"Arum maculatum. a, leaves and root; b, spathe, with base of spadix exposed; c, fruit." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Arum Maculatum

"Arum maculatum. a, leaves and root; b, spathe, with base of spadix exposed; c, fruit." — Chambers'…

"1. Spathe of Arum maculatum; 2. its spadix loaded with flowers; 3. an anther; 4. a transverse section of an ovary; 5. a cluster of ripe fruits; 6. a seed; 7. a section of the same, showing the embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Wild Arum

"1. Spathe of Arum maculatum; 2. its spadix loaded with flowers; 3. an anther; 4. a transverse section…

"Asparagus. a, a young shoot; b, flowers; c, the upper end of a stem, showing branches, leaves, and fruit (all reduced.)" — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Asparagus

"Asparagus. a, a young shoot; b, flowers; c, the upper end of a stem, showing branches, leaves, and…

"Athamanta cervariaefolia. 1. a separate flower, with hairy petals; 2. a petal by itself; 3. a ripe fruit with the two carpels or mericarps separating from the double carpopod or axis; 4. a seed deprived of its integuments, and divided vertically, so as to show the position of the embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Athamantha

"Athamanta cervariaefolia. 1. a separate flower, with hairy petals; 2. a petal by itself; 3. a ripe…

The fruit, flower, and branch of the avocado tree.

Avocado

The fruit, flower, and branch of the avocado tree.

"Lophira alata. a an anther; b a perpendicular section of an ovary; e a fruit; d a perpendicular section of a fruit." -Lindley, 1853

Azobe

"Lophira alata. a an anther; b a perpendicular section of an ovary; e a fruit; d a perpendicular section…

"Balsam (Impatiens Noli-me-tangere). a, top of stem with leaves and flowers; b, ripe fruit unopened; c, ripe fruit, elastically opening." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Balsam

"Balsam (Impatiens Noli-me-tangere). a, top of stem with leaves and flowers; b, ripe fruit unopened;…

This shows the staminate flower of the Balsam, Populus balsamifera, (Keeler, 1915).

Balsam Flower

This shows the staminate flower of the Balsam, Populus balsamifera, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the pistillate flower of the Balsam, Populus balsamifera, (Keeler, 1915).

Balsam Flower

This shows the pistillate flower of the Balsam, Populus balsamifera, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the fruiting aments of the Balsam, Populus balsamifera, (Keeler, 1915).

Balsam Fruit

This shows the fruiting aments of the Balsam, Populus balsamifera, (Keeler, 1915).

Thought to be native to Southern Asia. They are extensively cultivated throughout the tropical zones, both north and south of the equator. Since their fruit is very nutritious, and the yield of a given fruit are great, they form an exceedingly important staple of food.

Banana

Thought to be native to Southern Asia. They are extensively cultivated throughout the tropical zones,…

An illustration of a large banana plant. Banana is the common name for a fruit and also the herbaceous plants of the genus Musa which produce this commonly eaten fruit. They are native to the tropical region of Southeast Asia. Bananas are likely to have been first domesticated in Papua New Guinea. Today, they are cultivated throughout the tropics.

Banana Plant

An illustration of a large banana plant. Banana is the common name for a fruit and also the herbaceous…

"Berberis vulgaris. 1. stamen; 2. perpendicular section of a pistil with one stamen and one petal adhering; 3. cross section of the fruit; 4. 5. perpendicular section of the seed of B. bulgaris and B. Aquifolium." -Lindley, 1853

European Barberry

"Berberis vulgaris. 1. stamen; 2. perpendicular section of a pistil with one stamen and one petal adhering;…

A fruit basket containing apples.

Fruit Basket

A fruit basket containing apples.

Bead plant is the common name of netera depressa. Pictured is the plants in flower and fruit and the detached flower and fruit. The flowers are greenish and very small. The fruit is round and bright orange.

Bead Plant

Bead plant is the common name of netera depressa. Pictured is the plants in flower and fruit and the…

Beans are in the legume family.

Bean

Beans are in the legume family.

"Callicarpa longifolia. 1. flower opened longitudinally; 2. part of fruit of C. americana; 3. its seed." -Lindley, 1853

Beautyberry

"Callicarpa longifolia. 1. flower opened longitudinally; 2. part of fruit of C. americana; 3. its seed."…

This shows the staminate flower of the Beech, (Keeler, 1915).

Beech Flower

This shows the staminate flower of the Beech, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the pistillate flower of the Beech, (Keeler, 1915).

Beech Flower

This shows the pistillate flower of the Beech, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the staminate and pistillate flower cluster of the Beech, (Keeler, 1915).

Beech Flower

This shows the staminate and pistillate flower cluster of the Beech, (Keeler, 1915).

"Branch of Common Beech. a.-- flower; b.-- fruit. Beech, the common name of trees well known in various parts of the world, including America, New Zealand, and Terra del Fuego." -Vaughan, 1906

Common Beech

"Branch of Common Beech. a.-- flower; b.-- fruit. Beech, the common name of trees well known in various…

"Casuarina female; 2. male; 3. male flower; 4. female flower; 5. the ripe valves of the calyx, from which the fruit has been taken; 6. a section of the half ripe ovary; 7. a section of the fruit showing the seed and embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Beefwood

"Casuarina female; 2. male; 3. male flower; 4. female flower; 5. the ripe valves of the calyx, from…

An illustration of the berberis fruit. Berberis (Bér-be-ris, barberry, pepperidge bush) a genus of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1-5 m tall with thorny shoots, native to the temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. They are closely related to the genus Mahonia, which is included within Berberis by some botanists.

Fruit of Berberis

An illustration of the berberis fruit. Berberis (Bér-be-ris, barberry, pepperidge bush) a genus…

A berry is fleshy or pulpy throughout.

Berry

A berry is fleshy or pulpy throughout.

"The berry is a succulent, syncarpous fruit, in which the seeds are immersed in a pulpy mass, formed by the placentas."—Darby, 1855

Berry

"The berry is a succulent, syncarpous fruit, in which the seeds are immersed in a pulpy mass, formed…

"Berrya ammonilla. 1. a flower; 2. the ovary and two stamens; 3. a cross section of the ovary; 4. a perpendicular section of it; 5. a portion of its fruit." -Lindley, 1853

Berrya

"Berrya ammonilla. 1. a flower; 2. the ovary and two stamens; 3. a cross section of the ovary; 4. a…

A plant which produces brightly-colored fruits, approximately 1.5 inches in diameter. They generally grow up to 20 feet in height, and are native to Europe.

Pyrus Malus Bertini

A plant which produces brightly-colored fruits, approximately 1.5 inches in diameter. They generally…

"Pistacia atlantica. 1. male flowers; 2. an ovary; 3. the same cut open to show the ovule; 4. a ripe fruit opened to show the seed; 5. a cross section of the embryo; 6. female flowers." -Lindley, 1853

Betoum

"Pistacia atlantica. 1. male flowers; 2. an ovary; 3. the same cut open to show the ovule; 4. a ripe…

A birch-leaved tree with brownish fronds dotted with white. They tend to reach about 22 feet in height, and produce inedible brown fruits.

Pyrus Betulaefolia

A birch-leaved tree with brownish fronds dotted with white. They tend to reach about 22 feet in height,…

"1. capsule of Bignonia echinata (Pithecolobium Aubletii); 2. the same with the valves removed and the placenta remaining covered with seeds." -Lindley, 1853

Bignonia Fruit

"1. capsule of Bignonia echinata (Pithecolobium Aubletii); 2. the same with the valves removed and the…

Apple Berry is the common name of billardiera. The longiflora variety has greenish-yellow flowers that often change to purple. The berries are blue. The fruit is edible.

Fruiting Branch of Billardiera Longiflora

Apple Berry is the common name of billardiera. The longiflora variety has greenish-yellow flowers that…

This is the fruit of Bitternut, Hicoria minima, (Keeler, 1915).

Bitternut Fruit

This is the fruit of Bitternut, Hicoria minima, (Keeler, 1915).

This is the staminate flower of Black Ash, Fraxinus nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

Black Ash Flower

This is the staminate flower of Black Ash, Fraxinus nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

This is the pistillate flower of Black Ash, Fraxinus nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

Black Ash Flower

This is the pistillate flower of Black Ash, Fraxinus nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

This is the fruit, or samara, of Black Ash, Fraxinus nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

Black Ash Fruit

This is the fruit, or samara, of Black Ash, Fraxinus nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the staminate flower of the Black Willow, Salix nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

Black Willow Flower

This shows the staminate flower of the Black Willow, Salix nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the pistillate flower of the Black Willow, Salix nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

Black Willow Flower

This shows the pistillate flower of the Black Willow, Salix nigra, (Keeler, 1915).

"Bladder-nut. a.-- Flower. b.-- Fruit. Bladder-nut, a name of shrubs or small trees, natives of Europe, Asia, and North America, the fruits of which consist of an inflated bladdery capsule containing the seeds." -Vaughan, 1906

Bladdernut

"Bladder-nut. a.-- Flower. b.-- Fruit. Bladder-nut, a name of shrubs or small trees, natives of Europe,…

This is the flower of Blue Ash, Fraxinus quadrangulata, (Keeler, 1915).

Blue Ash Flower

This is the flower of Blue Ash, Fraxinus quadrangulata, (Keeler, 1915).

This is the fruit, or samara, of Blue Ash, Fraxinus quadrangulata, (Keeler, 1915).

Blue Ash Fruit

This is the fruit, or samara, of Blue Ash, Fraxinus quadrangulata, (Keeler, 1915).

Large bolls of cotton, still on the branch.

Large boll

Large bolls of cotton, still on the branch.

Small bolls of cotton, still on the branch.

Small bolls

Small bolls of cotton, still on the branch.

These are the seeds of the Box Elder, Acer negundo, (Keeler, 1915).

Box Elder Seeds

These are the seeds of the Box Elder, Acer negundo, (Keeler, 1915).

"Branch of Common Bramble. a.-- Flower; b.-- Fruit. Bramble, the name commonly applied to the bush with trailing prickly stems which bears the well-known berries usually called in Scotland brambles, and in England blackberries." -Vaughan, 1906

Common Bramble

"Branch of Common Bramble. a.-- Flower; b.-- Fruit. Bramble, the name commonly applied to the bush with…

This shows the unfolding leaves of the Beech branch, (Keeler, 1915).

Beech Branch

This shows the unfolding leaves of the Beech branch, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the winter branch of Cottonwood, Populus deltoides, (Keeler, 1915).

Cottonwood Branch

This shows the winter branch of Cottonwood, Populus deltoides, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the branch of Hop Hornbeam, Ostrya virginiana, showing the staminate aments as they appear in winter,(Keeler, 1915).

Hop Hornbeam Branch

This shows the branch of Hop Hornbeam, Ostrya virginiana, showing the staminate aments as they appear…

This is the branch of Red Birch, Betula nigra, showing the staminate aments as they appear in winter, (Keeler, 1915).

Red Birch

This is the branch of Red Birch, Betula nigra, showing the staminate aments as they appear in winter,…

This shows the four staminate and one pistillate ament of Sweet Birch, Betula lenta, (Keeler, 1915).

Sweet Birch Branch

This shows the four staminate and one pistillate ament of Sweet Birch, Betula lenta, (Keeler, 1915).

Bread-Fruit is the pulpy fruit of a tree which grows only in the tropics. The tree yields fruit during most of the year, and is said to be a native of the South Sea Islands, though it is now quite common in the Friendly and Society groups, and in many of the neighboring islands.

Bread Fruit

Bread-Fruit is the pulpy fruit of a tree which grows only in the tropics. The tree yields fruit during…

"Artocarpaceae, a natural order of Dicotyledonous plants, of which the Bread-fruit is the type; very nearly allied to that of Moraceae, and, like it, by many botanists regarded as a sub-order of Urticaceae. The botanical distinction between Artocarpaceae and Moraceae lies chiefly in the straight embryo and large cotyledons of the former." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Bread-fruit

"Artocarpaceae, a natural order of Dicotyledonous plants, of which the Bread-fruit is the type; very…

"1. fruit of Brexia madagascariensis; 2. a cross section of it; 3. a seed; 4. the same divided perpendicularly." -Lindley, 1853

Brexia

"1. fruit of Brexia madagascariensis; 2. a cross section of it; 3. a seed; 4. the same divided perpendicularly."…

The fruit of the Buckeye, Aesculus glabra, (Keeler, 1915).

Buckeye Fruit

The fruit of the Buckeye, Aesculus glabra, (Keeler, 1915).

"1. Flowering plant of Bulrush (Scirpus lacustris). 2. The inflorescence. a, a flower; b, the fruit." -Whitney, 1911

Bulrush

"1. Flowering plant of Bulrush (Scirpus lacustris). 2. The inflorescence. a, a flower; b, the fruit."…

"Typha latifolia; 2, its fruit; 3, a section of the seed; 4, the embryo; 5, a stamen." -Lindley, 1853

Common Bulrush

"Typha latifolia; 2, its fruit; 3, a section of the seed; 4, the embryo; 5, a stamen." -Lindley, 1853

"Sanguisorba officinalis. 1. a flower with a pair of bracts; 2. the same with half the calyx cut away; 3. a ripe fruit, from which the calyx has been removed; 4. a vertical section of fruit and calyx; 5. transverse section of a fruit." -Lindley, 1853

Great Burnet

"Sanguisorba officinalis. 1. a flower with a pair of bracts; 2. the same with half the calyx cut away;…

"Pinguicula vulgaris. 1. calyx, &c. 2. stamen; 3. pistil; 4. longitudinal section of it; 5. half a fruit; 6. seeds, natural size; 7. embryo very much magnified." -Lindley, 1853

Common Butterwort

"Pinguicula vulgaris. 1. calyx, &c. 2. stamen; 3. pistil; 4. longitudinal section of it; 5. half a fruit;…

"Brunia japonica. 1. a flower; 2. a perpendicular section of the pistil; 3. a head of fruit; 4. a section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

Butttonbush

"Brunia japonica. 1. a flower; 2. a perpendicular section of the pistil; 3. a head of fruit; 4. a section…

This cabinet is a British design that is elaborately designed with foliage and fruit. It is used to store items and for decorative purposes.

Cabinet

This cabinet is a British design that is elaborately designed with foliage and fruit. It is used to…

This large cabinet is engraved in ebony and pear tree wood. Its design is elaborate with carved figures at the top, on the panels and the base of the cabinet. It also has fruit and leaf designs throughout.

Large Cabinet

This large cabinet is engraved in ebony and pear tree wood. Its design is elaborate with carved figures…