222 illustrations of birds including: saberbill, sanderling, sandpiper, scoter, screamer, seagull, secretary bird, shearwater, sheldrake, shore-lark, shoveler, shrike, skimmer, scua, skylark, snipe, snow-bird, soui-manga, sparrow, spoonbill, starling, stilt, stork, sultan, sunbird, swallow, swan, swift, and swordbill

The shrikes are hawklike in appearance and in habits, having a hooked beak and sharp claws. They impale their prey on thorns of hedges and trees.

Shrike

The shrikes are hawklike in appearance and in habits, having a hooked beak and sharp claws. They impale…

The head of a Great Northern Shrike.

Shrike

The head of a Great Northern Shrike.

A genus of birds of the insessorial family, and widely distributed in America, Eurasia, and other continents. The food consists of insects, frogs, mice, and small birds, receiving from their habit of killing other birds the name of butcherbird.

Shrike

A genus of birds of the insessorial family, and widely distributed in America, Eurasia, and other continents.…

The fiscal shrike is native to Africa, and is known for its predaceous habits.

Fiscal Shrike

The fiscal shrike is native to Africa, and is known for its predaceous habits.

The shrikes are known to impale their prey on the thorns of bushes and hedges, (Figuier, 1969).

Great Grey Shrike

The shrikes are known to impale their prey on the thorns of bushes and hedges, (Figuier, 1969).

The Great Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor) is a member of the shrike family. The Great Grey Shrike breeds in northern Europe and Asia, and in North America in northern Canada and Alaska (where it known as the Northern Shrike). It is migratory and winters further south in those continents, too, for example, Great Britain and the northern USA. Wintering birds usually arrive in October and November. As a rule they are then solitary, and when several arrive simultaneously they speedily spread out, each establishing its hunting territory and reducing competition with others.

Great Grey Shrike

The Great Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor) is a member of the shrike family. The Great Grey Shrike breeds…

"The Lanius excubitor, Great Grey Shrike, lax plumage is either black, grey, and white, or is varied with rich red-brown. The young are browner, and are often transversely barred below..." A. H. Evans, 1900

Great Grey Shrike

"The Lanius excubitor, Great Grey Shrike, lax plumage is either black, grey, and white, or is varied…

Found in Guiana and Brazil, this shrike draws its name from its resemblence to the magpie.

Magpie Shrike

Found in Guiana and Brazil, this shrike draws its name from its resemblence to the magpie.

The shrikes are known to impale their prey on the thorns of bushes and hedges, (Figuier, 1969).

Red-Backed Shrike

The shrikes are known to impale their prey on the thorns of bushes and hedges, (Figuier, 1969).

"Carduelis pinus. Pine Linnet. Pine Finch. American Siskin. Pine Siskin. Continuously streaked, above with dusky or dark olivaceous-brown and flaxen or whitish, below with dusky and whitish, the whole body usually suffused with yellowish, most evident on the rump. Wings dusky, the basal portion of all the quills and their inner webs for some distance sulphury-yellow, usually showing externally as a spot just beyond the coverts, sometimes restricted and hidden. Outer webs of the quills also narrowly edged with yellow, separated from the basal yellow patch by a blackish interval. Tail dusky, its basal half yellow, and outer webs edged with yellow. Bill and feet brown." Elliot Coues, 1884

Pine Siskin

"Carduelis pinus. Pine Linnet. Pine Finch. American Siskin. Pine Siskin. Continuously streaked, above…

In skimmers the upper beak is shorter than the lower beak, allowing it to pick up shrimp and small fish while skimming the sea.

Skimmer

In skimmers the upper beak is shorter than the lower beak, allowing it to pick up shrimp and small fish…

A medium skimmer bird whose large bill is red with a black tip.

Black Skimmer

A medium skimmer bird whose large bill is red with a black tip.

Found throughout Northern Europe, the common skua has been known to attack other birds in order to steal the fish they have caught.

Common Scua

Found throughout Northern Europe, the common skua has been known to attack other birds in order to steal…

A small passerine bird that breeds across most of Europe and Asia, as well as the mountains of north Africa.

Skylark

A small passerine bird that breeds across most of Europe and Asia, as well as the mountains of north…

"Alauda arvensis, the Sky-Lark, breed in Britain. The normal coloration is light-brown with darker longitudinal streaks, the under parts being whitish and frequently spotted anteriorly." A. H. Evans, 1900

Skylark

"Alauda arvensis, the Sky-Lark, breed in Britain. The normal coloration is light-brown with darker longitudinal…

"Sky-Lark. Upper parts grayish-brown, the feathers with darker centers; under parts whitish, tinged with buff across breast and along sides, and there streaked with dusky; a pale superciliary line; wings with much whitish edging; outer tail-feather mostly white, the next one or two with white borders." Elliot Coues, 1884

Skylark

"Sky-Lark. Upper parts grayish-brown, the feathers with darker centers; under parts whitish, tinged…

The claws of a skylark.

Skylark

The claws of a skylark.

"The Skylark is one of the best known British birds, and not withstanding the tameness of its brown plumage, is universal favorite, on account of the sweetness of its cheerful song, which it pours forth while soaring and floating in the air.

The Skylark

"The Skylark is one of the best known British birds, and not withstanding the tameness of its brown…

The sky-lark (or field-ark) is one of the most celebrated songbirds of England.

Skylarks

The sky-lark (or field-ark) is one of the most celebrated songbirds of England.

"It is a native of the northern regions of both continents, retiring southward as the winter approaches and spreading in great numbers over certain territories."

The Smew

"It is a native of the northern regions of both continents, retiring southward as the winter approaches…

The snipe does not live so solitary a life as the Woodcock; it is occasionally seen in flocks.

Snipe

The snipe does not live so solitary a life as the Woodcock; it is occasionally seen in flocks.

"Snipe is the name of a common family of birds. The common American snipe is about equal in size to the common snipe of Europe, and much resembles it also in plumage. The tail has 16 feathers. This species is abundant in summer in the N. parts of the United States and in Canada, and in the more S. States in winter. It is much in request for the table, and is often caught in snares. It is much esteemed as a delicious and well-flavored dish."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Snipe

"Snipe is the name of a common family of birds. The common American snipe is about equal in size to…

A genus of wading birds. They are common to America and Eurasia, and mostly frequent the regions along the shores of rivers and lakes and the marshy places.

Snipe

A genus of wading birds. They are common to America and Eurasia, and mostly frequent the regions along…

The snipe is a wading bird from the family Scolopacidae characterized by a long slender bill.

Snipe

The snipe is a wading bird from the family Scolopacidae characterized by a long slender bill.

"Macrorhamphus griseus. Red-breasted Snipe. Gray Snipe. Brown-back. Dowitcher. In summer:Under parts rich rust-red, paler or whitish on the belly; jugulum, breast, and sides fully speckled with dusky. Axillars and lining of wings white, with angular dusky markings. Wing-quills fuscous, the shaft of the 1st primary white, of the others brown; secondaries conspicuously tipped with white. Above, black, varied everywhere with reddish color of the under parts, and on the back and scapulars with white ; the rump snowy-white, unmarked, very conspicuous in flight. Tail and its upper coverts black, closely barred with white or rufous. A dusky line from bill to eye. Bill and feet greenish-black. In winter: Dark gray above, supercilliary line and spot on under eye-lid white; below, white, the jugulum, fore-breast, and sides heavily shaded with gray, leaving chin whitish; the flanks and crissum with wavy dusky spots or bars." Elliot Coues, 1884

Red-breasted Snipe Head

"Macrorhamphus griseus. Red-breasted Snipe. Gray Snipe. Brown-back. Dowitcher. In summer:Under parts…

The double snipe, also known as the solitary snipe and the great snipe, is found sparingly throughout Europe.

Double Snipe

The double snipe, also known as the solitary snipe and the great snipe, is found sparingly throughout…

The English snipe.

English Snipe

The English snipe.

"Gallinago media. European Snipe. English Snipe. In size, form, and general coloration indistinguishable from No. 608, but axillary feathers almost entirely white, with slight and sparse dark markings, and the feathers of the flanks and sides less frequently and less regularly barred with dark gray." Elliot Coues, 1884

English Snipe

"Gallinago media. European Snipe. English Snipe. In size, form, and general coloration indistinguishable…

Ranging as far north as Scandanavia, Iceland, and Greenland in the summer, the European snipe migrates as far south as Egypt and Asia minor during the winter months.

European Snipe

Ranging as far north as Scandanavia, Iceland, and Greenland in the summer, the European snipe migrates…

The gray snipe is a migratory bird, found in the United States. It is also known as the brown snipe, red-breasted snipe, quail snipe, and as the dowitchee.

Gray Snipe

The gray snipe is a migratory bird, found in the United States. It is also known as the brown snipe,…

"Gallinago wilsoni. American Snipe. Wilson's Snipe. "English" Snipe. Jack-Snipe. Crown black, with a pale ochrey middle stripe. upper parts brownish-black, varied with bright bay and tawny, the scapular feathers smoothly and evenly edged with tawny or whitish, forming two lengthwise stripes on each side when the wings are folded. Quills and greater coverts blackish-brown, usually with white tips, and outer web of first primary usually white. Lining of wings and axillars white, fully and regularly barred with black. Rump black, the feathers with white tips. Upper tail-coverts tawny with numerous black bars, and tail-feathers black basally, then bright chestnut, with a narrow subterminal black bar, their tips fading to whitish; some of the lateral ones white, with little rufous tinge and several instead of one black nearly white; sides of body shaded with brown, and with numerous regular dusky bars throughout; crissum more or less rufous, with numerous dusky bars." Elliot Coues, 1884

Small Wilson's Snipe

"Gallinago wilsoni. American Snipe. Wilson's Snipe. "English" Snipe. Jack-Snipe. Crown black, with a…

A small and stocky wading bird. Usually mottled brown on the top and grey on the bottom.

South American Painted Snipe

A small and stocky wading bird. Usually mottled brown on the top and grey on the bottom.

"Gallinago wilsoni. American Snipe. Wilson's Snipe. "English" Snipe. Jack-Snipe. Crown black, with a pale ochrey middle stripe. upper parts brownish-black, varied with bright bay and tawny, the scapular feathers smoothly and evenly edged with tawny or whitish, forming two lengthwise stripes on each side when the wings are folded. Quills and greater coverts blackish-brown, usually with white tips, and outer web of first primary usually white. Lining of wings and axillars white, fully and regularly barred with black. Rump black, the feathers with white tips. Upper tail-coverts tawny with numerous black bars, and tail-feathers black basally, then bright chestnut, with a narrow subterminal black bar, their tips fading to whitish; some of the lateral ones white, with little rufous tinge and several instead of one black nearly white; sides of body shaded with brown, and with numerous regular dusky bars throughout; crissum more or less rufous, with numerous dusky bars." Elliot Coues, 1884

Wilson's Snipe

"Gallinago wilsoni. American Snipe. Wilson's Snipe. "English" Snipe. Jack-Snipe. Crown black, with a…

The wood snipe is an example of a common wading bird.

Wood Snipe

The wood snipe is an example of a common wading bird.

"Gallinago wilsoni. American Snipe. Wilson's Snipe. "English" Snipe. Jack-Snipe. Crown black, with a pale ochrey middle stripe. upper parts brownish-black, varied with bright bay and tawny, the scapular feathers smoothly and evenly edged with tawny or whitish, forming two lengthwise stripes on each side when the wings are folded. Quills and greater coverts blackish-brown, usually with white tips, and outer web of first primary usually white. Lining of wings and axillars white, fully and regularly barred with black. Rump black, the feathers with white tips. Upper tail-coverts tawny with numerous black bars, and tail-feathers black basally, then bright chestnut, with a narrow subterminal black bar, their tips fading to whitish; some of the lateral ones white, with little rufous tinge and several instead of one black nearly white; sides of body shaded with brown, and with numerous regular dusky bars throughout; crissum more or less rufous, with numerous dusky bars." Elliot Coues, 1884

Family of Snipes

"Gallinago wilsoni. American Snipe. Wilson's Snipe. "English" Snipe. Jack-Snipe. Crown black, with a…

"Junco hiemalis. Eastern Snow-bird. Black Snow-bird. Blackish-ash, below abruptly pure white from the breast, the sides shaded with ashy. In the summer, and most fall and winter specimens, the upper parts have a more grayish, or even a decidedly brownish, cast, and the inner secondaries are edged with pale bay. The slaty-black intense on the head; belly and crissum pure white, the line between the two transverse or convex forward; wings and tail blackish, with slightly hoary edging of some feathers; 2-3 lateral tail feathers pure white, wholly or in great part. No rusty brown on back or sides; any shade on the sides ashy, not pinkish. Bill pinkish-white, or flesh-color, usually black-tipped." Elliot Coues, 1884

Eastern Snow-bird

"Junco hiemalis. Eastern Snow-bird. Black Snow-bird. Blackish-ash, below abruptly pure white from the…

Found as far north as Greenland, the common-snow bird migrates as far south as Virginia in the winter.

Common Snowbird

Found as far north as Greenland, the common-snow bird migrates as far south as Virginia in the winter.

The solitaire is a wingless bird of the dodo family .

The Solitaire

The solitaire is a wingless bird of the dodo family .

"Melospiza fasciata. Song Sparrow. Silver-tongue. Below, white, slightly shaded with brownish on the flanks and crissum; with numerous black-centred, brown-edged streaks cross breast and along sides, usually forming a pectoral blotch and coalescing into maxillary stripes bounding the white throat; crown dull bay, with fine black streaks, divided in the middle and bounded on either side by ashy-whitish lines; vague brown or dusky and whitish markings on sides of the head; a brown post-ocular stripe over the gray auriculars, and another, not so well defined, from angle of mouth below the auriculars; the interscapular streaks black, with bay and ashy-white edgings; rump and cervix grayish-brown, with merely a few bay marks; wings with dull bay edgings, the coverts and inner quills marked like the interscapulars; tail plain brown, with darker shaft lines, on the middle feathers at least, and often with obsolete transverse wavy markings. Very constant in plumage, the chief difference being in the sharpness and breadth of the markings, due in part to the wear of the feathers. In worn midsummer plumage, the streaking is very sharp, narrow, and black, from wearing of the rufous and whitish, especially observable below where the streaks contrast with white, and giving the impression of heavier streaking than in fall and winter, when in fresher feather, the markings are softer and more suffuse. The aggregation of spots into a blotch on the middle of the breast is usual. Bill dark brown, paler below; feet pale brow." Elliot Coues, 1884

Song Sparrow

"Melospiza fasciata. Song Sparrow. Silver-tongue. Below, white, slightly shaded with brownish on the…

Java sparrows are eagerly sought for as pets, because of their brilliant plumage and the facility with which they learn innumerable tricks, (Figuier, 1869).

Sparrow

Java sparrows are eagerly sought for as pets, because of their brilliant plumage and the facility with…

A sparrow on a branch

Sparrow

A sparrow on a branch

The song-sparrow on a branch.

Sparrow

The song-sparrow on a branch.

The sparrow-hawk on a branch.

Sparrow

The sparrow-hawk on a branch.

A genus of birds of the finch family, which are widely distributed in the United States and Europe. The American varieties include several species o f small birds, among them the song sparrow, chipping sparrow, field sparrow, and fox sparrow. The color is mostly brown, with white and black markings, and they are noted for being tame and greedy.

Sparrow

A genus of birds of the finch family, which are widely distributed in the United States and Europe.…

Generally, sparrows tend to be small, plump brown-grey birds with short tails and stubby yet powerful beaks.

Sparrow

Generally, sparrows tend to be small, plump brown-grey birds with short tails and stubby yet powerful…

An illustration of a chipping sparrow feeding its young. The Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina) is a species of American sparrow in the family Emberizidae. It is widespread, fairly tame, and common across most of its North American range.

Chipping Sparrow Feeding Young

An illustration of a chipping sparrow feeding its young. The Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina) is…

"Spizella domestica. Chipping Sparrow. Chipping Bird or Chippy. Hair-bird. Bill black; feet pale; crown chestnut; extreme forehead black, usually divided by a pale line; a grayish-white superciliary line; below this a blackish stripe through eye and auriculars; lores dusky. Below, a variable shade of pale ash, nearly uniform and entirely unmarked; back streaked with lack, dull bay and grayish-brown; inner secondaries and wing-coverts similarly variegated, the tips of the greater and median coverts forming whitish bars; rump ashy, with slight blackish streaks or none; primaries and tail-feathers dusky, with paler edges." Elliot Coues,1884

Chipping Sparrow Head

"Spizella domestica. Chipping Sparrow. Chipping Bird or Chippy. Hair-bird. Bill black; feet pale; crown…

"Zonotrichia leucophrys. White-browned Crown Sparrow. Crown pure white, enclosing on either side a broad black stripe that meets its fellow on the forehead and descends the lores to the level of the eyes, and bounded by another narrow black stripe that starts behind the eye and curves around the side of the hind-head, nearly meeting its fellow on the nape; edge of under eyelid white. Or, we may say, crown black, enclosing a median white stripe and two lateral white stripes, all confluent on the hind head. No yellow anywhere. General color a fine dark ash, paler below, whitening insensibly on chin and belly, more brownish on the rump, changing to dull brownish white. No bright bay, like that of albicollis, anywhere, except some edging on the wing-coverts and inner secondaries; middle and greater coverts tipped with white, forming two bars. Bill and feet reddish." Elliot Coues, 1884

White-crowned Sparrow Head

"Zonotrichia leucophrys. White-browned Crown Sparrow. Crown pure white, enclosing on either side a broad…

"Zonotrichia albicollis. White-throated Crown Sparrow. Peabody-bird. Crown black divided by a median white stripe, bounded by a white superciliary line, and yellow spot from nostril to eye; below this a black stripe through eye; below this a maxillary black stripe bounding the definitely pure white throat, sharply contrasted with the dark ash of the breast and sides of the neck and head. Edge of wing yellow. back continuously streaked with black, chestnut, and fulvous-white; rump ashy, unmarked. wings much edged with bay, the white tips of the median and greater coverts forming two conspicuous bars; quills and tail-feathers dusky, with pale edges. Below, white, shaded with ashy-brown on sides, the ash deeper and purer on the breast; bill dark; feet pale." Elliot Coues, 1884

White-throated Sparrow Head

"Zonotrichia albicollis. White-throated Crown Sparrow. Peabody-bird. Crown black divided by a median…

"Exotic Sparrow's - lowest pair - Passer domesticus (The Sparrow. Philip Sparrow. House Sparrow.) above pair - Passer montanus (Mountain Sparrow). House Sparrow - upper parts ashy-gray; middle of back and scapulars boldly streaked with black and bay. A dark chestnut; median tipped with white, forming a conspicuous wing-bar, bordering which is a black line. Greater coverts and inner quills with central black field bordered with bay. Tail dusky-gray, unmarked. Lower parts ashy, gray or whitish; chin and throat jet black, spreading on the breast and lores, bordered on side of neck with white. Bill blue-black; feet brown. Mountain Sparrow - Somewhat like the last, but smaller and otherwise different. Crown and nape a peculiar purplish-brown. Lores, chin, and throat-patch narrow and short, not spreading on breast, contrasted with ashy-white on side of head and neck; ear-coverts blackish. Back and scapulars streaked with black and bay, the streaking reaching to the purplish nape; rump and tail plain grayish-brown. Wings marked much as in P. domesticus, with a black and white bar across tips of median coverts, but also a narrow white bar across tips of greater coverts. Primaries more varied with ochrey-brown on outer webs, forming a basal spot and other edging. Below, ashy-gray, shaded on sides, flanks, and crissum with grayish-brown. Bill blue-black; feet brown." Elliot Coues, 1884

Exotic Sparrow's

"Exotic Sparrow's - lowest pair - Passer domesticus (The Sparrow. Philip Sparrow. House Sparrow.) above…

"Passerculs bairdi. Baird's Savanna Sparrow. Inner secondaries less elongated, rarely equaling the primaries in the closed wings. First 4 quills about equal and longest. Hind toe and claw about equaling the middle toe and claw, its claw about equaling the digit. Tail shorter than wing, lightly double-rounded (central and outer pair of feathers both little shorter than the intermediate ones). Top of head streaked with black and rich brownish-yellow. or buff, the former predominating laterally, the latter chiefly as a median stripe, but also suffusing the nape and sides of head in greater or less degree. Back varied with brownish-black and gray, together with a little bay, the two latter colors forming the edgings of the interscapulars. Rump variegated with gray and chestnut-brown, different in shade from that of the back. Under parts dull white, usually with a faint ochrey tinge on the breast, but often without; a circlet of small, sharp, sparse, dusky streaks across the breast, continuous with others, longer and mostly lighter, along the whole sides, and with others, again, extending up the sides of the neck into small vague maxillary and aurigular markings. When the feathers are perfectly arranged these lateral head-markings are seen to be post-ocular stripe just over the auricular spot, a streak starting from the angle of the mouth, and another heavier one parallel with and below this, running directly into the pectoral ones. Quills without special marking, excepting the elongated inner secondaries, which correspond with scapulars. Tail the same, slightly whitish-edge. Upper mandible mostly dark, lower pale. Feet flesh-colored." Elliot Coues, 1884

Baird's Sparrow

"Passerculs bairdi. Baird's Savanna Sparrow. Inner secondaries less elongated, rarely equaling the primaries…

"Amphispiza bilineata. Black-throated Sparrow. Black-faced Sage Sparrow. face, chin, and throat sharply jet-black; a strong white superciliary line, and another bounding the black of the throat; under eyelid white; auriculars dark slate. No yellow anywhere. Below, pure white; the sides, flanks, and crissum shaded with ashy or fulvous-brownish, but no streaks. Above, uniform grayish-brown; clearer ash in high plumage, otherwise browner, generally more shy anteriorly than behind, and shading insensibly into the black of the face. wings dusky; coverts and inner quills edged with the color of the back. Tail black, with narrow grayish edgings; the outer feather sharply edged and tipped with white, and several others similarly tipped. Bill and feet plumbeous-black." Elliot Coues, 1884

Black-throated Sparrow

"Amphispiza bilineata. Black-throated Sparrow. Black-faced Sage Sparrow. face, chin, and throat sharply…

The Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina) is a species of American sparrow in the family Emberizidae. It is widespread, fairly tame, and common across most of its North American

Chipping Sparrow

The Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina) is a species of American sparrow in the family Emberizidae.…

"Spizella domestica. Chipping Sparrow. Chipping Bird or Chippy. Hair-bird. Bill black; feet pale; crown chestnut; extreme forehead black, usually divided by a pale line; a grayish-white superciliary line; below this a blackish stripe through eye and auriculars; lores dusky. Below, a variable shade of pale ash, nearly uniform and entirely unmarked; back streaked with lack, dull bay and grayish-brown; inner secondaries and wing-coverts similarly variegated, the tips of the greater and median coverts forming whitish bars; rump ashy, with slight blackish streaks or none; primaries and tail-feathers dusky, with paler edges." Elliot Coues,1884

Chipping Sparrow

"Spizella domestica. Chipping Sparrow. Chipping Bird or Chippy. Hair-bird. Bill black; feet pale; crown…

An illustration of a chipping sparrow hunting beet worms.

Chipping Sparrow Hunting Worms

An illustration of a chipping sparrow hunting beet worms.

Often found among human settlement, the common sparrow of Europe's diet consists of seeds, insects, caterpillars, young vegetables, and soft fruits.

Common Sparrow of Europe

Often found among human settlement, the common sparrow of Europe's diet consists of seeds, insects,…

"Passercules s. savana. Common Savanna Sparrow. Thickly streaked everywhere above, on sides, and across breast; a superciliary line, and edge of the wing, yellowish: lesser wing-coverts not chestnut; legs flesh-color; bill rather slender and acute; tail nearly even, its outer feathers not white; longest secondary nearly as long as the primaries in the closed wing. Above, brownish-gray, streaked with blackish, whitish-gray and pale bay, the streaks largest on interscapulars, smallest on cervix, the crown divided by an obscure whitish line; sometimes an obscure yellowish suffusion about head besides the streak over the eye. Below, white, pure or with faint buffy shade, thickly streaked, as just stated, with dusky- the individual spots edged with brown, mostly arrow-shaped, running in chains along the sides, and often aggregated in an obscure blotch on the breast. Wings dusky, the coverts and inner secondaries black-edged and tipped with bright bay; tail-feathers rather narrow and pointed, dusky, not noticeably marked." Elliot Coues, 1884

Common Savanna Sparrow

"Passercules s. savana. Common Savanna Sparrow. Thickly streaked everywhere above, on sides, and across…

The Field Sparrow, Spizella pusilla, is a small sparrow. Adults have brown upperparts, a light brown breast, a white belly, wing bars and a forked tail. They have a grey face, a rusty crown, a white eye ring and a pink bill. Their breeding habitat is shrubby fields across eastern North America. The nest is an open cup on the ground under a clump of grass or in a small thicket.

Field Sparrow

The Field Sparrow, Spizella pusilla, is a small sparrow. Adults have brown upperparts, a light brown…

The field sparrow (Spizella pusilla) is a songbird in the Emberizidae family of American sparrows.

Field Sparrow Singing

The field sparrow (Spizella pusilla) is a songbird in the Emberizidae family of American sparrows.

"Passerella iliaca. Eastern Fox Sparrow. General color above ferrugineous or rusty-red, purest and brightest on the rump, tail, and wings, on the other upper parts appearing in streaks laid on an ashy ground. Below, white, variously but thickly marked except on the belly and crissum with rusty-red- the markings anteriorly in the form of diffuse confluent blotches, on the breast and sides consisting chiefly of sharp arrow-head spots and pointed streaks. Tips of middle and greater wing-coverts forming two whitish bars. Upper mandible dark, lower mostly yellow; feet pale. One of the finest singers of the family; quite unlike any other Eastern species of sparrow. A large handsome species." Elliot Coues, 1884

Fox Sparrow

"Passerella iliaca. Eastern Fox Sparrow. General color above ferrugineous or rusty-red, purest and brightest…