Swallowing Muscles

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“The circular muscle of the mouth (1) and the buccinator or trumpeter’s muscle (2) help the tongue to push the food back to the upper margin of the gullet, where it is seized upon by the three constrictor muscles (3, 4 and 5) of the pharynx, and pushed down the gullet or esophagus, which is represented as being cut off at 6.” — Richardson, 1906


Joseph G. Richardson, Medicology or Home Encyclopedia of Health (New York: University Medical Society, 1906) 206


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