An illustration of a balloon frame.

Balloon Frame

An illustration of a balloon frame.

An illustration of a beveled halving joint.

Beveled Halving

An illustration of a beveled halving joint.

This carriage bolt has a rounded head and a slotted drive.

Carriage Bolt

This carriage bolt has a rounded head and a slotted drive.

A carriage bolt with a truss head and a wing nut.

Truss Carriage Bolt and Wing Nut

A carriage bolt with a truss head and a wing nut.

A hex bolt used in carpentry is identified by its hexagonal head and (shown here) fully threaded.

Hex Bolt

A hex bolt used in carpentry is identified by its hexagonal head and (shown here) fully threaded.

"An instrument consisting of a retangular crank-frame, like the carpenter's brace."-Whitney, 1902

Boring Angle-Brace

"An instrument consisting of a retangular crank-frame, like the carpenter's brace."-Whitney, 1902

An illustration of a braced frame.

Braced Frame

An illustration of a braced frame.

Wall-bracket.

Bracket, Wall

Wall-bracket.

An illustration of a bridle joint.

Bridle Joint

An illustration of a bridle joint.

"Proper position for horizontal chiseling." -Ginn, 1906

Chiseling

"Proper position for horizontal chiseling." -Ginn, 1906

"Cross-section of bowling bed showing steel clamp." -Hill, 1921

Steel Clamp

"Cross-section of bowling bed showing steel clamp." -Hill, 1921

An illustration of dovetail tenon.

Dovetail Tenon

An illustration of dovetail tenon.

This is an architectural tool, which facilitates the use of drawing straight lines and right angles, similar to modern T-squares.

Drafting Appliance

This is an architectural tool, which facilitates the use of drawing straight lines and right angles,…

"Bisecting gage, a gage formed by a bar carrying two heads or cheeks connected by two arms of equal length, forming a toggle-joint, at which a pencil or scribe-awl is placed. The pencil or awl is thus at equal distances from the cheeks at whatever gage they may be set." -Whitney, 1911

Bisecting Gauge

"Bisecting gage, a gage formed by a bar carrying two heads or cheeks connected by two arms of equal…

"Lozenge-graver. GRAVER. A tool used for engraving; a burin; also a sculptors' chisel." -Whitney, 1911

Lozenge Graver

"Lozenge-graver. GRAVER. A tool used for engraving; a burin; also a sculptors' chisel." -Whitney, 1911

An illustration of stub tenon or joggle joint.

Joggle Joint

An illustration of stub tenon or joggle joint.

An illustration of dovetail joint. A dovetail joint or simply dovetail is a joint technique most commonly used in woodworking joinery. Noted for its resistance to being pulled apart (tensile strength), the dovetail joint is commonly used to join for example the sides of a drawer to the front.

Dovetail Joint

An illustration of dovetail joint. A dovetail joint or simply dovetail is a joint technique most commonly…

An illustration of a halving joint.

Halving Joint

An illustration of a halving joint.

An illustration of a housing joint.

Housing Joint

An illustration of a housing joint.

The pole lathe of 1800 is a wood turning tool that uses a pole as a return spring for the treadle (foot pedal).

Pole Lathe

The pole lathe of 1800 is a wood turning tool that uses a pole as a return spring for the treadle (foot…

A marking gauge is used in woodworking and metalworking to mark out lines for cutting or other operations. In metalworking it can be known as a scratch gauge. The purpose of the gauge is to scribe a line parallel to a reference edge or surface. It is used in joinery and sheetmetal operations.

Marking Gauge

A marking gauge is used in woodworking and metalworking to mark out lines for cutting or other operations.…

An illustration of wooden boards joined by match joints.

Match Joints, Boards Joined by

An illustration of wooden boards joined by match joints.

An illustration of notching.

Notching

An illustration of notching.

"Belt-sander. a, standard, supporting machine; b, work-table; c, fabric coated with sand, in the form of a continuous belt; d, tension-controlling mechanism; e, power connection; f, samples of finished work." -Whitney, 1911

Belt Sander

"Belt-sander. a, standard, supporting machine; b, work-table; c, fabric coated with sand, in the form…

"Disk- and Drum-sander. a a, frame of machine; b, vertical disk coated with sand; c, horizontal revolving drum coated with sand; d, work-table for presenting work to disk; e, power connection." -Whitney, 1911

Disk and Drum Sander

"Disk- and Drum-sander. a a, frame of machine; b, vertical disk coated with sand; c, horizontal revolving…

An illustration of a small hand saw.

Hand Saw

An illustration of a small hand saw.

"In wood-working, a saw in which the cutting-teeth are placed at the ends of radial arms instead of upon he rim of a disk." -Whitney, 1911

Rift Saw

"In wood-working, a saw in which the cutting-teeth are placed at the ends of radial arms instead of…

A wood-saw hanging on a sawhorse, which is a legged beam to support a piece of wood while sawing.

Sawhorse

A wood-saw hanging on a sawhorse, which is a legged beam to support a piece of wood while sawing.

"The screw may be considered as a winding wedge; for it has the same relation to a straight wedge that a road, winding up a hill or town, has to a straight road of the same length and activity." — Goodrich, 1844

Screw

"The screw may be considered as a winding wedge; for it has the same relation to a straight wedge that…

"Screw-punch. a, bed; b, yoke, on the inner sides of which are slides for the cross-head c; d, the punch proper; e, nut for the screw; f, weighted lever by which the screw is made to exert its power upon the punch d." -Whitney, 1911

Screw Punch

"Screw-punch. a, bed; b, yoke, on the inner sides of which are slides for the cross-head c; d, the punch…

A wood screw with a flat head and slotted drive. Wood screws are unthreaded below the head and designed for attaching two pieces of wood.

Wood Screw

A wood screw with a flat head and slotted drive. Wood screws are unthreaded below the head and designed…

A wood screw with a flat head and slotted drive. Wood screws are unthreaded below the head and designed for attaching two pieces of wood.

Wood Screw

A wood screw with a flat head and slotted drive. Wood screws are unthreaded below the head and designed…

A wood screw with a flat head and slotted drive. Wood screws are unthreaded below the head and designed for attaching two pieces of wood.

Wood Screw

A wood screw with a flat head and slotted drive. Wood screws are unthreaded below the head and designed…

A boy building a wooden shelf in shop class.

Shop Class

A boy building a wooden shelf in shop class.

"Section and part elevation of a raking shore."—Finley, 1917

Raking shore

"Section and part elevation of a raking shore."—Finley, 1917

"An abutment for one end of the shore, the other end of which is firmly fixed in the ground."—Finley, 1917

Shoring

"An abutment for one end of the shore, the other end of which is firmly fixed in the ground."—Finley,…

"Shows horizontal shoring while the party walls of the remaining structure are being secured."—Finley, 1917

Horizontal shoring

"Shows horizontal shoring while the party walls of the remaining structure are being secured."—Finley,…

A try-square is a woodworking or a metal working tool used for marking and measuring a piece of wood

Woodworking Square

A try-square is a woodworking or a metal working tool used for marking and measuring a piece of wood

An illustration of tusk tenon.

Tusk Tenon

An illustration of tusk tenon.