"Two feet long, with the under jaw greatly protruded; it swims near the surface; bites at a hook; makes violent resistance when drawn up, and emits a strong smell when just taken." — Goodrich, 1859

Gar

"Two feet long, with the under jaw greatly protruded; it swims near the surface; bites at a hook; makes…

Sagittal section through mouth, tongue, larynx, pharynx, and nasal cavity. The section was slightly oblique, and the posterior edge of the nasal septum has been preserved. The specimen is viewed slightly from below, hence the apparently low position of the inferior turbinated bone.

Section of the Head and Neck

Sagittal section through mouth, tongue, larynx, pharynx, and nasal cavity. The section was slightly…

The lips, nose, and chin of a person's face.

Lips

The lips, nose, and chin of a person's face.

"The mouth, nose and pharynx, with the commencement of the gullet and larynx, as exposed by a section, a little to the left of the median plane of the head. a, vertebral column; b, gullet; c, wind-pipe; d, larynx; e, epiglottis; f, soft palate; g, opning of eustachian tube; k, tongue; l, hard palate; m, the sphenoid bone on the base of the skull; n, the fore part of the cranial cavity; o, p, q, the turbinate bones of the outer side of the left nostril-chamber." —Martin, 1917

Mouth

"The mouth, nose and pharynx, with the commencement of the gullet and larynx, as exposed by a section,…

The mouth, nose, and pharynx, with the commencement of gullet (esophagus) and larynx, as exposed by a section a little to the left of the median plane of the head. Labels: a, vertebrae; b, gullet; c, trachea; d, larynx; e, epiglottis; f, soft palate; g, opening of Eustachian tube; k, tongue; l, hard palate; o, p, q, inferior turbinate bones of left nasal chamber.

The Mouth, Nose, and Pharynx

The mouth, nose, and pharynx, with the commencement of gullet (esophagus) and larynx, as exposed by…

The mouth, nose, and pharynx, with the larynx and commencement of gullet (esophagus), seen in section. Labels: a, vertebral column; b, gullet (esophagus); c, trachea; d, larynx; e, epiglottis; f, soft palate, between f and e is the opening at back of cavity or faces; g, opening of Eustachian tube; h, nasal cavity; k, tongue; l, hard palate; m, sphenoid bone at base of skull; n, roof of nasal cavity; o, p, q, placed in nasal cavity.

The Mouth, Nose, and Pharynx

The mouth, nose, and pharynx, with the larynx and commencement of gullet (esophagus), seen in section.…

The mouth, nose, and pharynx, with the commencement of the gullet (esophagus) and larynx, as exposed by a section, a little to the left of the median plane of the head. Labels: a, vertebral column; b, gullet; c, windpipe; d, larynx; e, epiglottis; f, soft palate; g, opening of Esutachian tube; k, tongue; l, hard palate; m; the sphenoid bone on the base of the skull; n, the fore part of the cranial cavity; o,p,q, the turbinate bones of the outer side of the left nostril chamber.

The Mouth, Nose, and Pharynx

The mouth, nose, and pharynx, with the commencement of the gullet (esophagus) and larynx, as exposed…

Nasal bone viewed from before.

Nasal Bone

Nasal bone viewed from before.

Inner surface of left nasal bone.

Inner Surface of Nasal Bone

Inner surface of left nasal bone.

Outer surface of right nasal bone.

Outer Surface of Nasal Bone

Outer surface of right nasal bone.

"Nasal Cavities, seen from Below. The sense of smell is located in the membrane which lines the cavities of the nose. This delicate membrane, over which the fibers of the olfactory nerves, or the nerves of smell, are distributed, is kept continually mois by the mucus which it secretes." — Blaisedell, 1904

Nasal cavities

"Nasal Cavities, seen from Below. The sense of smell is located in the membrane which lines the cavities…

The lateral wall of the left nasal cavity. The greater part of the middle turbinated bone has been excised to expose the structures and orifices situated beneath it. A part of the anterior portion of the inferior turbinated bone had been removed. The original borders of the turbinated bones are indicated by dotted lines. The superior turbinated bone is intact. The orifices of the left sphenoidal and frontal sinuses are indicated by arrows.

Nasal Cavity

The lateral wall of the left nasal cavity. The greater part of the middle turbinated bone has been excised…

Nasal cavity, right lateral wall, from the left.

Nasal Cavity

Nasal cavity, right lateral wall, from the left.

External wall of right nasal fossa, parts of the turbinates having been cut away to show the orifices of the sinuses which open into the meatuses.

External Wall of Nasal Cavity

External wall of right nasal fossa, parts of the turbinates having been cut away to show the orifices…

Innervation of the nasal cavity.

Nerves of the Nasal Cavity

Innervation of the nasal cavity.

Outer wall of nasal fossa.

Outer Wall of Nasal Cavity

Outer wall of nasal fossa.

Coronal section through nasal fossae; anterior half of section viewed from behind.

Nasal Fossae

Coronal section through nasal fossae; anterior half of section viewed from behind.

The nasal fossae seen from behind.

Back View of the Nasal Fossae

The nasal fossae seen from behind.

"A tiny block of tissue from the membrane lining the inner surface of the nose. Note the hundreds of cillia and the gland m which gives out the slippery white or colorless fluid called mucus." —Davison, 1910

Section of nasal tissue

"A tiny block of tissue from the membrane lining the inner surface of the nose. Note the hundreds of…

"<em>A</em>, branches of the nerves of smell; <em>B</em>, nerves of touch to the nostrils; <em>E, F, G,</em> nerves to the palate springing from a ganglion at <em>C</em>; <em>H</em>, a branch of the facial nerve, from which which other branches <em>D, I,</em> and <em>J</em>, spring to be distributed to the nostrils." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Nerves of the nostril

"A, branches of the nerves of smell; B, nerves of touch to the nostrils; E, F,

The prominent part of the face, which is the organ of smell.

Nose

The prominent part of the face, which is the organ of smell.

A nose

Nose

A nose

Vertical coronal section through the nose and frontal sinuses.

Section Through Nose and Frontal Sinuses

Vertical coronal section through the nose and frontal sinuses.

View of the outer wall of the nose. The turbinated bones having been removed. Labels: 1, vestibule, 2, hiatus semilunaris; 3, opening of antrum of highmore; 4, bulla ethmoidalis; 5, agger nasi; 6, opening of anterior ethmoidal cells; 7, cut edge of superior turbinated bone; 8, cut edge of middle turbinated bone; 9, pharyngeal orfice of Eustachian tube.

Outer Wall of Nose

View of the outer wall of the nose. The turbinated bones having been removed. Labels: 1, vestibule,…

A side view of the passage of the nostrils. 4, The distribution of the first olfactory pair of nerves. 5, The fine divisions of this nerve on the membrane of the nose. 6, A branch of the fifth pair of nerves. 9, Upper jawbone and roof of the mouth.

A Side View of the Passage of the Nostrils

A side view of the passage of the nostrils. 4, The distribution of the first olfactory pair of nerves.…

Extent of true olfactory mucous membrane.

Olfactory Mucous Membrane

Extent of true olfactory mucous membrane.

The olfactory system. Labels: a, b, c, d, interior of the nose, which is lined by a mucous membrane; n, the nose; e, the wing of the nose; q, the nose bones; o, the upper lip; g, section of the upper jawbone; h, the upper part of the mouth, or hard palate; m, frontal bone of the skull; k, the ganglion or bulb of the olfactory nerve in the skull, from which are seen the branches of the nerve passing in all direction.

Olfactory System

The olfactory system. Labels: a, b, c, d, interior of the nose, which is lined by a mucous membrane;…

A shovel with a round scoop end.

Round-Nosed Shovel

A shovel with a round scoop end.

A shovel with a square scoop.

Square-Nosed Shovel

A shovel with a square scoop.

The vomer is a single bone, situated vertically at the back part of the nasal fossae, forming part of the septum of the nose. It is thin, somewhat like a ploughshare in form; but varies in different individuals, being frequently bent to one of the other side; it presents for examination two surfaces and four borders.

Vomer

The vomer is a single bone, situated vertically at the back part of the nasal fossae, forming part of…

Vomer bone, a single bone placed at the back part of the nasal cavity, and forms part of the septum of the nasal fossae.

Human Vomer Nasal Bone

Vomer bone, a single bone placed at the back part of the nasal cavity, and forms part of the septum…