"At the command <em>aim</em> raise the piece with both hands and support the butt firmly against the hollow of the right shoulder." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Aim

"At the command aim raise the piece with both hands and support the butt firmly against the…

"Each rear-rank man aims through the interval to the right of his file leader and leans slightly forward to advance the muzzle of his piece beyond the front rank." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Aim

"Each rear-rank man aims through the interval to the right of his file leader and leans slightly forward…

"In aiming sitting, the elbows are supported by the knees." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Aim sitting

"In aiming sitting, the elbows are supported by the knees." — Moss, 1914

Austrian soldier, 1901

Austria: soldier 1901

Austrian soldier, 1901

"At the second command sake the position of guard; at the same time throw the rifle smartly to the front, grasp the rifle with the left hand just below the lower band, fingers between the stock and gun sling, barrel turned slightly to the left, the right hand grasping the small of the stock about 6 inches in front of the right hip, elbows free from the body, bayonet point at the height of the chin." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Bayonet guard

"At the second command sake the position of guard; at the same time throw the rifle smartly to the front,…

"The force of the thrust is delivered principally with the right arm, the left being used to direct the bayonet. The points at which the attack should be directed are, in order of their importance, stomach, chest, head, neck, and limbs." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Bayonet thrust

"The force of the thrust is delivered principally with the right arm, the left being used to direct…

"Straighten right arm and right leg vigorously and swing butt of rifle against point of attack, pivoting the rifle in the left hand at about the height of the left shoulder, allowing the bayonet to pass to the rear on the left side of the head. Guard is resumed without command." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Butt strike

"Straighten right arm and right leg vigorously and swing butt of rifle against point of attack, pivoting…

French soldier, 1901

France: soldier 1901

French soldier, 1901

This is a primitive clothes holder that fits around either male or female torso. The primary purpose of clothing is functional, as a protection from the elements. Clothes also enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking, by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment.

Garment Supporter

This is a primitive clothes holder that fits around either male or female torso. The primary purpose…

German soldier, 1901

Germany: soldier 1901

German soldier, 1901

British soldier, 1901

Great Britain: soldier 1901

British soldier, 1901

"At the second command take the position of arms. Seize the bolt handle with the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, turn the handle up, draw the bolt back, and glance at the chamber. Having found the chamber empty, or having emptied it, raise the head and eyes to the front." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Inspection arms

"At the second command take the position of arms. Seize the bolt handle with the thumb and forefinger…

Italian soldier, 1901

Italy: soldier 1901

Italian soldier, 1901

"Kneel on right knee, sitting as nearly as possible on the right heel; left forearm across left thigh; piece remains in position of order arms, right hand grasping it above lower band." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Kneel

"Kneel on right knee, sitting as nearly as possible on the right heel; left forearm across left thigh;…

"Kneel, but with right knee against left hand." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Kneel

"Kneel, but with right knee against left hand." — Moss, 1914

"If kneeling or sitting, the position of the piece is similar; if kneeling, the left forearm rests on the left thigh." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Kneeling

"If kneeling or sitting, the position of the piece is similar; if kneeling, the left forearm rests on…

"Carry the piece with the right hand and place it on the left shoulder, barrel up, trigger guard in the hollow of the shoulder, at the same time grasp the butt with the left hand, heel between first and second fingeres, thumb and fingers closed on the stock." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Left shoulder, arms

"Carry the piece with the right hand and place it on the left shoulder, barrel up, trigger guard in…

"At the command load each front-rank man or skirmisher faces half right and carries the right foot to the right, about one foot." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Load

"At the command load each front-rank man or skirmisher faces half right and carries the right foot to…

"With the right hand he turns and draws the bolt back." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Load

"With the right hand he turns and draws the bolt back." — Moss, 1914

"Takes a loaded clip and inserts the end in the slip slots, places the thumb on the powder space of the top cartridge, the fingers extending around the piece and tips resting on the magazine floor plate." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Load

"Takes a loaded clip and inserts the end in the slip slots, places the thumb on the powder space of…

"Carries the hand to the small of the stock." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Load

"Carries the hand to the small of the stock." — Moss, 1914

"Executed in the same manner as the thrust, except that the left foot is carried forward about twice its length. The left heel must always be in rear of the left knee. Guard is resumed immediately without command. Guard may also be resumed by advancing the right foot if, for any reason, it is desired to gain the ground held in lunging. In the latter case, the preparatory command <em>forward</em> will be given." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Lunge

"Executed in the same manner as the thrust, except that the left foot is carried forward about twice…

"If lying down, the left hand steadies and supports the piece at the balance, the toe of the butt resting on the ground, the muzzle off the ground." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Lying down

"If lying down, the left hand steadies and supports the piece at the balance, the toe of the butt resting…

An illustration of an adult male in Army dress uniform.

Man in Army Dress Uniform

An illustration of an adult male in Army dress uniform.

"Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the rear, left knee slightly bent; clasp the hands, without constriant, in front of the center of the body, fingers joined, left hand uppermost, left thumb clasped by the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, preserve silence and steadiness of position." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Parade rest

"Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the rear, left knee slightly bent; clasp the hands, without…

"Carry the point of the bayonet down until it is at the height of the knee, moving the point of the bayonet sufficiently to the right (left) to keep the opponent's attacks clear of the point threatened. These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Low parry

"Carry the point of the bayonet down until it is at the height of the knee, moving the point of the…

"These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Low parry

"These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." —…

"With the right hand raise and throw the piece diagonally across the body, grasp it smartly with both hands, the right, palm down, at the small of the stock, the left, palm up, at the balance; barrel up, sloping to the left and crossing opposite the junction of the neck with the left shoulder." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Port arms

"With the right hand raise and throw the piece diagonally across the body, grasp it smartly with both…

"Carry the left hand smartly to the small of the stock, forearm horizontal, palm of hand down, thumb and fingers extended and joined, forefinger touching end of cocking piece, look toward the person saluted." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Rifle salute

"Carry the left hand smartly to the small of the stock, forearm horizontal, palm of hand down, thumb…

"Carry the left hand smartly to the right side, palm of the hand down, thumb and fingers extended and joined, forefinger against piece near the muzzle; look toward the person saluted." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Rifle salute

"Carry the left hand smartly to the right side, palm of the hand down, thumb and fingers extended and…

"As additional instruction, the men may be permitted to wield the rifle left handed, that is on the left side of the body, left hand at the small of the stock. Many men will be able to use this method to advantage. It is also of value in case the left hand is wounded." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Left-handed rifle

"As additional instruction, the men may be permitted to wield the rifle left handed, that is on the…

Russian soldier, 1901

Russia: soldier 1901

Russian soldier, 1901

"Officers and noncomissioned officers armed with the saber, when mounted, return saber without using the left hand; the scabbard is hooked up on dismounting." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Saber return

"Officers and noncomissioned officers armed with the saber, when mounted, return saber without using…

"When arms are brought to the order the officers or enlisted men with the saber drawn <em>order saber</em>." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Drawn saber

"When arms are brought to the order the officers or enlisted men with the saber drawn order saber."…

"In marching in double time the saber is carried diagonally across the breast, edge to the front; the left hand steadies the scabbard." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Marching with saber

"In marching in double time the saber is carried diagonally across the breast, edge to the front; the…

An officer facing forward, with a saber.

Officer with saber

An officer facing forward, with a saber.

"Raise the right hand smartly till the tip of the forefinger touches the lower part of the headdress above the right eye, thumb and fingers extended and joined, palm to the left, forearm inclined at about 45 degrees, hand and wrist straight; at the same time look toward the person saluted." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Salute

"Raise the right hand smartly till the tip of the forefinger touches the lower part of the headdress…

Portrait of General Scott in uniform.

General Scott

Portrait of General Scott in uniform.

"The shoe recommended, after months of study and experiment, for use in the United States Army." &mdash; Ritchie, 1918

Army shoes

"The shoe recommended, after months of study and experiment, for use in the United States Army." —…

"If sitting the elbows are supported by the knees." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Sitting

"If sitting the elbows are supported by the knees." — Moss, 1914

An illustration of a soldier in dressed in full uniform smoking a cigarette.

Soldier

An illustration of a soldier in dressed in full uniform smoking a cigarette.

"In resuming the order from any position in the manual, the motion next to the last concludes with the butt of the piece about 3 inches from the ground, barrel to the rear, the left hand above and near the right, steadying the piece, fingers extended and joined, forearm and wrist straight and inclining downward, all fingers of the right hand grasping the piece." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Soldier with rifle

"In resuming the order from any position in the manual, the motion next to the last concludes with the…

An imperial Japanese soldier.

Imperial Japanese soldier

An imperial Japanese soldier.

"Each even number of the front rank grasps his piece with the left hand at the upper band and rests the butt between his feet." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stack arms

"Each even number of the front rank grasps his piece with the left hand at the upper band and rests…

"Each even number of the front rank grasps his piece with the left hand at the upper band and rests the butt between his feet." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stack arms

"Each even number of the front rank grasps his piece with the left hand at the upper band and rests…

"Each odd number of the front rank raises his piece with the right hand, carries it well forward, barrel to the front; the left hand, guiding the stacking swivel." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stack arms

"Each odd number of the front rank raises his piece with the right hand, carries it well forward, barrel…

"He then turns the barrel outward into the angle formed by the other two pieces and lowers the butt to the ground, to the right and against the toe of his right shoe." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stack arms

"He then turns the barrel outward into the angle formed by the other two pieces and lowers the butt…

The garment extender is used to stretch and size tubular portions of garments. The extender comprises three longitudinal bars, namely a first side bar, an intermediate bar, and a second side bar. The first side bar and the intermediate bar are fixedly spaced and secured to each other by vertically spaced cross bars.

Garment Stretcher

The garment extender is used to stretch and size tubular portions of garments. The extender comprises…

Turkish soldier, 1901

Turkey: soldier 1901

Turkish soldier, 1901

United States soldier, 1901

United States: soldier 1901

United States soldier, 1901