This science ClipArt gallery offers 311 illustrations of crystals of numerous minerals. These crystalline minerals are created through natural processes, and so often times there are numerous crystal shapes for any given mineral (polycrystalline materials).

"Isometric. Octahedral habit, sometimes twinned octahedrons. Dodecahedron at times, either alone or with octahedron." — Ford, 1912

Magnetite

"Isometric. Octahedral habit, sometimes twinned octahedrons. Dodecahedron at times, either alone or…

As shown on this crystal of Magnetite, the octohedron, by the crowding out of two of its opposite faces, may become a rhombohedron.

Magnetite

As shown on this crystal of Magnetite, the octohedron, by the crowding out of two of its opposite faces,…

The most common twinning plane is the orthopinacoid ∞P∞̄ , {100}, as may be seen in this example of malachite.

Malachite

The most common twinning plane is the orthopinacoid ∞P∞̄ , {100}, as may be seen in this example…

"Orthorhombic. Crystals commonly tabular parallel to basal plane, showing also short prisms and low brachydomes." — Ford, 1912

Marcasite

"Orthorhombic. Crystals commonly tabular parallel to basal plane, showing also short prisms and low…

Orthorhombic Iron Disulphide (Marcasite) sometimes shows cyclic groups of five individuals, bounded by ∞ P, {110} (M); P∞̆, {011} (l); and 0P, {001}, and united into a pentagonal figure by (M) as twinning plane.

Marcasite

Orthorhombic Iron Disulphide (Marcasite) sometimes shows cyclic groups of five individuals, bounded…

This form shows a cube modified by the tetrahedron.

Modified Cube

This form shows a cube modified by the tetrahedron.

"A crystal form does not necessarily make a solid figure. One such an example is this, of the Monoclinic System.

Crystal of the monoclinic system

"A crystal form does not necessarily make a solid figure. One such an example is this, of the Monoclinic…

"The symmetry of the Monoclinic System is as follows: The crystallographic axis b is an axis of binary symmetry and the plane of the a and c axes is a plane of symmetry." — Ford, 1912

Symmetry of monoclinic system

"The symmetry of the Monoclinic System is as follows: The crystallographic axis b is an axis of binary…

A crystalized shape, that is almost flat.

Monosymmetric

A crystalized shape, that is almost flat.

"The symmetry of the Normal Class of the Hexagonal System is as follows: The vertical crystallographic axis is an axis of hexagonal symmetry. There are six horizontal axes of binary symmetry, three of them being coincident with the crystallographic axes and the other three lying midway between them." — Ford, 1912

Symmetry of normal class

"The symmetry of the Normal Class of the Hexagonal System is as follows: The vertical crystallographic…

An illustration of an octahedral crystal. An octahedron is a polyhedron with eight faces. A regular octahedron is a Platonic solid composed of eight equilateral triangles, four of which meet at each vertex.

Octahedral Crystal

An illustration of an octahedral crystal. An octahedron is a polyhedron with eight faces. A regular…

This figure shows the molecular structure that results when the distribution of attractive forces in the physical molecules or elements in a substance is equal in three directions at right angles.

Octahedral Structure

This figure shows the molecular structure that results when the distribution of attractive forces in…

The illustration "shows how the octahedron with furrowed edge may be constructed from two interpenetrating tetrahedra (shown in dotted lines)." -Britannica, 1910

Octahedron with Furrow Edge

The illustration "shows how the octahedron with furrowed edge may be constructed from two interpenetrating…

This figure shows the orientation of molecules as they would appear in a gas or a liquid. The molecules are spaced well enough away from each other so that each may move freely of the molecules around it.

Orientation of Molecules in a Gas or Liquid

This figure shows the orientation of molecules as they would appear in a gas or a liquid. The molecules…

This figure shows the orientation of molecules in a substance in a solid state. The molecules are confined to their own spheres of attraction, and their positions are dependent on the positions of the surrounding molecules.

Orientation of Molecules in a Solid

This figure shows the orientation of molecules in a substance in a solid state. The molecules are confined…

Orthoclase

Orthoclase

Orthoclase

Orthoclase.

Orthoclase

Orthoclase.

"Monoclinic. Crystals are usually prismatic in habit and have as prominent forms, clinopinacoid, base, prism, with often smaller orthodomes." — Ford, 1912

Orthoclase

"Monoclinic. Crystals are usually prismatic in habit and have as prominent forms, clinopinacoid, base,…

"Monoclinic. Crystals are usually prismatic in habit and have as prominent forms, clinopinacoid, base, prism, with often smaller orthodomes." — Ford, 1912

Orthoclase

"Monoclinic. Crystals are usually prismatic in habit and have as prominent forms, clinopinacoid, base,…

"Monoclinic. Crystals are usually prismatic in habit and have as prominent forms, clinopinacoid, base, prism, with often smaller orthodomes." — Ford, 1912

Orthoclase

"Monoclinic. Crystals are usually prismatic in habit and have as prominent forms, clinopinacoid, base,…

This figure shows a crystal of Orthoclase, exhibiting forms (M), (P), (T), (x), (y), (o), and (n).

Orthoclase

This figure shows a crystal of Orthoclase, exhibiting forms (M), (P), (T), (x), (y), (o), and (n).

This image represents a twin of the monoclinic mineral Orthoclase. Its twinning plane is the orthopinacoid.

Orthoclase (Twinning)

This image represents a twin of the monoclinic mineral Orthoclase. Its twinning plane is the orthopinacoid.

"The (010) plane of an orthoclase crystal." -Johannsen, 1908

Orthoclase Crystal

"The (010) plane of an orthoclase crystal." -Johannsen, 1908

"The (001) plane of an orthoclase crystal." -Johannsen, 1908

Orthoclase Crystal

"The (001) plane of an orthoclase crystal." -Johannsen, 1908

A simple orthoclase crystal.

Orthoclase Crystal

A simple orthoclase crystal.

A simple orthoclase crystal.

Orthoclase Crystal

A simple orthoclase crystal.

A simple orthoclase crystal.

Orthoclase Crystal

A simple orthoclase crystal.

"Simple orthoclase crystal showing cleavage lines and the position of the twinning plane in a Carlsbad twin." -Johannsen, 1908

Orthoclase Crystal

"Simple orthoclase crystal showing cleavage lines and the position of the twinning plane in a Carlsbad…

"Simple orthoclase crystal opened out to show the optical orientation." -Johannsen, 1908

Orthoclase Crystal

"Simple orthoclase crystal opened out to show the optical orientation." -Johannsen, 1908

"A Carlsbad twin of orthoclase." -Johannsen, 1908

Orthoclase Twin

"A Carlsbad twin of orthoclase." -Johannsen, 1908

"A Baveno twin of orthoclase." -Johannsen, 1908

Orthoclase Twin

"A Baveno twin of orthoclase." -Johannsen, 1908

This is an orthorhombic crystal of olivine. It is formed by the orthorhombic prism in combination with two pinacoids.

Orthorhombic Crystal of Olivine

This is an orthorhombic crystal of olivine. It is formed by the orthorhombic prism in combination with…

This form shows the fundamental prism (p) on a crystal of topaz, in combination with another prism, (p'); the basal pinacoid, (c); the brachydome, (g); and the four pyramids, (o), (o'), (o''), and (x).

Orthorhombic Crystal of Topaz

This form shows the fundamental prism (p) on a crystal of topaz, in combination with another prism,…

This illustration shows a solid state where the orientation is only partial, as in the case of twin crystals. Here, the molecules of each horizontal row have two of their axes parallel with those above and below them, but not the third.

Partial Orientation of Molecules in a Solid

This illustration shows a solid state where the orientation is only partial, as in the case of twin…

A penetration twin of two pentagonal dodecahedrons (known as the iron cross), whose twinning plane is the rhombic dodecahedron, is shown in this figure (Pyrite).

Penetration Twin of Pyrite

A penetration twin of two pentagonal dodecahedrons (known as the iron cross), whose twinning plane is…

This crystal is mainly terminated by a rhombohedron of the third order, (x). With this form are associated the prisms of the first and the second order, (m) and (a); another rhombohedron of the third order, (s), and the two rhombohedrons of the first order, (r).

Phenacite

This crystal is mainly terminated by a rhombohedron of the third order, (x). With this form are associated…

"A crystal has a center of symmetry if an imaginary line is passed from some point on its surface through its center, and a similar point is found on the line at an equal distance beyond the center." — Ford, 1912

Symmetry plane

"A crystal has a center of symmetry if an imaginary line is passed from some point on its surface through…

This is a crystal of Polianite, also known as Manganese Dioxide.

Polianite

This is a crystal of Polianite, also known as Manganese Dioxide.

This crystal of Aragonite shows a method of twinning where the twinning plane may remain parallel to itself, so that the alternate individuals are in parallel position. This is called Polysynthetic Twinning.

Polysynthetic Twins

This crystal of Aragonite shows a method of twinning where the twinning plane may remain parallel to…

This form shows a positive and negative tetrahedron in combination.

Positive and Negative Tetrahedron in Combination

This form shows a positive and negative tetrahedron in combination.

The icositetrahedron, 4O4, {411}, on potassium chloride sometimes produces an apparent rhombohedron by the survival of only one fourth of its planes. Two such rhombohedrons, in apparent twinning position, may be derived from the planes of the same icositetrahedron.

Potassium Chloride

The icositetrahedron, 4O4, {411}, on potassium chloride sometimes produces an apparent rhombohedron…

"In this the four lateral planes are rectangular and equal; they may be either oblong or square; in the latter case the form is the cube." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Primitive Crystal

"In this the four lateral planes are rectangular and equal; they may be either oblong or square; in…

"If the base is a square and the prism stands erect—that is, if its sides or lateral planes, as they are called, are perpendicular to the base—the form is termed a right square prism." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Primitive Crystal

"If the base is a square and the prism stands erect—that is, if its sides or lateral planes, as…

"When the base is a rectangle instead of a square, the form is a right rectangular prism." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Primitive Crystal

"When the base is a rectangle instead of a square, the form is a right rectangular prism." —The…

"When the base is a rhombus, and the prism stands erect, the form is a right rhombic prism." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Primitive Crystal

"When the base is a rhombus, and the prism stands erect, the form is a right rhombic prism." —The…

"When the base is a rhomboid, and the prism stands erect, it is only the opposite laeral faces that can be equal. The form is called a right rhomboidal prism." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Primitive Crystal

"When the base is a rhomboid, and the prism stands erect, it is only the opposite laeral faces that…

"Crystal faces are described according to their relations to the crystallographic axes. A series of numbers which indicate the relative distances by which a face intersects the different axes are called its parameters." — Ford, 1912

Orthohombie prism

"Crystal faces are described according to their relations to the crystallographic axes. A series of…

"Crystal faces are described according to their relations to the crystallographic axes. A series of numbers which indicate the relative distances by which a face intersects the different axes are called its parameters." — Ford, 1912

Orthorhombie pyramid

"Crystal faces are described according to their relations to the crystallographic axes. A series of…

It has been observed that the pentagonal dodecahedron, [∞o2/2], π {201}, on pyrite may have but six of its twelve planes developed in such a manner a to produce an apparent rhombohedron.

Pyrite

It has been observed that the pentagonal dodecahedron, [∞o2/2], π {201}, on pyrite may have but six…

"The symmetry of the Pyritohedral class is as follows: The three crystal axes of binary symmetry; the four diagonal axes, each of which emerges in the middle of the octant, are axes of trigonal symmetry." — Ford, 1912

Symmetry of pyritohedral class

"The symmetry of the Pyritohedral class is as follows: The three crystal axes of binary symmetry; the…

Pyroxene

Pyroxene

Pyroxene

Pyroxene

Pyroxene

Pyroxene

"Terminated usually by a combination of a positive and negative rhombohedron, which often are so equally developed as to give the effect of a hexagonal pyramid." — Ford, 1912

Quartz

"Terminated usually by a combination of a positive and negative rhombohedron, which often are so equally…

"Terminated usually by a combination of a positive and negative rhombohedron, which often are so equally developed as to give the effect of a hexagonal pyramid. Sometimes one rhombohedron predominates or occurs alone." — Ford, 1912

Quartz

"Terminated usually by a combination of a positive and negative rhombohedron, which often are so equally…

"Terminated usually by a combination of a positive and negative rhombohedron, which often are so equally developed as to give the effect of a hexagonal pyramid. Sometimes one rhombohedron predominates or occurs alone. At times the prism faces are wanting, and the combination of the two rhombodendrons gives what appears to be a doubly terminated hexagonal pyramid, known as a quartzoid." — Ford, 1912

Quartz

"Terminated usually by a combination of a positive and negative rhombohedron, which often are so equally…

This illustration shows Quartz or Silica. Quarts is the most abundant mineral in the Earth's continental crust.

Quartz

This illustration shows Quartz or Silica. Quarts is the most abundant mineral in the Earth's continental…

"The quartz crystals are said to be right or left handed, depending upon whether these faces are to be observed trunctuating the edges between prism and rhombohedron." — Ford, 1912

Left-handed quartz

"The quartz crystals are said to be right or left handed, depending upon whether these faces are to…

"The quartz crystals are said to be right or left handed, depending upon whether these faces are to be observed trunctuating the edges between prism and rhombohedron." — Ford, 1912

Right-handed quartz

"The quartz crystals are said to be right or left handed, depending upon whether these faces are to…

Rhodonite.

Rhodonite

Rhodonite.

"Triclinic. Crystals commonly tabular parallel to base." — Ford, 1912

Rhodonite

"Triclinic. Crystals commonly tabular parallel to base." — Ford, 1912