A fan used in Catholic liturgies to keep insects away from the bread and wine.

Papal Flabellum

A fan used in Catholic liturgies to keep insects away from the bread and wine.

This view of Florence shows the Duomo (cathedral) on the right and Giotto's Campanile (tower) on the left.

Florence

This view of Florence shows the Duomo (cathedral) on the right and Giotto's Campanile (tower) on the…

"Font, Cathedral of Langres, France; end of 13th century. A repository for the water used in baptism; now, specifically, a basin, usually of marble or other fine stone, permanently fixed within a church, to contain the water for baptism by sprinkling or immersion: distinctively called a baptismal font." -Whitney, 1911

Baptismal Font

"Font, Cathedral of Langres, France; end of 13th century. A repository for the water used in baptism;…

Friar Roger Bacon and the servant Miles with the brazen head from the play, The Honourable History of Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay by Robert Greene.

Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay

Friar Roger Bacon and the servant Miles with the brazen head from the play, The Honourable History of…

The Dolphin Frieze is a part of a larger frieze found in Rome at the Arco della chiesa nuovo (the arc of the new church) during the Italian Renaissance.

Dolphin Frieze

The Dolphin Frieze is a part of a larger frieze found in Rome at the Arco della chiesa nuovo (the arc…

"Gable of the South Transept Door of Notre Dame, Paris; 13th century." -Whitney, 1911

Gable at Notre Dame de Paris

"Gable of the South Transept Door of Notre Dame, Paris; 13th century." -Whitney, 1911

"Gable Tower, Dormans, France. A tower finished with gables on two sides or on all four sides, instead of terminating in a spire, a parapet, or otherwise." -Whitney, 1911

Gable Tower in France

"Gable Tower, Dormans, France. A tower finished with gables on two sides or on all four sides, instead…

"Galleries of the west front of the Cathedral of Amiens, 13th century, illustrating treatment of galleries as a decorative feature." -Whitney, 1911

Galleries of Cathedral of Amiens

"Galleries of the west front of the Cathedral of Amiens, 13th century, illustrating treatment of galleries…

This geometrical circle pattern  found in the St. Croce church in Florence, Italy.

Geometrical Pattern

This geometrical circle pattern found in the St. Croce church in Florence, Italy.

"Lady Chapel of Gloucester Cathedral, England, looking toward the nave." -Whitney, 1911

Gloucester Cathedral

"Lady Chapel of Gloucester Cathedral, England, looking toward the nave." -Whitney, 1911

The cathedral consists of a Norman nucleus (Walter de Lacy is buried there), with additions in every style of Gothic architecture. It is 420 feet (130 m) long, and 144 feet (44 m) wide, with a beautiful central tower of the 15th century rising to the height of 225 ft (69 m). and topped by four graceful pinnacles, a famous landmark.

Gloucester Cathedral (Abbey) Church

The cathedral consists of a Norman nucleus (Walter de Lacy is buried there), with additions in every…

Salisbury Cathedral, an example of Gothic archcitecture.

Gothic Architecture - Salisbury Cathedral

Salisbury Cathedral, an example of Gothic archcitecture.

This is an illustration by artist Charles Robinson. It is found in novelist Robert Louis Stevenson's book "A Child's Garden of Verse". The drawing depicts a girl alone in what seems to be a church.

Gothic Church Interior

This is an illustration by artist Charles Robinson. It is found in novelist Robert Louis Stevenson's…

The Val de Grace is located in Paris, France. It was built as a church by the order of Queen Anne of Austria, wife of Louis XIII. Completed in 1667, the church was designed by Francois Mansart and Jacques Lemercier in a Baroque style. Following the revolution the church was converted into a military hospital.

Val de Grace

The Val de Grace is located in Paris, France. It was built as a church by the order of Queen Anne of…

The engraved illustration of The Grief of Hannah, from the Cologne bible.

The Grief of Hannah

The engraved illustration of The Grief of Hannah, from the Cologne bible.

"Grille. San Giacomo de Rialto, Venice. GRILLE. A piece of openwork or grating, usually of metal, as wrought-iron." -Whitney, 1911

Grille

"Grille. San Giacomo de Rialto, Venice. GRILLE. A piece of openwork or grating, usually of metal, as…

"Church at Hitterdal, Norway." —D'Anvers, 1895

Church at Hitterdal

"Church at Hitterdal, Norway." —D'Anvers, 1895

This illustration shows the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. This is a Christian church now within the walled Old City of Jerusalem. The ground on which the church rests is venerated by most Christians as Golgotha, the Hill of Calvary, where the New Testament describes that Jesus was crucified.

Holy Sepulchre

This illustration shows the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. This is a Christian church now within the…

Capital letter I with the Old South Church.

I, Capital

Capital letter I with the Old South Church.

Les Invalides in Paris, France, is a complex of buildings in the city's 7th arrondissement containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans. The buildings house the Musée de l'Armée, the military museum of the Army of France, the Musée des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musée d'Histoire Contemporaine, as well as the burial site for some of France's war heroes, notably Napoleon Bonaparte."The principal architectural activity of this period was displayed by Jules Hardouin Mansard, who was head architect to the king and the head of the influential school, as Lenôtre at the same time was principal horticulturist. Mansard built the palaces of Versailles (1647-1708, Marly, the Grand Trianon, as also the Invalides at Paris [shown here]."

Invalides at Paris

Les Invalides in Paris, France, is a complex of buildings in the city's 7th arrondissement containing…

"Jamestown is now an island, for the sandy beach which once connected it with the mainland has disappeared. Only the ruins of the brick church erected in 1639 and some of the tombs in the churchyard remain."—Webster, 1920

Ruins at the Brick Church at Jamestown

"Jamestown is now an island, for the sandy beach which once connected it with the mainland has disappeared.…

"Interior of the church of Kalb-Lauzeh." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Kalb-Lauzeh

"Interior of the church of Kalb-Lauzeh." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Kelso Abbey is a Scottish abbey built in the 12th century by a community of Tironensian monks who had moved from the nearby Selkirk Abbey. The monks constructed the Abbey on land granted to them by King David I. The construction commenced in 1128, and when completed fifteen years later, in 1143, it was dedicated to The Blessed Virgin and Saint John. The importance of the Abbey at that time was shown when King James III of Scotland was crowned at the Abbey in 1460. However, the Abbey's proximity to the border with England led to it suffering damage from cross-border raids. It was first damaged in the Anglo-Scottish wars at the start of the 1300s, but was later repaired by the monks.

Ruins of Kelso Abbey

Kelso Abbey is a Scottish abbey built in the 12th century by a community of Tironensian monks who had…

A very large church in Sarepta.

Large Church

A very large church in Sarepta.

"The Benedictine system enjoined three virtues as essential; solitude, humility, and obedience." — Young, 1901

Cloister of the Lateran

"The Benedictine system enjoined three virtues as essential; solitude, humility, and obedience." —…

The Lincoln Cathedral (The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln) is a geometric style Gothic cathedral in Canterbury, England.

Lincoln Cathedral

The Lincoln Cathedral (The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln) is a geometric style…

The chapel of Lincoln College.

Lincoln College

The chapel of Lincoln College.

The palais du Louvre in Paris, on the Right Bank of the Seine is a former royal palace, situated between the Tuileries Gardens and the church of Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois. Its origins date back to the medieval period and its present structure has evolved in stages since the sixteenth century.

Plan of Louvre and Tuileries, Paris

The palais du Louvre in Paris, on the Right Bank of the Seine is a former royal palace, situated between…

The door lozenge panel is a rhombus shape. It is a 17th century design found in the Nordlingen church in Germany.

Door Lozenge Panel

The door lozenge panel is a rhombus shape. It is a 17th century design found in the Nordlingen church…

This Renaissance lunette panel is an intarsia (wood inlay) design. It is found in the Santa Maria church in Organo, Verona, Italy.

Renaissance Lunette Panel

This Renaissance lunette panel is an intarsia (wood inlay) design. It is found in the Santa Maria church…

Lutterworth church.

Lutterworth Church

Lutterworth church.

The Madonna of the church of Santa Maria Novella, painted by Cimabue.

Madonna of the Church

The Madonna of the church of Santa Maria Novella, painted by Cimabue.

A man and woman walking home from Church.

Man and Woman

A man and woman walking home from Church.

An illustration of a man and woman sitting in a pew at during a church ceremony.

Man and Woman in Church

An illustration of a man and woman sitting in a pew at during a church ceremony.

The Cathedral of Mans is a Roman Catholic Cathedral located in Le Mans, France. The Cathedral was built in dedication to the city's first bishop Saint Julian of Le Mans. It is built in a Romanesque and Gothic style.

Cathedral of Mans

The Cathedral of Mans is a Roman Catholic Cathedral located in Le Mans, France. The Cathedral was built…

An illustration of a typical marriage celebration in England during the eighteen hundreds.

Marriage Celebration

An illustration of a typical marriage celebration in England during the eighteen hundreds.

The Satyr Mask (Greek Mythological character) was designed during the Italian Renaissance by Sansovino, is placed over a Festoon (wreath) in St. Maria del Popolo, a church in Rome, Italy.

Satyr Mask

The Satyr Mask (Greek Mythological character) was designed during the Italian Renaissance by Sansovino,…

Scene from the story, "Hope's Doll."

Master Brown

Scene from the story, "Hope's Doll."

"The buildings which have been constructed in these various styles differ essentially from those which have been carried out in the same styles in other countries. In churches and other buildings erected in the Gothic style this difference mainly consists in deficiency of strongly marked architectural keeping, for both main and subordinate features are generally irregular. In most cases the whole group is highly unsymmetrical, and the tower is at one corner, by which a picturesque effect is aimed at [shown here]. The material and the mode of construction are generally left visible, and it is endeavoured to utilize them as ornament; and this not only externally but also in the interior, where the beams and rafters of the roof are often left quite bare; they are even thus exposed where their appearance is not in keeping with the destination of the buildings."

Memorial Church in Scotland

"The buildings which have been constructed in these various styles differ essentially from those which…

In English usage, Minster is an honorific title attached to certain major medieval churches. Most of the best known were cathedrals in the medieval period.

Minster Church, Isle of Sheppey

In English usage, Minster is an honorific title attached to certain major medieval churches. Most of…

A Christian mission has been widely defined, since the Lausanne Congress of 1974, as that which is designed "to form a viable indigenous church-planting movement." This definition is motivated by a theologically imperative theme of the Bible to make God known, as outlined in the Great Commission. The definition is claimed to summarize the acts of Jesus' ministry, which is taken as a model motivation for all ministries.

A Temporary Mission Room

A Christian mission has been widely defined, since the Lausanne Congress of 1974, as that which is designed…

"MITRE. A sacerdotal ornament for the head, worn by Roman Catholic archbishops and bishops on solemn occasions. " -Hall, 1862

Mitre

"MITRE. A sacerdotal ornament for the head, worn by Roman Catholic archbishops and bishops on solemn…

"Mitre. A sacerdotal ornament for the head, worn by Roman Catholic archbishops and bishops on solemn occasions." -Hall, 1862

Mitre

"Mitre. A sacerdotal ornament for the head, worn by Roman Catholic archbishops and bishops on solemn…

Her Majesty's Royal Chapel of the Mohawks, the oldest church in Ontario, is one of six Royal chapels outside of the United Kingdom, and one of two in Canada.

Mohawk Church

Her Majesty's Royal Chapel of the Mohawks, the oldest church in Ontario, is one of six Royal chapels…

A monumental cross from Stradsett church, Norfolk.

Monumental Cross

A monumental cross from Stradsett church, Norfolk.

A monumental cross from Bosbury, Herefordshire.

Monumental Cross

A monumental cross from Bosbury, Herefordshire.

"MOUND. A globe encircled with a band and surmounted with a cross; it is an ensign of royalty, signifying dominion." -Hall, 1862

Mound

"MOUND. A globe encircled with a band and surmounted with a cross; it is an ensign of royalty, signifying…

This image depicts citizens along a narrow road in Spain. A woman rests in chair while donkeys walk on the other side of the road.

Narrow Street in Spain

This image depicts citizens along a narrow road in Spain. A woman rests in chair while donkeys walk…

"The present structure, begun in 1163 and completed about 1240, suffered severely during the French Revolution, when it was converted into a Temple of Reason. Extensive renovations and alterations were made during the nineteenth century. Two massive square towers, originally intended to support spires, crown the principle or western façade. Its three doors are surrounded by elaborate sculptures and surmounted by a row of figures representing twenty-eight kings of Israel and Judah. Above the central door is a rose window of stained glass and above this is a graceful gallery of painted arches supported on slender columns."

Notre Dame

"The present structure, begun in 1163 and completed about 1240, suffered severely during the French…

An illustration of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. This building is also known as Notre Dame de Paris which is French for Our Lady of Paris. It is the church which contains the official chair of the Archbishop of Paris.

Notre Dame Cathedral

An illustration of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. This building is also known as Notre Dame…

The Renaissance Oblong Panel is found at a church in Kamenz, Germany. It has a freer decoration of palmettes.

Renaissance Oblong Panel

The Renaissance Oblong Panel is found at a church in Kamenz, Germany. It has a freer decoration of palmettes.

This Renaissance Oblong Panel is a design found on Marsuppini's tomb in the St. Croce church of Florence, Italy.

Renaissance Oblong Panel

This Renaissance Oblong Panel is a design found on Marsuppini's tomb in the St. Croce church of Florence,…

This Renaissance Oblong Panel is a design found at the St. Michaels' church in Germany.

Renaissance Oblong Panel

This Renaissance Oblong Panel is a design found at the St. Michaels' church in Germany.

The Old Church at De Guayama, Puerto Rico.

Old Church

The Old Church at De Guayama, Puerto Rico.

In 1522, the priory was surrendered to Cardinal Wolsey, having selected it as a site for his proposed college. However, in 1529 the foundation was taken over by King Henry VIII. Work stopped, but in June 1532 the college was refounded by the King. In 1546, Henry VIII transferred to it from Oseney to the see of Oxford. The cathedral has the name of Ecclesia Christi Cathedralis Oxoniensis, given to it by King Henry VIII's foundation charter.

Oxford Cathedral

In 1522, the priory was surrendered to Cardinal Wolsey, having selected it as a site for his proposed…

A cathedral in a city in Panama, Central America.

Panama Cathedral

A cathedral in a city in Panama, Central America.

The Panthéon (Latin Pantheon, from Greek Pantheon, meaning "Every god") is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris, France. It was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve, but after many changes now combines liturgical functions with its role as a famous burial place. It is an early example of Neoclassicism, with a façade modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, surmounted by a small dome that owes some of its character to Bramante's "Tempietto". Located in the 5th arrondissement on the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève, the Panthéon looks out over all of Paris. Its architect, Jacques-Germain Soufflot, had the intention of combining the lightness and brightness of the gothic cathedral with classical principles. Soufflot died before his work was achieved, and his plans were not entirely followed. The transparency he had planned for his masterpiece was not attained. Nevertheless, it is one of the most important architectural achievements of its time and the first great neoclassical monument."Toward the end of the reign of Louis XV. a reaction set in, which was caused partly by the excess and caprice displayed in the application of this style, and partly by the tide again setting in the direction of the antique. This evidence by the Colonnades de la Place de Concorde, and by the Church of Ste. Geneviève, which was begun by Soufflot in the year 1755, and subsequently received the name of Pantheon [shown here]. From thenceforth imitations of ancient buildings came into vogue, as they also did in other countries."

West Front of the Pantheon at Paris

The Panthéon (Latin Pantheon, from Greek Pantheon, meaning "Every god") is a building in the Latin…

This gold pattern is a design found on the floor of the altar shrine in the church of St. Egidius, Barthfeld, Slovakia.

Gold Pattern

This gold pattern is a design found on the floor of the altar shrine in the church of St. Egidius, Barthfeld,…

The Modern French pattern is a church painting.

Modern French Pattern

The Modern French pattern is a church painting.

This painted gold pattern is 15th century design found on the floor of the St. Lorenzo church in Rottweil, Germany.

Painted Gold Pattern

This painted gold pattern is 15th century design found on the floor of the St. Lorenzo church in Rottweil,…