This ClipArt gallery offers 159 illustrations of tools used in various trades.

"A tool for digging and cutting the ground, having a rather thick iron blade, usually flat, so formed that its terminal edge (either straight or curved) may be pressed into the ground or other resisting substance with one foot, and a handle, usually with a crosspiece at the top, to be grasped by both hands... a, Irish spade with foot-piece; b, Greek spade with foot-piece; c, Japanese spade; d, spade for cutting turf; e, ditching spades; f, post-spade for digging post-holes; g, polished drain-spade with foot-piece; h, long-handled garden spade; i, ditching-spade." —Whitney, 1889

Spades - a Collection of Various Types

"A tool for digging and cutting the ground, having a rather thick iron blade, usually flat, so formed…

The device used to create spheres by rotating the ball and mandrel to create an equal diameter. The wire is connected to the top and the wheel while spinning.

Device for Turning Sphere

The device used to create spheres by rotating the ball and mandrel to create an equal diameter. The…

"An instrument for measuring the radii of spheres; a sphere-measurer. It is of especial service to opticians in determining focal lengths, etc. of lenses. The common form consists of a vertical screwc, with a large graduated head a, a, turning in a socket supported by three legs whose hard steel points are exactly equidistant. The fixed scale b at the side, together with the graduated screwhead, makes it possible to measure with great accuracy the distance between the extremity of the screw and the plane passing through the ends of the three supports, when, for example, all the points are in contact with the surface of the sphere." —Whitney, 1889

Spherometer

"An instrument for measuring the radii of spheres; a sphere-measurer. It is of especial service to opticians…

"An apparatus for extracting spikes, as from a rail. a, rail; b, spike to be extracted; c, fulcrum-piece hooked over the rail and supported on the sleeper d; e, claw-lever, with a heel shown in dotted outline, which is passed through a slot in the fulcrum-piece." —Whitney, 1889

Spike Extractor

"An apparatus for extracting spikes, as from a rail. a, rail; b, spike to be extracted; c, fulcrum-piece…

This is an early design wire splicer which features gradually incremented gaps to grab fine wire insulation.

Wire Splicer

This is an early design wire splicer which features gradually incremented gaps to grab fine wire insulation.

"The spoke-shave affords a good example of what has just been said as to the result obtainable by a well-directed effort towards the improvement of an old estrablished hand tool." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Spoke-shave

"The spoke-shave affords a good example of what has just been said as to the result obtainable by a…

Three spring-balances hooked together around a small ring.

Spring-balances

Three spring-balances hooked together around a small ring.

A try-square is a woodworking or a metal working tool used for marking and measuring a piece of wood

Woodworking Square

A try-square is a woodworking or a metal working tool used for marking and measuring a piece of wood

Any instrument for making impressions on other bodies.

Stamp

Any instrument for making impressions on other bodies.

An instrument for indicating the pressure of the steam in a boiler.

Steam-gauge

An instrument for indicating the pressure of the steam in a boiler.

A stock used to tighten and loosen bolts.

Stock

A stock used to tighten and loosen bolts.

A contrivance for holding the dies used in screw cutting.

Die Stock

A contrivance for holding the dies used in screw cutting.

A strainer separates wanted elements from unwanted elements using a filter such as a mesh.

Ball Type Strainer

A strainer separates wanted elements from unwanted elements using a filter such as a mesh.

"Since the strength of the fibers in adhesion is very much less than in tension and compression, adhesion enters into nearly every test as an important factor. Thus, if a piece of wood consisting of several fibers is tested in tension, the fibers a and b would probably not break at all, but be merely pulled out, the failure, as far as they are concerned, being due to lack of adhesion and not to a lack of tensile strength. Every tension test presents numerous cases of this king, the broken fibers presenting no even fracture, but being splintered and drawn out especially if the wood is good."—Government Printing Office, 1897

Behavior of Fibers in Tension Test

"Since the strength of the fibers in adhesion is very much less than in tension and compression, adhesion…

The point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides a point of connection to external circuits. A terminal may simply be the end of a wire or it may be fitted with a connector or fastener.

Attachment Terminal

The point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides…

A complicated tester used to test kerosene.

Saybolt Tester

A complicated tester used to test kerosene.

A grasping device consisting of two arms that are joined, often at one end, as by a pivot or a scissorlike hinge.

Tool Tong

A grasping device consisting of two arms that are joined, often at one end, as by a pivot or a scissorlike…

An accurate hole making tool by a centring tool, held by a screw, is pushed down onto the material while the lathe is running.

Combined Centring and Countersinking Tool

An accurate hole making tool by a centring tool, held by a screw, is pushed down onto the material while…

A tool which is used to apply composite strips such as caulk, Caulking is a process used to seal and make weather tight joints.

Composite Strip Tool

A tool which is used to apply composite strips such as caulk, Caulking is a process used to seal and…

An instrument for describing ellipses, often called a trammel.

Elliipsograph Tool

An instrument for describing ellipses, often called a trammel.

A tool used to create round or square holes. A tenon is used together with this tool such that the pieces can come together and create a tight fit.

Mortising Tool

A tool used to create round or square holes. A tenon is used together with this tool such that the pieces…

A cast iron hub with teeth inserted spirally attached to a mandrel to create a gear.

Sectional Milling Cutters with Inserted Teeth Tool

A cast iron hub with teeth inserted spirally attached to a mandrel to create a gear.

This tire tool is a specialized metal tool used in working with tires that have inner tubes.

Tire Tool

This tire tool is a specialized metal tool used in working with tires that have inner tubes.

Chart of 30 forged planer tools. High speed or carbon steel. Six types of tool holders for various forms of high speed steel cutters.

Planer Tools

Chart of 30 forged planer tools. High speed or carbon steel. Six types of tool holders for various forms…

A burner that mixes air and gas to produce a very hot flame

Electric Torch

A burner that mixes air and gas to produce a very hot flame

Blowtorch: a burner that mixes air and gas to produce a very hot flame

Flame Torch

Blowtorch: a burner that mixes air and gas to produce a very hot flame

In photography, a negative may refer to three different things, although they are all related. A negative comes in long narrow strips of chemical-coated plastic. When the film is developed it is a long strip of small negative images. A negative image is a tonal inversion of a positive image, in which light areas appear dark and vice versa. A negative color image is additionally color reversed, with red areas appearing cyan, greens appearing magenta and blues appearing yellow. In negative film, Many photographic processes create negative images: the chemicals involved react when exposed to light, and during developing these exposed chemicals are retained and become opaque while the unexposed chemicals are washed away.

Photographic Negative Treatment

In photography, a negative may refer to three different things, although they are all related. A negative…

A movable frame or support for anything, consisting of three or four legs secured to a top-piece, and forming a sort of stool or horse.

Trestle

A movable frame or support for anything, consisting of three or four legs secured to a top-piece, and…

Lamp trimmers were specialized onboard ships that involved maintaining oil lamps. In the days when light came from burning oil in lamps, a vessel at sea needed crewmen to constantly care for the lamps. This care involved trimming the wick, which drew the oil up from the storage reservoir, so that the flame would be clean and bright. Lamp trimmers also refilled the reservoirs, which held enough oil for several hours of burning, but not enough to start a major fire if the lamp were to be knocked down or damaged somehow. As vessels became larger the number of lamp trimmers increased significantly, because the only lighting below decks came from lamps. The position of lamp trimmer was so entrenched into marine tradition that electricians were called lamp trimmers for years after oil lamps had been completely replaced.

Lamp Trimmer

Lamp trimmers were specialized onboard ships that involved maintaining oil lamps. In the days when light…

An illustration of tusk tenon.

Tusk Tenon

An illustration of tusk tenon.

Tweezers used for dissection and surgery.

Tweezers

Tweezers used for dissection and surgery.

This twine cutter is used to cut twine, a strong thread or string composed of two or more smaller strands or yarn twisted together.

Twine Cutter and Holder

This twine cutter is used to cut twine, a strong thread or string composed of two or more smaller strands…

The desire to reproduce in wood these old stone ornaments led to the invention of a great number of plane bits, and the use of these bits naturally inspired tool makers to devise a plane in which many different bits could be employed.

Universal Hand Beader

The desire to reproduce in wood these old stone ornaments led to the invention of a great number of…

A pump is a device used to move fluids, such as liquids or slurries, or gases. A pump displaces a volume by physical or mechanical action. One common misconception about pumps is the thought that they create pressure. Pumps alone do not create pressure; they only displace fluid, causing a flow.

Vent Controlling Mechanism for Pumps

A pump is a device used to move fluids, such as liquids or slurries, or gases. A pump displaces a volume…

This whiffletree is a mechanism to distribute force evenly through linkages.

Whiffetree

This whiffletree is a mechanism to distribute force evenly through linkages.

A wire stripper is a small, hand held device used to strip the insulation from electric wires.

Wire Stripper

A wire stripper is a small, hand held device used to strip the insulation from electric wires.

Wood carving tools.

Wood Carving Tools

Wood carving tools.

In wood working there are a number of fine tools used in cutting wood, in which a single or double shearing blade is used.

Wood Cutting Tool

In wood working there are a number of fine tools used in cutting wood, in which a single or double shearing…

"A wood-engraver's scooper." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Wood-engraver's Scooper

"A wood-engraver's scooper." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893