"A small silvery fish, four or five inches long; it is taken in vast numbers i nthe Mediterranean, where it is used for preparing a well-known sauce, which is sent all over the world." — Goodrich, 1859

Anchovy

"A small silvery fish, four or five inches long; it is taken in vast numbers i nthe Mediterranean, where…

"The fishing frog is three to five feet long. It has an enormous mouth, armed with numerous pointed teeth. It is exceedingly voracious, and has been known to seize a cod just as it was being drawn out of the water by a hook, and only let go its hold on receiving a severe blow upon the head." — Goodrich, 1859

Angler

"The fishing frog is three to five feet long. It has an enormous mouth, armed with numerous pointed…

"One to two feet long, color orange-red; moving in the waters it appears like a red-ribbon. This, as well as other species of this family, is often found cast on the shores by storms." — Goodrich, 1859

Red Bandfish

"One to two feet long, color orange-red; moving in the waters it appears like a red-ribbon. This, as…

"Said to be called so because of the barbs or wattles about its mouth; it is common in the warm and temperate regions of Europe, being abundant in the Rhine, Elbe, and Woser; also in some of the English rivers." — Goodrich, 1859

Barbel

"Said to be called so because of the barbs or wattles about its mouth; it is common in the warm and…

"Is one to three feet long, and has been celebrated from the time of Aristotle for its richness and flavor. It abounds in the Mediterranean, and also on the British coasts, where it is taken with trawl-nets, and also by angling at flood-tide with a long rod and strong line." — Goodrich, 1859

European Bass

"Is one to three feet long, and has been celebrated from the time of Aristotle for its richness and…

"Is twelve to twenty-four inches long; found in the northern seas, south to the coast of Massachusetts; it is tolderable food; the spines are used in Greenland for needles." — Goodrich, 1859

Bergylt

"Is twelve to twenty-four inches long; found in the northern seas, south to the coast of Massachusetts;…

"Also called the <em>Pout</em> and <em>Whiting-Pout</em> - is twelve to sixteen inches long, and is found on the Northern European coasts; its flesh is excellent." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Bib

"Also called the Pout and Whiting-Pout - is twelve to sixteen inches long, and is…

"Two to three feet long, remarkable for its swiftness and voracity; the color is black, the body covered by minute scales." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

European Blackfish

"Two to three feet long, remarkable for its swiftness and voracity; the color is black, the body covered…

"The Bleak or Blick, <em>L. alburnus</em>, is a well-known, small species, inhabiting many of the rivers of Europe; it is tolerable food, and affords amusement to young fly fishers." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Bleak

"The Bleak or Blick, L. alburnus, is a well-known, small species, inhabiting many of the rivers…

A European species of blenny.

Montagu's Blenny

A European species of blenny.

"Three to four inches long, the color pale-brown, lives among weeds, and feeds on crustacea; common in the Mediterranean." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Ocellated Blenny

"Three to four inches long, the color pale-brown, lives among weeds, and feeds on crustacea; common…

"Five to six inches long; blueish-white above, shiny beneath; found, though rarely, on the American coast." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Blepharis

"Five to six inches long; blueish-white above, shiny beneath; found, though rarely, on the American…

"Six to eight inches long; found in the European seas." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Boarfish

"Six to eight inches long; found in the European seas." — Goodrich, 1859

"Resembles the tuna in form, but is seldom more than thirty inches long. It is extensively distributed, being most common i nthe tropical seas, but is still met with on the coasts of Europe and North America. It is said to rival the dorado in its perpetual chase of flying-fish." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Bonito

"Resembles the tuna in form, but is seldom more than thirty inches long. It is extensively distributed,…

"Very voracious; found in the European seas." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Braize

"Very voracious; found in the European seas." — Goodrich, 1859

"It is abundant in the larer lakes and quiet rivers of Great Britain and Ireland. It swims in shoals; feeds on worms, with other sift-bodied animals, and some vegetable substances." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Bream

"It is abundant in the larer lakes and quiet rivers of Great Britain and Ireland. It swims in shoals;…

"Twelve to fifteen inches long, feeding on fish as wel as sea-weed." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Black Bream

"Twelve to fifteen inches long, feeding on fish as wel as sea-weed." — Goodrich, 1859

"This feeds on fish as well as sea-weed; it is not much esteemed for eating; common in European seas." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sea Bream

"This feeds on fish as well as sea-weed; it is not much esteemed for eating; common in European seas."…

"Is found from six to twelve pounds, and is taken in large numbers on the British as well as Dutch coasts." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Brill

"Is found from six to twelve pounds, and is taken in large numbers on the British as well as Dutch coasts."…

"Noted for being completely covered in horny scales. It is common on all the coasts of Europe and Greenland." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Armed Bullhead

"Noted for being completely covered in horny scales. It is common on all the coasts of Europe and Greenland."…

"Four to five inches long; hides in the water among loose stones, feeds on the larvae of water-insects, and the ova and fry of fishes; it is very voracious, and easily caught with a hook baited with red worm." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

River Bullhead

"Four to five inches long; hides in the water among loose stones, feeds on the larvae of water-insects,…

"Lives in slow-running rivers, is one to two feet long, conceals itself under stones like an eel, and feeds on aquatic insects and young fish. It weighs from one to eight pounds; the flesh is white, soft, and of good flavor; common in Europe." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Burbot

"Lives in slow-running rivers, is one to two feet long, conceals itself under stones like an eel, and…

"It feeds upon insects, and is remarkable for its method of procuring them. When it observes a fly, or any other insect on a weed, or hovering over the water, it ejects a little drop through its tubular snout with such presicion as frequently disable the little animal, so that it falls into the water and is devoured." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Copperband Butterflyfish

"It feeds upon insects, and is remarkable for its method of procuring them. When it observes a fly,…

"They are distinguished by a small mouth and powerful teeth, though not set in the jaws. The body is usually compressed, and always clothed with scales, sometimes of very large, some times of very small size; the head is small; the dorsal fun single." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Carp

"They are distinguished by a small mouth and powerful teeth, though not set in the jaws. The body is…

"It is ten to forty inches long, and sometimes attains the weight of a hundred pounds; the general color is rich olive-brown above, yellowish-white beneath." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common Carp

"It is ten to forty inches long, and sometimes attains the weight of a hundred pounds; the general color…

"The Gold Carp, <em>C. auratus</em>, often called the Gold-fish and silver-fish, as it assumes both colors, is originally from China, the most beautiful species being taken from Lake Che-Kyang." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gold carp

"The Gold Carp, C. auratus, often called the Gold-fish and silver-fish, as it assumes both…

"Twelve inches long, body of a pale yellow color, with numerous oblique, brownish-purple lines. Inhabits the coasts of Ceylon." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Wandering Chaetodon

"Twelve inches long, body of a pale yellow color, with numerous oblique, brownish-purple lines. Inhabits…

"A European species, and inhabits the northern lakes of England and those of Scotland; it is from one to two feet long, and is usually caught by hooks trailing after a boat." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Northern Charr

"A European species, and inhabits the northern lakes of England and those of Scotland; it is from one…

"A larger species, found in Brazil." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Chronectes Histrio

"A larger species, found in Brazil." — Goodrich, 1859

"Frequents deep places in the quiet parts of steams, sheltering itself usually under a bush or tree that may screen it from view. It feeds on worms or insects in their various stages." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Chub

"Frequents deep places in the quiet parts of steams, sheltering itself usually under a bush or tree…

"A large species, weighing from ten to thirty pounds. It swims rapidly, and at no great depth." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Coalfish

"A large species, weighing from ten to thirty pounds. It swims rapidly, and at no great depth." —…

"It is two to four feet long, and weighs from two to seventy spounds; the general color is greenish brown above, and silvery white beneath. It inhabits deep water, and is often taken a a depth of thirty fathoms." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common Cod

"It is two to four feet long, and weighs from two to seventy spounds; the general color is greenish…

"Four to eight inches long; common in Europe, but rare on our coast." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Poor Cod

"Four to eight inches long; common in Europe, but rare on our coast." — Goodrich, 1859

"Six to eight inches long, feeds on young gobies, which it catches by lying in ambush among stones or sea-weeds.' &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Four-horned Cottus

"Six to eight inches long, feeds on young gobies, which it catches by lying in ambush among stones or…

"Is eight to ten inches long, feeds on crustacea, small fish, and marine insects, is often caught with plaice or flounder, but is preferred to either at the table." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common Dab

"Is eight to ten inches long, feeds on crustacea, small fish, and marine insects, is often caught with…

"Feeds on worms and other soft substances; spawns in June; is six to nine inches long; is used as bait for pike in trolling, on account of its silvery brightness." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Dace

"Feeds on worms and other soft substances; spawns in June; is six to nine inches long; is used as bait…

"Four to six feet long, breadth eight inches, thickness one inch; found in the North Atlantic, and has been taken on the British coast." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Dealfish

"Four to six feet long, breadth eight inches, thickness one inch; found in the North Atlantic, and has…

"Average weight five pounds; found on the European coasts, and celebrated for the delicacy of its flesh. This fish, having a golden spot on each side of it, contends with the haddock for the hnor of bearing the marks of St. Peter's fingers, each supposed to have been that out of whose mouth the apostle took the tribute-money, leaving on its sides in proof of the identity, the marks of his finger and thumb." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

John Doree

"Average weight five pounds; found on the European coasts, and celebrated for the delicacy of its flesh.…

"From one to two feet long, varies greatly in color; is common in the Baltic; also found occasionally on the British coasts." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Dorse

"From one to two feet long, varies greatly in color; is common in the Baltic; also found occasionally…

"Ten to fourteen inches long; it has a smotoh skin, brilliantly striped and spotted with blue on a yellow ground. It occasionally takes a bait, but it is more frequently caught in nets." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gemmeous Dragonet

"Ten to fourteen inches long; it has a smotoh skin, brilliantly striped and spotted with blue on a yellow…

"These have an elongated form, and a soft, thick, slimy skin; the scales are very minute, and imbedded in the thick, fat, cuticle so as only to be seen when this is dried. The gill orifices are small, and cartried far back, so that the branchiae are protected, on which account these animals can live a considerable time out of water. They are averse to cold and are not found in high northern countries." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common European Eel

"These have an elongated form, and a soft, thick, slimy skin; the scales are very minute, and imbedded…

"It varies in length from three to ten feet, and in weight from five to one hundred and thirty pounds. It is a most voracious fish, feeding often on the young of its own species; from the stomach of one that weighed twenty-five pounds, Mr. Yarrell took three dabs and a young conger three feet long." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Conger Eel

"It varies in length from three to ten feet, and in weight from five to one hundred and thirty pounds.…

"It is from one to four feet long, and weighs from one to twenty-five pounds. This species feed on frogs and fish, and are most active at night." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sharp-Nosed Eel

"It is from one to four feet long, and weighs from one to twenty-five pounds. This species feed on frogs…

"Is found at the mouths of nearly all European rivers, and is especially abundant where the bottom is soft and muddy." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Flounder

"Is found at the mouths of nearly all European rivers, and is especially abundant where the bottom is…

"Is twelve to fourteen inches long, and has the ventral fins placed anterior to the middle part of the body; it may thus be distinguished from the flying gurnard of the Mediterranean." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Flying Fish

"Is twelve to fourteen inches long, and has the ventral fins placed anterior to the middle part of the…

"One to two feet long, with a long barbule hanging from each chin." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Great Forked-Beard

"One to two feet long, with a long barbule hanging from each chin." — Goodrich, 1859

"Two feet long, with the under jaw greatly protruded; it swims near the surface; bites at a hook; makes violent resistance when drawn up, and emits a strong smell when just taken." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gar

"Two feet long, with the under jaw greatly protruded; it swims near the surface; bites at a hook; makes…

"Twelve inches long, abundant in the Mediterranean, and found on the coasts of Africa and Europe, from France to the Cape of Good Hope. It frequents deep water on bold rocky coasts, and is occasionally taken both by nets and lines." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gilt-Head

"Twelve inches long, abundant in the Mediterranean, and found on the coasts of Africa and Europe, from…

"Six to eight inches long, its general color being red varied with green." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gilt-Head

"Six to eight inches long, its general color being red varied with green." — Goodrich, 1859

"Is found in Europe; it occasionally happens that this, as well as other species, when they have puffed themselves up, lose their balance in the water, and float about, belly upwards, in a most helpless condition. The sharp spines on their stomach, however, protect them from their enemies" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Pennat's Globefish

"Is found in Europe; it occasionally happens that this, as well as other species, when they have puffed…

"It is five to six inches long, and found on the rocky coasts of Europe. It is not esteemed for food." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Black Goby

"It is five to six inches long, and found on the rocky coasts of Europe. It is not esteemed for food."…

"Is two to five inches long, found in Europe, but less abundantly than most other species." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Goldfinny

"Is two to five inches long, found in Europe, but less abundantly than most other species." —…

"Is found in the lakes and rivers of some parts of Europe; in its habits and food it resembles the trout, and is fished for with artificial flies." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Graining

"Is found in the lakes and rivers of some parts of Europe; in its habits and food it resembles the trout,…

"Found in the tivers of northern europe having rocky or gravelly bottoms. It resembles the trout in its habits nd haunts; it weighs one to five pounds." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Grayling

"Found in the tivers of northern europe having rocky or gravelly bottoms. It resembles the trout in…

"Common in Europe, and is found in streams which flow over gravelly soil. It swims in shoals, feeds on worms, aquatic insects, and their larvae, and mollscuous animals." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gudgeon

"Common in Europe, and is found in streams which flow over gravelly soil. It swims in shoals, feeds…

"Or butter-fish, so called on account of the mucous secretion with which its sides are covered; it is ten inches long, and has a long, sword-shaped body; it is found in pools left by the tide, and occasionally under stones or sea-weed, common in Europe." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Spotted Gunnel

"Or butter-fish, so called on account of the mucous secretion with which its sides are covered; it is…

"Is from six to fifteen inches long, and is found in the Mediterranean, and also in the European and American seas. These are called <em>Flying-Fish</em>, and perform nearly the same feats in the air as the true flying-fish." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Flying Gurnard

"Is from six to fifteen inches long, and is found in the Mediterranean, and also in the European and…

"Twelve to sixteen inches long; it feeds on curstaceous animals; spawns in May or June; it is esteemed for food, taken in deep water with a trawl-net, affords excellent amusement in fishing with hand-lines; common in European and American waters" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Red Gurnard

"Twelve to sixteen inches long; it feeds on curstaceous animals; spawns in May or June; it is esteemed…

"Is two feet long, and is common in the Mediterranean and other European waters; its flesh is good, though rather dry; it is caught with long lines, called <em>culters.</em>" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sapphire Gurnard

"Is two feet long, and is common in the Mediterranean and other European waters; its flesh is good,…

"A lake fish of Northern Europe, ten to twelve inches long; it is gregarious, and approaches the shores in vast shoals in spring and summer, a hundred often being taken at a draft." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gwyniad

"A lake fish of Northern Europe, ten to twelve inches long; it is gregarious, and approaches the shores…