This machine is used to make matches. A match is a consumable tool for lighting a fire in controlled circumstances on demand. Matches are readily available, being sold by tobacconists and many other kinds of shops. Matches are rarely sold singly; they are sold in multiples, packaged in match boxes or matchbooks.

Match Machine

This machine is used to make matches. A match is a consumable tool for lighting a fire in controlled…

Three men gathered closing around a small fire.

Men and Fire

Three men gathered closing around a small fire.

Two men roasting meat over an open fire.

Men Cooking

Two men roasting meat over an open fire.

The Mississippi at Port Hudson, Louisiana.

Mississippi at Port Hudson

The Mississippi at Port Hudson, Louisiana.

"Indian explaining the method of kindling a fire by the friction of two pieces of wood." —Wells, 1857

Native American Teachers

"Indian explaining the method of kindling a fire by the friction of two pieces of wood." —Wells,…

"The cat began to kill the rat."

Old Woman and Pig

"The cat began to kill the rat."

"See here a man who doth true courage lack, / He flies apace - a wolf is on his track: / Nearer he comes - the man doth swifter flee; / The verge he gains; he leaps into the sea: / Out of one danger into one more great, / The foolish creature finds his certain fate."—Barber, 1857

Out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire

"See here a man who doth true courage lack, / He flies apace - a wolf is on his track: / Nearer he comes…

An illustration of President Madison over the ruins of the Capital after it was set on fire.

President Madison

An illustration of President Madison over the ruins of the Capital after it was set on fire.

A man laying prone, preparing to fire his rifle.

Firing from the Prone Position

A man laying prone, preparing to fire his rifle.

"At the command <em>ready</em> turn the safety lock to the 'ready'." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Ready

"At the command ready turn the safety lock to the 'ready'." — Moss, 1914

This furnace is used to purify a gold concentrate. The gold concentrates, if non-pyritic, are treated in grinding pans in the bottom of which mercury is placed. The amalgam (mercury alloy), after squeezing out the excess mercury, is heated in the retort, to distil (separate) off the rest and leave the gold, which is then melted and cast into bars of gold bullion of varying fineness.

Retort Furnace for Gold Bullion

This furnace is used to purify a gold concentrate. The gold concentrates, if non-pyritic, are treated…

Rifle on the United States cruiser, Atlanta. The illustration shows a detailed view of the rifle, specifically, the shield, which is labeled "a".

Six-inch Breech Loading Rifle

Rifle on the United States cruiser, Atlanta. The illustration shows a detailed view of the rifle, specifically,…

An illustration of a family roasting a chicken.

Roasting Chicken

An illustration of a family roasting a chicken.

Rum-Pel-Stilt-Skin dances around the fires and sings his name.

Rum-Pel-Stilt-Skin

Rum-Pel-Stilt-Skin dances around the fires and sings his name.

"A small covered brazier of glazed earthenware, used in Italy." -Whitney, 1911

Scaldino

"A small covered brazier of glazed earthenware, used in Italy." -Whitney, 1911

"Nebuchadnezzar spake and said, Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, who hath sent his angel, and delivered his servants that trusted in him, and have changed the king's word, and have yielded their bodies, that they might not serve nor worship any god, except their own God." Daniel 3:28 ASV
<p>Illustration of an angel with a halo leading Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego out of a smoking furnace. The angel holds the hand of one of the men. Another one of the three has his hands raised to the sky. Nebuchadnezzar stands and watches the men in awe (right).

Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego are Led Out of the Furnace by an Angel

"Nebuchadnezzar spake and said, Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, who hath sent…

In Norse mythology, Siegfried is a brave young man who comes upon a hill filled with fire. He runs straight through the flames to find Brunhild, a shieldmaiden, sleeping until someone was brave enough to find her.

Siegfried Finds Brunhild

In Norse mythology, Siegfried is a brave young man who comes upon a hill filled with fire. He runs straight…

"A furnace in which metals are separated from their ores. a, fire-brick lining; b, masonry; c, opening in the side of the upper part of the furnace through which it is charged; e, boshes; f, throat; g, hearth or crucible; h, dam-stone; i, twyer; That part lying below the widest diameter, above the boshes, is called the shaft." &mdash;Whitney, 1889

Smelting Furnace with Fire Burning

"A furnace in which metals are separated from their ores. a, fire-brick lining; b, masonry; c, opening…

"A machine for turning a roasting-spit by means of a fly-wheel or -wheels, set in motion by the current of ascending air in a chimney. a,a, the chimney, contracted in a circular form; b, strong bar placed over the fireplace, to support the jack; c, wheel with vanes radiating from its center, set in motion by the ascent of the heated air, and communicating by the pinion d and the crown-wheel e, with the pulley f, from which motion is transmitted to the spit by the chain passing over it." &mdash;Whitney, 1889

Smoke-Jack Used for Roasting Meat

"A machine for turning a roasting-spit by means of a fly-wheel or -wheels, set in motion by the current…

During the War of 1812 Sodus Bay was mostly burned during an attack by the British.

Destruction at Sodus Bay

During the War of 1812 Sodus Bay was mostly burned during an attack by the British.

A spinning jenny caught on fire.

Spinning Jenny

A spinning jenny caught on fire.

An active fire protection measure, consisting of a water supply system, providing adequate pressure and flowrate to a water distribution piping system, onto which fire sprinklers are connected.

Automatic Sprinkler

An active fire protection measure, consisting of a water supply system, providing adequate pressure…

This illustration shows a standard Lowe water gas apparatus.

Standard Lowe Water Gas Apparatus

This illustration shows a standard Lowe water gas apparatus.

"The sweating blacksmith here is seen to stand / Beside his forge, with hammer in his hand, / And while the fiery sparks are flying far, / With might and main he strikes the red-hot bar." &mdash;Barber, 1857

Strike While the Iron is Hot

"The sweating blacksmith here is seen to stand / Beside his forge, with hammer in his hand, / And while…

In Norse mythology, Ragnarok is the final battle of good and evil. During this battle, Surtur the flame giant sets the Golden City on fire.

Surtur's Fire in the Golden City

In Norse mythology, Ragnarok is the final battle of good and evil. During this battle, Surtur the flame…

"Raise and hold the forearm steadily in a horizontal position in front of the forehead, palm of the hand to the front." — Moss, 1914

Suspend Firing

"Raise and hold the forearm steadily in a horizontal position in front of the forehead, palm of the…

"Place a bit of tinder in the cavity of the piston of the 'fire-syringe'. Put the piston into the open end of the cylinder and force it in, compressing the confined air as abruptly as possible. Promptly remove the piston. The tinder will probably be on fire." &mdash; Avery, 1895

Fire syringe

"Place a bit of tinder in the cavity of the piston of the 'fire-syringe'. Put the piston into the open…

The scarlet tanager (also known as the black-winged summer redbird, or fire bird) feeds on insects, wasps, hornets, wild bees, beetles, and some berries

Scarlet Tanager

The scarlet tanager (also known as the black-winged summer redbird, or fire bird) feeds on insects,…

An illustration of a steamboat torch-basket.

Steamboat Torch-basket

An illustration of a steamboat torch-basket.

"But Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how that he said unto him, Before the cock crow this day thou shalt deny me thrice." Luke 22:60-61 ASV
<p>Illustration of Peter sitting in front of a fire with a woman and some soldiers. His arms are raised as he denies knowing Jesus. A rooster is standing in the window above them. On the right, Jesus is walking down stairs, hands bound, followed by soldiers in armor and with swords. Jesus looks at Peter in the courtyard.

Peter Denies Jesus Three Times Before the Rooster Crows

"But Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.…

"Fire raft sent down from Fort Jackson to destroy the Federal fleet below the fort- the boats of the squadron, with grapnels, buckets, etc. and the ferryboat "Westfield," towing it away from the Federal vessels. On April 17th, 1862, as the fire raft came on, the ferryboat "Westfield" ran into it, and then rapidly backing, poured a tremendous stream of water from a hose at the burning mass as it slowly floated down the river. The "Westfield" was assisted by numerous boats from the fleet, who used their buckets and boathoks to guide it safely away from the vessels at anchor. After a long and desperate conflict with the floating and fiery mass the brave Federal tars triumphed, the fire was extinguished, and only a mass of blackened and half-burned timber remained." &mdash; Frank Leslie, 1896

Westfield

"Fire raft sent down from Fort Jackson to destroy the Federal fleet below the fort- the boats of the…

The Burning of Washington took place in 1814, during the Anglo-American War of 1812. British forces occupied Washington, D.C. and set fire to many public buildings. The facilities of the U.S. government, including the White House, were largely destroyed.

Remains of the White House After the Fire of 1814

The Burning of Washington took place in 1814, during the Anglo-American War of 1812. British forces…

The burning of a supposed witch.

Execution of Persons Condemned for Witchcraft

The burning of a supposed witch.

An illustration of a woman resting upon the back of a chair gazing into a fire.

Woman Watching Fire Place

An illustration of a woman resting upon the back of a chair gazing into a fire.