A collage of different types of atmospheres including auroras, snow, and rain.

Collage of Different Atmospheres

A collage of different types of atmospheres including auroras, snow, and rain.

An illustration of a polar bear standing on an iceberg.

Polar Bear

An illustration of a polar bear standing on an iceberg.

An illustration of two polar bears standing on icebergs with large icebergs surrounding them.

Polar Bears on Iceberg

An illustration of two polar bears standing on icebergs with large icebergs surrounding them.

Birds in a Tree

Birds in a Tree

Birds in a Tree

A boy dragging his sled uphill in the snow.

Boy Dragging his Sled

A boy dragging his sled uphill in the snow.

Children in the snow

Children

Children in the snow

An illustration of a group of six children, four girls and two boys, ice skating on an open pond in the winter.

Six Children Ice Skating on Pond

An illustration of a group of six children, four girls and two boys, ice skating on an open pond in…

"The colors white and shades of crimson. As a winter blooming plant for a conservatory or parlor window, it is invaluable; with some of the leaves are strikingly variegated, and the flowers are unique and beautiful."—Heinrich, 1887

Cyclamen

"The colors white and shades of crimson. As a winter blooming plant for a conservatory or parlor window,…

"Now it is the inclination of the Earth's axis, as above described, which causes the lengths of the days and nights to differ at the same place at different seasons of the year, for on reviewing the positions of the globe at A, it will be observed that the line formed by the enlightened and dark hemispheres, does not coincide with the line of the axis and the pole, but that the line formed by the darkness and the light, extends obliquely across the line of the Earth's axis, so that the north pole is in the light while the south is in the dark. In the position A, therefore, an observer at the north pole would see the sun constantly, while another at the south pole would not see it at all. Hence those living in the north temperate zone, at the season of the year when the earth is at A, or in the Summer, would have long days and short nights, in proportion as they approached the polar circle; while those who live in the south temperate zone, at the same time, and when it would be Winter there, would have long nights and short days in the same proportion." —Comstock, 1850

Earth Axis

"Now it is the inclination of the Earth's axis, as above described, which causes the lengths of the…

"Now it is the inclination of the Earth's axis, as above described, which causes the lengths of the days and nights to differ at the same place at different seasons of the year, for on reviewing the positions of the globe at A, it will be observed that the line formed by the enlightened and dark hemispheres, does not coincide with the line of the axis and the pole, but that the line formed by the darkness and the light, extends obliquely across the line of the Earth's axis, so that the north pole is in the light while the south is in the dark. In the position A, therefore, an observer at the north pole would see the sun constantly, while another at the south pole would not see it at all. Hence those living in the north temperate zone, at the season of the year when the earth is at A, or in the Summer, would have long days and short nights, in proportion as they approached the polar circle; while those who live in the south temperate zone, at the same time, and when it would be Winter there, would have long nights and short days in the same proportion." —Comstock, 1850

Earth Axis

"Now it is the inclination of the Earth's axis, as above described, which causes the lengths of the…

"Successful retreat of the Federal troops from the Virginia shore across a canal-boat bridge at Edward's Ferry, on the night of October 23rd, 1861. Of the 1,900 Federals who crossed the river in the morning but a sad remnant reached the island and opposite shore on that awful night. Upward of 500 were taken prisoners; more than 100 were drowned; nearly the same number were killed on the field or shot in the retreat, and upward of 200 were wounded. We shrink from detailing all the incidents of horror which marked this most disastrous action and retreat. It was a fearful blunder from beginning to end. Our illustration represents the successful retreat to the Maryland shore on the night of Wednesday, October 23rd, by moonlight, during a high, cold windstorm." —Leslie, 1896

Edward's ferry

"Successful retreat of the Federal troops from the Virginia shore across a canal-boat bridge at Edward's…

A skater demonstrating a figure eight.

Figure Eight

A skater demonstrating a figure eight.

A figure skater demonstrating a maneuver with the outside edge of his skate forward.

Figure skater

A figure skater demonstrating a maneuver with the outside edge of his skate forward.

A figure skater demonstrating a maneuver with the outside edge of his skate backward.

Figure skater

A figure skater demonstrating a maneuver with the outside edge of his skate backward.

A figure skater executing a figure three turn.

Figure three

A figure skater executing a figure three turn.

A frog pond in the winter

Frog Pond

A frog pond in the winter

An illustration of a young girl walking through the snow dressed in winter clothing.

Girl Dressed in Winter Clothes

An illustration of a young girl walking through the snow dressed in winter clothing.

Also known as the winter falcon, is found in California, Wisconsin, and South Carolina.

Red-Shouldered Hawk

Also known as the winter falcon, is found in California, Wisconsin, and South Carolina.

An illustration of a house located in a remote area. The illustration shows a man standing in front of the home's door with a man and woman arriving in a sleigh.

Remote House

An illustration of a house located in a remote area. The illustration shows a man standing in front…

A solitary hunter in a cold region, with an eagle and dog for companions.

Hunter with Eagle and Dog

A solitary hunter in a cold region, with an eagle and dog for companions.

An illustration of a group of men climbing a wall of ice.

Ice Climbing

An illustration of a group of men climbing a wall of ice.

Couple ice skating.

Ice skating

Couple ice skating.

An illustration of a young adult couple ice skating on a pond.

Ice Skating

An illustration of a young adult couple ice skating on a pond.

There was an old person of Mold; Who shrank from sensations of cold; So he purchased some muffs; Some furs, and some fluffs; And wrapped himself from the cold.

Edward Lear

There was an old person of Mold; Who shrank from sensations of cold; So he purchased some muffs; Some…

There was an old man of Kilkenny; Who never had more than a penny; He spent all that money; In onions and honey; That wayward old man of Kilkenny.

Edward Lear

There was an old man of Kilkenny; Who never had more than a penny; He spent all that money; In onions…

There was an old person of Sparta; Who had twenty-five sons and one daughter; He fed them on snails; And weighed them in scales; That wonderful person of Sparta.

Edward Lear

There was an old person of Sparta; Who had twenty-five sons and one daughter; He fed them on snails;…

There was a young lady of Bute; Who was playing on a silver-gilt lute; She played several jigs; To her uncle's white pigs; That amusing young lady of Bute.

Edward Lear

There was a young lady of Bute; Who was playing on a silver-gilt lute; She played several jigs; To her…

There was an old man of Corfu; Who never know what he should do; So he rushed up and down; Till the sun made him brown; That bewildered old man of Corfu.

Edward Lear

There was an old man of Corfu; Who never know what he should do; So he rushed up and down; Till the…

There was an old man of Coblenz; The length of whose legs was immense; He went with one prance; From Turkey to France; That surprising old man of Coblenz.

Edward Lear

There was an old man of Coblenz; The length of whose legs was immense; He went with one prance; From…

There was an old person of Dutton; Whose head was as small as a button; So to make it look big; He purchased a wig; And rapidly rushed about Dutton.

Edward Lear

There was an old person of Dutton; Whose head was as small as a button; So to make it look big; He purchased…

Major Waldron's granddaughter

Major Waldron's Grand-Daughter

Major Waldron's granddaughter

May Day marks the end of the winter half of the year in the Northern hemisphere, and it has traditionally been an occasion for popular and often raucous celebrations, regardless of the locally prevalent political or religious establishment. Traditional English May Day rites and celebrations include Morris dancing, crowning a May Queen and celebrations involving a Maypole.

May Day Celebration

May Day marks the end of the winter half of the year in the Northern hemisphere, and it has traditionally…

A figure skater demonstrating the "pig's ears" maneuver.

Pig's Ears

A figure skater demonstrating the "pig's ears" maneuver.

"Summer and Winter rays.—Let us suppose that the rays falling perpendicularly on a given extent of surface, impart to it a certain degree of heat, then it is obvious, that if the same number of rays be spread over twice that extent of surface, their heating power would be diminished in proportion, and that only half of the heat would be imparted. This is the effect produced by the Sun's rays in the Winter. They fall so obliquely on the Earth, as to occupy nearly double the space that the same number of rays do in the Summer." —Comstock, 1850

Rays

"Summer and Winter rays.—Let us suppose that the rays falling perpendicularly on a given extent…

Reynard the Fox teaches Ereswine the wolf to fish with her tail. She fishes so long that her tail freezes in the frozen lake.

Reynard the Fox: Tricking Ereswine at the Lake

Reynard the Fox teaches Ereswine the wolf to fish with her tail. She fishes so long that her tail freezes…

"Suppose the Earth to be in her Summer solstice, which takes place on the 21st of June. At this period she will be at a, having her north pole, n, so inclined towards the Sun, that the whole arctic circle will be illuminated, and consequently the Sun's rays will extend 23.25 degrees, the breadth of the polar circle, beyond the north pole." —Comstock, 1850

Seasons

"Suppose the Earth to be in her Summer solstice, which takes place on the 21st of June. At this period…

From the book of stories by Oscar Wilde, The Selfish Giant is about a giant who closes his garden up so children do not play in it. Here, he realizes what he has done. His garden turned to winter when he closed it off from children.

The Selfish Giant

From the book of stories by Oscar Wilde, The Selfish Giant is about a giant who closes his garden up…

Man skate sailing.

Skate sailing

Man skate sailing.

Two children ice skating.

Skating

Two children ice skating.

An adult man and boy sledding during the winter.

Sledding

An adult man and boy sledding during the winter.

Children sled riding.

Sledding

Children sled riding.

A sled, sleigh, sledge is a vehicle used for transportation on surfaces with low friction, usually snow or ice.

Winter Sleigh

A sled, sleigh, sledge is a vehicle used for transportation on surfaces with low friction, usually snow…

Girl in the snow

Snow

Girl in the snow

Children throwing snowballs at each other.

Snowball Fight

Children throwing snowballs at each other.

Snowdrop is the common name for members of the genus Galanthus, a small genus of about 20 species in the family Amaryllidaceae; snowdrops are among the first bulbs to bloom in spring, although certain species flower in late autumn and winter.

Snowdrop

Snowdrop is the common name for members of the genus Galanthus, a small genus of about 20 species in…

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

Snowflake

"A kind of shoe in vogue in northern latitudes which enables the wearer to pass rapidly over the surface of the snow without sinking therin."—Finley, 1917

Snowshoe

"A kind of shoe in vogue in northern latitudes which enables the wearer to pass rapidly over the surface…

"Relative positions of the earth and the sun on June 21, the summer solstice. Summer and long days north of the Equator; winter and short days south of it." -Wiswell, 1913

Summer Solstice

"Relative positions of the earth and the sun on June 21, the summer solstice. Summer and long days north…

"Relative positions of the earth and the sun on December 21, the winter solstice. Winter and short days north of the Equator; summer and long days south of it. 1, North Frigid Zone; 2, North Temperate Zone; 3, Torrid Zone; 4, South Temperate Zone; 5, South Frigid Zone." -Wiswell, 1913

Winter Solstice

"Relative positions of the earth and the sun on December 21, the winter solstice. Winter and short days…

Capital letter T shown in a severe winter.

T, Capital

Capital letter T shown in a severe winter.

A figure skater demonstrating "the loop".

The loop

A figure skater demonstrating "the loop".

A figure skater executing a figure "s" maneuver.

The Serpentine

A figure skater executing a figure "s" maneuver.

Snow on the ground and in the trees

Winter

Snow on the ground and in the trees

Winter Night

Winter Night

Winter Night

A winter scene with a bird in the tree.

Winter Scene

A winter scene with a bird in the tree.

Wolves attacking a traveler. Caption below illustration: "The road now ran along the skirts of a pine forest, when the traveler suddenly perceived a suspicious noise behind her. Casting back a look of alarm, she saw a troop of wolves trotting along the road, the number of which her fears hindered her from estimating."

Wolves Attacking a Traveler

Wolves attacking a traveler. Caption below illustration: "The road now ran along the skirts of a pine…