This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents apathy or prostration.

Apathy

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents apathy or prostration.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents argumentation.

Argumentation

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents argumentation.

"Raise both arms laterally until horizontal; swing both simultaneously upward until vertical and return to the horizontal; repeat several times." — Moss, 1914

As skirmishers, guide center, march

"Raise both arms laterally until horizontal; swing both simultaneously upward until vertical and return…

"Raise both arms laterally until horizontal; hold the arm on the side of the guide steadily in the horizontal position; swing the other upward until vertical and return it to the horizontal; repeat several times." — Moss, 1914

As skirmishers, guide right (left), march

"Raise both arms laterally until horizontal; hold the arm on the side of the guide steadily in the horizontal…

"Raise the arm vertically to its full extent and describe horizontal circles." — Moss, 1914

Assemble, march

"Raise the arm vertically to its full extent and describe horizontal circles." — Moss, 1914

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents carelessness.

Carelessness

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents carelessness.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents determination or anger.

Determination

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents determination or anger.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents an earnest entreaty.

Earnest Entreaty

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents an earnest entreaty.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents a emphatic declaration.

Emphatic Declaration

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents a emphatic declaration.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents an energetic appeal.

Energetic Appeal

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents an energetic appeal.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents gentle entreaty.

Gentle Entreaty

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents gentle entreaty.

"Extend the arm horizontally toward the platoon leader; describe small circles with the hand." — Moss, 1914

Hand signal

"Extend the arm horizontally toward the platoon leader; describe small circles with the hand." —…

This diagram is of two hands with intertwined fingers.

Intertwined Hands

This diagram is of two hands with intertwined fingers.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents indexing or cautioning.

Indexing

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents indexing or cautioning.

A gesture of gladness.

Man standing

A gesture of gladness.

A gesture of meditation.

Man standing

A gesture of meditation.

A gesture of repulsion.

Man standing

A gesture of repulsion.

A gesture of remorse.

Man standing

A gesture of remorse.

A gesture of exaltation.

Man standing

A gesture of exaltation.

A gesture of defiance.

Man standing

A gesture of defiance.

A gesture of dispersion.

Man standing

A gesture of dispersion.

A gesture of indecision.

Man standing

A gesture of indecision.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents negation or denial.

Negation

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents negation or denial.

"To announce range, extend the arm towar the leaders or men for whom the signal is intended, fist closed; by keeping the fist closed battle sight is indicated." — Moss, 1914

Range or change elevation

"To announce range, extend the arm towar the leaders or men for whom the signal is intended, fist closed;…

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents a resignation.

Resignation

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents a resignation.

"Raise the right hand smartly till the tip of the forefinger touches the lower part of the headdress above the right eye, thumb and fingers extended and joined, palm to the left, forearm inclined at about 45 degrees, hand and wrist straight; at the same time look toward the person saluted." — Moss, 1914

Salute

"Raise the right hand smartly till the tip of the forefinger touches the lower part of the headdress…

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents a simple affirmation.

Simple Affirmation

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents a simple affirmation.

"Extend the arm horizontally toward the platoon leader; swing the hand up and down from the wrist." — Moss, 1914

Squad

"Extend the arm horizontally toward the platoon leader; swing the hand up and down from the wrist."…

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents supplication.

Supplication

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents supplication.

A hand expressing the negation of a situation with a 'thumbs down'.

Thumbs down

A hand expressing the negation of a situation with a 'thumbs down'.

A hand expressing the affirmation of a situation with a 'thumbs up'.

Thumbs up

A hand expressing the affirmation of a situation with a 'thumbs up'.

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents violent repulsion.

Violent Repulsion

This diagram shows a hand gesture that represents violent repulsion.

A gesture of presentation or receiving.

Woman standing

A gesture of presentation or receiving.

A gesture of announcing.

Woman standing

A gesture of announcing.

A gesture of declaring.

Woman standing

A gesture of declaring.

A gesture of wonderment.

Woman standing

A gesture of wonderment.

A gesture of designating.

Woman standing

A gesture of designating.

A gesture of silence.

Woman standing

A gesture of silence.

A gesture of anguish.

Woman standing

A gesture of anguish.

A gesture of protecting or soothing.

Woman standing

A gesture of protecting or soothing.

A gesture of denying or rejecting.

Woman standing

A gesture of denying or rejecting.

A gesture of discerning.

Woman standing

A gesture of discerning.

A gesture of awe or appeal.

Woman standing

A gesture of awe or appeal.