"Arms of Alexander VI. (Borgia)" — Young, 1901

Alexander VI

"Arms of Alexander VI. (Borgia)" — Young, 1901

"Arms of Benedict XIV (Lambertini)." — Young, 1901

Benedict XIV

"Arms of Benedict XIV (Lambertini)." — Young, 1901

"Cardinal, an ecclesiastical prince in the Roman Catholic Church, who has a voice in the conclave at the election of a pope, the popes being taken from the cardinals. The cardinals are appointed by the pope, and are divided into three classes or orders, comprising six bishops, fifty priests, and fourteen deacons making seventy at most." — Winston's Encyclopedia, 1919

Cardinal Hat

"Cardinal, an ecclesiastical prince in the Roman Catholic Church, who has a voice in the conclave at…

Illustrated are gardens of the Pope. The gardens are on the Quirinal, Rome.

Gardens of the Pope

Illustrated are gardens of the Pope. The gardens are on the Quirinal, Rome.

"Arms of Innocent VIII. (Cibo)" — Young, 1901

Innocent VIII

"Arms of Innocent VIII. (Cibo)" — Young, 1901

The oldest pope and had the third longest pontificate.

Leo XIII

The oldest pope and had the third longest pontificate.

This painting by Andrea Mantegna is a great example of the style and technique that she often used in her works. The painting can be found in the Camera degli Sposi, at Mantua.

Meeting of Lodovico Gonzaga and his son, the Cardinal Francesco

This painting by Andrea Mantegna is a great example of the style and technique that she often used in…

Napoleon and the Pope.

Napoleon

Napoleon and the Pope.

The Papal Tiara, also known as the Triple Tiara, or in Latin as the 'Triregnum', and in Italian as the 'Triregno', is the three-tiered jewelled papal crown, supposedly of Byzantine and Persian origin, that is a prominent symbol of the papacy. The Supreme Pontiff's arms have featured a "tiara" since ancient times, notably in combination with Saint Peter's crossed keys.

Papal Tiara

The Papal Tiara, also known as the Triple Tiara, or in Latin as the 'Triregnum', and in Italian as the…

"Arms of Paul II (Barbo)." — Young, 1901

Paul II

"Arms of Paul II (Barbo)." — Young, 1901

"Arms of Paul III. (Farnese)" — Young, 1901

Paul III

"Arms of Paul III. (Farnese)" — Young, 1901

A drawing of Pope Pius IX. He was the pope from June 16, 1846 until February 7, 1878. Pope Pius IX is known as the longest reigning pope in church history.

Pope Pius IX Sitting

A drawing of Pope Pius IX. He was the pope from June 16, 1846 until February 7, 1878. Pope Pius IX is…

The second longest-reigning elected Pope in Church history, serving from 1846 until his death in 1878. He defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary.

Pope Pius IX

The second longest-reigning elected Pope in Church history, serving from 1846 until his death in 1878.…

(1835- ) Pope of the Catholic Church

Pius X

(1835- ) Pope of the Catholic Church

Blessed Pope Pius IX (May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, was Pope from June 16, 1846, until 1878. His was the longest reign in Church History lasting almost 32 years. During his pontificate, he convened the First Vatican Council in 1869, which decreed Papal infallibility. The Pope defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, meaning that Mary was conceived without original sin.

Pope Pius IX

Blessed Pope Pius IX (May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, was…

Pope Sixtus V (December 13, 1521 – August 27, 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope from 1585 to 1590. The subsequent administrative system of the Church owed much to Sixtus V. He limited the College of Cardinals to seventy; and doubled the number of the congregations, and enlarged their functions, assigning to them the principal role in the transaction of business (1588). He regarded the Jesuits with disfavour and suspicion. He meditated radical changes in their constitution, but death prevented the execution of his purpose. In 1589 was begun a revision of the Vulgate, the so-called Editio Sixtina.

Pope Sixtus V

Pope Sixtus V (December 13, 1521 – August 27, 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope…

Considered one of the greatest English poets of the eighteenth century.

Alexander Pope

Considered one of the greatest English poets of the eighteenth century.

An illustration of the reading of the decree in Vatican City on July 18th, 1870.

Reading of the Decree, July 18th

An illustration of the reading of the decree in Vatican City on July 18th, 1870.

"A European species, six to eight inches long, closely resembling the perch, and valued for its flesh." — Goodrich, 1859

Ruffe

"A European species, six to eight inches long, closely resembling the perch, and valued for its flesh."…

"Arms of Sixtus IV. and Julius II. (Della Rovere)" — Young, 1901

Sixtus IV

"Arms of Sixtus IV. and Julius II. (Della Rovere)" — Young, 1901

"Arms of Sixtus V (Peretti)." — Young, 1901

Sixtus V

"Arms of Sixtus V (Peretti)." — Young, 1901

"Arms of Urban VIII. (Barberini)" — Young, 1901

Urban VIII

"Arms of Urban VIII. (Barberini)" — Young, 1901