"Athena (Minerva), the national deity of the Athenians." — Smith, 1882

Athena

"Athena (Minerva), the national deity of the Athenians." — Smith, 1882

"Athena (Minerva) superintending the building of the Argo." — Smith, 1882

Athena and Argo

"Athena (Minerva) superintending the building of the Argo." — Smith, 1882

"A tablet of Pentelic marble. Athena, leaning on her spear, is gazing with downcast head at a grave monument."—Webster, 1913

Mourning Athena

"A tablet of Pentelic marble. Athena, leaning on her spear, is gazing with downcast head at a grave…

"A decree of the Council and Assembly dating from about 450 B.C."—Webster, 1913

An Athenian Inscription

"A decree of the Council and Assembly dating from about 450 B.C."—Webster, 1913

"Athens restored, from the Pnyx." — Smith, 1882

Athens restored

"Athens restored, from the Pnyx." — Smith, 1882

"The mosted noted of the orations of Isocrates is the Panathenaicus or Panegyric of Athens, a work on which he spent ten years, and in which he uses all the resources of his art to extol Athens and magnify the benefits she conferred o nthe whole of Greece." — The Delphian Society, 1913

Ancient athens

"The mosted noted of the orations of Isocrates is the Panathenaicus or Panegyric of Athens, a work on…

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive "tholos" tomb at Mycenae, Greece (on the Panagitsa Hill) constructed around 1250 BCE. The lintel stone above the doorway weighs 120 tons. The tomb was used for an unknown period of time.

Treasury of Atreus

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive "tholos" tomb at Mycenae, Greece (on the…

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive "tholos" tomb at Mycenae, Greece (on the Panagitsa Hill) constructed around 1250 BCE. The lintel stone above the doorway weighs 120 tons. The tomb was used for an unknown period of time.

Treasury of Atreus Doorway

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive "tholos" tomb at Mycenae, Greece (on the…

"Auletris.- Performer on the double flute or diaulos. (From a Greek red-figured vase; 5th century B.C.)"-Whitney, 1902.

Auletris

"Auletris.- Performer on the double flute or diaulos. (From a Greek red-figured vase; 5th century B.C.)"-Whitney,…

An illustration of a bacchic procession.

Bacchic Procession

An illustration of a bacchic procession.

"The god of wine, was the son of Zeus and Semele, the daughter of Cadmus. Before his birth, Semele fell a victim to the insidious counsels of the jealous Here, who induced her to petition Zeus to visit her in his proper form and majesty." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Bacchus

"The god of wine, was the son of Zeus and Semele, the daughter of Cadmus. Before his birth, Semele fell…

"Bas-relief from the Harpy tomb. In the British Museum." —D'Anvers, 1895

Bas-relief

"Bas-relief from the Harpy tomb. In the British Museum." —D'Anvers, 1895

The Greek bedstead had a vase painting and served partly as bed, and partly as couch.

Greek Bedstead

The Greek bedstead had a vase painting and served partly as bed, and partly as couch.

"The god Bel is generally known by his Greek name Belus. But the attributes given him by the Greek authors do not harmonize perfectly with those ascribed by the Chaldeans to Bel. By the latter this god was honored with such titles as "the Supreme," "the Father of the gods," "the Procreator," "the Lord of spirits," etc."—Ridpath, 1885

Procession of Bel

"The god Bel is generally known by his Greek name Belus. But the attributes given him by the Greek authors…

"After the conquest of the Chimaera, Bellerophon was exposed to further trials and labors by his unfriendly host. but by the aid of Pegasus he triumphed in them all." —Bulfinch, 1897

Bellerophon, Pegasus, and the Chimera

"After the conquest of the Chimaera, Bellerophon was exposed to further trials and labors by his unfriendly…

A group of Greeks rowing a boat.

Greek boat

A group of Greeks rowing a boat.

"The masts were usually taken down when the vessel arrived in port, and raised again when it was about to depart." — Anthon, 1891

Greek boat

"The masts were usually taken down when the vessel arrived in port, and raised again when it was about…

"Boreas loved the nymph Orithyia, and tried to play the lover's part, but met with poor success." —Bulfinch, 1897

Boreas and Orithyia

"Boreas loved the nymph Orithyia, and tried to play the lover's part, but met with poor success." —Bulfinch,…

"The Olympic games were of greater efficacy than the Amphictyonic Council in promoting the spirit of union among the various branches of the Greek race, and in keeping alive a feeling of their common origin. They were open to all persons who could prove their Hellenic blood, and were frequented by spectators from all parts of the Grecian world. They were celebrated at Olympia, on the banks of the alpheus, in the territory of Elis." — Smith, 1882

Boxing

"The Olympic games were of greater efficacy than the Amphictyonic Council in promoting the spirit of…

"Ancient bridge in Laconia." — Smith, 1882

Bridge

"Ancient bridge in Laconia." — Smith, 1882

"The <em>buccina</em> is curved for the convenience of the performer, with a very wide mouth, to diffuse and increase the sound." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Curved buccina

"The buccina is curved for the convenience of the performer, with a very wide mouth, to diffuse…

"A copy of an ancient sculpture taken from Blanchini's work, it still retains the original form of the shell." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Straight buccina

"A copy of an ancient sculpture taken from Blanchini's work, it still retains the original form of the…

An illustration of an early Greek capital. In several traditions of architecture including Classical architecture, the capital (from the Latin caput, 'head') forms the crowning member of a column or a pilaster. The capital projects on each side as it rises, in order to support the abacus and unite the form of the latter (normally square) with the circular shaft of the column.

Early Greek Capital

An illustration of an early Greek capital. In several traditions of architecture including Classical…

"The Doric Order is, in architecture, the second of the five orders, being that between the Tuscan and Ionic."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Grecian Doric Capital

"The Doric Order is, in architecture, the second of the five orders, being that between the Tuscan and…

"The Doric Order is, in architecture, the second of the five orders, being that between the Tuscan and Ionic."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Grecian Doric Capital

"The Doric Order is, in architecture, the second of the five orders, being that between the Tuscan and…

"The Doric Order is, in architecture, the second of the five orders, being that between the Tuscan and Ionic."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Grecian Doric Capital

"The Doric Order is, in architecture, the second of the five orders, being that between the Tuscan and…

The Greek Corinthian capital is found in a monument in Lysikrates, Athens. It is a design of spiral curves that rise from the rows of leaves and unite in pairs. The center of each sides of the abacus is decorated with palmettes or rosettes.

Greek Corinthian Capital

The Greek Corinthian capital is found in a monument in Lysikrates, Athens. It is a design of spiral…

A primitively ionic column.

Proto Ionic Capital

A primitively ionic column.

"The carchesium was a beaker, or drinking-cup, which was used by the Greeks in very early times. It was slightly contracted in the middle, and its two handles extended from the top to the bottom. It was much employed in libations of wine, milk, blood, and honey." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Carchesium

"The carchesium was a beaker, or drinking-cup, which was used by the Greeks in very early times. It…

The Greek Caryatid is a female figure used as a support in place of a column. It is found in the temple of Erechtheum, Athens, Greece.

Greek Caryatid

The Greek Caryatid is a female figure used as a support in place of a column. It is found in the temple…

"Centaur, from the Metopes of the Parthenon." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Centaur

"Centaur, from the Metopes of the Parthenon." — Smith, 1882

"These monsters were represented as men from the head to the loins, while the remainder of the body was that of a horse." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Centaur

"These monsters were represented as men from the head to the loins, while the remainder of the body…

"Heathen Deities: Ceres"-Willson, 1859.

Ceres

"Heathen Deities: Ceres"-Willson, 1859.

This Greek chair had a vase painting on the chair.

Greek Vase Painting Chair

This Greek chair had a vase painting on the chair.

"In the battles, as depicted by Homer, the chiefs are the only important combatants, while the people are an almost useless mass, frequently put to rout by the prowess of a single hero. The chief is mounted in a war chariot, and stands by the side of his charioteer, who is frequently a friend." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Greek chariot

"In the battles, as depicted by Homer, the chiefs are the only important combatants, while the people…

"The chariot-race." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Chariot-race

"The chariot-race." — Smith, 1882

"Chiron was instructed by Apollo and Diana, and was renowned for his skill in hunting, medicine, music, and the art of prophecy." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Chiron

"Chiron was instructed by Apollo and Diana, and was renowned for his skill in hunting, medicine, music,…

"The chlamys was a species of cloak or scarf, oblong instead of square, its length being generally about twice its breadth." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Chlamys

"The chlamys was a species of cloak or scarf, oblong instead of square, its length being generally about…

This Greek circular panel is found on a vase.

Greek Circular Panel

This Greek circular panel is found on a vase.

This Greek circular panel is found on a vase.

Greek Circular Panel

This Greek circular panel is found on a vase.

The Greek circular panel is a painting found on a vase.

Greek Circular Panel

The Greek circular panel is a painting found on a vase.

The Greek circular panel is a painting found on a vase.

Greek Circular Panel

The Greek circular panel is a painting found on a vase.

A seven-stringed lyre with a deep, wooden sounding box. Primarily used by the ancient Greeks, this instrument was more complex then the lyra, used by musical professionals.

Cithara

A seven-stringed lyre with a deep, wooden sounding box. Primarily used by the ancient Greeks, this instrument…

An illustration of a man playing the cithara.

Cithara

An illustration of a man playing the cithara.

"The following cut will show specimens of ancient clasps." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Ancient clasps

"The following cut will show specimens of ancient clasps." — Anthon, 1891

The Muse Clio.

Clio

The Muse Clio.

Clisthenes, also known as the Father of Athenian democracy, is depicted competing in a chariot race in the Olympic games.

Clisthenes in the Olympic Games

Clisthenes, also known as the Father of Athenian democracy, is depicted competing in a chariot race…

A Greek coin, with an elderly man on it.

Greek coin

A Greek coin, with an elderly man on it.

The Greek console is shown in the front and side view. It is found as a support to the North door of the Greek Temple Erechtheum in Athens, Greece.

Greek Console

The Greek console is shown in the front and side view. It is found as a support to the North door of…

An image depicting the city of ancient Corinth.

Ancient Corinth

An image depicting the city of ancient Corinth.

"Afterwards [Solon] went to Sardis and made the acquaintance of Cresus. It was on this occasion that the celebrated interview occurred which has been so much repeated for its lesson. Cresus, desiring to make an impression on his visitor, took him into his treasury and showed him his riches."&mdash;Ridpath, 1885

Cresus Showing Solon His Treasures

"Afterwards [Solon] went to Sardis and made the acquaintance of Cresus. It was on this occasion that…

The Leaf Cup is a corona of a Greek Stele design.

Leaf Cup

The Leaf Cup is a corona of a Greek Stele design.

"Daedalus and Icarus" &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Daedalus and Icarus

"Daedalus and Icarus" —Bulfinch, 1897

Image depicting a mythical moral anecdote, consisting of two morals. The first that regardless of who wears the crown, they are bound to have threats sent their way. The second is that the threat of terrorism is much greater than the act itself.

Banquet of Damocles

Image depicting a mythical moral anecdote, consisting of two morals. The first that regardless of who…

An ancient Greek town. In Greek mythology, the most important oracle resided at Delphi.

Delphi

An ancient Greek town. In Greek mythology, the most important oracle resided at Delphi.

"In the oratory of more thn two thousand years Demosthenes stands in the front rank, and will always hold first place among the orators of the ancient world. He was born in 384 B.C. When he was only seven years of age, his father, a wealthy manufacturer of arms in Athens, died. When the youth came of age he found himself stripped of his inheritance by dishonest trustees. Aided by Isaeus he commenced a lawsuit against the chief embezzler, and succeeded in recovering about a third of his father's estate. The loss of his patrimony was the means of developing a spirit of courage and self-relience, which might otherwise have remained latent." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Demosthenes

"In the oratory of more thn two thousand years Demosthenes stands in the front rank, and will always…

"Demosthenes had established himself as a public speaker before [the first Phillipic]; but it is chiefly in connection with Phillip that we are to view him as a statesman as well as an orator." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Bust of Demosthenes

"Demosthenes had established himself as a public speaker before [the first Phillipic]; but it is chiefly…

Demosthenes was a prominent Greek statesman and orator of ancient Athens. His orations constitute a significant expression of contemporary Athenian intellectual prowess and provide an insight into the politics and culture of ancient Greece during the 4th century BC. Demosthenes learned rhetoric by studying the speeches of previous great orators. He delivered his first judicial speeches at the age of 20, in which he argued effectively to gain from his guardians what was left of his inheritance. For a time, Demosthenes made his living as a professional speech-writer (logographer) and a lawyer, writing speeches for use in private legal suits.

Sculpture of Demosthenes

Demosthenes was a prominent Greek statesman and orator of ancient Athens. His orations constitute a…

"Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha, of the race of Prometheus." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Deucalion and Pyrrha

"Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha, of the race of Prometheus." —Bulfinch, 1897

"Heathen Deities: Diana"-Willson, 1859.

Diana

"Heathen Deities: Diana"-Willson, 1859.