"A bird of the grouse family (Tetraonidae) distinguished from the true grouse by having the toes as well as the tarsi feathered. The willow-ptarmigan or willow-grouse occurs in great abundance in the arctic regions of America and in Norway, whence regions numbers are brought to the London market." -Marshall

Ptarmigan Bird

"A bird of the grouse family (Tetraonidae) distinguished from the true grouse by having the toes as…

Also known as the wood-grouse, the capercaille averages about three feet in length and feeds on berries and tender leaves.

Capercaille

Also known as the wood-grouse, the capercaille averages about three feet in length and feeds on berries…

A large South American bird.

Globose Curassow

A large South American bird.

"Lagapus. The densely-feathered feet resemble those of rabbits. No particular feathers on head or neck. Tarsi and toes densely feathered. Tail short, little rounded, normally of 14 broad feathers, with long upper coverts, some of which resemble rectrices, the central pair of these usually reckoned as rectrices, making 16. A naked red comb over eye." Elliot Coues, 1884

Red Game of Britain

"Lagapus. The densely-feathered feet resemble those of rabbits. No particular feathers on head or neck.…

After the turkey, the grouse is the largest game bird in the U.S.

Grouse

After the turkey, the grouse is the largest game bird in the U.S.

The Canadian Grouse is peculiar to the U.S. continent (Smiley, 1839).

Grouse

The Canadian Grouse is peculiar to the U.S. continent (Smiley, 1839).

A grouse's feet

Grouse Feet

A grouse's feet

"Pelvis of a young grouse, showing three distinct bones. Il,P, ilium, ischium, pubis. In front of former a dorsal vertebra protrudes." Elliot Coues, 1884

The Pelvis of a Young Grouse

"Pelvis of a young grouse, showing three distinct bones. Il,P, ilium, ischium, pubis. In front of former…

The black grouse (also known as the black cock) is common throughout Europe.

Black Grouse

The black grouse (also known as the black cock) is common throughout Europe.

Also known as the spotted or spruce grouse, the Canada grouse is found in the northerly latitudes of the North American contitent.

Canada Grouse

Also known as the spotted or spruce grouse, the Canada grouse is found in the northerly latitudes of…

"Canace canadensis. Canada Grouse. Spotted Grouse. Spruce Grouse. Spruce "Partridge." Adult: Head smooth, but feathers susceptible of erection into a slight crest. A colored comb of naked skin over the eye, bright yellow or reddish when fully injected. Tail slightly rounded, of 16 feathers, a scant inch broad to their very ends. Tarsi full-feathered to the toes, which are naked, scaly, and fringed. Tail black, broadly tipped with orange-brown; its upper coverts without decidedly white tips. Under parts glossy black, extensively varied with white; under tail-coverts; sides and breast with white bars or semicircles; white spots bounding the throat; white spots on lore. Upper parts wavy - barred black and gray, usually also with some tawny markings on the back and wings." Elliot Coues, 1884

Canada Grouse

"Canace canadensis. Canada Grouse. Spotted Grouse. Spruce Grouse. Spruce "Partridge." Adult: Head smooth,…

"Syrrhaptes paradoxus, Sand-Ground, are true desert birds, affording excellent instances of protective coloration in their buff or brownish tints, slightly varied with grey, black, orange, and white." A. H. Evans, 1900

Pallas's Sand Grouse

"Syrrhaptes paradoxus, Sand-Ground, are true desert birds, affording excellent instances of protective…

The pin-tailed grouse is common in Spain, Russia and Northern China.

Pin-Tailed Sand Grouse

The pin-tailed grouse is common in Spain, Russia and Northern China.

Native only to the British Isles and the Orkneys, the red grouse is often bred in confinement to be used as poultry.

Red Grouse

Native only to the British Isles and the Orkneys, the red grouse is often bred in confinement to be…

"Lagopus scoticus, the Red Grouse or Muirfowl, the only bird entirely confined to our islands, differs from its congeners in never becoming white in the winter. It varies considerably in coloration, but is usually considered a local form of the Willow Grouse (L. albus) of the north of Europe, Asia, and America. The male in both summer and winter is more or less, chestnut-brown above, with black markings and a reddish head; the lower parts are similar, but are usually spotted with white. In Autumn the brown of the upper parts becomes buff, and the lower surface is barred with buff and black." A. H. Evans, 1900

Red Grouse

"Lagopus scoticus, the Red Grouse or Muirfowl, the only bird entirely confined to our islands, differs…

The ruffed grouse is an American bird that likes hill-sides densely covered with evergreens or birch.

Ruffed Grouse

The ruffed grouse is an American bird that likes hill-sides densely covered with evergreens or birch.

The ruffed grouse lives in the woods. It makes a loud noise by beating its wings rapidly (drumming).

Ruffed Grouse

The ruffed grouse lives in the woods. It makes a loud noise by beating its wings rapidly (drumming).

"Grouse, in ornithology, are various game-birds, specially the black grouse, and the red grouse. The male of the former is called the black cock, and the female the gray hen. The red, called also the common grouse, inhabits moors, feeding on the young shoots of the heath."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Ruffed Grouse

"Grouse, in ornithology, are various game-birds, specially the black grouse, and the red grouse. The…

The Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus, is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests from the Appalachian Mountains across Canada to Alaska. It is non-migratory. The Ruffed Grouse is frequently referred to as the "partridge". This is technically wrong - partridges are unrelated phasianids, and in hunting may lead to confusion with the Grey Partridge. That species was introduced to North America from Europe; it is a bird of open areas, not woodlands.

Ruffed Grouse

The Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus, is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests from the Appalachian…

Known as the <em>partridge</em> in the Eastern States and as the <em>pheasant</em> in the South, the ruffled grouse is found throughout the United States, where it prefers to make its home at higher elevations.

Ruffled Grouse

Known as the partridge in the Eastern States and as the pheasant in the South, the…

Two adult willow grouses, and a group of chicks.

Willow Grouse

Two adult willow grouses, and a group of chicks.

Grouse are a group of birds from the order Galliformes. Often considered a family Tetraonidae, the American Ornithologists' Union and many others include grouse as a subfamily Tetraoninae in the family Phasianidae. Grouse inhabit temperate and subarctic regions of the northern hemisphere, from pine forests to moorland and mountainside. Most species are year-round residents, and do not migrate. These birds feed mainly on vegetation, but also on insects, especially when feeding young. Several of the forest-living species are notable for eating large quantities of conifer needles, which most other vertebrates refuse

Young Grouse

Grouse are a group of birds from the order Galliformes. Often considered a family Tetraonidae, the American…

They have alulets or little wing like tufts of feathers on the sides of the neck which may have been fancifully likened to Cupid's wings.

Prarie Hen

They have alulets or little wing like tufts of feathers on the sides of the neck which may have been…

"Cupidonia cupido. Pinnated Grouse. Prairie Hen. Above, variegated with black, brown, tawny, or ochrey, and white, the latter especially on the wings; below, pretty regularly barred with dark brown, white,and tawny; throat tawny, a little speckled, or not; vent and crissum mostly white; quills fuscous, with white spots on the outer webs; tail fuscous, with narrow or imperfect white or tawny bars and tips; sexes alike in color but female smaller, with shorter neck tufts." Elliott Coues, 1884

Prairie Hen

"Cupidonia cupido. Pinnated Grouse. Prairie Hen. Above, variegated with black, brown, tawny, or ochrey,…

Partridge, a game bird belonging to the grouse family.

Partridge

Partridge, a game bird belonging to the grouse family.

Partridge, a game bird belonging to the grouse family.

Partridge

Partridge, a game bird belonging to the grouse family.

The pheasant prefers wooded slopes or marshy plains. They eat grain, berries, worms and insects.

Pheasant

The pheasant prefers wooded slopes or marshy plains. They eat grain, berries, worms and insects.

An Asian pheasant of great beauty.

Argus Pheasant

An Asian pheasant of great beauty.

The pheasant prefers wooded slopes or marshy plains. They eat grain, berries, worms and insects.

Golden Pheasant

The pheasant prefers wooded slopes or marshy plains. They eat grain, berries, worms and insects.

An illustration of a pinnated grouse.

Pinnated grouse

An illustration of a pinnated grouse.

The Ptarmigans have feet much like those of a hare. Their legs and toes and soles of the feet are covered with feathers.

Ptarmigan

The Ptarmigans have feet much like those of a hare. Their legs and toes and soles of the feet are covered…

A bird having feathered feet and turns white in the winter.

Rock Ptarmigan

A bird having feathered feet and turns white in the winter.

"Lagopus leucurus. White-tailed Ptarmigan. Rocky Mountain Snow Grouse. Male and Female in winter: Entirely snow-white; bill black, rather slender, and general size and proportions nearly as in L. rupestris. Male and female, in summer: Tail, most of the wing, and lower parts from the breast, remaining white; rest of the plumage minutely marked with black, white, and tawny or grayish-brown, varying in precise character almost with every specimen; but there is no difficulty in recognizing this whit-tailed species, of alpine distribution in Western N. A. from the Arctic regions to New Mexico (lat. 37 degrees)." Elliot Coues, 1884

White-tailed Ptarmigan

"Lagopus leucurus. White-tailed Ptarmigan. Rocky Mountain Snow Grouse. Male and Female in winter: Entirely…

A trio of ptarmigans (also known as white grouses) found in colder regions at higher altitudes. They feed on seeds and berries, and the tender shoots of plants.

Ptarmigans

A trio of ptarmigans (also known as white grouses) found in colder regions at higher altitudes. They…

The quail has a small beak, a short back toe inserted high up, tarsi furnished with a rudimentary spur in the shape of a horny tubercle.

Quail

The quail has a small beak, a short back toe inserted high up, tarsi furnished with a rudimentary spur…

An illustration of a ruffed grouse.

Ruffed grouse

An illustration of a ruffed grouse.

"Feathered tarsus of a Grouse, Cupidonia cupido" Elliot Coues, 1884

Feathered Tarsus of a Grouse

"Feathered tarsus of a Grouse, Cupidonia cupido" Elliot Coues, 1884