A tool with an arching blade for chipping.

Adz

A tool with an arching blade for chipping.

An anvil is a basic tool, in the simplest terms it is a block with a hard surface on which another object is struck. The inertia of the anvil allows the energy of the striking tool to be transferred to the work piece.

Anvil Tool

An anvil is a basic tool, in the simplest terms it is a block with a hard surface on which another object…

Arrow straighteners made from reindeer horns. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

Reindeer age articles, Arrow Straighteners

Arrow straighteners made from reindeer horns. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

A pointed tool for making small holes.

Awl

A pointed tool for making small holes.

An illustration showing how to create a centrifugal governor ball rotating the lathe. The ball is used for a counter weights on the engine to regulating fuel supply to control speed.

Device Turning Metal Centrifugal Governor Ball

An illustration showing how to create a centrifugal governor ball rotating the lathe. The ball is used…

A milling ball bearing to create a small circular hole, as shown in (A). The milling ball bearing has a spherical tip with groves creating holes.

Milling Ball Bearings

A milling ball bearing to create a small circular hole, as shown in (A). The milling ball bearing has…

This carriage bolt has a rounded head and a slotted drive.

Carriage Bolt

This carriage bolt has a rounded head and a slotted drive.

A carriage bolt with a truss head and a wing nut.

Truss Carriage Bolt and Wing Nut

A carriage bolt with a truss head and a wing nut.

A hex bolt used in carpentry is identified by its hexagonal head and (shown here) fully threaded.

Hex Bolt

A hex bolt used in carpentry is identified by its hexagonal head and (shown here) fully threaded.

Bone points and bone needles. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

Reindeer age articles, Bone points and needles

Bone points and bone needles. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

Boy with axe.

Boy

Boy with axe.

A kind of hinge, used in hanging doors.

Butt

A kind of hinge, used in hanging doors.

A chisel made by Buck Brothers in 1914.

Chisel

A chisel made by Buck Brothers in 1914.

Chopping tools used as hand axes in the Chellean age.

Chellean Age Chopping tools

Chopping tools used as hand axes in the Chellean age.

A piece of timber or iron, used to fasten work together.

Clamp

A piece of timber or iron, used to fasten work together.

Illustration showing the correct and incorrect position of a right line pen against a T-square, triangle, or straight edge when doing geometric constructions.

Positioning Pen for Constructions

Illustration showing the correct and incorrect position of a right line pen against a T-square, triangle,…

An illustration of creating spirals on a steel rod using mandrel and lathe. The spiral is created by revolving the steel rod on the lathe while placing a mandrel on the rod at an angle.

Spiral Turning Device

An illustration of creating spirals on a steel rod using mandrel and lathe. The spiral is created by…

This is a combination draw hoe. It is also called a mattock or fork. It also known as a pitchfork.

Draw Hoe and Fork Combined

This is a combination draw hoe. It is also called a mattock or fork. It also known as a pitchfork.

This is a Brace of the well known Stanley concealed ratchet type, but having a ball bearing chuck.

Brace Drill

This is a Brace of the well known Stanley concealed ratchet type, but having a ball bearing chuck.

"For brass or other soft metals there may be used with advantage a twist drill as shown. The cutting edges of the drill are ground straight and in line with the body of the drill for a distance of 0.03 to 0.06 in. = 0.8 to 1.6 mm. This prevents the breaking of the drill when it goes through the work—piece." —Grimshaw, 1902

Twist Drills for Brass

"For brass or other soft metals there may be used with advantage a twist drill as shown. The cutting…

The new Yankee Hand Drill especially designed for working overhead.

Hand Drill

The new Yankee Hand Drill especially designed for working overhead.

Dutch hoes are useful for destroying weeds or for loosening the surface.

Dutch Hoe

Dutch hoes are useful for destroying weeds or for loosening the surface.

Instruments having a sharp edge.

Edge-tools

Instruments having a sharp edge.

"Fig. 6- scissors, knives, and forceps, 1/2 natural size." Elliot Coues, 1994 These items may be used to seize and draw out a membrane or embryo from the egg.

Scissors, Knives, and Forceps Used for Egg Blowing

"Fig. 6- scissors, knives, and forceps, 1/2 natural size." Elliot Coues, 1994 These items may be used…

"Figure 7-hooks for extracting embryos, natural size; a,b,c, plain hooks; d, bill-hook, having cutting edge along the concavity." Elliot Coues, 1884

Hooks Used in the Process of Egg Blowing for the Purpose of Extracting Embryos

"Figure 7-hooks for extracting embryos, natural size; a,b,c, plain hooks; d, bill-hook, having cutting…

"Figure 5-Instruments for blowing eggs; a,b, blow-pipes, 1/2 natural size; c, wire for cleansing them; d, syringe, 1/2 natural size (the ring of the handle must be large enough to insert the thumb); e, bulbous insufflator, for sucking eggs." Elliot Coues, 1884

Several Special Instruments Used in the Process of Egg Blowing

"Figure 5-Instruments for blowing eggs; a,b, blow-pipes, 1/2 natural size; c, wire for cleansing them;…

"Figure 4 - egg-drills, different sizes. Steel implements with a sharp-pointed conical head of rasping surface, and a slender shaft; several such, of different sizes, are needed" Elliot Coues, 1884

Egg Drills are Special Tools Used for Preparing and Blowing Eggs

"Figure 4 - egg-drills, different sizes. Steel implements with a sharp-pointed conical head of rasping…

The contrivance in a time-piece which connects the wheel-work with the pendulum or the balance, giving to the latter the impulse by which it is kept in vibration.

Escapement

The contrivance in a time-piece which connects the wheel-work with the pendulum or the balance, giving…

Adjustable limit gage is used to measure the diameter of an object by adjusting screws on both sides of the U shaped gage.

Adjustable Limit Gage

Adjustable limit gage is used to measure the diameter of an object by adjusting screws on both sides…

A micrometer depth gage used to measure irregular holes in narrow boring. The gage measures the holes by inserting the rod into the gage while the pointer measures the bore.

Depth Micrometer Gage

A micrometer depth gage used to measure irregular holes in narrow boring. The gage measures the holes…

A carpenter's tool used for guaging to a width.

Gauge

A carpenter's tool used for guaging to a width.

A small instrument for boring holes by turning it with the hand.

Gimlet

A small instrument for boring holes by turning it with the hand.

A contrivance connected with mills, steam-engines, or other machinery, for maintaining uniform velocity with a varying resistance.

Governor

A contrivance connected with mills, steam-engines, or other machinery, for maintaining uniform velocity…

An instrument for driving nails, beating metals, and the like.

Hammer

An instrument for driving nails, beating metals, and the like.

The hardening process for drop hammer dies is done by containing the hardening liquid, usually water, is contained in a containment vessel. The liquid is pumped into the container to cool the metal.

Hardening Dies for Drop Hammers

The hardening process for drop hammer dies is done by containing the hardening liquid, usually water,…

This whip handle is in the shape of a man dressed in a costume.

Whip Handle

This whip handle is in the shape of a man dressed in a costume.

This whip handle is designed with fruit horns wrapped around.

Whip Handle

This whip handle is designed with fruit horns wrapped around.

This whip handle is in the shape of a helmet.

Whip Handle

This whip handle is in the shape of a helmet.

This whip handle is in the shape of a dog running at the top, and below a tree and two doves.

Whip Handle

This whip handle is in the shape of a dog running at the top, and below a tree and two doves.

Ware made of metal, as tools, cutlery, kitchen furniture, and the like.

Hardware

Ware made of metal, as tools, cutlery, kitchen furniture, and the like.

Spring-tooth harrows, for working hard or medium-hard lands, and to follow the disc or Acme.

Harrows

Spring-tooth harrows, for working hard or medium-hard lands, and to follow the disc or Acme.

The hook or joint on wich a door, gate, or lid, etc., turns.

Hinge

The hook or joint on wich a door, gate, or lid, etc., turns.

A homemade tool desk.

Homemade Desk

A homemade tool desk.

Ironing is the work of using a heated tool to remove wrinkles from fabric. The heating is commonly done to a temperature of 100 degrees Celsius. Ironing works by loosening the bonds between the long chain polymer molecules.

Sad Iron

Ironing is the work of using a heated tool to remove wrinkles from fabric. The heating is commonly done…

This knife features a unique knife guard which prevents the accidental sliding of the hand from the handle base onto the blade.

Knife Guard

This knife features a unique knife guard which prevents the accidental sliding of the hand from the…

A lantern is a portable lighting device used to illuminate broad areas. Lanterns may be used for signaling, or as general light sources for camping.

Lantern Holder

A lantern is a portable lighting device used to illuminate broad areas. Lanterns may be used for signaling,…

A machine-tool for turning or shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material.

Lathe

A machine-tool for turning or shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material.

A convenient screw cutting using a lathe to create threads on the metal rod.

Screw Cutting Device using Lathe

A convenient screw cutting using a lathe to create threads on the metal rod.

A spiral milling apparatus for a lathe to create drills and flutes. The working surface is fastened to the lathe by the bolt on the left. While the rod is spinning, a spindle is inserted in a hole at a desired angle.

Spiral Milling Lathe

A spiral milling apparatus for a lathe to create drills and flutes. The working surface is fastened…

"Where the lathe has no special taper turning attachment, the rig here described can readily be made and applied. The hand wheel of the cross feed is removed, and replaced by a hard—wood disk S that has a rim groove for a stout cord A. One end of this cord is attached to the tail stock at B, by means of a bent metal strip D. The conicity or degree of taper will be determined by the diameter of the disk S." —Grimshaw, 1902

Taper Turning and Boring Lathe Rig

"Where the lathe has no special taper turning attachment, the rig here described can readily be made…

The illustration shows a set up to turn irregular shaped materials using an ordinary lathe. The lathe is attached to the gear with a belt, where the gear turns the object in the tool holder.

Turning Irregular Shaped Materials using Ordinary Lathe

The illustration shows a set up to turn irregular shaped materials using an ordinary lathe. The lathe…

A lathe for turning wood to create a hole by fastening the material on to the faceplate.

Lathe, Wood Turning

A lathe for turning wood to create a hole by fastening the material on to the faceplate.

An instrument by which to find a horizontal line, or adjust something with reference to such a line.

Level

An instrument by which to find a horizontal line, or adjust something with reference to such a line.

A volute or flat spiral turning machine. The spiral patterns are created by cutting the wood adjusting the blade while rotating the wood with the lathe.

Turning Volute or Flat Spiral Machine

A volute or flat spiral turning machine. The spiral patterns are created by cutting the wood adjusting…

"The workpiece is fastened on a round platen, which in turn is attached to the table of a large and heavy vertical boring machine. The mill arbor bears a profile mill with inserted teeth, and the table has power feed. The operation is cheaper than turning in the lathe." —Grimshaw, 1902

Ring Milling

"The workpiece is fastened on a round platen, which in turn is attached to the table of a large and…

A rusted nut is removed by splitting it with a cold chisel by placing the chisel along the fiber it wiill split easily.

Removing Rusted Nuts using Chisel

A rusted nut is removed by splitting it with a cold chisel by placing the chisel along the fiber it…

Pebble cup mortar. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

Reindeer age articles, Pebble cup mortar

Pebble cup mortar. Crafted during the Reindeer age.

"Where pins or studs that are in place are to be milled on their ends as well as on their circumference, and where great accuracy in diameter and length are required, the best tool to use is that here shown." —Grimshaw, 1902

Hollow Mill for Pins

"Where pins or studs that are in place are to be milled on their ends as well as on their circumference,…

A tool for smoothing boards or other surfaces of wood.

Plane

A tool for smoothing boards or other surfaces of wood.

"A set of stocks, dies, and taps for cutting threads on bolts and inside of nuts."—The Federal Digest, 1921

Screw Plate

"A set of stocks, dies, and taps for cutting threads on bolts and inside of nuts."—The Federal…