"That the Egyptians paid great attention to the study of music and had arrived at a very accurate knowledge of the art, is evident from the instruments which they used." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian band

"That the Egyptians paid great attention to the study of music and had arrived at a very accurate knowledge…

"Among the remarkable inventions of a remote era, may be mentioned bellows and siphons. The former were used as early as the reign of Thothmes the Third, and contemporary of Moses, being represented in a tomb bearing the name of that Pharaoh. They consisted of a leather bag, sewed and fitted into a frame, from which a long pipe extended for carrying the wind to the fire. They were worked by the feet, the operator standing in front of them, with one under each foot, and pressing them alternately, while he pulled up each exhausted skin by a string." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian bellows

"Among the remarkable inventions of a remote era, may be mentioned bellows and siphons. The former were…

A drill worked by a bow and string.

Bow-drill

A drill worked by a bow and string.

Boy pulling a string.

Boy

Boy pulling a string.

Or the Zimbalon, whose strings vibrates under the percussion of two supple hammers which the player manages skillfully with both hands

Hungarian Cembalo

Or the Zimbalon, whose strings vibrates under the percussion of two supple hammers which the player…

String instrument, strung with wire instead of gut.

Cittern

String instrument, strung with wire instead of gut.

"Egyptian Lyre now at Berlin." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Egyptian Lyre

"Egyptian Lyre now at Berlin." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"For making an eye splice, the end of the rope is unlaid and the strands are bent upon the body of the rope so as to form an 'eye' of the size desired."—Finley, 1917

Eye-splice

"For making an eye splice, the end of the rope is unlaid and the strands are bent upon the body of the…

"If a body be fastened to a string and whirled, so as to give it a circular motion, there will be a pull on the string that will be greater or less according as the velocity increases or decreases... If the string were cut, the pulling force that drew it away from the straight line would be removed, and the body would then fly off at a tangent; that is, it would move in a straight line tangent to the circle, as shown in Fig. 9." —Hallock 1905

Centrifugal Force

"If a body be fastened to a string and whirled, so as to give it a circular motion, there will be a…

A man playing a typical alto guitar fiddle in the 15th century.

Alto Guitar Fiddle

A man playing a typical alto guitar fiddle in the 15th century.

Representation of a European guitar in AD 1180.

European Guitar

Representation of a European guitar in AD 1180.

A modern guitar.

Guitar, Modern

A modern guitar.

A hand holding a square pyramid, suspended by a string.

Hand and pyramid

A hand holding a square pyramid, suspended by a string.

"The 'sucker' consists of a circular piece of thick leather with a string attached to its middle. Being soaked thoroughly in water, it is firmly pressed upon a flat stone to drive out all air from between the leather and the stone. Unless the stone is too heavy, it may be lifted by the string." — Avery, 1895

Hand and sucker

"The 'sucker' consists of a circular piece of thick leather with a string attached to its middle. Being…

Hand holding a string.

Hand holding a string

Hand holding a string.

Hand holding string.

Hand holding string

Hand holding string.

Hand holding string.

Hand holding string

Hand holding string.

A hand holding a pointed weight suspended from a string.

Hand holding weight

A hand holding a pointed weight suspended from a string.

Two hands with string.

Hands tying knots

Two hands with string.

Two hands with string.

Hands tying knots

Two hands with string.

An Anglo-Saxon harp.

Harp, Anglo-Saxon

An Anglo-Saxon harp.

An Assyrian Harp.

Harp, Assyrian

An Assyrian Harp.

Egyptian harps.

Harp, Egyptian

Egyptian harps.

A loop made in a rope by crossing the two parts and seizing them together.

Cuckold Knot

A loop made in a rope by crossing the two parts and seizing them together.

A granny knot.

Granny Knot

A granny knot.

"Showing how a square knot may be tied with a cord." — Blaisedell, 1904

Square Knot

"Showing how a square knot may be tied with a cord." — Blaisedell, 1904

"The European lute is derived in form and name from the Arabic "el ud," "the wood," the consonant of the article "el" having been retained in the European languages for the initial of the name. The Arab instrument, with convex sound-body, pointing to the resonance board or membrane having been originally placed upon a gourd, was strung with silk and played with a plectrum of shell or quill. It was adopted by the Arabs from Persia." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Lute

"The European lute is derived in form and name from the Arabic "el ud," "the wood," the consonant of…

An illustration of a man playing a guitar.

Man Playng Guitar

An illustration of a man playing a guitar.

An illustration of a man playing a violin while children were dancing.

Man Playing Violin with Children Dancing

An illustration of a man playing a violin while children were dancing.

An illustration of three men playing string instruments, one playing the cello and two playing the violin.

Three Men Playing String Instruments

An illustration of three men playing string instruments, one playing the cello and two playing the violin.

"That the Egyptians paid great attention to the study of music and had arrived at a very accurate knowledge of the art, is evident from the instruments which they used." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian musician

"That the Egyptians paid great attention to the study of music and had arrived at a very accurate knowledge…

A musical instrument with a manual keyboard actuating hammers that strike wire strings, producing sounds that may be softened or sustained by means of pedals.

Piano

A musical instrument with a manual keyboard actuating hammers that strike wire strings, producing sounds…

The plaiting or braiding of a sennit, a flat cordage used in crafts.

Plaiting of Sennit

The plaiting or braiding of a sennit, a flat cordage used in crafts.

An old stringed instrument somewhat similar to the violin, having properly three strings tuned in fifths , and played with a bow. It was of Arabian or Turkish origin and was introduced by the moors into Spain.

Rebec

An old stringed instrument somewhat similar to the violin, having properly three strings tuned in fifths…

"Your school-bag made of string." -Beard 1906

A school-bag make of string

"Your school-bag made of string." -Beard 1906

Two seizings, a class of knots used to bind two parts of the same rope or to another object.

Seizing

Two seizings, a class of knots used to bind two parts of the same rope or to another object.

"Lightly touch the wire at its middle point with the tip of the finger or the beard of a quill; the wire will vibrate in halves." -Avery 1895

Sound Wave

"Lightly touch the wire at its middle point with the tip of the finger or the beard of a quill; the…

"In making a short splice the ends of the ropes are unlaid for a short distance and brought together, the strands interlacing (A). Taking any one strand, this is woven into the laid strands of the other rope, working from left to right; the other two stands are similarly woven, but from right to left."—Finley, 1917

Short splice

"In making a short splice the ends of the ropes are unlaid for a short distance and brought together,…

This twine cutter is used to cut twine, a strong thread or string composed of two or more smaller strands or yarn twisted together.

Twine Cutter and Holder

This twine cutter is used to cut twine, a strong thread or string composed of two or more smaller strands…

The treble instrument of the family of modern bowed instruments, held nearly horizontal by the player's arm with the lower part supported against the collarbone or shoulder.

Musical Violin

The treble instrument of the family of modern bowed instruments, held nearly horizontal by the player's…

A stringed instrument of music; a bass viol of four strings, or a bass violin with long, large strings, giving sounds an octave lower than the viola, or tenor or alto violin.

Violoncello

A stringed instrument of music; a bass viol of four strings, or a bass violin with long, large strings,…