"On the continent of Europe the <em>Sirex gigas</em> often appears in immense numbers, and does great damage in this way." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sawfly

"On the continent of Europe the Sirex gigas often appears in immense numbers, and does great…

A particular method of uniting two pieces of timber together by the extremities, the end of one being cut or notched so as to fit into the other, making the part where the junction takes place of the same thickness as the rest of the pieces of timber.

Scarfing Design

A particular method of uniting two pieces of timber together by the extremities, the end of one being…

"A screw is a cylinder, generally made of wood or metal, with a spiral ridge (the thread) winding about its circumfrence. The thread works in a nut, withihn which there is a corresponding spiral groove to receive the thread." -Avery 1895

Screw press

"A screw is a cylinder, generally made of wood or metal, with a spiral ridge (the thread) winding about…

"The ordinary sheet-metal shears merely resemble very powerful scissors, and, their action being quite local, they serve well for dividing the plates or other thin sheets for which alone they are suitable." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Sheet-metal Shears

"The ordinary sheet-metal shears merely resemble very powerful scissors, and, their action being quite…

"The simplest and most generally practised form of budding is that called Shield budding or T-budding. The operator should be provided with a budding-knife in which the cutting edge of the blade is rounded off at the point, and which has a thin ivory or bone handle, for raising the bark of the stock. A horizonal incision is made in the bark quite down to the wood, and from this a perpendicular slit is drawn downwards to the extent of perhaps an inch, so that the slit has a resemblance to the letter T, as at a. A bud is then cut by a clean incision from the tree intended to be propagated, having a portion of the wood attached to it, and so that the whole may be an inch and a half long, as at d." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Shield-Budding

"The simplest and most generally practised form of budding is that called Shield budding or T-budding.…

A bundle of wooden roof shingles for market.

Shingles

A bundle of wooden roof shingles for market.

"c, a shingle; d, plain shingles laid on a roof." -Whitney, 1911

Shingles

"c, a shingle; d, plain shingles laid on a roof." -Whitney, 1911

Fancy cut shingles laid on a roof.

Shingles

Fancy cut shingles laid on a roof.

"Frame of a vessel supported by shores." A shore is a "post or beam of timber or iron for the temporary support of something; a prop." -Whitney, 1911

Shores

"Frame of a vessel supported by shores." A shore is a "post or beam of timber or iron for the temporary…

With the plane, one can make rough wood true, smooth and beautiful. The name plane, perhaps, comes from the work it does, for it is used to smooth or reduce wood to a true plane.

Side Plane

With the plane, one can make rough wood true, smooth and beautiful. The name plane, perhaps, comes from…

"The slotting machine also cuts grooves and slots, but in an entirely different manner. Those who are acquainted with the wood mortising machine, from which the idea of this tool was derived by Roberts of Manchester, will at once understand its principle, and will appreciate the good service which can be rendered by this principle, and will appreciate the good service which can be rendered by this powerful pairing tool." &mdash;The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Slotting Machine

"The slotting machine also cuts grooves and slots, but in an entirely different manner. Those who are…

Somewhat aloof from human habitiation, the wood-sparrow can often be seen mingline with other sparrow and finches during the winter months.

Wood Sparrow

Somewhat aloof from human habitiation, the wood-sparrow can often be seen mingline with other sparrow…

A wooden hollow sphere created by using a lathe and wooden templet at a desired diameter.

Wooden Sphere

A wooden hollow sphere created by using a lathe and wooden templet at a desired diameter.

"This wedge has the shape of two inclined planes. Its primary function is splitting or rending objects that it is pressed into. The longer the wedge, the more effective it is." &mdash;Quackenbos 1859

Splitting Wedge

"This wedge has the shape of two inclined planes. Its primary function is splitting or rending objects…

An Egyptian carved wooden spoon with cover.

Carved Wooden Spoon with Cover

An Egyptian carved wooden spoon with cover.

The modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Square Panel

The modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Square Panel

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative…

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Square Panel

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative…

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Square Panel

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative…

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Square Panel

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative…

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Square Panel

The modern square panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative…

The jewel case and stand is used to store jewelry. It is made out of New Zealand wood.

Jewel Case and Stand

The jewel case and stand is used to store jewelry. It is made out of New Zealand wood.

A plant stand made of wood.

Polding Plant Stand

A plant stand made of wood.

This walnut stippler brush is made from dark bristles of long-haired hogs. It is used to render small fine undergrainig found in some woods.

Walnut Stippler

This walnut stippler brush is made from dark bristles of long-haired hogs. It is used to render small…

"The wood-worker's main stand-by for boring is the stock or brace and set of bits." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Stock

"The wood-worker's main stand-by for boring is the stock or brace and set of bits." — Encyclopedia…

A stock used to tighten and loosen bolts.

Stock

A stock used to tighten and loosen bolts.

"G, G, garboard strakes; F, frame, K, keel. Nautical, the first range or strake of planks laid on a ship's bottom next the keel. Also called ground-strake." -Whitney, 1911

Garboard Strake

"G, G, garboard strakes; F, frame, K, keel. Nautical, the first range or strake of planks laid on a…

This table is made out of rosewood and locust tree wood. It is designed in a Venetian style, with massive scrolls that form its legs.

Table

This table is made out of rosewood and locust tree wood. It is designed in a Venetian style, with massive…

"The ordinary tail-vice used by mechanics has not yet been largely superseded, though many ingenious arrangements have been devised for remedying its main defect." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Tail-vice

"The ordinary tail-vice used by mechanics has not yet been largely superseded, though many ingenious…

"The targe of the Scottish Highlands, composed of wood and leather, and studded with brass decoratively applied, is a reversion to the early circular form."&mdash;Finley, 1917

Highland targe

"The targe of the Scottish Highlands, composed of wood and leather, and studded with brass decoratively…

The modern tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood, with decorated twisted threads.

Modern Tassel

The modern tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood,…

The modern tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood, with decorated twisted threads.

Modern Tassel

The modern tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood,…

The modern tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood, with decorated twisted threads.

Modern Tassel

The modern tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood,…

The modern tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood, with decorated twisted threads.

Modern Tassel

The modern tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood,…

The old standard tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of wood, with decorated twisted threads.

Old Standard Tassel

The old standard tassel consists of a tuft of threads or cords hanging straight down from a core of…

"Since the strength of the fibers in adhesion is very much less than in tension and compression, adhesion enters into nearly every test as an important factor. Thus, if a piece of wood consisting of several fibers is tested in tension, the fibers a and b would probably not break at all, but be merely pulled out, the failure, as far as they are concerned, being due to lack of adhesion and not to a lack of tensile strength. Every tension test presents numerous cases of this king, the broken fibers presenting no even fracture, but being splintered and drawn out especially if the wood is good."&mdash;Government Printing Office, 1897

Behavior of Fibers in Tension Test

"Since the strength of the fibers in adhesion is very much less than in tension and compression, adhesion…

The Wood Thrush, Hylocichla mustelina, is a North American passerine bird. It is closely related to other thrushes such as the American Robin and is widely distributed across North America, wintering in Central America and southern Mexico. The Wood Thrush is the official bird of the District of Columbia.

Wood Thrush

The Wood Thrush, Hylocichla mustelina, is a North American passerine bird. It is closely related to…

A small wheeled toy at the top of a small wooden incline.

Toy on ramp

A small wheeled toy at the top of a small wooden incline.

Inside of the broken limb, showing the decay that entered.

Inside the tree limb

Inside of the broken limb, showing the decay that entered.

The decayed hole where a limb was removed. The wood-destroying fungi caused the tree to break.

A hole in a tree

The decayed hole where a limb was removed. The wood-destroying fungi caused the tree to break.

A long stub left in pruning. The wound cannot heal. The tape shows how far the trunk is hollow. The tree will soon blow over.

Stub of a limb of a tree

A long stub left in pruning. The wound cannot heal. The tape shows how far the trunk is hollow. The…

Men cutting down trees.

Tree-Cutters

Men cutting down trees.

A vice used to hold wood in place.

Vice

A vice used to hold wood in place.

A wooden whistle.

Whistle

A wooden whistle.

"A reduced copy of the 'Knight,' and is interesting as one of the first wood-engravings executed in Great Britain: several works followed, all, hoever, in the same rude manner." &mdash; Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"A reduced copy of the 'Knight,' and is interesting as one of the first wood-engravings executed in…

"This wood-engraving represents St. Christopher carrying the infant saviour across the sea, and is dated 1423. The inscription at the bottom has been thus translated: 'In whichever day thou seest the likeness of St. Christopher, in that same day thou wilt, at least, from death no evil blow incur." — Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"This wood-engraving represents St. Christopher carrying the infant saviour across the sea, and is dated…

"A copy of one of the cuts in the Apocalypsis. It represents St. John preaching to three men and a woman, with the inscription: 'By the preaching of St. John, Drusiana and others are withdrawn from their idols)." — Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"A copy of one of the cuts in the Apocalypsis. It represents St. John preaching to three men and a woman,…

"From Biblia Pauperum, is curious as showing the general manner of representing the creation of Eve during the 15th century, the same subject frequently occurring previous to 1500. Both have the appearance of careful drawings." — Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"From Biblia Pauperum, is curious as showing the general manner of representing the creation of Eve…

A cross-section of wood infested with insects.

Infested wood

A cross-section of wood infested with insects.

A tree belonging to the East Indies and the Malayan and Polynesian islands, remarkable for its fragrance. Its wood is used as a perfume, and is manufactured into glove-boxes and other light articles.

Sandal Wood

A tree belonging to the East Indies and the Malayan and Polynesian islands, remarkable for its fragrance.…

"A wood-engraver's scooper." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Wood-engraver's Scooper

"A wood-engraver's scooper." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

"The family Oniscidae, including the well-known Wood-Louse, <em>Oniscus murarius</em>, and many similar animals, are characterized by the adaptation of their members to a terrestrial existence." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Wood-louse

"The family Oniscidae, including the well-known Wood-Louse, Oniscus murarius, and many similar…

Sometimes referred to as the fresh-water terrapin, the wood-terrapin ranges from Canada to Pennsylvania.

Wood-terrapin

Sometimes referred to as the fresh-water terrapin, the wood-terrapin ranges from Canada to Pennsylvania.

A woodchuck.

Woodchuck

A woodchuck.