A Christmas Carol is a Victorian morality tale that focuses on the life of the main character, Ebenezer Scrooge. First published by Charles Dickens in 1843 as a means to relieve personal debts, A Christmas Carol has become one of the most enduring Christmas stories of all time.
Source: Dickens, C. (1843). A Christmas Carol. London, England: Chapman and Hall.
- The author's preface is stated.
- “Stave I”
- Ebenezer Scrooge is visited by the ghost of his deceased business partner. Marley's ghost warns Ebenezer to expect three more visitors.
- “Stave II”
- Ebenezer Scrooge nervously waits for the first spirit. Ebenezer is confronted with events from his childhood.
- “Stave III”
- The second spirit takes Ebenezor to the Cratchit home.
- “Stave IV”
- The final spirit arrives to reveal an ominous future to Ebenezer Scrooge.
- “Stave V”
- Ebnezer awakes on Christmas morning a changed man.
Dickens, C. (1843). A Christmas Carol. (Lit2Go ed.). Retrieved December 06, 2023, from
Dickens, Charles. A Christmas Carol. Lit2Go Edition. 1843. Web. <>. December 06, 2023.
Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol, Li2Go edition, (1843), accessed December 06, 2023,.