Blossom of an alfalfa plant, one of the oldest types of hay currently grown.

Alfalfa blossoms

Blossom of an alfalfa plant, one of the oldest types of hay currently grown.

A stack of alfalfa.

Stack of Alfalfa

A stack of alfalfa.

Arundinaria falcata grass is very light green. The leaves are linear and narrow. The stems are deep green and are very slender.

Arundinaria Falcata

Arundinaria falcata grass is very light green. The leaves are linear and narrow. The stems are deep…

"Bamboo (<em>Bambusa vulgaris</em>), very much reduced. Grows to 20 to 50 ft. high." &mdash; Encyclopediia Britannica, 1910

Bamboo

"Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris), very much reduced. Grows to 20 to 50 ft. high." — Encyclopediia…

"A genus of grasses, of which most of the species attain a great size, many of them 20 or 30 feet, some 70 or 100 feet in height. The species are numerous, and are found in tropical and subtropical regions, both of the eastern and western hemispheres. They are of great importance to the inhabitants of the countries in which they grow." &mdash; Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Bamboo

"A genus of grasses, of which most of the species attain a great size, many of them 20 or 30 feet, some…

"Bamboo. a.- upper portion of the stem with foliage. b.- root stem. c.- section of stem. Bamboo, the common name of the arborescent grasses belonging to the genus Bambusa." -Vaughan, 1906

Bamboo

"Bamboo. a.- upper portion of the stem with foliage. b.- root stem. c.- section of stem. Bamboo, the…

"<em>Bambusa arundinacea</em>, in Indian bamboo. 1. Leafy shoot. 2, Branch of inflorescence. 3, Spikelet. 4, Flower." &mdash; Encyclopediia Britannica, 1910

Indian Bamboo

"Bambusa arundinacea, in Indian bamboo. 1. Leafy shoot. 2, Branch of inflorescence. 3, Spikelet.…

"Barley, the name of several cereal plants of the genus Hordeum, order Gramineae (grasses), yielding a grain used as food and also for making malt, from which are prepared beer, porter, and whisky." -Vaughan, 1906

Barley

"Barley, the name of several cereal plants of the genus Hordeum, order Gramineae (grasses), yielding…

A decorative straw basket filled with dried flowers and grasses.

Straw Basket

A decorative straw basket filled with dried flowers and grasses.

"The Swiss Moss Baskets, filled with Flowers and Grasses, are very neat for setting on the table or mantel-piece."&mdash;Heinrich, 1887

Swiss Moss Basket

"The Swiss Moss Baskets, filled with Flowers and Grasses, are very neat for setting on the table or…

"5. locusta of Polypogon monspeliensis; 6. paleae, &c. of the same." -Lindley, 1853

Annual Beard Grass

"5. locusta of Polypogon monspeliensis; 6. paleae, &c. of the same." -Lindley, 1853

A beatle attempting to mow the grass behind his home.

Beatle Yardwork

A beatle attempting to mow the grass behind his home.

"9. locusta of Cynodon dactylon; 10. paleae, and abortive floret of the same." -Lindley, 1853

Bermuda Grass

"9. locusta of Cynodon dactylon; 10. paleae, and abortive floret of the same." -Lindley, 1853

Canada blue-grass, also known as wire-grass. Suitable for soils too poor to support Kentucky blue-grass.

Canada blue-grass

Canada blue-grass, also known as wire-grass. Suitable for soils too poor to support Kentucky blue-grass.

Kentucky blue-grass, grown from a single seed. Strongly stoloniferous.

Kentucky bue-grass

Kentucky blue-grass, grown from a single seed. Strongly stoloniferous.

A closer view of a stalk of Kentucky blue-grass.

Kentucky blue-grass

A closer view of a stalk of Kentucky blue-grass.

A decorative grass bouquet.

Grass Bouquet

A decorative grass bouquet.

"Behind comes a boy with a cart load of grass." &mdash;Carpenter, 1902

Boy with cart

"Behind comes a boy with a cart load of grass." —Carpenter, 1902

Each spikelet of briza maxima has thirteen to seventeen flowers. The stem nods at the end. The flowers bloom in June and July.

Habit and Single Flower of Briza Maxima

Each spikelet of briza maxima has thirteen to seventeen flowers. The stem nods at the end. The flowers…

The common name of briza minor is Little Quaking Grass. The spikelets are triangular and seven flowered. The leaves are short, narrow, and pale green.

Habit and Small Panicle of Flowers of Briza Minor

The common name of briza minor is Little Quaking Grass. The spikelets are triangular and seven flowered.…

Bromus grass flowers every two years. This grass grows about two feet high.

Bromus Brizaeformis

Bromus grass flowers every two years. This grass grows about two feet high.

"Broom-sedge (Andropogon Virginicus). a, spike; b, spikelet; c, glumes." -Whitney, 1911

Broomsedge

"Broom-sedge (Andropogon Virginicus). a, spike; b, spikelet; c, glumes." -Whitney, 1911

"Scirpus lacustris. 1. A flower surrounded with hypogynous bristles; 2. a seed; 3, a section of it, showing the lenticular embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Bulrush

"Scirpus lacustris. 1. A flower surrounded with hypogynous bristles; 2. a seed; 3, a section of it,…

"1. Flowering plant of Bulrush (Scirpus lacustris). 2. The inflorescence. a, a flower; b, the fruit." -Whitney, 1911

Bulrush

"1. Flowering plant of Bulrush (Scirpus lacustris). 2. The inflorescence. a, a flower; b, the fruit."…

A bulrush, part of the sedge family, common on borders of salt and fresh ponds and streams, <em>Scirpus americanus</em>.

Bulrush

A bulrush, part of the sedge family, common on borders of salt and fresh ponds and streams, Scirpus

"Typha latifolia; 2, its fruit; 3, a section of the seed; 4, the embryo; 5, a stamen." -Lindley, 1853

Common Bulrush

"Typha latifolia; 2, its fruit; 3, a section of the seed; 4, the embryo; 5, a stamen." -Lindley, 1853

Cattle grazing on a plain.

Cattle

Cattle grazing on a plain.

"3. paleae of Leersia oryzoides; 4. pistil, stamens, and hypogynous scales of the same." -Lindley, 1853

Rice Cutgrass

"3. paleae of Leersia oryzoides; 4. pistil, stamens, and hypogynous scales of the same." -Lindley, 1853

"A grass of the same genus with the valuable Ryegrass, an annual, common in the cornfields in England and many parts of Europe. It has no tufts of leaves from the rot, the glumes are as long as the spikelets, or longer, the spikelets contain 5-7 florets which are awned." &mdash; Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Darnel

"A grass of the same genus with the valuable Ryegrass, an annual, common in the cornfields in England…

Eulalia is a hardy, ornamental grass. Eulalia japonica zebrina has leaves with bars of yellow running across.

Foliage, Fully Expanded, and Young Inflorescences of Eulalia Japonica Zebrina

Eulalia is a hardy, ornamental grass. Eulalia japonica zebrina has leaves with bars of yellow running…

Woven of grass, the nests of the genus Euplectes have an opening which faces down towards the water. This is believed to keep monkeys and other predators from attack the young.

Nests of the genus Euplectes

Woven of grass, the nests of the genus Euplectes have an opening which faces down towards the water.…

A well-planted farmyard, with trees at the sides, flowers in the corners and about the house, and an open lawn.

Farmhouse

A well-planted farmyard, with trees at the sides, flowers in the corners and about the house, and an…

"7. locusta of Stipa pennata" (Feather Grass); "8. rachis, bracteae, and florets of Cynosurus cristatus" (Crested Dog's-Tail). -Lindley, 1853

Feather Grass and Crested Dog's-Tail

"7. locusta of Stipa pennata" (Feather Grass); "8. rachis, bracteae, and florets of Cynosurus cristatus"…

Setaria glauca or the Yellow Foxtail is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family.

Yellow Foxtail

Setaria glauca or the Yellow Foxtail is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family.

"Graminae. Flower of a Grass, the glumes are removed. GRAMINAE. In botany, the largest order among endogenous plants except the orchids." -Whitney, 1911

Grass Flower

"Graminae. Flower of a Grass, the glumes are removed. GRAMINAE. In botany, the largest order among endogenous…

"Graminae. Flower of a Grass. GRAMINAE. In botany, the largest order among endogenous plants except the orchids." -Whitney, 1911

Grass Flower

"Graminae. Flower of a Grass. GRAMINAE. In botany, the largest order among endogenous plants except…

"Piptatherum, with the palea." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Grass Flowers

"Piptatherum, with the palea." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

"Poa." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Grass Flowers

"Poa." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

"Oryea." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Grass Flowers

"Oryea." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Spear grass is a herbaceous grass often troublesome in gravel walks and on hard, dry soils. The general appearance of plants is often modified by climate, soil, and modes of cultivation. Certain characteristics which are permanent and remain unaltered by circumstances. The florets are easy to see in this magnified spikelet.

Annual Spear Grass

Spear grass is a herbaceous grass often troublesome in gravel walks and on hard, dry soils. The general…

Spear grass is a herbaceous grass often troublesome in gravel walks and on hard, dry soils. The general appearance of plants is often modified by climate, soil, and modes of cultivation. Certain characteristics which are permanent and remain unaltered by circumstances. The details of the floret are easy to see in this magnified floret.

Annual Spear Grass

Spear grass is a herbaceous grass often troublesome in gravel walks and on hard, dry soils. The general…

Spear grass is a herbaceous grass often troublesome in gravel walks and on hard, dry soils. The general appearance of plants is often modified by climate, soil, and modes of cultivation. Certain characteristics which are permanent and remain unaltered by circumstances. The details of the calyx, cup, or outer scale of the spikelet, is very much magnified, composed of two glumes, the upper and lower, the upper glume being the larger. The glumes and pales are know also by the name of husks or chaff, and are usually removed in cleanng the seed.

Annual Spear Grass

Spear grass is a herbaceous grass often troublesome in gravel walks and on hard, dry soils. The general…

Spear grass is a herbaceous grass often troublesome in gravel walks and on hard, dry soils. The general appearance of plants is often modified by climate, soil, and modes of cultivation. In this magnified pistil, we see the nectary, composed of one or two fleshy scales, and the germ, ovary, or seed-bearing portion of the pistil. The stamens seen in the same figure, consisting each of a bag filled with a fine powder or pollen, supported upon a stalk or filament which is analogous to the stalk or stem of a leaft. The bag hold the pollen, called the anther.

Annual Spear Grass

Spear grass is a herbaceous grass often troublesome in gravel walks and on hard, dry soils. The general…

Virginia Cut Grass (Leersia Virginica) is a small flowered white grass, and is smoother than white grass known as "false rice". The panicle is simple, slender, the spikelets closely appressed, and oblong.

Annual Spear Grass

Virginia Cut Grass (Leersia Virginica) is a small flowered white grass, and is smoother than white grass…

Awlnless brome grass, native to Russia.

Awnless brome grass

Awlnless brome grass, native to Russia.

Barley is a cereal grain derived from the annual grass Hordeum vulgare, a common barley. It serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food, as well as the making of the alcoholic beverages beer. This is a spring species. The seed is more slender than wheat with a firmer and rougher covering of husk or chaff.

Barley

Barley is a cereal grain derived from the annual grass Hordeum vulgare, a common barley. It serves as…

Barley is a cereal grain derived from the annual grass Hordeum vulgare, a common barley. It serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food, as well as the making of the alcoholic beverages beer. This is a winter species and is shorter. The seed is more slender than wheat with a firmer and rougher covering of husk or chaff.

Barley

Barley is a cereal grain derived from the annual grass Hordeum vulgare, a common barley. It serves as…

Beach Grass (Calamagrostis arenaria or Ammophila arundinacea), also known as Seasand Reed and Mat Grass, is found almost exclusively on the first line of coastal sand dunes; their extensive systems of creeping underground stems or rhizomes allow them to thrive under conditions of shifting sands and high winds. It grows from two to three feet high with stout roots running from twenty or thirty feet long. The leaves are wide, rather short and of a sea-green color.

Beach Grass

Beach Grass (Calamagrostis arenaria or Ammophila arundinacea), also known as Seasand Reed and Mat Grass,…

The Bearded Darnel (Lolium temulentum) is sometimes found in grain-fields, with its glume equalling the five to seven flowered spikelets, an awn longer than the flower. Its grain is poisonous, the only instance known among the grasses.

Bearded Darnel

The Bearded Darnel (Lolium temulentum) is sometimes found in grain-fields, with its glume equalling…

Black Oat Grass (Stipa avenacea) is found in dry, sandy woods and has no agricultural value. It grows one to two feet, and has an open panicle. The leaves are almost bristle like. The palea is blackish and nearly as long as the glumes. It is a prairie grass common to Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and the south.

Black Oat Grass

Black Oat Grass (Stipa avenacea) is found in dry, sandy woods and has no agricultural value. It grows…

Black Oat Grass (Stipa avenacea) is found in dry, sandy woods and has no agricultural value. It grows one to two feet, and has an open panicle. The leaves are almost bristle like. The palea is blackish and nearly as long as the glumes. It is a prairie grass common to Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and the south. The upper palea and its bent and twisted awn is seen here.

Black Oat Grass

Black Oat Grass (Stipa avenacea) is found in dry, sandy woods and has no agricultural value. It grows…

Blue grass showing the method of reproduction by underground stems, or stolons.

Blue grass

Blue grass showing the method of reproduction by underground stems, or stolons.

The Chess Grass (Bromus secalinus), also called Willard's Bromus, has a spreading, slightly drooping panicle. The spikelets are ovate and smooth with a yellowish-green tinge and holding six to ten distinct flowers. The stems are erect, smooth, and round growing from two to three feet high and bearing four or five leaves with striated sheaths. The upper sheath is crowned with an obtuse, ragged ligule while the lower sheath is soft and hairy. There are five joints and the leaves are flat, soft, and linear. The spikelets have fewer florets and the outer palea is rounded at the summit and broader compared with its length.

Chess Grass

The Chess Grass (Bromus secalinus), also called Willard's Bromus, has a spreading, slightly drooping…

The Chess Grass (Bromus secalinus), also called Willard's Bromus, has a spreading, slightly drooping panicle. The spikelets are ovate and smooth with a yellowish-green tinge and holding six to ten distinct flowers. The stems are erect, smooth, and round growing from two to three feet high and bearing four or five leaves with striated sheaths. The upper sheath is crowned with an obtuse, ragged ligule while the lower sheath is soft and hairy. There are five joints and the leaves are flat, soft, and linear. The spikelets have fewer florets and the outer palea is rounded at the summit and broader compared with its length. This picture shows the grass a few days before coming to maturity.

Chess Grass

The Chess Grass (Bromus secalinus), also called Willard's Bromus, has a spreading, slightly drooping…

The Chess Grass (Bromus secalinus), also called Willard's Bromus, has a spreading, slightly drooping panicle. The spikelets are ovate and smooth with a yellowish-green tinge and holding six to ten distinct flowers. The stems are erect, smooth, and round growing from two to three feet high and bearing four or five leaves with striated sheaths. The upper sheath is crowned with an obtuse, ragged ligule while the lower sheath is soft and hairy. There are five joints and the leaves are flat, soft, and linear. The spikelets have fewer florets and the outer palea is rounded at the summit and broader compared with its length. This picture shows the summit of the large glume midway between its base and the summit of the second floriet.

Chess Grass

The Chess Grass (Bromus secalinus), also called Willard's Bromus, has a spreading, slightly drooping…

The Chess Grass (Bromus secalinus), also called Willard's Bromus, has a spreading, slightly drooping panicle. The spikelets are ovate and smooth with a yellowish-green tinge and holding six to ten distinct flowers. The stems are erect, smooth, and round growing from two to three feet high and bearing four or five leaves with striated sheaths. The upper sheath is crowned with an obtuse, ragged ligule while the lower sheath is soft and hairy. There are five joints and the leaves are flat, soft, and linear. The spikelets have fewer florets and the outer palea is rounded at the summit and broader compared with its length. This picture shows the magnified spikelet.

Chess Grass

The Chess Grass (Bromus secalinus), also called Willard's Bromus, has a spreading, slightly drooping…

The stem of Chinese Sugar Cane (Sorghum nigrum), also known as Sorgho, or Sorgho Sucre, rises from six to fifteen feet, according to the soil on which it grows. It grows erect down at the ends, resembling Indian corn and in its early growth, and broom corn, to which it is nearly allied, at maturity. It flowers in a panicle at the top, at first green, changing through shades of violet to purple, when more advanced. It grows best on dry soil, and under a hot sun.

Chinese Sugar Cane

The stem of Chinese Sugar Cane (Sorghum nigrum), also known as Sorgho, or Sorgho Sucre, rises from six…

The Common Millet (Panicum miliaceum) flowers in large, open, nodding panicles. The leaves are lance-shaped and broad. The stem grows from one to two feet high. The seed is rich in nutritive qualities. Millet requires good soil, and is rather an exhausting crop, but yeilds a produce valuable in proortion to richness of the soil, and care and expense of cultivation.

Common Millet

The Common Millet (Panicum miliaceum) flowers in large, open, nodding panicles. The leaves are lance-shaped…

Cotton grass, a member of the sedge family.

Cotton Grass

Cotton grass, a member of the sedge family.

Couch Grass (Triticum repens) is also referred to as Quitch Grass, Twitch Grass, Dog Grass, and Chandler Grass. Couch Grass has extensively creeping roots. A smooth, erect, round stem growing from one to two and a half feet high having five or six flat leaves with smooth, striated sheaths. The joints are smooth, the two uppermost are very remote. The leaves are dark green an acute. The upper ones are broader than the lower ones, rougher, sometimes hairy on the inner surface, smooth on the lower half. Inflorescence in spikes and flowers in June and July.

Couch Grass

Couch Grass (Triticum repens) is also referred to as Quitch Grass, Twitch Grass, Dog Grass, and Chandler…