Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 19 July 1553 until her death. The fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, she is remembered for restoring England to Roman Catholicism after succeeding her short-lived half brother, Edward VI, to the English throne. In the process, she had almost 300 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian Persecutions, earning her the sobriquet of "Bloody Mary". Her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed by her successor and half-sister, Elizabeth I.

Mary I of England

Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 19…

A castle and different classes of people in Medieval Europe.

Middle Ages

A castle and different classes of people in Medieval Europe.

"The Minnow, <em>L. phoxinus</em> is one of the smallest of European fishes, seldom exceeding three inches in length; it inhabits rivers, brooks, and canals, is exceedingly prolific, and spawns in June." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Minnow

"The Minnow, L. phoxinus is one of the smallest of European fishes, seldom exceeding three…

A blue flower with calyx longer than the tube of the corolla. They typically bloom in April and May, and are found in Europe and Siberia.

Pulmonaria Mollis

A blue flower with calyx longer than the tube of the corolla. They typically bloom in April and May,…

A doctrine stating that Europe should no longer interfere with the Western Hemisphere.

Monroe Doctrine

A doctrine stating that Europe should no longer interfere with the Western Hemisphere.

"Though inferior to the oyster, immense quantities of the Common Mussel, <em>Mytilus edulis</em>, are eaten in Europe." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common mussel

"Though inferior to the oyster, immense quantities of the Common Mussel, Mytilus edulis, are…

"Myrtle is a genus of plants, natural order Myrtace&aelig;, consisting of aromatic trees or shrubs, with simple opposite leaves sprinkled with pellucid glandular points, and having axillary or terminal white or rose colored flowers. One species, common myrtle, is a native of the south of Europe and countries bordering on the Mediterranean."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Myrtle

"Myrtle is a genus of plants, natural order Myrtaceæ, consisting of aromatic trees or shrubs,…

"Myrtle is a genus of plants, natural order Myrtace&aelig;, consisting of aromatic trees or shrubs, with simple opposite leaves sprinkled with pellucid glandular points, and having axillary or terminal white or rose colored flowers. One species, common myrtle, is a native of the south of Europe and countries bordering on the Mediterranean."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Myrtle Flower

"Myrtle is a genus of plants, natural order Myrtaceæ, consisting of aromatic trees or shrubs,…

The common partridge of Europe, or gray partridge, is found throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa. Its diet consists of grains, seeds, tender herbage, and insects.

Common Partridge of Europe

The common partridge of Europe, or gray partridge, is found throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa. Its…

Three Hungarian peasants in traditional costume.

Hungarian peasants

Three Hungarian peasants in traditional costume.

"One of the best and handsomest of the freshwater fishes of that quarter of the globe." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

European Perch

"One of the best and handsomest of the freshwater fishes of that quarter of the globe." — Goodrich,…

The common pheasant of Europe is prized as a game bird, and prefers to make its home in marshes, thickets, and other wet areas.

Pheasant of Europe

The common pheasant of Europe is prized as a game bird, and prefers to make its home in marshes, thickets,…

An illustration of the Place de la Bastille which is a square in Paris where the Bastille Prison once stood. It was built between 1370 and 1383.

Place de la Bastille

An illustration of the Place de la Bastille which is a square in Paris where the Bastille Prison once…

Eleven inches in length, the golden plover of Europe is a migratory bird.

Golden Plover

Eleven inches in length, the golden plover of Europe is a migratory bird.

A Christian merchant who introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China.

Marco Polo

A Christian merchant who introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China.

An illustration of the Porte Saint-Denis which is a Parisian monument located at one of the gates of the Wall of Charles V.

Porte St. Denis

An illustration of the Porte Saint-Denis which is a Parisian monument located at one of the gates of…

"The common snake of Europe... frequents woods, bogs, and other sheltered situations in the vicinity of water." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common ring-snake

"The common snake of Europe... frequents woods, bogs, and other sheltered situations in the vicinity…

Also known as Juniperus sabina. A species of juniper native to central and southern Europe, as well as western and central Asia.

Branch of Savin Juniper

Also known as Juniperus sabina. A species of juniper native to central and southern Europe, as well…

Also known as Albies alba.

Pine Cone of Silver Fir

Also known as Albies alba.

"It is very voracious, and grows to large size. Found in the European and American waters" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Skate

"It is very voracious, and grows to large size. Found in the European and American waters" — Goodrich,…

"A very abundant species, and in Europe a broth made of it is used for diseases of the chest." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Red slug

"A very abundant species, and in Europe a broth made of it is used for diseases of the chest." —…

"Ten to twenty inches long, and weighing from on to ten pounds; it inhabits sandy shores in deep water, being taken by the trawl-net, and not by the hook." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common Sole

"Ten to twenty inches long, and weighing from on to ten pounds; it inhabits sandy shores in deep water,…

Often found among human settlement, the common sparrow of Europe's diet consists of seeds, insects, caterpillars, young vegetables, and soft fruits.

Common Sparrow of Europe

Often found among human settlement, the common sparrow of Europe's diet consists of seeds, insects,…

A view of Rome including St. Peter's and the Vatican.

View of St. Peter's

A view of Rome including St. Peter's and the Vatican.

"Feeds on minute animals found amonth the sea-weed; its flesh is good; length five inches and upward; common on the coasts of Europe." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Trumpetfish

"Feeds on minute animals found amonth the sea-weed; its flesh is good; length five inches and upward;…

Also known as Quercus cerris. The branch of a Turkey Oak tree, native to southern Europe.

Branch of Turkey Oak

Also known as Quercus cerris. The branch of a Turkey Oak tree, native to southern Europe.

Found in Europe from Sweden to the Medittanean Sea, the black viper is also the only venemous reptile in Grat Britain.

Black viper

Found in Europe from Sweden to the Medittanean Sea, the black viper is also the only venemous reptile…

The common European viper feeds on a small quadrupeds and reptiles. Its bite is venemous, but not usually fatal to humans.

Common European viper

The common European viper feeds on a small quadrupeds and reptiles. Its bite is venemous, but not usually…

A shrub that is native to Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia. It reaches up to 13 feet in height, and is covered in small oval leaves and yellow flowers. The fruit produced on this shrub is sour, but edible, and rich in Vitamin C.

Berberis Vulgaris

A shrub that is native to Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia. It reaches up to 13 feet in height,…

The common warty-newt of Europe... is six inches long, and is common in large ponds and ditches, where it feeds voraciously on aquatic insects and other small animals, such as tadpoles, newts, etc.". It swims chiefly by its tail" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common warty-newt

The common warty-newt of Europe... is six inches long, and is common in large ponds and ditches, where…

A woman and three children.

Woman and children

A woman and three children.

The great spotted woodpecker measures an average of nine and a half inches long, and is found throughout Europe.

Great Spotted Woodpecker

The great spotted woodpecker measures an average of nine and a half inches long, and is found throughout…

"The Yellow Hammer, or Yellow Bunting, is a bird widely distributed over North America and Europe. It frequents hedges and low trees; it nests on the ground, and the male assists in incubation. The song consists of few notes, but is sweet and pleasing."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Yellowhammer

"The Yellow Hammer, or Yellow Bunting, is a bird widely distributed over North America and Europe. It…