"This ship lies besides the wharf at Ostia. In the afterpart of the vessel is a cabin with two windows. Notice the figure of Victory on the top of the single mast and the decoration of the mainsail with the wolf and twins. The ship is steered by a pair of huge paddles."—Webster, 1913

A Roman Freight Ship

"This ship lies besides the wharf at Ostia. In the afterpart of the vessel is a cabin with two windows.…

"The best preserved of Roman temples. Located at Nimes in southern France, where it is known as La Maison Carree ("the square house"). The structure is now used as a museum of antiquities."—Webster, 1913

A Roman Temple

"The best preserved of Roman temples. Located at Nimes in southern France, where it is known as La Maison…

"In the Nile valley there had been found a few ancient inscriptions, carved upon stone in unknown characters, but no one could read them. The, about 1800 A.D., some soldiers of Napoleon in Egypt, while laying foundations for a fort, found a slab of black rock bearing three inscriptions. One of the inscriptions was in Greek, one was in the ancient hieroglyphics of the pyramids, and the third was in a later Egyptian writing, which had likewise been been forgotten." - West, 1904

Portion of Rosetta Stone

"In the Nile valley there had been found a few ancient inscriptions, carved upon stone in unknown characters,…

"Part of the Rosetta Stone inscription, on a larger scale..." - West, 1904

Part of Rosetta Stone Inscription

"Part of the Rosetta Stone inscription, on a larger scale..." - West, 1904

Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire during the Achaemenid dynasty. Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran. In contemporary Persian, the site is known as Takht-e Jamshid (Throne of Jamshid) and Parseh. To the ancient Persians, the city was known as Pārsa, meaning "The City of Persians".

Ruins of Persepolis

Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire during the Achaemenid dynasty. Persepolis…

Ancient Greek runners in the Olympic games.

Greek Runners

Ancient Greek runners in the Olympic games.

The ancient King of Akkad, reigning from 2270 BC to 2215 BC.

Seal of Sargon I

The ancient King of Akkad, reigning from 2270 BC to 2215 BC.

An ancient amulet of Egypt.

An Egyptian Scarab

An ancient amulet of Egypt.

Two Scythians are kneeling and resting. This is one of the few existing representations of the ancient Scythians. Found on a Greek Electrum Vase.

Scythians on a Greek Vase

Two Scythians are kneeling and resting. This is one of the few existing representations of the ancient…

Two Scythians tying a rope. This is one of the few existing representations of the ancient Scythians. Found on a Greek Electrum Vase.

Scythians on a Greek Vase

Two Scythians tying a rope. This is one of the few existing representations of the ancient Scythians.…

One of the first Greek amphitheaters, located in the political center of the Elymian people.

Theater of Segesta

One of the first Greek amphitheaters, located in the political center of the Elymian people.

"Supposed portrait of one of the overseers of the work on the Great Pyramid. This is one of the masterpieces of Egyptian sculpture."—Myers, 1904

The Sheikh-El-Beled

"Supposed portrait of one of the overseers of the work on the Great Pyramid. This is one of the masterpieces…

An ancient Greek ship.

Greek Ship

An ancient Greek ship.

"The representation shows the arrangement of the tiers or oars in a two-banked ship. In just what way the lines of rowers in triremes and quinqueremes were arranged is unknown."—Myers, 1904

Prow of a Roman War Ship

"The representation shows the arrangement of the tiers or oars in a two-banked ship. In just what way…

The Saxon ships from ancient Germany.

Saxon Ships

The Saxon ships from ancient Germany.

Ancient Middle Eastern slipper.

Slipper

Ancient Middle Eastern slipper.

A statue built on the Giza Plateau in Giza, Egypt, consisting of a lion with a human head. The Sphinx is believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians.

The Great Sphnix

A statue built on the Giza Plateau in Giza, Egypt, consisting of a lion with a human head. The Sphinx…

Three pictures of early stone implements during the Mousterian age.

Mousterian Age stone implements

Three pictures of early stone implements during the Mousterian age.

Early stone implements use by true men during the Reindeer age. These stones include scrapers and points.

Reindeer Age Stone Implements

Early stone implements use by true men during the Reindeer age. These stones include scrapers and points.

Three views of a rostro-carinate (earliest period) Paleolithic stone implement. All roughly drawn to scale.

Paleolithic Stone

Three views of a rostro-carinate (earliest period) Paleolithic stone implement. All roughly drawn to…

An image depicting an ancient city of the Persian, Parthian, and Elamite empires of Iran.

Ancient Susa

An image depicting an ancient city of the Persian, Parthian, and Elamite empires of Iran.

An image depicting the ruins of the ancient city of Susa, in modern-day Iran.

Ruins of Susa

An image depicting the ruins of the ancient city of Susa, in modern-day Iran.

A prehistoric symbol found on the cover of an ancient vase at Troy.

The Swastika

A prehistoric symbol found on the cover of an ancient vase at Troy.

A sword and scabbard from the Bronze Age. Not drawn to scale.

Bronze Age Sword and Scabbard

A sword and scabbard from the Bronze Age. Not drawn to scale.

A common item of men's clothing during the Middle Ages. It is a short coat with short sleeves or shoulder pieces.

Tabard

A common item of men's clothing during the Middle Ages. It is a short coat with short sleeves or shoulder…

Tablets used by children for writing exercises.

Writing Exercise Tablets

Tablets used by children for writing exercises.

A profile view of Queen Tai, the wife of Amenophis III, pharaoh of Egypt.

Queen Tai

A profile view of Queen Tai, the wife of Amenophis III, pharaoh of Egypt.

A column depicting carvings and images of life in Thebes.

Column from Thebes

A column depicting carvings and images of life in Thebes.

The city of Thebes was a major city during the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. Portrays the wreckage of the city, with many buildings and pillars eroded.

Ruins of Thebes

The city of Thebes was a major city during the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. Portrays the wreckage of the city,…

"The two-storied marble structure is capped by an enormous monolith weighing over 300 tons."—Webster, 1913

Tomb of Theodoric at Ravenna

"The two-storied marble structure is capped by an enormous monolith weighing over 300 tons."—Webster,…

The Ancient Persian Throne was decorated to represent a king sitting on his throne borne-up by slaves.

Ancient Persian Throne

The Ancient Persian Throne was decorated to represent a king sitting on his throne borne-up by slaves.

A throwing stick being used by Australian natives. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

Reindeer age articles, Throwing stick being used

A throwing stick being used by Australian natives. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

Throwing sticks made from reindeer horn. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

Reindeer age articles, Throwing sticks

Throwing sticks made from reindeer horn. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

Tools used by men of primitive days.

Primitive Tools

Tools used by men of primitive days.

An ancient ship used by Greeks and Romans. The ship has three rows of oars on each side, with a man operating each oar.

An Athenian Trireme

An ancient ship used by Greeks and Romans. The ship has three rows of oars on each side, with a man…

"The great northeast tower of the sixth city. The stairs to the right date from the eighth city."—Webster, 1913

Excavations at Troy

"The great northeast tower of the sixth city. The stairs to the right date from the eighth city."—Webster,…

A portrait of the Bay of Naples and Mount Vesuvius.

Bay of Naples and Vesuvius

A portrait of the Bay of Naples and Mount Vesuvius.

The Temple of the Wingless Victory.

Temple of the Wingless Victory

The Temple of the Wingless Victory.

A fresco painting of a Roman villa.

Roman Villa

A fresco painting of a Roman villa.

An ancient windmill dating back to the medieval era.

Medieval Windmill

An ancient windmill dating back to the medieval era.

"An Ancient Egyptian Wine-press. The process of treading, which seems to have prevailed from the earliest ages. The treaders are being assisted by ropes fixed to the roof of the press." — Chambers, 1881

Wine-press

"An Ancient Egyptian Wine-press. The process of treading, which seems to have prevailed from the earliest…

An illustration of eight different types of Greek women.

Types of Greek Women

An illustration of eight different types of Greek women.

A species of masonry very common among the ancients, in which the stones are square and laid lozenge-wise, resembling the meshes of a net, and producing quite an ornamental appearance. It is the opus reticulate of the Romans.

Reticulated Work

A species of masonry very common among the ancients, in which the stones are square and laid lozenge-wise,…

"A large tablet with linear script found in the palace at Gnossus, Crete. There are eight lines of writing with a total of about twenty words. Notice the upright lines which appear to mark the termination of each group of signs."—Webster, 1913

Cretan Writing

"A large tablet with linear script found in the palace at Gnossus, Crete. There are eight lines of writing…