A device used for counting.

Roman Abacus

A device used for counting.

This akroter is found on a fountain in the Certosa near Florence. Designed during the Italian Renaissance, it serves as an ornamental finish to the apex of a gable.

Akroter

This akroter is found on a fountain in the Certosa near Florence. Designed during the Italian Renaissance,…

This corner akroter is found on a fountain in the Certosa near Florence. Designed during the Italian Renaissance, it serves as an ornamental finish to the apex of a gable.

Corner Akroter

This corner akroter is found on a fountain in the Certosa near Florence. Designed during the Italian…

"In order that [Alaric's] body might be saved from the gaze of the vulgar and the rage of his foes, he gave direction that it should be buried in the bed of the river Busentinus."—Ridpath, 1885

The Burial of Alaric in the Bed of the Busentinus

"In order that [Alaric's] body might be saved from the gaze of the vulgar and the rage of his foes,…

This Roman Amphora is an unpainted vase made out of yellow clay. It was found in the area near Aquileia, Ancient Rome.

Roman Amphora

This Roman Amphora is an unpainted vase made out of yellow clay. It was found in the area near Aquileia,…

An early Italian Renaissance painter.

Fra Angelico

An early Italian Renaissance painter.

The Roman antefix is is found in the temple of Jupiter Stator in Rome, Italy. This design is found on the lower roof line in front of the imbrices (overlapping roof tiles).

Roman Antefix

The Roman antefix is is found in the temple of Jupiter Stator in Rome, Italy. This design is found on…

"It was during Hadrian's sojourn in this country that his favorite, the beautiful Birthynian named Antinous, cast himself for his master's sake into the Nile, and was drowned. t appears that the oracle at Besa had informed the Emperor that impending calamity could be averted only by the self-sacrifice of the one whom he most loved. Antinous believed himself to be designated as the offering, and accordingly gave his life to the river."—Ridpath, 1885

Antinous

"It was during Hadrian's sojourn in this country that his favorite, the beautiful Birthynian named Antinous,…

The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill.

Arch of Constantine

The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill.

This Italian Renaissance Architectural frame was used as the panel of stalls in San Giorgio Maggiore, a church in Venice, Italy. The frame has an oblong shape, surrounded by an ornate design which is symmetrical on all sides, without regard to top and bottom.

Italian Renaissance Architectural Frame

This Italian Renaissance Architectural frame was used as the panel of stalls in San Giorgio Maggiore,…

An illustration of the Italy's Archives. An archive refers to a collection of historical records, and also refers to the location in which these records are kept.

Italian Archives

An illustration of the Italy's Archives. An archive refers to a collection of historical records, and…

(1474-1533) Italian poet.

Ludovico Ariosto

(1474-1533) Italian poet.

Balconies of a house in Venice. A balcony is a projection from the face of a wall supported by columns or consoles, and usually surrounded by a balustrade.

Balcony

Balconies of a house in Venice. A balcony is a projection from the face of a wall supported by columns…

The square plan baluster is an Italian Renaissance design that is found in Venice, Italy. Arranged side by side they are typically used on balconies, Attics and staircases.

Square Plan Baluster

The square plan baluster is an Italian Renaissance design that is found in Venice, Italy. Arranged side…

The square plan baluster is an Italian Renaissance design that is found in Venice, Italy. Arranged side by side they are typically used on balconies, Attics and staircases.

Square Plan Baluster

The square plan baluster is an Italian Renaissance design that is found in Venice, Italy. Arranged side…

The wood baluster is an Italian Renaissance design that is found as stalls in the St. Maria Novella church in Florence, Italy.

Wood Baluster

The wood baluster is an Italian Renaissance design that is found as stalls in the St. Maria Novella…

An illustration of the Baptistery at Pisa.

Baptistery at Pisa

An illustration of the Baptistery at Pisa.

This Roman base is a design found in the Capitalone museum of Rome, Italy. It is a design of leaves encircling the bottom the shaft.

Roman Base

This Roman base is a design found in the Capitalone museum of Rome, Italy. It is a design of leaves…

This Roman base is found in the Temple of Concord in Rome, Italy. It is a natural method of decoration, where a row of artificial leaves encircle the shaft.

Roman Base

This Roman base is found in the Temple of Concord in Rome, Italy. It is a natural method of decoration,…

This Roman base is found in the Baptistery of Constantinople, Rome, Italy. It is a natural method of decoration, where a row of artificial leaves encircle the shaft.

Roman Base

This Roman base is found in the Baptistery of Constantinople, Rome, Italy. It is a natural method of…

The St. Peter's Basilica is located within the Vatican city in Rome, Italy. This drawing shows the architecture of the front of the church. It was built in 1626 in a Renaissance and Baroque style. The church was named after one of Jesus's twelve disciples, Simon known as Peter.

St. Peter's Basilica

The St. Peter's Basilica is located within the Vatican city in Rome, Italy. This drawing shows the architecture…

Belsarius was ordered to have his eyes put out, and was reduced to a homeless beggar.

Blind Belsarius

Belsarius was ordered to have his eyes put out, and was reduced to a homeless beggar.

The Renaissance with podium was created in Italy and was finely-decorated.

Renaissance Bench

The Renaissance with podium was created in Italy and was finely-decorated.

The Renaissance with podium was created in Italy and was finely-decorated.

Renaissance Bench

The Renaissance with podium was created in Italy and was finely-decorated.

The Laurel Intarsia Panel Branch is inlayed wood that was found in the Palazzo Ducal, Mantua, Italy.

Laurel Intarsia Panel Branch

The Laurel Intarsia Panel Branch is inlayed wood that was found in the Palazzo Ducal, Mantua, Italy.

The Bridge of Sighs in Venice, Italy.

Bridge of Sighs

The Bridge of Sighs in Venice, Italy.

(1377-1446) Italian architects during the Renaissance who worked mostly in Florence.

Filippo Brunelleschi

(1377-1446) Italian architects during the Renaissance who worked mostly in Florence.

Distinguished Italian painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.

Michael Angelo Buonarroti

Distinguished Italian painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.

"The civic buildings of Venice are many of them fine specimens of the same style; of these, one of the richest is the palace called the Ca d'Oro." —D'Anvers, 1895

Ca d'Oro

"The civic buildings of Venice are many of them fine specimens of the same style; of these, one of the…

An Italian explorer.

Sebastian Cabot

An Italian explorer.

Julius Caesar led his legion across the Rubicon river from Cisalpine Gaul to Italy. By doing so, he broke the law on imperium (right to command) and made armed conflict inevitable.

Caesar Crossing the Rubicon

Julius Caesar led his legion across the Rubicon river from Cisalpine Gaul to Italy. By doing so, he…

An image depicting Julius Caesar, a Roman general and statesman. He was a key component to the shift of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. He emerged as the unrivaled leader of the Roman world in 49 BC.

Julius Caesar

An image depicting Julius Caesar, a Roman general and statesman. He was a key component to the shift…

An illustrations of a campanile in the Palazzo del Signore in Verona, Italy.

Campanile

An illustrations of a campanile in the Palazzo del Signore in Verona, Italy.

Giotto's bell tower (campanile) stands on the Cathedral square (Piazza del Duomo) in Florence, Italy. This bell tower is one of the showpieces of the Florentine gothic style. Standing isolated next to the Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore and in front of the Baptistery of St. John, this splendid construction attracts the eye and the admiration of every art lover by its design, rich sculptural decorations and the many-coloured marble encrustations.

Giotto's Campanile

Giotto's bell tower (campanile) stands on the Cathedral square (Piazza del Duomo) in Florence, Italy.…

St Mark's Campanile is the bell tower of St Mark's Basilica in Venice, Italy, located in the square (piazza) of the same name. It is a recognizable symbol of the city. The tower is 98.6 meters tall, and stands alone in a corner of St Mark's Square, near the front of the basilica. It has a simple form, the bulk of which is a plain brick shaft, 12 meters on a side and 50 meters tall, above which is the arched belfry, housing five bells. The belfry is topped by a cube, alternate faces of which show walking lions and the female representation of Venice (la Giustizia: Justice). The tower is capped by a pyramidal spire, at the top of which sits a golden weathervane in the form of the archangel Gabriel. The campanile reached its present form in 1514. As it stands today, however, the tower is a reconstruction, completed in 1912 after the collapse of 1902.

St. Mark's Campanile

St Mark's Campanile is the bell tower of St Mark's Basilica in Venice, Italy, located in the square…

This leg of candelabrum base is an antique design that is found in Paestum, Italy. In this design the claw rests on a disc.

Leg of Candelabrum Base

This leg of candelabrum base is an antique design that is found in Paestum, Italy. In this design the…

The Renaissance Candelabrum base is a design that comes from a collection of drawings found in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy.

Renaissance Candelabrum Base

The Renaissance Candelabrum base is a design that comes from a collection of drawings found in the Uffizi…

The mast-socket candelabrum shaft is a design made out of bronze that ascends with varied trophies, festoons and figures. It is an Italian Renaissance design that is found in the Piazza of St. Mark in Venice, Italy.

Mast-Socket Candelabrum Shaft

The mast-socket candelabrum shaft is a design made out of bronze that ascends with varied trophies,…

The Capitoline Hill is a Roman hill between the Forum and the Campus Martius. The Cloaca Maxima was one of the world's earliest sewage systems. "The Capitoline and Cloaca Maxima. A restoration." -Allen, 1890

Capitoline and Cloaca Maxima

The Capitoline Hill is a Roman hill between the Forum and the Campus Martius. The Cloaca Maxima was…

Caracalla is remembered as one of the most notorious emperors of Rome.

Caracalla

Caracalla is remembered as one of the most notorious emperors of Rome.

The ruins of the baths of Caracalla were roman public baths built in Rome, Italy between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the emperor Caracalla. At the time the baths included marble seats for bathers, a public library, gymnasiums and restaurants.

Ruins of the Baths of Caracalla

The ruins of the baths of Caracalla were roman public baths built in Rome, Italy between AD 212 and…

The ruins of the baths of Caracalla were roman public baths built in Rome, Italy between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the emperor Caracalla. At the time the baths included marble seats for bathers, a public library, gymnasiums and restaurants.

Ruins of the Baths of Caracalla

The ruins of the baths of Caracalla were roman public baths built in Rome, Italy between AD 212 and…

Coin of Piso with bust on front and bird on back. Front.

Coin of Cassius

Coin of Piso with bust on front and bird on back. Front.

Coin of Piso with bust on front and bird on back. Back.

Coin of Cassius

Coin of Piso with bust on front and bird on back. Back.

An illustration of the Cathedral at Pisa located in Pisa, Italy. In the distance on the right side the Leaning Tower of Pisa is noticeable.

Cathedral at Pisa (exterior)

An illustration of the Cathedral at Pisa located in Pisa, Italy. In the distance on the right side the…

An illustration of the interior of the Cathedral at Pisa located in Pisa, Italy.

Cathedral at Pisa (interior)

An illustration of the interior of the Cathedral at Pisa located in Pisa, Italy.

A leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification. He was also the first Prime Minister of Italy.

Count Cavour

A leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification. He was also the first Prime Minister of…

The King of the Franks from 768 and the Emperor of the Romans from 800 until his death in 814.

Charlemagne

The King of the Franks from 768 and the Emperor of the Romans from 800 until his death in 814.

Cherub, early Italian Renascence.

Cherub Head

Cherub, early Italian Renascence.

Cherub, Italian Renascence candelabrum.

Cherub Head

Cherub, Italian Renascence candelabrum.

This Renaissance chest of Italian origin was richly decorated with carving, intarsia or wood inlaying, ivory and metal reliefs. It had no feet and was chiefly used for jewelry, and as work-boxes.

Renaissance Chest

This Renaissance chest of Italian origin was richly decorated with carving, intarsia or wood inlaying,…

Italian painter, from Florence.

Giovanni Cimabue

Italian painter, from Florence.

This marble mosaic circle pattern is inlaid pieces of glass found in the windows of a cathedral in Florence, Italy.

Marble Mosaic Circle Pattern

This marble mosaic circle pattern is inlaid pieces of glass found in the windows of a cathedral in Florence,…

The marble mosaic circle pattern is inlaid pieces of stone, wood, glass, leather or straw to make a picture or pattern. This design is found in the San Vitale church in Ravenna, Italy.

Marble Mosaic Circle Pattern

The marble mosaic circle pattern is inlaid pieces of stone, wood, glass, leather or straw to make a…

This marble mosaic circular panel is found on the floor of the St. Vitale church in Ravenna, Italy.

Marble Mosaic Circular Panel

This marble mosaic circular panel is found on the floor of the St. Vitale church in Ravenna, Italy.

The Renaissance circular panel is a bas-relief design found on a tomb in Venice, Italy.

Renaissance Circular Panel

The Renaissance circular panel is a bas-relief design found on a tomb in Venice, Italy.

The Renaissance circular panel is a majolica tile (Italian ceramic) found in Sienna, Italy.

Renaissance Circular Panel

The Renaissance circular panel is a majolica tile (Italian ceramic) found in Sienna, Italy.

The Renaissance circular panel is a majolica tile (Italian ceramic) found in Sienna, Italy.

Renaissance Circular Panel

The Renaissance circular panel is a majolica tile (Italian ceramic) found in Sienna, Italy.

"Chariot-racing was a favorite amusement, and the great circuses were arranged especially for such contests. The space was broad enough to accommodate three of four chariots side by side, each with four horses abreast."—Ridpath, 1885

Circus Maximus

"Chariot-racing was a favorite amusement, and the great circuses were arranged especially for such contests.…

"Part of the Fircoronian Cista. Third century B.C. Found near Palestrina in 1774. Now in the Museo Kircheriano, Rome." —D'Anvers, 1895

Fircoronian cista

"Part of the Fircoronian Cista. Third century B.C. Found near Palestrina in 1774. Now in the Museo Kircheriano,…