A bracket is an architectural member made of wood, stone, or metal that overhangs a wall to support or carry weight

Shelf Bracket

A bracket is an architectural member made of wood, stone, or metal that overhangs a wall to support…

"Épi. A slender finial of metal or terracotta, ornamenting the extremities or intersections of roof-ridges or forming the termination of a pointed roof or spire. Épi of Lead, 13th century-- Cathedral of Chartres." -Whitney, 1911

Épi

"Épi. A slender finial of metal or terracotta, ornamenting the extremities or intersections of…

A 19th century home located in New England.

19th Century Home

A 19th century home located in New England.

"The upper plate of a column, beneath the architrave." — Williams, 1889

Abacus

"The upper plate of a column, beneath the architrave." — Williams, 1889

Melrose Abbey is a Gothic style Christian monastery located in Melrose, Scotland. The Abbey was founded in 1136 by Cistercian Monks, on the request of King David I of Scotland.

Melrose Abbey

Melrose Abbey is a Gothic style Christian monastery located in Melrose, Scotland. The Abbey was founded…

The Westminster Abbey is a Gothic church located in Westminster, London. The church has a pointed style of architecture which signifies the Gothic style.

Westminster Abbey

The Westminster Abbey is a Gothic church located in Westminster, London. The church has a pointed style…

"The portion of a pier or other structure that recieves the thrust of an arch or the end-weight of a truss."-Whitney, 1902

Abutment

"The portion of a pier or other structure that recieves the thrust of an arch or the end-weight of a…

"A hoisting crane used in building piers, towers, chineys, etc."-Whitney, 1902

Abutment-crane

"A hoisting crane used in building piers, towers, chineys, etc."-Whitney, 1902

"A genus of small herbaceous plants of southern Europe and Africa; they have spinosely toothed leaves, and they are sometimes cultivated for the sake of their beautiful foliage."-Whitney, 1902

Acanthus

"A genus of small herbaceous plants of southern Europe and Africa; they have spinosely toothed leaves,…

"The citadel of a Grecian city, usually the site of the original settlement, and situated on an eminence commanding the surrounding country."-Whitney, 1902

Acropolis

"The citadel of a Grecian city, usually the site of the original settlement, and situated on an eminence…

"The Acropolis of Athens Restored." — Smith, 1882

Acropolis restored

"The Acropolis of Athens Restored." — Smith, 1882

"The term used in sculpture to designate that mode of representing objects by which they are made to project strongly and boldly from the background, without being entirely detached." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Alto-Rilievo

"The term used in sculpture to designate that mode of representing objects by which they are made to…

Sectional view of an Amphitheater.

Amphitheater

Sectional view of an Amphitheater.

"Amphitheatre at Rome." — Goodrich, 1844

Roman amphitheatre

"Amphitheatre at Rome." — Goodrich, 1844

"A conduit for conveying water more particularly applied to structures for conveying water from distant sources for the supply of large cities." — Williams, 1889

Aqueduct

"A conduit for conveying water more particularly applied to structures for conveying water from distant…

A Roman aqudect.

Roman aqueduct

A Roman aqudect.

"In street architecture a covered way or passage, either open at the side with a range of pillars, or completely covered over. The finest arcades of this description are to be found in Paris." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Arcade

"In street architecture a covered way or passage, either open at the side with a range of pillars, or…

Groined arch and a flying buttress; both are common architectural elements.

Arch

Groined arch and a flying buttress; both are common architectural elements.

"Arches of S. Apol linare Nuovo, Ravenna." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Arches

"Arches of S. Apol linare Nuovo, Ravenna." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

"Romanesque arches." —D'Anvers, 1895

Romanesque arches

"Romanesque arches." —D'Anvers, 1895

An architect at his desk lost in thought.

Architect

An architect at his desk lost in thought.

Cinquefoil, part of a Gothic ornament commonly found in stone decorations of windows or panels.

Architecture

Cinquefoil, part of a Gothic ornament commonly found in stone decorations of windows or panels.

Gothic architecture has pointed arches, clustered pillars, vaulted roofs, and profusion of ornaments.

Gothic Architecture

Gothic architecture has pointed arches, clustered pillars, vaulted roofs, and profusion of ornaments.

The Asinelli and Garisenda Towers, Bologna.

Asinelli and Garisenda Towers

The Asinelli and Garisenda Towers, Bologna.

"The mosted noted of the orations of Isocrates is the Panathenaicus or Panegyric of Athens, a work on which he spent ten years, and in which he uses all the resources of his art to extol Athens and magnify the benefits she conferred o nthe whole of Greece." — The Delphian Society, 1913

Ancient athens

"The mosted noted of the orations of Isocrates is the Panathenaicus or Panegyric of Athens, a work on…

The Tomb of Atreus also known as the Treasury of Atreus is a tomb located in Mycenae, Greece built between 1250 and 1300 B.C. The face of the tomb consists of columns and has a triangle above the doorway. The tomb has an interior that is formed of a semi-underground circular room with a beehive tomb, also known as the tholos.

Tomb of Atreus

The Tomb of Atreus also known as the Treasury of Atreus is a tomb located in Mycenae, Greece built between…

This balcony is made out of wrought iron.

Balcony

This balcony is made out of wrought iron.

"One of the names given to those narrow apertures so often seen in the walls of old castles, and through which the cross-bowmen discharged their arrows." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Balistraria

"One of the names given to those narrow apertures so often seen in the walls of old castles, and through…

"On the other hand large country seats are usually either midæval castles in the Tudor Perpendicular style [shown here], or else display that heavy Renaissance style which is peculiar to England, and called the Elizabethan, sometimes with an admixture of the Tudor style. In some instances, they follow that development of Italian Renaissance known in England as Palladian."

Baltimore Castle

"On the other hand large country seats are usually either midæval castles in the Tudor Perpendicular…

The balustrade is used to support a railing.

Balustrade

The balustrade is used to support a railing.

"The Banqueting House, Whitehall. By Inigo Jones." —D'Anvers, 1895

Banqueting House

"The Banqueting House, Whitehall. By Inigo Jones." —D'Anvers, 1895

A projecting watch tower, or other advanced work, before the gate of a castle or fortified town. The term barbican was more especially applied to the outwork intended to defend the drawbridge, which in modern fortifications is called the <em>tete du pont</em>.

Barbican

A projecting watch tower, or other advanced work, before the gate of a castle or fortified town. The…

The frame work of a Pennsylvanian barn.

The Pennsylvanian barn frame work

The frame work of a Pennsylvanian barn.

The frame work of a Pennsylvanian barn.

The Pennsylvanian barn frame work

The frame work of a Pennsylvanian barn.

An illustration of the front of a Pennsylvanian barn.

The Pennsylvanian barn

An illustration of the front of a Pennsylvanian barn.

An illustration of the end elevation of a Pennsylvanian barn.

The Pennsylvanian barn

An illustration of the end elevation of a Pennsylvanian barn.

The floor plan for the basement of a Pennsylvanian barn.

The Pennsylvanian barn

The floor plan for the basement of a Pennsylvanian barn.

"Tower of Earl's Barton Church, Northhamptonshire." —D'Anvers, 1895

Tower of Barton Church

"Tower of Earl's Barton Church, Northhamptonshire." —D'Anvers, 1895

"Interior view of trajan's Basilica (Basilica Ulpia), as restored by Canina." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Basilica

"Interior view of trajan's Basilica (Basilica Ulpia), as restored by Canina." — The Encyclopedia…

"Section of the Basilica of Maxentius or Constantine (Temple of Peace)." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Basilica

"Section of the Basilica of Maxentius or Constantine (Temple of Peace)." — The Encyclopedia Britannica,…

"Sectional view of the old Basilica of St. Peter, before its destruction in the 16th century." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Basilica

"Sectional view of the old Basilica of St. Peter, before its destruction in the 16th century." —…

"Section of Basilica of S. Agnese at Rome." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Basilica

"Section of Basilica of S. Agnese at Rome." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

"Apse of Basilica, Torcello, with Bishop's throne and seats for clergy." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Basilica

"Apse of Basilica, Torcello, with Bishop's throne and seats for clergy." — The Encyclopedia Britannica,…

"Section of the Basilica of Maxentius or Constantine (Temple of Peace)." &mdash; Encyclopediia Britannica, 1910

Basilica of Constantine

"Section of the Basilica of Maxentius or Constantine (Temple of Peace)." — Encyclopediia Britannica,…

"Sectional view of the old Basilica of St. Peter, before its destruction in the 16th century." &mdash; Encyclopediia Britannica, 1910

Basilica of Old St Peter

"Sectional view of the old Basilica of St. Peter, before its destruction in the 16th century." —…

This bath is designed in an Italian style. It is a public bath or communal bath.

Bath

This bath is designed in an Italian style. It is a public bath or communal bath.

An ancient bath-room (as discovered).

Bath-Room

An ancient bath-room (as discovered).

"An indented parapet, formed by a series of rising parts called cops or merlons, separated by openings called crenelles or embrasures. Originally military, they are now used in buildings for ornament." — Williams, 1889

Battlement

"An indented parapet, formed by a series of rising parts called cops or merlons, separated by openings…

"In Belgium the Roman Renaissance was introduced about the same time as in France: but an unmistakable distinction is visible between the two styles. The buildings in Belgium have a certain stamp by which they essentially differ from those of France; in fact, the whole style might be designated as modern Belgian. The peculiarity of the treatment lies mainly in a predilection for that Renaissance which is called the Roccoco style in conjunction with heavy and often very [skillfully] managed; but still the details are for the most part heavier and more robust than those that belong to the best Renaissance style. [This image] shows this peculiarity, but it is somewhat less marked than in many other instances."

View of the Opera House in Paris

"In Belgium the Roman Renaissance was introduced about the same time as in France: but an unmistakable…

Berkshire Apartment House at New York

Berkshire Apartment House

Berkshire Apartment House at New York

Court of the Castle of Blois

Blois, Castle of

Court of the Castle of Blois

The Boston Public Library is the largest municipal public library in the United States.

The Boston Public Library

The Boston Public Library is the largest municipal public library in the United States.

Bracket, Harlestone Church, Northamptonshire

Bracket

Bracket, Harlestone Church, Northamptonshire

Wall-bracket.

Bracket, Wall

Wall-bracket.

"Ornamental Brackets. Bracket, a short piece or combination of pieces, generally more or less triangular in outline, and projecting from a wall or other surface." -Vaughan, 1906

Ornamental Brackets

"Ornamental Brackets. Bracket, a short piece or combination of pieces, generally more or less triangular…

An illustration of an Egyptian hieroglyphic depicting Egyptians baking bricks.

Brick Baking

An illustration of an Egyptian hieroglyphic depicting Egyptians baking bricks.

Cantilever with suspended span.

Bridge, Cantileaver with Suspension Span

Cantilever with suspended span.

Platt Truss.

Bridge, Platt Truss

Platt Truss.

Bridge, Scherzer Single-Leaf Bascule Bridge

Bridge, Scherzer Single-Leaf Bascule Bridge

Bridge, Scherzer Single-Leaf Bascule Bridge