Anointing with oil was a custom among the Hebrews and other oriental nations. 
<p>Behold, how good and how pleasant it is For brethren to dwell together in unity! It is like the precious oil upon the head, That ran down upon the beard, Even Aaron's beard; That came down upon the skirt of his garments. Psalm 133:1-2 ASV

Anointing

Anointing with oil was a custom among the Hebrews and other oriental nations. Behold, how good and how…

"A muffle furnace, employed for annealing, hardening, and tempering." &mdash;Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Automatic Oil Muffle Furnace

"A muffle furnace, employed for annealing, hardening, and tempering." —Encyclopedia Britannica,…

Oil Beetle.

Oil Beetle

Oil Beetle.

An oil burner is a heating device which burns fuel oil. The oil is atomized in to a fine spray usually by forcing it under pressure through a nozzle.

Oil Burner

An oil burner is a heating device which burns fuel oil. The oil is atomized in to a fine spray usually…

Bush is president of the Bush and Denslow Manufacturing Company, refiners and dealers in oil.

R. T. Bush

Bush is president of the Bush and Denslow Manufacturing Company, refiners and dealers in oil.

Coconut palms are a tropical tree that grow large seeds. From the seed we get milk and oil.

Coconut Palm

Coconut palms are a tropical tree that grow large seeds. From the seed we get milk and oil.

This modern cruet-frame is used to hold oil and vinegar in small bottles with a shoulder.

Modern Cruet-Frame

This modern cruet-frame is used to hold oil and vinegar in small bottles with a shoulder.

This modern cruet-frame is used to hold oil and vinegar in small bottles with a shoulder. It is made out of colored glass.

Modern Cruet-Frame

This modern cruet-frame is used to hold oil and vinegar in small bottles with a shoulder. It is made…

This modern cruet-frame is used to hold oil and vinegar in small bottles with a shoulder.

Modern Cruet-Frame

This modern cruet-frame is used to hold oil and vinegar in small bottles with a shoulder.

"So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the Lord came powerfully upon David. Samuel then went to Ramah." I Samuel 16:13 ASV
<p>lllustration of Samuel pouring oil on David's head, anointing him king instead of Saul. David's head is bowed and he holds a small staff. His mother and his father, Jesse, kneel behind Samuel. David's brothers and other townspeople stand around. A goat is pictured roasting just outside the door.

David is Anointed King by Samuel

"So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day…

An open window decorated with a border of oiil paints.

Decorative Border

An open window decorated with a border of oiil paints.

"Perfect Form of Dioptric Holophote for an Oil Flame.&mdash;By combining the back prisms ga, hc just described with a semi-holophote abc subtending 180 degrees and a portion of the dioptric spherical mirror ijk, no light is lost on the burner, and all the rays are parallelized, so that this apparatus, being all of glass, is both geometrically and physically perfect." &mdash;The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Dioptric Holophote

"Perfect Form of Dioptric Holophote for an Oil Flame.—By combining the back prisms ga, hc just…

The famous Drake Well for oil

Drake Well

The famous Drake Well for oil

"So they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury. Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new tomb wherein was never man yet laid. There then because of the Jews' Preparation (for the tomb was nigh at hand) they laid Jesus." John 19:40-42 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus' body being laid in the tomb after being wrapped in linens and anointed with oil and perfume. One man lowers Jesus' upper body into the tomb, while another holds a torch. Cloth is laid underneath him and flows down the sides of the sepulchre. A woman drapes herself over the body. His mother, Mary, and two other women huddle in the corner.

Jesus' Body is Prepared for Burial and Laid in a Sepulchre

"So they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the…

"Automatic Oil Muffle Furnace." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Furnace

"Automatic Oil Muffle Furnace." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

"When you want to lose money, invest in oil." -Trowbridge, 1866

Investment Rebus

"When you want to lose money, invest in oil." -Trowbridge, 1866

"Oil-jar, <em>Lekythos</em>." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Lekythos

"Oil-jar, Lekythos." — The Delphian Society, 1913

Diagram showing the relationship of the black sapropelitic shales, the oil producers, to the limestone beds on the left and the sands on the right.

Limestone Beds

Diagram showing the relationship of the black sapropelitic shales, the oil producers, to the limestone…

And behold, a woman who was in the city, a sinner; and when she knew that he was sitting at meat in the Pharisee's house, she brought an alabaster cruse of ointment, and standing behind at his feet, weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment." Luke 7:37-38 ASV
<p>Illustration of Mary Magdalene drying Jesus' feet with the hair on her head, after she washed them with her tears and before she anointed them. The Pharisee named Simon is sitting next to Jesus. Several other guests sitting around a banquet table, discussing the scene. An open window in the background reveals palm trees and some buildings.

Mary Magdalene Washes Jesus' Feet with Her Tears, Wipes Them with Her Hair, and Anoints Them with Perfume

And behold, a woman who was in the city, a sinner; and when she knew that he was sitting at meat in…

"The moderator lamp, invented by M. Franchot about 1836, from the simplicity and efficiency of its arrangements rapidly superseded about all other forms of mechanical lamps. The two essential features of the moderator lamp are (1) the strong spiral spring which, acting on a piston within the cylindrical reservoir of the lamp, serves to propel the oil to the burner, and (2) the ascending tube C through which the oil passes upwards to the burner. The latter consist of two sections, the lower fixed to and passing through the piston A into the oil reservoir, and the upper attached to the burner. The lower or piston section moves within the upper, which forms a sheath enclosing nearly its whole length when the spring is fully wound up." &mdash;The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Moderator Lamp

"The moderator lamp, invented by M. Franchot about 1836, from the simplicity and efficiency of its arrangements…

A lubricant is a substance introduced between two moving surfaces to reduce the friction between them, improving efficiency and reducing wear. They may also have the function of dissolving or transporting foreign particles and of distributing heat.

Oil Can

A lubricant is a substance introduced between two moving surfaces to reduce the friction between them,…

Oil is obtained by boring. The wells so produced are similar to artesian wells, except in the material discharged. In many instances the oil issues in powerful streams, which continue to flow for considerable periods of time. The crude oil is stored in huge tanks, from which it is transferred to barrels or iron tanks for transportation.

Oil Well and Tank

Oil is obtained by boring. The wells so produced are similar to artesian wells, except in the material…

Olive has been cultivated from the earliest times chiefly for its oil, which is obtained from the fruit by pressure.

olive

Olive has been cultivated from the earliest times chiefly for its oil, which is obtained from the fruit…

"Vertical section of part of the rind of the Orange, showing glands containing volatile oil, R, R, R, surrounded by cells." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Orange Rind

"Vertical section of part of the rind of the Orange, showing glands containing volatile oil, R, R, R,…

"For the foolish, when they took their lamps, took no oil with them:

4 but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.

5 Now while the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.

6 But at midnight there is a cry, Behold, the bridegroom! Come ye forth to meet him.

7 Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps.

8 And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are going out." Matthew 25:3-8 ASV
<p>Illustration of the five virgins with their lamps lit, following the bridegroom. In the background, the other five virgins knock in the dark at the closed door of the bridegroom. Flower girls and a youth with a torch walk in front of the bridegroom. Garlands are strung from the columns and ceiling.

The Parable of the Ten Virgins - Only Five Kept Their Lamps Alight

"For the foolish, when they took their lamps, took no oil with them: 4 but the wise took oil in their…

Mercury, water, and oil are poured into a glass jar. The mercury goes to the bottom, the oil floats at the top, the surfaces of contact are seen to be horizontal.

Phial of the Four Elements

Mercury, water, and oil are poured into a glass jar. The mercury goes to the bottom, the oil floats…

A woman polishing her wooden chair with oil.

Polishing

A woman polishing her wooden chair with oil.

"An example of a form of reading lamp is seen here. The lamp is mounted on a standard on which it can be raised or lowered at will, and fixed by a thumb screw. The oil reservoir is in two parts, the upper ac being an inverted flask which fits into bb, from which the burner is directly fed through the tube d; h is an overflow cup for any oil that escapes at the burner, and it is pierced with air-holes for admitting the current of air to the center tube of the Argand burner. The lamp is filled with oil by withdrawing the flask ac, filling it, and inverting it into its place. The under reservoir bb fills from it to the burner level ee, on a line with the mouth of ac. so soon as that level falls below the mouth of ac, a bubble of air gets access to the upper reservoir, and oil again fills up bb to the level ec, and so on it goes as long as combustion continues and the supply of oil in ac endures." &mdash;The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Reading Lamp

"An example of a form of reading lamp is seen here. The lamp is mounted on a standard on which it can…

Rukenaw the ape, Reynard's aunt, helps Reynard prepare to fight with Isegrim the wolf. She shaves him and oils him up so the wolf cannot catch him.

Reynard the Fox: Rukenaw Putting Oil on Reynard

Rukenaw the ape, Reynard's aunt, helps Reynard prepare to fight with Isegrim the wolf. She shaves him…

Rubber tree is a tropical tree that contains rubber particles within its secretion.

Rubber tree

Rubber tree is a tropical tree that contains rubber particles within its secretion.

"In machinery, the system of shafts which connects machinery with the prime mover, and through which motion is communicated to the former by the latter. a, shaft; b b1, pulleys; c c1, belts; d d1, hangers; e, drip-cup to receive oil dropping from the bearing in d1." &mdash;Whitney, 1889

Shafting

"In machinery, the system of shafts which connects machinery with the prime mover, and through which…

Oiling the spindle of a machine.

Oiling Spindle

Oiling the spindle of a machine.

"The parts are the butt, A; small, B; magazine well, C; barrel bed, D; air chamber, E, which reduces the charring effect og a heater barrel on the stock; small butt plate screw hole and seat for the butt plate tang, F; butt swivel plate seat, G; mortise for receiver tang lug and hole for rear guard screw, H; mortise for sear and slot for trigger, I; cut-off thumb-piece recess, J; mortise for recoil on the receiver, K; bed for fixed base, L; grasping grooves, N; shoulder for lower band, O; bed for band spring, P; shoulder for upper band, Q; channels for decreasing weight, R; upper band screw hole, S; and the stock screw hole, T. The large hole in butt is for decreasing weight, and the smaller one is a pocket for the combination oiler and thong case." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stock, right side view

"The parts are the butt, A; small, B; magazine well, C; barrel bed, D; air chamber, E, which reduces…

"The parts are the butt, A; small, B; magazine well, C; barrel bed, D; air chamber, E, which reduces the charring effect og a heater barrel on the stock; small butt plate screw hole and seat for the butt plate tang, F; butt swivel plate seat, G; mortise for receiver tang lug and hole for rear guard screw, H; mortise for sear and slot for trigger, I; cut-off thumb-piece recess, J; mortise for recoil on the receiver, K; bed for fixed base, L; grasping grooves, N; shoulder for lower band, O; bed for band spring, P; shoulder for upper band, Q; channels for decreasing weight, R; upper band screw hole, S; and the stock screw hole, T. The large hole in butt is for decreasing weight, and the smaller one is a pocket for the combination oiler and thong case." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stock, top view

"The parts are the butt, A; small, B; magazine well, C; barrel bed, D; air chamber, E, which reduces…

Four stringils in which the hollow for collecting the oil or perspiration from the body may be observed.

Four Stringils

Four stringils in which the hollow for collecting the oil or perspiration from the body may be observed.

Oiling the ways of a machine.

Oiling Ways

Oiling the ways of a machine.

An illustration of a political cartoon depicting a woman and an oil container.

Woman & Oil

An illustration of a political cartoon depicting a woman and an oil container.

"And behold, a woman who was in the city, a sinner; and when she knew that he was sitting at meat in the Pharisee's house, she brought an alabaster cruse of ointment, and standing behind at his feet, weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment." Luke 7:37-38 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus sitting at a table, eating with the Pharisees. A woman is kneeling at his feet, pouring out a container of ointment on his feet and clutching the hem of his robe.

A Woman Washes and Anoints Jesus' Feet

"And behold, a woman who was in the city, a sinner; and when she knew that he was sitting at meat in…