"Coin of Aethelstan." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Aethelstan

"Coin of Aethelstan." — Lardner, 1885

Alfred hid in the Somersetshire marsh country and was thought to be a poor individual. The herdsman's wife often told Alfred to turn the cakes on the fire.

Alfred In The Herdsman's Hut

Alfred hid in the Somersetshire marsh country and was thought to be a poor individual. The herdsman's…

"Alfred the Great." — Lardner, 1885

Alfred the Great

"Alfred the Great." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of Alfred." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Alfred

"Coin of Alfred." — Lardner, 1885

"A genus of plants of the natural order Hydrocharideae, of which a species A. Canadensis has recently become naturalised in Britain, suddenly appearing in so great abundance as to impede the navigation of some rivers and canals." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Anacharis

"A genus of plants of the natural order Hydrocharideae, of which a species A. Canadensis has recently…

"Anne of Great Britain." — Lardner, 1885

Anne

"Anne of Great Britain." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of Anne." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Anne

"Coin of Anne." — Lardner, 1885

Queen Anne of Great Britain's reign was from 1702 to 1714.

Queen Anne of England

Queen Anne of Great Britain's reign was from 1702 to 1714.

"The Shetland Argus, <em>Astrophyton scutatum, usually more than a foot across, is sometimes found on the British coast." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Shetland argus

"The Shetland Argus, Astrophyton scutatum, usually more than a foot across, is sometimes found on

(1848-1930) British statesman

Arthur James Balfour

(1848-1930) British statesman

"After a successful summer campaign, [Caesar] made his way to the coast and cross over into Britain. He then withdrew into his winter-quarters in Gaul, but in the following year returned into the island, defeated the British Celts under their king Cassivellaunus, and reduced the country to a dependency, compelling the Britons to pay tribute and give hostages."

Landing of the Romans in Britain

"After a successful summer campaign, [Caesar] made his way to the coast and cross over into Britain.…

British coin of the time period of the Roman invasion in the Gallic War, B.C. 54. Front.

British Coin

British coin of the time period of the Roman invasion in the Gallic War, B.C. 54. Front.

British coin of the time period of the Roman invasion in the Gallic War, B.C. 54. Back.

British Coin

British coin of the time period of the Roman invasion in the Gallic War, B.C. 54. Back.

British coin of the time period of the Roman invasion in the Gallic War, B.C. 54. Front.

British Coin

British coin of the time period of the Roman invasion in the Gallic War, B.C. 54. Front.

British coin of the time period of the Roman invasion in the Gallic War, B.C. 54. Back.

British Coin

British coin of the time period of the Roman invasion in the Gallic War, B.C. 54. Back.

Edward I built many castles in North Wales to help subdue the Welsh Following his conquest of the principality in 1277 and the defeat of the Prince of Wales, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.

Caernarvon Castle

Edward I built many castles in North Wales to help subdue the Welsh Following his conquest of the principality…

"All histories of England commence with the invasion of Julius Caesar, the earliest event in that quarter of which we have any authentic account. The Island of Britain was an unknown region to the Romans, and nearly so to the rest of mankind, at the period when Caesar's conquests had reduced the greater part of Gaul to the Roman government. Britain, lying within sight of the northern shores of Gaul, attracted his notice, and he began to meditate schemes of conquest." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Caesar in England

"All histories of England commence with the invasion of Julius Caesar, the earliest event in that quarter…

"Canute." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Canute

"Canute." — Lardner, 1885

Canute the Great, Danish king of England, Denmark and Norway

Canute by the Sea-Shore

Canute the Great, Danish king of England, Denmark and Norway

Caractacus was a British Chief that had fought very bravely against the Romans. He was brought to Rome with chains on his hands and feet and set before the emperor of Rome. The wife of Caratacus, who had also been brought a prisoner to Rome, fell upon her knees imploring pity, but Caractacus asked for nothing and exhibited no signs of fear.

Caractacus And Claudius

Caractacus was a British Chief that had fought very bravely against the Romans. He was brought to Rome…

When Henry VIII became king in 1509, Wolsey's affairs prospered. He became Canon of Windsor, Berkshire in 1511, the same year in which he became a member of the Privy Council. His political star was in the ascendant, and he soon became the controlling figure in all matters of state. 1514, he was made Bishop of Lincoln, and then Archbishop of York.

Cardinal Wolsey Served by Noblemen

When Henry VIII became king in 1509, Wolsey's affairs prospered. He became Canon of Windsor, Berkshire…

The place where King Henry VII was laid to rest.

Chapel and Throne of Henry VII

The place where King Henry VII was laid to rest.

The King's trial (on charges of high treason and "other high crimes") began on January 2, but Charles refused to enter a plea, claiming that no court had jurisdiction over a monarch. He believed that his own authority to rule had been given to him by God when he was crowned and anointed, and that the power wielded by those trying him was simply that which grew out of a barrel of gunpowder. The court, by contrast, proposed that no man is above the law.

Death of Charles I

The King's trial (on charges of high treason and "other high crimes") began on January 2, but Charles…

"Coin of Charles II." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Charles II

"Coin of Charles II." — Lardner, 1885

"That prince escaped from the battle of Worcester as soon as he saw that the day was lost. With a small company of attendants, he eluded the pursuit of the enemy's cavalry by the fleetness of his horse, and struck off from the high road without well knowning which way to go." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Escape of Charles II

"That prince escaped from the battle of Worcester as soon as he saw that the day was lost. With a small…

An ancient British coin.

British coin

An ancient British coin.

An ancient British coin.

British coin

An ancient British coin.

British general, fought against the Americans in the Revolutionary War.

Lord Charles Cornwallis

British general, fought against the Americans in the Revolutionary War.

Oliver Cromwell dismissing the Long Parliament.

Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell dismissing the Long Parliament.

Worn by British Royalty.

Crown, British

Worn by British Royalty.

Wat Tyler, while talking to the King, grew violent, forgot to whom he was speaking, and laid his hand on the king's bridle, as if to threaten or take him prisoner. Upon this, the Lord Mayor, with his mace-dealt the man such a blow that he fell from his horse, and an attendant thrust him through with a sword.

Death of Wat Tyler

Wat Tyler, while talking to the King, grew violent, forgot to whom he was speaking, and laid his hand…

The death of William Rufus, the third son of William the Conqueror and King of England from 1087 until 1100. William Rufus died while hunting in New Forest when he was shot with an arrow through his heart.

Death of William Rufus

The death of William Rufus, the third son of William the Conqueror and King of England from 1087 until…

"Two to three feet long, haunts deep water, and feeds on small fish and crustacea. Found on the British coasts." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Large Spotted Dogfish

"Two to three feet long, haunts deep water, and feeds on small fish and crustacea. Found on the British…

"The Druidical system was at the height of at the time of the Roman invasion uner Julius Caesar. Against the Druids, as their chief enemies, these conquerors of the world directed their unsparing fury. The Druids, harassed at all points on the mainland, retreated to Anglesey and ona, where for a season they found shelter and continued their now dishonoured rites." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Druids

"The Druidical system was at the height of at the time of the Roman invasion uner Julius Caesar. Against…

Edward I of England.

Edward I

Edward I of England.

Edward II of England

Edward II

Edward II of England

King Edward II was sent to prison for neglecting his Queen and fooling around with other men.

Edward II. And His Jailers

King Edward II was sent to prison for neglecting his Queen and fooling around with other men.

Image taken from the tomb of the English king.

Edward III

Image taken from the tomb of the English king.

Edward III of England.

Edward III

Edward III of England.

Edward III was one of the most successful English kings of medieval times. His fifty-year reign began when his father, Edward II of England killed. Edwards reign was marked by an expansion of English territory through wars in Scotland and France. Edward's parentage and his prodigious offspring provided the basis for two lengthy and significant events in European and British history, the Hundred Years' War and the Wars of the Roses, respectively.

Edward III

Edward III was one of the most successful English kings of medieval times. His fifty-year reign began…

"Coin of Edward IV." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Coin of Edward IV

"Coin of Edward IV." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of Edward VI." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Coin of Edward VI

"Coin of Edward VI." — Lardner, 1885

Edward VI became King of England and Ireland on January 28, 1547, at just nine years of age. Edward, the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, was the third monarch of the Tudor dynasty and England's first ruler who was Protestant at the time of his ascension to the throne. Edward's entire rule was mediated through a council of regency as he never reached majority. The council was first led by his uncle, Edward Seymour, and then by John Dudley.

Edward VI. Writing His Journal

Edward VI became King of England and Ireland on January 28, 1547, at just nine years of age. Edward,…

(1841-1910) King of the United Kingdom during 1901-1910. The eldest son of Queen Victoria

Edward VII

(1841-1910) King of the United Kingdom during 1901-1910. The eldest son of Queen Victoria

"Coin of Egbert" &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Coin of Egbert

"Coin of Egbert" — Lardner, 1885

Elizabeth being carried on a gondola by eight men.

Elizabeth

Elizabeth being carried on a gondola by eight men.

Queen of England.

Queen Elizabeth

Queen of England.

"Coin of Ethelbert" &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Coin of Ethelbert

"Coin of Ethelbert" — Lardner, 1885

When Charles was beheaded on January 30, 1649, Phillip Henry records that a moan was heard from the assembled crowd, some of whom then dipped their handkerchiefs in his blood, thus starting the cult of the Martyr King.

Execution of King Charles

When Charles was beheaded on January 30, 1649, Phillip Henry records that a moan was heard from the…

"Coin of George I." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Coin of George I

"Coin of George I." — Lardner, 1885

"George I." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

George I, King of England

"George I." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of George II." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Coin of George II

"Coin of George II." — Lardner, 1885

"George II." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

George II, King of England

"George II." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of George III." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

George III

"Coin of George III." — Lardner, 1885

"George III." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

George III, King of England

"George III." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of George IV." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

George IV

"Coin of George IV." — Lardner, 1885

Grass of Parnassus is a herbaceous plant found on wet moors and bogs in Britain.

Grass of Parnassus

Grass of Parnassus is a herbaceous plant found on wet moors and bogs in Britain.

Queen Henrietta Maria was Queen Consort of England, Scotland and Ireland through her marriage to Charles I. The U.S. state of Maryland was so named in her honor by Caecilius Calvert, son of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore. Cape Henrietta Maria, at the western meeting of James Bay and Hudson Bay in Northern Ontario, is also named for her.

Queen Henrietta Maria

Queen Henrietta Maria was Queen Consort of England, Scotland and Ireland through her marriage to Charles…

"Coin of Henry and Stephan." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Coin of Henry and Stephen

"Coin of Henry and Stephan." — Lardner, 1885

"Henry I." &mdash; Lardner, 1885

Henry I

"Henry I." — Lardner, 1885