automobile engineers and experts,…

A family travels in an automobile.

Automobile

A family travels in an automobile.

Neighborhood people look in amazement at the first automobile driving down the road.

Automobile Driving Through the Neighborhood

Neighborhood people look in amazement at the first automobile driving down the road.

One of the earliest models of the automobile, which was steam-powered.

A Precursor of the Automobile

One of the earliest models of the automobile, which was steam-powered.

A back axle of a Leyland petrol wagon illustrating direct drive. The middle casing houses the reducing and differential gear, while the wheel axles are going through the box. The gears are moved by a shaft coming from the engine, rotating the gears and the wheels.

Back Axle of Leyland Six Ton Petrol Wagon

A back axle of a Leyland petrol wagon illustrating direct drive. The middle casing houses the reducing…

A side view of Barford and Perkins water—ballast rollers. The vehicle operated using an internal combustion engine to turn the back tires by a drive chain and stopped by turning the wheel on the right. A stirring chain was connected from the front rollers to the large wheel.

Side View of Barford and Perkins Water Ballast Rollers

A side view of Barford and Perkins water—ballast rollers. The vehicle operated using an internal…

"Crankcase showing bearings. The heart of the automobile is the engine. It is built around the crankcase, which is its foundation or base." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 01: Crankcase

"Crankcase showing bearings. The heart of the automobile is the engine. It is built around the crankcase,…

"Crankcase with crank-shaft and fly-wheel added. The crankshaft serves the same purpose in an automobile as the pedals do on a bicycle. The fly-wheel on the end helps it to keep turning at an even speed." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 02: Crank-Shaft and Fly-Wheel

"Crankcase with crank-shaft and fly-wheel added. The crankshaft serves the same purpose in an automobile…

"Cylinders showing piston in place and connected to crankshaft. Gasoline vapor is exploded in the cylinders. This pushes the piston down, and as the piston is connected to the crankshaft it starts the crankshaft turning. The piston and the rod that connect it to the crankshaft are just like the feet and limbs of any one riding a bicycle." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 03: Cylinders Showing Piston and Crankshaft

"Cylinders showing piston in place and connected to crankshaft. Gasoline vapor is exploded in the cylinders.…

"The gears or 'cogwheels' are for running the fan, the pump and other parts." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 04: Cogwheels

"The gears or 'cogwheels' are for running the fan, the pump and other parts." -Bodmer, 1917

"Cylinder added to crankcase. The cylinders are next bolted down to the crankcase, the pistons and crankshaft having been connected. A cover is placed over the gears to keep them clean." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 05: Cylinder Added to Crankcase

"Cylinder added to crankcase. The cylinders are next bolted down to the crankcase, the pistons and crankshaft…

"An oil pan or reservoir is attached to the bottom of the crankcase to hold oil for the engine." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 06: Reservoir Added

"An oil pan or reservoir is attached to the bottom of the crankcase to hold oil for the engine." -Bodmer,…

"The carburetor furnishes the gasoline vapor for the cylinders. It is connected to the engine by a crooked pipe called the intake manifold. After the gasoline has been exploded a valve opens and allows the burned gases to escape through another pipe, called the exhaust manifold." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 07: Carburetor

"The carburetor furnishes the gasoline vapor for the cylinders. It is connected to the engine by a crooked…

"Oil pump and filler added to motor. Oil is poured in the spout which is at the left of the carburetor. It runs down into the reservoir and is pumped up through the engine a little at a time." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 08: Oil Pump and Filler

"Oil pump and filler added to motor. Oil is poured in the spout which is at the left of the carburetor.…

"The electric generator makes electricity to be used for starting the engine and lighting the car." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 09: Electric Generator

"The electric generator makes electricity to be used for starting the engine and lighting the car."…

"The magneto gives an electric spark, which explodes the gasoline in the cylinders. The water pump keeps water flowing around the cylinders to prevent them from getting too hot. This water comes back to the pump through the radiator at the front of the car. Wind blows through the radiator and cools off the water. The tire pump on up-to-date cars is run by the engine. It does not pump except when the gears, which are shown in the picture, are pulled together." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 10: Magneto

"The magneto gives an electric spark, which explodes the gasoline in the cylinders. The water pump keeps…

"An electric motor starts the engine by turning the fly-wheel. This makes it unnecessary to get out and crank the car by hand." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 11: Motor

"An electric motor starts the engine by turning the fly-wheel. This makes it unnecessary to get out…

"The transmission is added. The transmission makes it possible to reverse the car. It also enables the driver to go into high-speed gear when on level roads and low-speed gear for starting and for pulling hills." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 12: Transmission

"The transmission is added. The transmission makes it possible to reverse the car. It also enables the…

"Double-drop pressed steel frame. The frame on which the car is built." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 13: Frame

"Double-drop pressed steel frame. The frame on which the car is built." -Bodmer, 1917

"Addition of semi-elliptic and three-fourths-elliptic springs to frame. Large springs are placed at the front and rear of the frame. The make the car ride smoothly." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 14: Elliptic Springs

"Addition of semi-elliptic and three-fourths-elliptic springs to frame. Large springs are placed at…

"Adding the front axle." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 15: Front Axle

"Adding the front axle." -Bodmer, 1917

"Showing addition of full-floating rear axle." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 16: Rear Axle

"Showing addition of full-floating rear axle." -Bodmer, 1917

"Completed engine and transmission is next fastened to the frame and connected to the rear axle by the drive shaft." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 17: Engine and Transmission Attached to the Frame

"Completed engine and transmission is next fastened to the frame and connected to the rear axle by the…

"Showing addition of gasoline tank and gas lead to carburetor." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 18: Gasoline Tank

"Showing addition of gasoline tank and gas lead to carburetor." -Bodmer, 1917

"Showing how steering gear is connected." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 19: Steering Gear

"Showing how steering gear is connected." -Bodmer, 1917

"Wheels are next added to chassis." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 20: Wheels

"Wheels are next added to chassis." -Bodmer, 1917

"Completed chassis with radiator added. The water which keeps the engine from getting too hot is pumped around the cylinders and then through the radiator. The wind blows through the little openings in the radiator, and cools off the water. Then the water is pumped around the cylinders again." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 21: Radiator

"Completed chassis with radiator added. The water which keeps the engine from getting too hot is pumped…

"The steps and fenders are next attached." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 22: Fenders

"The steps and fenders are next attached." -Bodmer, 1917

"The finished car." -Bodmer, 1917

Building an Automobile, Step 23: Finished Car

"The finished car." -Bodmer, 1917

A couple using their auto bed camp. It is a tent attached to the back the automobile that folds up when traveling.

Auto Bed Camp

A couple using their auto bed camp. It is a tent attached to the back the automobile that folds up when…

A page border made out of a road with cars zooming around.

Car Border

A page border made out of a road with cars zooming around.

A side internal and chassis view of Albion car. The car has 16 horsepower and weighs 2 tons. The shaft, in the middle, comes from the engine to the back gears. The back gears are connected to the wheel by a driving chain.

Internal and Chassis View of Albion Car

A side internal and chassis view of Albion car. The car has 16 horsepower and weighs 2 tons. The shaft,…

The high cost and low top speed of electric vehicles compared to later internal combustion vehicles caused a worldwide decline in their use.

Electric Carriage Type Vehicle

The high cost and low top speed of electric vehicles compared to later internal combustion vehicles…

An internal combustible Barford and Perkins water ballast rollers chassis. The fuel tank is located directly in front the driver. The lever is connected to the gear box.

Chassis of Barford and Perkins Water Ballast Rollers

An internal combustible Barford and Perkins water ballast rollers chassis. The fuel tank is located…

A Hallford—Stevens petrol—electric vehicle. The vehicle is considered to be an early hybrid vehicle without battery storage. The vehicle continuously ran to generate power for the back two motors connected to the wheels.

Hallford Stevens Petrol Electric Vehicle Chassis with Two Back Motors

A Hallford—Stevens petrol—electric vehicle. The vehicle is considered to be an early hybrid…

"One of the chief advantages of the side—chain drive lies in the fact that there is, with it, less weight below the springs than with any other form of final drive. The only parts below the springs are: the fixed back axle; the chain rings; the road wheels themselves; the road—wheel brakes and part of the weight of the chains." —Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910

Six Ton Wagon Chassis

"One of the chief advantages of the side—chain drive lies in the fact that there is, with it,…

A car that has top that can be folded or removed

Automobile Convertible

A car that has top that can be folded or removed

A diagram that shows the details and housing of a Dixie Interrupter.

Dixie Interrupter

A diagram that shows the details and housing of a Dixie Interrupter.

Electric cab.

Electric cab

Electric cab.

This sign is used to indicate that a ferry is located nearby.

Ferry, Black and White

This sign is used to indicate that a ferry is located nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that a ferry is located nearby.

Ferry, Color

This sign is used to indicate that a ferry is located nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that a ferry is located nearby.

Ferry, Outline

This sign is used to indicate that a ferry is located nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that a ferry is located nearby.

Ferry, Silhouette

This sign is used to indicate that a ferry is located nearby.

A six cylinder fire engine with Gwynne centrifugal pump by Dennis Brothers Ltd. The engine have a retractable ladder, a bell in the front passenger, and hoses to connect to the pump. The pump is constructed with a turning circular disc inside to force the water flow out of the source.

Dennis Six Cylinder Fire Engine with Centrifugal Pump

A six cylinder fire engine with Gwynne centrifugal pump by Dennis Brothers Ltd. The engine have a retractable…

A Halley six cylinder fire engine with centrifugal pump. The fire engine pumps water from the tank in the back to put fire out with the junction hose (located on the side of the vehicle).

Six Cylinder Halley Fire Engine with centrifugal pump

A Halley six cylinder fire engine with centrifugal pump. The fire engine pumps water from the tank in…

A device on an automobile for making a warning noise.

Automobile Horn

A device on an automobile for making a warning noise.

An illustration of a six cylinder Rolls Royce Pullman limousine. The limousine operated at 40 to 50 horsepower with an open driver's compartment. The closed back compartment separated the passengers and the chauffeur.

Six Cylinder Rolls Royce Pullman Limousine

An illustration of a six cylinder Rolls Royce Pullman limousine. The limousine operated at 40 to 50…

A man and woman drive an Electric Motor Phaeton, a carriage with an electrical motor.

Electric Motor Phaeton

A man and woman drive an Electric Motor Phaeton, a carriage with an electrical motor.

Early type of automobile reflector.

Reflector

Early type of automobile reflector.

A steam runabout, a light American automobile.

Runabout

A steam runabout, a light American automobile.

An automobile starter is an electric motor which uses electrical energy to produce mechanical energy, very typically through the interaction of magnetic frields.

Automobile Starter

An automobile starter is an electric motor which uses electrical energy to produce mechanical energy,…

A typical gasoline touring car.

Touring Car

A typical gasoline touring car.

A Marshall's agricultural hydraulic gear tractor. The fuel tank is located on the bottom back of the tractor, while the water tank is under the driver's seat. The back wheel is turned by the engine.

Marshall's Agricultural Hydraulic Gear Tractor

A Marshall's agricultural hydraulic gear tractor. The fuel tank is located on the bottom back of the…

"In this machine a petrol or paraffin engine drives a water—ballast roller through the medium of a clutch, a simple form of change—speed gear—box, and a single roller chain. The leading roller, by which steering is effected, is also filled with water, in order to obtain the dead weight necessary for rolling." —Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910

Thornycroft Military Oil Tractor

"In this machine a petrol or paraffin engine drives a water—ballast roller through the medium…

A side internal and chassis view of the Halley's Van or Lorry. The vehicle have a 20 horsepower engine with gear box at the rear. The speed is adjusted by a lever, adjusting gears at the center. The outside gears are connected to the wheel by a drive chain.

Halley's Van or Lorry with Internal Combustion Vehicle Side and Chassis View

A side internal and chassis view of the Halley's Van or Lorry. The vehicle have a 20 horsepower engine…

A road vehicle like this one is a mechanical means of conveyance, a carriage or transport. Vehicles may be propelled or pulled by engines or animals including humans, for instance, a chariot, a stagecoach, a mule-drawn barge, an ox-cart or rickshaw. However, animals on their own, though used as a means of transport, are not called vehicles, but rather beasts of burden or draft animals. This distinction includes humans carrying another human, for example a child or a disabled person.

Road Vehicle

A road vehicle like this one is a mechanical means of conveyance, a carriage or transport. Vehicles…

A tracked vehicle is a vehicle that runs on continuous tracks instead of wheels. The principal design advantages of tracked over wheeled vehicles are that they are in contact with a larger surface area than would generally be the case with a wheeled vehicle, and as a result exert a much lower force per unit area on the ground being traversed than a conventional wheeled vehicle of the same weight.

Traction Vehicle

A tracked vehicle is a vehicle that runs on continuous tracks instead of wheels. The principal design…