A chief of a Frankish tribe, wearing full battle armor. He stands looking to his right holding a long spear, Germanic spear, in his left hand and a short axe in his right. A decorated shield rest on his left hip and a cape rests on his shoulders. His hair is in long braids and his helmet is tall and pointed, resembling a crown. His sandals wrap around his leg up to his knee.

A Frankish Chief in Full Armor

A chief of a Frankish tribe, wearing full battle armor. He stands looking to his right holding a long…

Illustration of a Roman soldier, also called a legionary, carrying a shield, short sword, and a short javelin for throwing. He is wearing sandals, traditional armor, and a helmet.

A Roman Soldier, or Legionary, with a Short Javelin and Shield

Illustration of a Roman soldier, also called a legionary, carrying a shield, short sword, and a short…

"Then said Joab, I may not tarry thus with thee. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak. And ten young men that bare Joab's armor compassed about and smote Absalom, and slew him." 2 Samuel 18:14-15 ASV
<p>Illustration of Absalom hanging by his hair from an oak tree. His horse is rearing on its hind legs, preparing to run away. Joab, the general, holds two spears in one hand and prepares to stab Absalom with the third. Other members of Joab's troops have their swords raised, poised to strike.

Absalom is Killed by Joab While Hanging in a Tree

"Then said Joab, I may not tarry thus with thee. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them…

"The Parting of Achilles and Briseis. (Supposed to be from a Greek Painting.)" &mdash;D'Anvers, 1895

The Parting of Achilles and Briseis

"The Parting of Achilles and Briseis. (Supposed to be from a Greek Painting.)" —D'Anvers, 1895

"The western pediment of the Temple of Aegina." &mdash;D'Anvers, 1895

Temple of Aegina

"The western pediment of the Temple of Aegina." —D'Anvers, 1895

"A breastplate covered with metal in the form of scales, not used to support the shield, as was done with the more ancient aegis, but extending equally on both sides, from shoulder to shoulder." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Aegis

"A breastplate covered with metal in the form of scales, not used to support the shield, as was done…

Bas-relief of early amusements at the amphitheatre.

Amphitheatrical Amusements

Bas-relief of early amusements at the amphitheatre.

A pile of armor pieces including a helm, spears, and maces.

A Knight's Armor

A pile of armor pieces including a helm, spears, and maces.

An array of weapons used in ancient times (some of which are still used today). Among these weapons are a shortbow, a longbow, a battle axe, several spears, an arrow, and several swords.

Arms and Armor: Weapons

An array of weapons used in ancient times (some of which are still used today). Among these weapons…

Assyrian soldiers with shields and weapons.

Assyrian soldiers

Assyrian soldiers with shields and weapons.

"Bronze Spear-Head, length 19 inches." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Bronze Spear-Head

"Bronze Spear-Head, length 19 inches." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Illustration of a young Daniel questioning one of the old men who accused Susanna of promiscuity. Daniel stands in the center with his right arm raised. Susanna's family stands to one side (right). One kneels on one knee with his hands clasped. One of the old men is on his knees (left) and a soldier stands over him, one hand on the mans shoulder. The man's discarded hat is lying in the street.

Daniel Saves Susanna from Execution

Illustration of a young Daniel questioning one of the old men who accused Susanna of promiscuity. Daniel…

"Then David ran, and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled." I Samuel17:51 ASV
<p>Illustration of David standing next to the giant body of Goliath, holding his head by the hair. David is leaning on Goliath's sword and Goliath's spear lies on the ground, partially underneath the body. The Philistine army flees (left), while the Israelites cheer and pursue them (right). There are trees, mountains, and a small town in the background.

David Holds the Head of the Slain Goliath

"Then David ran, and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof,…

"And he said unto his men, Jehovah forbid that I should do this thing unto my lord, Jehovah's anointed, to put forth my hand against him, seeing he is Jehovah's anointed. So David checked his men with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. And Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on his way." I Samuel 24:6-7
<p>Illustration of David standing over the sleeping body of Saul. David holds his hand out to stop his soldier from hurting Saul. The soldier has his sword drawn. Saul is reclining on a mat. Two spears, a sword, shield, and some dishes lay around the tree behind Saul. A soldier is asleep in the entrance of the cave.

David Spares Saul's Life as He Sleeps in a Cave

"And he said unto his men, Jehovah forbid that I should do this thing unto my lord, Jehovah's anointed,…

"And after these things Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked of Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took away his body.

39 And there came also Nicodemus, he who at the first came to him by night, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds." John 19:38-39 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus lying on the ground as his mother, Mary, weeps over him. Joseph of Arimathaea is removing the crown of thorns and Nicodemus is mourning behind Jesus' head. Three other women are also on their knees, mourning Jesus' death. The ground is wet with Jesus' blood.

Jesus is Taken Down from the Cross and is Attended by Mary, Joseph of Arimathaea, and Nicodemus

"And after these things Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the…

A collection of weapons used by the Germanic tribe called the Franks. These are all of their most typically used weapons: a shield, a spear or Germanic spear, a Frankish spear or angon (this is similar to a short javelin), a sword, a knife, and a short axe for battling in close quarters. All of the weapons are standing vertically, except for the short axe, which lies horizontally, underneath the shield. The shield appears to be three-tiered.

Frankish Weapons, Including a Shield, Germanic Spear, Angon, Sword, Knife, and Short Axe

A collection of weapons used by the Germanic tribe called the Franks. These are all of their most typically…

A decorative letter H illustrated with an angel holding a spear and shield.

Decorative Letter H with Angel Holding Spear and Shield

A decorative letter H illustrated with an angel holding a spear and shield.

Illustration of a Hun warrior riding on horseback, his mouth open as if to scream. The warrior has a shield, ax, and javelin or spear. He also has a whip tied to his wrist. He is wearing a fur cap and some sort of animal pelt. Heads hang from the horse's garb and the horse is in full gallop. This is a detail taken from a larger drawing by A. De Neuville in the 19th century. The full drawing portrays this Hun among others riding over bound women and children. It is meant to portray them as barbarians.

Hun Warrior on Horseback in Battle

Illustration of a Hun warrior riding on horseback, his mouth open as if to scream. The warrior has a…

"They have little farms on the foothills of northwestern Luzon, which they plow with carabaos and sometimes irrigate with aqueducts." &mdash;Carpenter, 1902

Igorrote

"They have little farms on the foothills of northwestern Luzon, which they plow with carabaos and sometimes…

Iron spear heads from Africa used to tip throwing weapons for hunting, etc.

Iron Spear Heads

Iron spear heads from Africa used to tip throwing weapons for hunting, etc.

"The Olympic games were of greater efficacy than the Amphictyonic Council in promoting the spirit of union among the various branches of the Greek race, and in keeping alive a feeling of their common origin. They were open to all persons who could prove their Hellenic blood, and were frequented by spectators from all parts of the Grecian world. They were celebrated at Olympia, on the banks of the alpheus, in the territory of Elis." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Hurling the javelin

"The Olympic games were of greater efficacy than the Amphictyonic Council in promoting the spirit of…

"And when he had made a gathering throughout the company to the sum of two thousand drachms of silver, he sent it to Jerusalem to offer a sin offering, doing therein very well and honestly, in that he was mindful of the resurrection:" 2 Maccabees 12:43 
<p>Illustration of Judas' soldiers carrying a box full of twelve thousand drachmas of silver. They are handing the box over to the priest at the temple at Jerusalem. The entrance to the temple is framed by two columns.

Judas Sends Twelve Thousand Drachmas of Silver to Jerusalem

"And when he had made a gathering throughout the company to the sum of two thousand drachms of silver,…

Knight in the lists

Knight in the lists

Knight in the lists

An illustration of a knight riding a horse and holding a lance.

Knight Riding Horse & Holding a Lance

An illustration of a knight riding a horse and holding a lance.

"A native of Luzon." &mdash;Carpenter, 1902

Native of Luzon

"A native of Luzon." —Carpenter, 1902

A heavily armored man with a sword, shield and spear.

Man with Spear

A heavily armored man with a sword, shield and spear.

An illustration of an adult man wearing a hat and holding a triton spear.

Man with Triton Spear

An illustration of an adult man wearing a hat and holding a triton spear.

<i>Tetrapturus albidus</i>. Also called a billfish or spearfish, "the dorsal fin is low or moderately developed, and the ventrals are represented only by spines. It inhabits American waters as far north as New England in summer, and is not seldom taken in fathoms deep. The spear-fish is related to the swordfish (though of another family), and has a similar beak or sword. It attains a length of six or eight feet. In the West Indies its Spanish name is <i>aguja</i>." &mdash;Whitney, 1889

White Marlin, a Sailfish

Tetrapturus albidus. Also called a billfish or spearfish, "the dorsal fin is low or moderately developed,…

Roman goddess of wisdom

Minerva

Roman goddess of wisdom

"Minerva." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Minerva

"Minerva." —Bulfinch, 1897

Art on a Greek vase from Mycenae in about 1200 B.C.

Mycenae

Art on a Greek vase from Mycenae in about 1200 B.C.

"Odin then regulatied the periods of day and night and the seasons by placing in the heavens the sun and moon, and appointing them to their respective courses." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Odin

"Odin then regulatied the periods of day and night and the seasons by placing in the heavens the sun…

"They had some rude notions of sculpture, and made images out of clay, which they hardened in the fire. They excelled at wicker-work, and their baskets were sent to Rome, where they were very much admired." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Old Britons

"They had some rude notions of sculpture, and made images out of clay, which they hardened in the fire.…

"The Palladium." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

The Palladium

"The Palladium." —Bulfinch, 1897

"The barbed head of a spear or arrow, engrailed on the inner side. The point of the spear is placed in base."&mdash;Aveling, 1891

Pheon

"The barbed head of a spear or arrow, engrailed on the inner side. The point of the spear is placed…

A infantry pikeman.

Pikeman

A infantry pikeman.

Illustration of Pope Leo, dressed in full papal costume and holding the primatial cross, approaches Attila the Hun. Several clergy follow behind Leo, one carrying the cross of Christ. Attila bows slightly. He is wearing a crown and carrying a sword. His army follows behind. The face of a horse is visible. God, carrying a sword, floats in a cloud over the scene.

Pope Leo the Great Approaches Attila, King of the Huns, on the Battlefield

Illustration of Pope Leo, dressed in full papal costume and holding the primatial cross, approaches…

A long-handled pruning saw with a curved blade at the end and sometimes a clipper; used to prune small trees.

Pruning Hooks

A long-handled pruning saw with a curved blade at the end and sometimes a clipper; used to prune small…

"And an evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand. And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the spear; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the spear into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night." I Samuel 19:9-10 ASV
<p>Illustration of Saul, javelin raised and pointed at David, in a rage as David plays his harp. David's left hand is raised to shield himself. An adviser sits to the right of Saul. A young boy, perhaps Jonathan, stands against a column to Saul's left. A dog stands at the boy's feet. The room has arched windows that open up on to the town.

Saul Tries to Kill David with His Javelin

"And an evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and…

Saxon military costume

Saxon Military Costume

Saxon military costume

"In the eleventh century, the Anglo-Saxons, originally the fiercest nation of the North of Europe, had become changed into a submissive and unwarlike people by the combine influences of luxury, a great landed aristocracy, and a richly endowed hierarchy." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Saxons

"In the eleventh century, the Anglo-Saxons, originally the fiercest nation of the North of Europe, had…

A pair of ancient Scythian warriors.

Ancient Scythians

A pair of ancient Scythian warriors.

"The early Greeks used a very short sword, as may be seen from the preceding cut. The ancient Homeric sword had generally a straight, two-edged blade, rather broad, and nearly of equal width from hilt to point." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Greek soldier

"The early Greeks used a very short sword, as may be seen from the preceding cut. The ancient Homeric…

An ancient Greek soldier.

Greek soldier

An ancient Greek soldier.

A Roman soldier.

Roman soldier

A Roman soldier.

A Roman soldier with a shield and spear.

Roman Soldier

A Roman soldier with a shield and spear.

A sixteenth century German boar spearhead.

German boar spear

A sixteenth century German boar spearhead.

"Grains with Five Prongs. GRAIN. An iron instrument with four or more barbed points, and a line attached to it, used at sea for striking and taking fish." -Whitney, 1911

Grain Spear

"Grains with Five Prongs. GRAIN. An iron instrument with four or more barbed points, and a line attached…

"IMBUED. Weapons spotted with blood are said to be imbued. The example shows a spearhead imbued." -Hall, 1862

Spearhead Imbued

"IMBUED. Weapons spotted with blood are said to be imbued. The example shows a spearhead imbued." -Hall,…

An Anglo-Saxon spearhead, made of iron.

Anglo-Saxon spearhead

An Anglo-Saxon spearhead, made of iron.

A Bantu spearhead.

Bantu spearhead

A Bantu spearhead.

"Japanese spearhead"&mdash;Finley, 1917

Japanese spearhead

"Japanese spearhead"—Finley, 1917

Medieval spearheads.

Medieval spearhead

Medieval spearheads.

A Phillipine spearhead.

Phillipine spearhead

A Phillipine spearhead.

West African spearheads.

West African spearhead

West African spearheads.

Prehistoric British spearheads.

Prehistoric British spearheads

Prehistoric British spearheads.

Prehistoric Irish spearheads, made of bronze.

Prehistoric Irish spearheads

Prehistoric Irish spearheads, made of bronze.

An Assyrian spearman with shield and spear.

Assyrian Spearman

An Assyrian spearman with shield and spear.

"A weapon consisting of a penetrating head attached to a long shaft of wood, designed to be thrust by or launched from the hand at an enemy or at game." &mdash;Whitney, 1889
<p>Illustration of two different hunting spears. The spear on the left has a long handle and a simple arrowhead. The spear on the right has a shorter handle and a crosspiece at the base of the blade with a curved blade attached.

Hunting Spears from the 15th or 16th Century

"A weapon consisting of a penetrating head attached to a long shaft of wood, designed to be thrust by…

The Cathedral of Spires was built between 916 and 1097. It is the largest church in Germany. Designed in a Romanesque style, it has two towers in the front with spires on top, similar to a pointed spear.

The Cathedral at Spires

The Cathedral of Spires was built between 916 and 1097. It is the largest church in Germany. Designed…