This akroter is found on a fountain in the Certosa near Florence. Designed during the Italian Renaissance, it serves as an ornamental finish to the apex of a gable.

Akroter

This akroter is found on a fountain in the Certosa near Florence. Designed during the Italian Renaissance,…

This corner akroter is found on a fountain in the Certosa near Florence. Designed during the Italian Renaissance, it serves as an ornamental finish to the apex of a gable.

Corner Akroter

This corner akroter is found on a fountain in the Certosa near Florence. Designed during the Italian…

The wood baluster is an Italian Renaissance design that is found as stalls in the St. Maria Novella church in Florence, Italy.

Wood Baluster

The wood baluster is an Italian Renaissance design that is found as stalls in the St. Maria Novella…

(1377-1446) Italian architects during the Renaissance who worked mostly in Florence.

Filippo Brunelleschi

(1377-1446) Italian architects during the Renaissance who worked mostly in Florence.

Giotto's bell tower (campanile) stands on the Cathedral square (Piazza del Duomo) in Florence, Italy. This bell tower is one of the showpieces of the Florentine gothic style. Standing isolated next to the Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore and in front of the Baptistery of St. John, this splendid construction attracts the eye and the admiration of every art lover by its design, rich sculptural decorations and the many-coloured marble encrustations.

Giotto's Campanile

Giotto's bell tower (campanile) stands on the Cathedral square (Piazza del Duomo) in Florence, Italy.…

The Renaissance Candelabrum base is a design that comes from a collection of drawings found in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy.

Renaissance Candelabrum Base

The Renaissance Candelabrum base is a design that comes from a collection of drawings found in the Uffizi…

This marble mosaic circle pattern is inlaid pieces of glass found in the windows of a cathedral in Florence, Italy.

Marble Mosaic Circle Pattern

This marble mosaic circle pattern is inlaid pieces of glass found in the windows of a cathedral in Florence,…

This Lion Coat of Arms is designed with inlayed marble work. It was found in St. Croce, Florence, Italy, during the Italian Renaissance.

Lion Coat of Arms

This Lion Coat of Arms is designed with inlayed marble work. It was found in St. Croce, Florence, Italy,…

This Lion Coat of Arms is designed with an intarsia panel. It was found in St. Maria Novella, Florence, Italy, during the Italian Renaissance.

Lion Coat of Arms

This Lion Coat of Arms is designed with an intarsia panel. It was found in St. Maria Novella, Florence,…

This Grotesque column is a squatting winged female without arms. It is found in the Guadagni Palace in Florence, Italy.

Grotesque Column

This Grotesque column is a squatting winged female without arms. It is found in the Guadagni Palace…

This Thin Grotesque column is a squatting winged female without arms. It is found in the Guadagni Palace in Florence, Italy.

Thin Grotesque Column

This Thin Grotesque column is a squatting winged female without arms. It is found in the Guadagni Palace…

A picture of Florence, the capital of the former duchy of Tuscany, located in Italy.

Florence

A picture of Florence, the capital of the former duchy of Tuscany, located in Italy.

"There exists, however, a few Florentine palaces of a smaller type, which externally present a more habitable appearance. In these rustic-work is not the all-important feature, but it is only employed for the quoins of the fa&ccedilade, though it sometimes extends to the whole of the ground-floor. The roof. which projects very considerably, and shows the wooden construction, is not in accordance with the rest of the architectural features of the façade, nor is it supported by a strong enough cornice. Sometimes the upper storey forms an open arcade (as shown here). The figures and embellishments in sgraffitto which are introduced in this façade are not a necessary feature in these Florentine palaces. This method of ornamentation is also met in exceptional instances in some of the Roman palaces."

Gaudagni Palace at Florence

"There exists, however, a few Florentine palaces of a smaller type, which externally present a more…

"An expression of great massiveness is the main characteristics of this Florentine style, which was principally applied in the architecture of the palaces. The forms which were borrowed from the Roman columnar construction do not in this style, as they do more or less in the other styles of the Renaissance, constitute a pseudo-architecture. The massiveness, however, of the Florentine palaces conveys rather the notion of a fortress than of a mansion of a wealthy nobleman, and this impression is increased by the smallness of the windows in comparison with the rest of the building. This is especially the case with those façades which are entirely constructed of considerably projecting ashlar of irregular size, and to a less degree in the case of those the lowest storey of which alone displays these large undressed blocks." The palace was designed by Michelozzo di Bartolomeo for Cosimo de' Medici, of the Medici family, and was built between 1445 and 1460. It was well known for its stone masonry that includes rustication and ashlar. The tripartite elevation was used here as a revelation of the Renaissance spirit of rationality, order, and classicism of human scale. This tripartite division is emphasized horizontal stringcourses that divide the building into stories of decreasing height. This makes the building seem lighter as the eye moves up to the extremely heavy cornice that caps and clearly defines the building's outline.Michelozzo di Bartolomeo was influenced in his building of this palace by both Roman principles and Brunelleschian principles. During the Renaissance revival of classical culture, Roman elements were often replicated in architecture, both built and imagined in paintings. In the Palazzo Medici Riccardi, the rusticated masonry and the cornice had precedents in Roman art.

Riccardi Palace at Florence

"An expression of great massiveness is the main characteristics of this Florentine style, which was…

"Those palaces which like the back of the Strozzi Place are constucted of dressed blocks with a less decided projection, present a more elegant appearance."Palazzo Strozzi is a palace in Florence, Italy. The Palace was begun in 1489 by Benedetto da Maiano, for Filippo Strozzi the Elder, a rival of the Medici who had returned to the city in November 1466 and desired the most magnificent palace to assert his family's continued prominence and, perhaps more importantly a political statement of his own status. A great number of other buildings were acquired during the 70s and demolished to provide enough space for the new construction. Giuliano da Sangallo the Younger provided a wood model of the design. Filippo Strozzi died in 1491, long before the construction's completion in 1538. Duke Cosimo I de' Medici confiscated it in the same year, not returning it to the Strozzi family until thirty years later.

Strozzi Palace at Florence

"Those palaces which like the back of the Strozzi Place are constucted of dressed blocks with a less…

"The English name of a gold coin weighing about 55 grains, first issued at Florence in 1252, and having on the obverse a lily and the word 'Florentia.'" -Whitney, 1911

Obverse and Reverse Sides of Gold Florin

"The English name of a gold coin weighing about 55 grains, first issued at Florence in 1252, and having…

This geometrical circle pattern  found in the St. Croce church in Florence, Italy.

Geometrical Pattern

This geometrical circle pattern found in the St. Croce church in Florence, Italy.

The Carved Bench Grotesque Mask is a mask design carved on a bench in Bargello, Florence, Italy.

Carved Bench Grotesque Mask

The Carved Bench Grotesque Mask is a mask design carved on a bench in Bargello, Florence, Italy.

The Single Grotesque mask comes from a frieze design during the Italian Renaissance. It was designed by Michelangelo in San Lorenzo, Florence, Italy.

Single Grotesque Mask

The Single Grotesque mask comes from a frieze design during the Italian Renaissance. It was designed…

Hercules slaying the Hydra, from sculpture at Florence

Hercules

Hercules slaying the Hydra, from sculpture at Florence

This Renaissance Oblong Panel is a design found on Marsuppini's tomb in the St. Croce church of Florence, Italy.

Renaissance Oblong Panel

This Renaissance Oblong Panel is a design found on Marsuppini's tomb in the St. Croce church of Florence,…

This Roman Ornament design comes from a "Florentine Pilaster". It is a richly decorated marble relief that comes from Uffizi, Florence.

Roman Ornament

This Roman Ornament design comes from a "Florentine Pilaster". It is a richly decorated marble relief…

The triangular panel is found at the stall of the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. It was ascribed to Michael Angelo.

Triangular Panel

The triangular panel is found at the stall of the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. It was ascribed…

The triangular panel is found at the stall of the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. It was ascribed to Michael Angelo.

Triangular Panel

The triangular panel is found at the stall of the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. It was ascribed…

The triangular panel is found at the stall of the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. It was ascribed to Michael Angelo.

Triangular Panel

The triangular panel is found at the stall of the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. It was ascribed…

The triangular panel is found at the stall of the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. It was ascribed to Michael Angelo.

Triangular Panel

The triangular panel is found at the stall of the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. It was ascribed…

This Bishop's robe pattern is found in the sacristy of the St. Croce church in Florence, Italy. It is a geometrical pattern.

Bishop's Robe Pattern

This Bishop's robe pattern is found in the sacristy of the St. Croce church in Florence, Italy. It is…

The painting pattern is an Italian Renaissance design, found in the Santa Croce church in Florence, Italy.

Painting Pattern

The painting pattern is an Italian Renaissance design, found in the Santa Croce church in Florence,…

The Palazzo Pitti, in English sometimes called the Pitti Palace, is a vast mainly Renaissance palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. The core of the present palazzo dates from 1458 and was originally the town residence of Luca Pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker.The palace was bought by the Medici family in 1549 and became the chief residence of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. It grew as a great treasure house as later generations amassed paintings, plates, jewelry and luxurious possessions.In the late 18th century, the palazzo was used as a power base by Napoleon, and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy. The palace and its contents were donated to the Italian people by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1919, and its doors were opened to the public as one of Florence's largest art galleries. Today, it houses several minor collections in addition to those of the Medici family, and is fully open to the public."Columns, pilasters, and mouldings are intermingled and intertwined in a fantastic and meaningless manner, the cornices are often interrupted; the essentially component parts of the architecture are frequently mutilated; for instance, columns and wall-pilasters are executed in rustic work, i. e., formed of extensively projecting hewn stones, yet are furnished with a capital and base as is shown [in this image], which is an illustration taken from the Late Italian Renaissance. For the sake of peculiarity, the various component elements assumed a form diametrically opposed to their original designation; mere decorative and secondary details were raised to the rank of essentials, whilst the real principal forms sank to an entirely subordinate position."

Part of the Back of the Pitti Palace at Florence

The Palazzo Pitti, in English sometimes called the Pitti Palace, is a vast mainly Renaissance palace…

"Riccardi Palace, Florence." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Riccardi Palace

"Riccardi Palace, Florence." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

"The creations of Alberti form a class apart in Florentine palace architecture, for they do not display the peculiarities of the Florentine style, but rather accommodating the forms of the antique to more modern requirements, they pointed out the road which was followed by the Roman Renaissance style, especially at the commencement of the sixteenth century. As will be seen from (this image,) these buildings are, to a certain extent, free from medièval sympathies, and approach more closely to the classical models."

Rucellai Palace

"The creations of Alberti form a class apart in Florentine palace architecture, for they do not display…

"Rustication was first treated systematically by the architects of the Renaissance in Tuscany, especially in Florence." -Whitney, 1911

Rustication

"Rustication was first treated systematically by the architects of the Renaissance in Tuscany, especially…

An Italian Dominican priest of Florence, Italy. He is best known for his acts of book burning.

Savonarola

An Italian Dominican priest of Florence, Italy. He is best known for his acts of book burning.

Renaissance sculpture of St. George by Donatello in Florence.

St. George Sculpture

Renaissance sculpture of St. George by Donatello in Florence.

The Renaissance square panel is a motif that comes from a robe in the St. Croce church in Florence, Italy.

Renaissance Square Panel

The Renaissance square panel is a motif that comes from a robe in the St. Croce church in Florence,…

The Laurentian Library Stall was designed beginning of the 16th century in Florence. It was said to have been designed by Michelangelo.

Laurentian Library Stall

The Laurentian Library Stall was designed beginning of the 16th century in Florence. It was said to…

The St. Maria Novella Stall was decorated with intarsias or wood inlaying. It was designed by Baccio d'Agnolo in Florence towards the end of the 15th century.

St. Maria Novella Stall

The St. Maria Novella Stall was decorated with intarsias or wood inlaying. It was designed by Baccio…

The Lion supporting shield is also called "il Marzocco" in Italian. It is a sculpture designed by Donatello in Florence, Italy during the 15th century.

Lion Supporting Shield

The Lion supporting shield is also called "il Marzocco" in Italian. It is a sculpture designed by Donatello…

The pilaster panel symbol is a horn which symbolizes the art of singing. It was designed by sculptor Fomilini of Florence.

Horn Symbol

The pilaster panel symbol is a horn which symbolizes the art of singing. It was designed by sculptor…

The pilaster panel symbol is a lyre which symbolizes the art of singing. It was designed by sculptor Fomilini of Florence, Italy.

Pilaster Panel Symbol

The pilaster panel symbol is a lyre which symbolizes the art of singing. It was designed by sculptor…

The border undulate band is a design found on half- columns in St. Trinita, Florence during the Italian Renaissance. It is a floral wavelike design.

Border Undulate Band

The border undulate band is a design found on half- columns in St. Trinita, Florence during the Italian…

The town hall of Florence, Italy.

Palazzo Vecchio

The town hall of Florence, Italy.

Verrazano, the Florentine Navigator

Verrazano

Verrazano, the Florentine Navigator