"Jamestown is now an island, for the sandy beach which once connected it with the mainland has disappeared. Only the ruins of the brick church erected in 1639 and some of the tombs in the churchyard remain."—Webster, 1920

Ruins at the Brick Church at Jamestown

"Jamestown is now an island, for the sandy beach which once connected it with the mainland has disappeared.…

The Great Seal of the State of Kansas, 1861. The seal pictures a sunrise, a steamboat, plowing, a wagon, Native Americans hunting bison, and the state motto, 'Ad Astra per Aspera' meaning "To the Stars through Difficulties."

Seal of Kansas

The Great Seal of the State of Kansas, 1861. The seal pictures a sunrise, a steamboat, plowing, a wagon,…

The seal of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The seal shows a frontiersman and a statesman shaking hands with the state motto, "United we stand, divided we fall."

Seal of Kentucky

The seal of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The seal shows a frontiersman and a statesman shaking hands…

An example of a typical kitchen in colonial New England.

New England Kitchen

An example of a typical kitchen in colonial New England.

Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko was a Polish, Lithuanian and American national hero and general. He led the Kościuszko Uprising (1794) against Imperial Russia.

Thaddeus Kosciuszko

Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko was a Polish, Lithuanian and American national hero and…

"The great Bartholdi statue, 'Liberty Enlightening the World,' erected upon Bedloe's Island in New York Bay, was the gift of France to the American People."-Lupton

Statue of Liberty

"The great Bartholdi statue, 'Liberty Enlightening the World,' erected upon Bedloe's Island in New York…

The Statue of Liberty in New York is the largest statue in the world, given as a gift from France to celebrate 100 years of United States independence.

Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty in New York is the largest statue in the world, given as a gift from France to…

"The first street light in America. Early in 1795 several large cressets were placed on the corners of Boston's most frequented street. Pine-knots were placed in these fire baskets by the night watchman." -Bodmer, 1917

First Street Light in America

"The first street light in America. Early in 1795 several large cressets were placed on the corners…

The seal of the state of Louisiana. The seal shows a pelican in her piety, feeding her young with her own blood. This image is surrounded with the state motto, "Union, justice, and confidence."

Seal of Louisiana

The seal of the state of Louisiana. The seal shows a pelican in her piety, feeding her young with her…

The seal of the state of Maine. The seal has a farmer with his scythe and a sailor with his anchor. Above the shield is the state motto 'Dirigo' meaning "I lead."

Seal of Maine

The seal of the state of Maine. The seal has a farmer with his scythe and a sailor with his anchor.…

Map of the continental United States, illustrating the rainfall in different areas.

Map of rainfall in the United States

Map of the continental United States, illustrating the rainfall in different areas.

The Great Seal of the State of Maryland. The seal is a shield being held by plowman and a fisherman. The motto 'Fatti maschii, parole femine' means "Strong deeds, gentle words."

Seal of Maryland

The Great Seal of the State of Maryland. The seal is a shield being held by plowman and a fisherman.…

The seal of colonial Maryland, a British colony in 1632.

Seal of Maryland

The seal of colonial Maryland, a British colony in 1632.

The Seal of the State of Massachusetts. The seal has a shield in the center with a Algonquin Native American holding a bow and arrow. Around the shield, is a blue ribbon with the state motto, 'Ense Petit Placidam Sub Libertate Quietem" which means "By the sword we seek peace, but only under liberty."

Seal of Massachusetts

The Seal of the State of Massachusetts. The seal has a shield in the center with a Algonquin Native…

An illustration depicting the signing of the Compact aboard the Mayflower.

Signing of the Mayflower Contract

An illustration depicting the signing of the Compact aboard the Mayflower.

The ship that transported the English pilgrims from Plymouth, England to Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620.

The Mayflower

The ship that transported the English pilgrims from Plymouth, England to Plymouth, Massachusetts in…

The Great Seal of the State of Michigan. This seal shows the Michigan's coat of arms held by an elk and a moose. The white ribbon holds the state motto, 'Si Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam Circumspice' which means "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you."

Seal of Michigan

The Great Seal of the State of Michigan. This seal shows the Michigan's coat of arms held by an elk…

The Great Seal of the State of Minnesota. The seal depicts a farmer plowing as a Native American rides by horseback. Above, the state motto reads, 'L'etoile du nord' meaning "Star of the North."

Seal of Minnesota

The Great Seal of the State of Minnesota. The seal depicts a farmer plowing as a Native American rides…

The Great Seal of the State of Mississippi. The bald eagle wears stars and stripes and holds an olive branch symbolizing peace and arrows representing war.

Seal of Mississippi

The Great Seal of the State of Mississippi. The bald eagle wears stars and stripes and holds an olive…

The Great Seal of the State of Missouri. Two grizzly bears hold a shield with the national seal and icons symbolizing growth and strength. The scroll holds the state motto, 'Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto' meaning "Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law."

Seal of Missouri

The Great Seal of the State of Missouri. Two grizzly bears hold a shield with the national seal and…

An illustration of all of the coins in use in the United States.

United States Money

An illustration of all of the coins in use in the United States.

The Great Seal of the State of Montana. The seal shows Montana and a shovel, pick, and plow symbolizing agriculture. The state motto is 'Oro y Plata' meaning "Gold and Silver."

Seal of Montana

The Great Seal of the State of Montana. The seal shows Montana and a shovel, pick, and plow symbolizing…

(1837- ) American financier

Pierpont Morgan

(1837- ) American financier

The Great Seal of the State of Nebraska, 1867. The seal shows a steamboat on the Missouri River, a train, a cabin, and a blacksmith. The banner holds the state motto, "Equality Before the Law."

Seal of Nebraska

The Great Seal of the State of Nebraska, 1867. The seal shows a steamboat on the Missouri River, a train,…

The Great Seal of the State of Nevada. The seal shows wheat, a sickle, and a plow representing agriculture. It also shows sunshine, mountains and the state motto, "All for Our Country."

Seal of Nevada

The Great Seal of the State of Nevada. The seal shows wheat, a sickle, and a plow representing agriculture.…

The seal of the Council for New England, during the colonial era.

Seal of the Council for New England

The seal of the Council for New England, during the colonial era.

The Great Seal of the State of New Hampshire, 1784. The seal depicts a ship on stocks with a sunrise in the background.

Seal of New Hampshire

The Great Seal of the State of New Hampshire, 1784. The seal depicts a ship on stocks with a sunrise…

The seal of colonial New Hampshire in 1629.

Seal of New Hampshire

The seal of colonial New Hampshire in 1629.

The Great Seal of the State of New Jersey. The seal features Liberty and Ceres holding a shield with three plows representing agriculture. The state motto in the ribbon below reads, "Liberty and Prosperity."

Seal of New Jersey

The Great Seal of the State of New Jersey. The seal features Liberty and Ceres holding a shield with…

The Great Seal of the State of New Mexico, 1850. The seal pictures the American Bald Eagle and the Mexican Eagle holding a cactus in its talons and a snake in its mouth. Below them is a banner with the state motto, 'Crescit Eundo' meaning "It grows as it goes."

Seal of New Mexico

The Great Seal of the State of New Mexico, 1850. The seal pictures the American Bald Eagle and the Mexican…

An example of the paper money during colonial America.

New York Colonial Paper Money

An example of the paper money during colonial America.

The Great Seal of the State of New York. The seal shows Justice holding the scales and Liberty stepping on the British Crown. Between them, is a shield with the sun and boats on the Hudson River. Beneath is the state motto 'Excelsior' meaning "Ever upwards."

Seal of New York

The Great Seal of the State of New York. The seal shows Justice holding the scales and Liberty stepping…

The first manufacturing warehouse in New York.

First Warehouse in New York

The first manufacturing warehouse in New York.

The seal of colonial New York, which was claimed by the British in 1664.

Seal of New York

The seal of colonial New York, which was claimed by the British in 1664.

The state house in New York in colonial America.

State House in New York

The state house in New York in colonial America.

The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina, 1773. The seal shows Liberty standing and Plenty holding a cornucopia. Below is the state motto, 'Esse Quam Videri' meaning "To Be Rather Than To Seem."

Seal of North Carolina

The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina, 1773. The seal shows Liberty standing and Plenty holding…

The Great Seal of the State of North Dakota. The seal depicts a tree, wheat, a plow, and a Native American on horseback hunting a buffalo. Above is the state motto, "Liberty and Union Now and Forever, One and Inseparable."

Seal of North Dakota

The Great Seal of the State of North Dakota. The seal depicts a tree, wheat, a plow, and a Native American…

A branch of an Ocotea catesbyana tree. They are commonly found throughout tropical climates, including Central and South America, and Madagascar.

Branch of Ocotea Catesbyana

A branch of an Ocotea catesbyana tree. They are commonly found throughout tropical climates, including…

The Great Seal of the State of Ohio. The seal features a sunrise behind a wheat field and mountains. The wheat bundle symbolizes agriculture and the seventeen arrows represents Ohio's admittance as the seventeenth state.

Seal of Ohio

The Great Seal of the State of Ohio. The seal features a sunrise behind a wheat field and mountains.…

The official U.S. state seal of Ohio.

Seal of Ohio

The official U.S. state seal of Ohio.

The Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma, 1907. The seal has a star with five rays hold seals of Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole.

Seal of Oklahoma

The Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma, 1907. The seal has a star with five rays hold seals of Cherokee,…

The Great Seal of the State of Oregon. The seal shows mountains, an elk, a wagon, and the Pacific Ocean.

Seal of Oregon

The Great Seal of the State of Oregon. The seal shows mountains, an elk, a wagon, and the Pacific Ocean.

An illustration of the organization of the United States Air Force as in 1944.

Organization of Air Force (1944)

An illustration of the organization of the United States Air Force as in 1944.

"The Oriole is a well-known American Bird, of which there are varieties in Europe, Asia, and Africa."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Oriole

"The Oriole is a well-known American Bird, of which there are varieties in Europe, Asia, and Africa."—(Charles…

"This name deserves to be held in rememberance on account of his munificent philanthropy." —The Popular Cyclopedia, 1888

George Peabody

"This name deserves to be held in rememberance on account of his munificent philanthropy." —The…

An English entrepreneur who founded the Province of Pennsylvania in colonial America.

William Penn

An English entrepreneur who founded the Province of Pennsylvania in colonial America.

The Seal of the State of Pennsylvania. The seal shows a shield which has a ship, a plow, and sheaves of wheat. This represents commerce, labor, and agriculture.

Seal of Pennsylvania

The Seal of the State of Pennsylvania. The seal shows a shield which has a ship, a plow, and sheaves…

"Willson's Historical Series- Franklin, The Philosopher"-Willson, 1859.

Philosopher

"Willson's Historical Series- Franklin, The Philosopher"-Willson, 1859.

The pine-tree shilling, an early form of currency in colonial America.

Pine-tree Shilling

The pine-tree shilling, an early form of currency in colonial America.

"Willson's Historical Series- Franklin, The Printer's Boy"-Willson, 1859.

Printers Boy

"Willson's Historical Series- Franklin, The Printer's Boy"-Willson, 1859.

The raising of the Christian cross following the discovery of the New World.

Rearing the Cross

The raising of the Christian cross following the discovery of the New World.

The Seal of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1636. The seal shows a maritime anchor and the word "Hope."

Seal of Rhode Island

The Seal of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1636. The seal shows a maritime anchor…

The official seal of colonial Rhode Island in 1636.

Seal of Rhode Island

The official seal of colonial Rhode Island in 1636.

An English statesman and one of the founders of the proprietary Virginia Company of London, which established the first permanent English settlement of Virginia.

Sir Edwin Sandys

An English statesman and one of the founders of the proprietary Virginia Company of London, which established…

An illustration of Savannah, Georgia.

Savannah, Georgia

An illustration of Savannah, Georgia.

"Picture of an Indian village drawn by John White in 1585 and incorporated in a report to Sir Walter Raleigh."—Stephenson, 1913

The Towne of Secota

"Picture of an Indian village drawn by John White in 1585 and incorporated in a report to Sir Walter…

A pair of American merino sheep, noted for its excellent fleece.

American Merino Sheep

A pair of American merino sheep, noted for its excellent fleece.

An illustration of one of Sir Walter Raleigh's ships.

Ralegh's Ship

An illustration of one of Sir Walter Raleigh's ships.

"It is very voracious, and grows to large size. Found in the European and American waters" — Goodrich, 1859

Skate

"It is very voracious, and grows to large size. Found in the European and American waters" — Goodrich,…

John Smith, an early colonial settler and leader.

John Smith

John Smith, an early colonial settler and leader.