Gustav Adolph was the founder of the Swedish Empire at the beginning of what is widely regarded as the Golden Age of Sweden.

King Gustaf Adolph

Gustav Adolph was the founder of the Swedish Empire at the beginning of what is widely regarded as the…

King of Sweden.

Gustavus Adolphus

King of Sweden.

The King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632.

Gustavus Adolphus

The King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632.

Also known as Gustav II Adolf. The King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632.

Gustavus Aldophus

Also known as Gustav II Adolf. The King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632.

"The following cut, taken from one of Sir W. Hamilton's fictile vases, and representing Aeneas followed by Ascanius, and carrying off his father Anchises, who holds the sceptre in his right hand, shows its form as worn by kinds." — Anthon, 1891

Aeneas and Ascanius

"The following cut, taken from one of Sir W. Hamilton's fictile vases, and representing Aeneas followed…

Akhnaton was a Pharaoh of Egypt in the eighteenth dynasty.

Egyptian Pharaoh Akhnaton

Akhnaton was a Pharaoh of Egypt in the eighteenth dynasty.

An illustration of Prince Charles Albert of Carignano, born in Turin on 1798. Prince Albert succeeded Charles Felix in Sardinia in 1831.

Prince Charles Albert of Carignano

An illustration of Prince Charles Albert of Carignano, born in Turin on 1798. Prince Albert succeeded…

The Greek king of Macedon.

Alexander the Great

The Greek king of Macedon.

Alexander the Great's head on a silver coin of Lysimachus in 321-281 B.C.

Coin of Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great's head on a silver coin of Lysimachus in 321-281 B.C.

Alfonso XIII, King of Spain.

Alfonso XIII

Alfonso XIII, King of Spain.

"Alfred the Great." — Lardner, 1885

Alfred the Great

"Alfred the Great." — Lardner, 1885

An image depicting Alexander visiting the Temple of Amun.

Alexander at the Temple of Amun

An image depicting Alexander visiting the Temple of Amun.

The Queen Ant of slave-making ants.

Queen Ant

The Queen Ant of slave-making ants.

"Antoine Macault Reading his Translation of Diodorus Siculus to King Francis I. Designed by Holbein. Engraved by Geoffroy Tory?" -Cundall, 1895

Antoine Macault Reading his Translation of Diodorus Siculus to King Francis I

"Antoine Macault Reading his Translation of Diodorus Siculus to King Francis I. Designed by Holbein.…

The costume of an Assyrian King.

Assyrian King

The costume of an Assyrian King.

"This sovereign was the last of the Mogul emperors of India who displayed the talent and energy of a warrior. He was the grandson of Jehangire, and was born on the 22nd of October, 1618." — Goodrich, 1844

Aurungzrbr

"This sovereign was the last of the Mogul emperors of India who displayed the talent and energy of a…

"Persian bas-relief, from Pesepolis." —D'Anvers, 1895

Persian bas-relief

"Persian bas-relief, from Pesepolis." —D'Anvers, 1895

"Sign of the king of Lower Egypt; from the coffin of Mykerinos, 1633 B.C." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Bee Heiroglyph

"Sign of the king of Lower Egypt; from the coffin of Mykerinos, 1633 B.C." — The Encyclopedia…

Bijur starting and lighting installation on King Eight-Cylinder Cars, Model EE.

Bijur

Bijur starting and lighting installation on King Eight-Cylinder Cars, Model EE.

Bijur starting and lighting installation on King Eight-Cylinder Cars, Model EE.

Bijur

Bijur starting and lighting installation on King Eight-Cylinder Cars, Model EE.

A very beautiful bird of Australia, belonging to the family Meliphagidae or honey-eaters. The color of the plumage is golden yellow and deep velvety black. It was discovered during the regency of George IV., and was named in compliment to him.

Regent Bird

A very beautiful bird of Australia, belonging to the family Meliphagidae or honey-eaters. The color…

A chess board showing the placement of the chess game pieces.

Chess Board

A chess board showing the placement of the chess game pieces.

"Canute." — Lardner, 1885

Canute

"Canute." — Lardner, 1885

"Among the Danish kings of England, Canute stands preeminent for his wisdom and military prowess. His father, Sweyn, king of Denmark, after a most successful campaign against the Saxons, entered London in triumph, and England was completely conquered." — Goodrich, 1844

Canute and followers

"Among the Danish kings of England, Canute stands preeminent for his wisdom and military prowess. His…

An Indian carriage being drawn by zebus

Indian Carriage

An Indian carriage being drawn by zebus

A caricature of the cartoonist and the King.

Cartoonist and King

A caricature of the cartoonist and the King.

The front of a French gold coin first issued by Louis IX. in the thirteenth century. It was equal to aout three United States gold dollars.

Chaise

The front of a French gold coin first issued by Louis IX. in the thirteenth century. It was equal to…

The rear of a French gold coin first issued by Louis IX. in the thirteenth century. It was equal to aout three United States gold dollars.

Chaise

The rear of a French gold coin first issued by Louis IX. in the thirteenth century. It was equal to…

He was born on April 2, 742, and was the eldest son of Pepin, the first king of the Franks, of the Carlovingian dynasty.

Charlemagne

He was born on April 2, 742, and was the eldest son of Pepin, the first king of the Franks, of the Carlovingian…

The King of the Franks from 768 and the Emperor of the Romans from 800 until his death in 814.

Charlemagne

The King of the Franks from 768 and the Emperor of the Romans from 800 until his death in 814.

"Charles I (1625-1649) was a far abler ruler than his father. He was a man of greater courage and more dignity of character, but he had been trained from infancy in the belief of his divine right to fule, and he chose ministers who encouraged him in this view and tried to apply it practically. Parliament was not disposed to be amiable after the wrongs it had suffered at the hands of James. In the first fifteen months of his reign two Parliaments were summoned and angrily dissolved; the first because it demanded that its grievances should be redressed before it granted the king the requisite supplies; the second because it impeached the king's minister, Buckingham. In the interval between the second and third Parliaments the king raised money by forced loans and benevolences, throwing into prison those who refused to comply with the illegal demands. Under the influence of Buckingham the king tried to divert the attention of his subjects from bad government at home by entering into a war with France; but the result was humiliating, and the king's minister was more hated than ever."—Colby, 1899

Charles I

"Charles I (1625-1649) was a far abler ruler than his father. He was a man of greater courage and more…

The King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1625 to 1649.

Charles I

The King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1625 to 1649.

The King of England from 1625 to 1649.

Charles I

The King of England from 1625 to 1649.

The King's trial (on charges of high treason and "other high crimes") began on January 2, but Charles refused to enter a plea, claiming that no court had jurisdiction over a monarch. He believed that his own authority to rule had been given to him by God when he was crowned and anointed, and that the power wielded by those trying him was simply that which grew out of a barrel of gunpowder. The court, by contrast, proposed that no man is above the law.

Death of Charles I

The King's trial (on charges of high treason and "other high crimes") began on January 2, but Charles…

King of England (1625-1649)

Charles I, King of England

King of England (1625-1649)

The king of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1660 to 1665.

Charles II

The king of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1660 to 1665.

Emperor of Germany and King of Spain.

Charles V

Emperor of Germany and King of Spain.

Chephren was an Egyptian pharaoh. His capital was at Memphis.

Egyptian Pharaoh Chephren

Chephren was an Egyptian pharaoh. His capital was at Memphis.

Shows setup of a chessboard.

Chess

Shows setup of a chessboard.

A board game and mental-skill game for two players.

Chess

A board game and mental-skill game for two players.

An illustration of King Edward II's children: Eleanor, Edward, John, and Joanna.

Children of Edward II

An illustration of King Edward II's children: Eleanor, Edward, John, and Joanna.

"Determined to save his own country at the expense of his own life, Codrus disguised himself in a peasant's dress, entered the Peloponnesian camp, and provoked a quarrel with a soldier, by whom he was killed." — Goodrich, 1844

Codrus slain

"Determined to save his own country at the expense of his own life, Codrus disguised himself in a peasant's…

A Roman coin.

Roman coin

A Roman coin.

"It is among the largest of crustaceous animals, sometimes measuring as much as two feet in length. The body is composed of two divisions - an anterior, crescent-shaped piece, or carapace, and a posterior, somewhat hexagonal piece, formed by the coalescence of the abdominal segments." — Goodrich, 1859

King crab

"It is among the largest of crustaceous animals, sometimes measuring as much as two feet in length.…

"The crown of William I and his successors was a plain circlet heightened with four spikes having trefoil heads." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Crown

"The crown of William I and his successors was a plain circlet heightened with four spikes having trefoil…

Worn by British Royalty.

Crown, British

Worn by British Royalty.

"The mausoleum is built of immense marble blocks, joined together without cement. Its total height, including the seven steps, is about 35 feet. A solitary pillar near the tomb still bears the inscription: 'I am Cyrus, the King, the Achaemenian.'"—Webster, 1913

Tomb of Cyrus the Great

"The mausoleum is built of immense marble blocks, joined together without cement. Its total height,…

Darius, the Persian king. Above, the symbol of Ormuzd.

Darius

Darius, the Persian king. Above, the symbol of Ormuzd.

"The King Charles spaniel, a breed of toy spaniel. It is black and tan."—Finley, 1917

King Charles Spaniel

"The King Charles spaniel, a breed of toy spaniel. It is black and tan."—Finley, 1917

The obverse side of a Ducat, a gold coin, of Ladislaus Postumus, the King of Hungary from A.D. 1452-1457.

Ducat of Ladislaus Postumus, Obverse

The obverse side of a Ducat, a gold coin, of Ladislaus Postumus, the King of Hungary from A.D. 1452-1457.

The reverse side of a ducat, a gold coin, of Ladislaus Postumus, the King of Hungary from A.D. 1452-1457.

Ducat of Ladislaus Postumus, Reverse

The reverse side of a ducat, a gold coin, of Ladislaus Postumus, the King of Hungary from A.D. 1452-1457.

Found in the Arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America, the king duck strongly resembles the eider in its habits. It os sometimes called the king eider because of this.

King Duck

Found in the Arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America, the king duck strongly resembles the…

King Edgar was king of England.

King Edgar

King Edgar was king of England.

Edward I of England.

Edward I

Edward I of England.

Edward II, (April 25, 1284 – September 21, 1327) of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. His tendency to ignore his nobility in favour of low-born favourites led to constant political unrest and his eventual deposition. Edward is perhaps best remembered for his supposed murder and his alleged homosexuality as well as being the first monarch to establish colleges in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge; he founded Cambridge's King's Hall in 1317 and gave Oxford's Oriel College its royal charter in 1326. Both colleges received the favour of Edward's son, Edward III, who confirmed Oriel's charter in 1327 and refounded King's Hall in 1337

Edward II of England

Edward II, (April 25, 1284 – September 21, 1327) of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307…

Image taken from the tomb of the English king.

Edward III

Image taken from the tomb of the English king.

Edward III of England.

Edward III

Edward III of England.

"Coin of Edward IV." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Edward IV

"Coin of Edward IV." — Lardner, 1885

A sceptre from the seal of Edward the Confessor.

Sceptre of Edward the Confessor

A sceptre from the seal of Edward the Confessor.

The heraldic badge of Edward V, the king of England in 1483.

Badge of Edward V

The heraldic badge of Edward V, the king of England in 1483.