The state banner of Alabama, the cotton plantation state.

Alabama

The state banner of Alabama, the cotton plantation state.

A bale-breaking machine.

Bale-breaking Machine

A bale-breaking machine.

Cotton bales on a horse drawn buggy.

Cotton Bales

Cotton bales on a horse drawn buggy.

Cotton Manufacturing. Fig. 5C, beam warping machine.

Beam Warping Machine

Cotton Manufacturing. Fig. 5C, beam warping machine.

Large bolls of cotton, still on the branch.

Large boll

Large bolls of cotton, still on the branch.

Small bolls of cotton, still on the branch.

Small bolls

Small bolls of cotton, still on the branch.

"Roller and Clearer Carding Machine." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Carding Machine

"Roller and Clearer Carding Machine." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cotton Manufacturing. Fig. 3B, roller carding machine.

Carding Machine

Cotton Manufacturing. Fig. 3B, roller carding machine.

An illustration of Memphis, Tennessee's Cotton Carnival, which consisted of a series of parties and festivities staged annually since 1931 in Memphis, TN by the centralized Carnival Mephis associated and its member krewes during the month of June. Carnival salutes various aspects of Memphis and its industries, and is reigned over by the current year's secretly selected King, Queen, and Royal Court of Carnival.

Memphis Cotton Carnival

An illustration of Memphis, Tennessee's Cotton Carnival, which consisted of a series of parties and…

Cotton manufacturing. Fig. 3, churka gin: cotton is crushed between wooden rollers by hand power.

Churka Gin

Cotton manufacturing. Fig. 3, churka gin: cotton is crushed between wooden rollers by hand power.

This table cloth has an arabesque design. It is made of silk, cotton and wool.

Table Cloth

This table cloth has an arabesque design. It is made of silk, cotton and wool.

This table cloth has a French style. It is woven in wool, silk, and cotton.

Table Cloth

This table cloth has a French style. It is woven in wool, silk, and cotton.

A simple plant four to eight inches high. The flowers are large and white; and the berries a yellow&orange color wth a very agreeable taste.

Cloudberry

A simple plant four to eight inches high. The flowers are large and white; and the berries a yellow&orange…

"Combing Machine." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Combing Machine

"Combing Machine." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

A shrubby plant with seeds developing in capsules. Seeds are surrounded by a fluffy type of fiber that can be woven.

Cotton

A shrubby plant with seeds developing in capsules. Seeds are surrounded by a fluffy type of fiber that…

Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant. The fiber is often spun into thread to make a soft breathable fabric.

Cotton

Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant. The fiber is often spun into…

The pod or boll of cotton.

Cotton

The pod or boll of cotton.

The typical representation of cotton on a topographical map.

Cotton

The typical representation of cotton on a topographical map.

An illustration of a ripe cotton capsule after dehiscence. Dehiscence is the spontaneous opening at maturity of a plant structure, such as a fruit, anther, or sporangium, to release its contents. Cotton is a soft, staple fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant (Gossypium sp.), a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, India and Africa.

Cotton

An illustration of a ripe cotton capsule after dehiscence. Dehiscence is the spontaneous opening at…

The cotton plant.

Cotton

The cotton plant.

The cotton boll is a result of a carpel breaking open and covering the seeds.

Cotton Boll

The cotton boll is a result of a carpel breaking open and covering the seeds.

An adult cotton-boll worm, in the form of a moth.

Cotton Boll Worm, Adult

An adult cotton-boll worm, in the form of a moth.

An illustration of a cotton chute in Savannah, Georgia.

Cotton Bundles

An illustration of a cotton chute in Savannah, Georgia.

This illustration shows the machine used to compress cotton.

Cotton Compresser

This illustration shows the machine used to compress cotton.

"Cotton is a vegetable hair or filament constituting the wing of the seed of the different species of Gossypium, a plant growing both in the temperate and tropical climates, indigenous in Asia, Africa, and south America. All the varieties of the plant require a dry and sandy soil. In general it flourishes most luxuriantly and yields produce of the best quality on the coast. In the United States a large proportion of the crop is grown W. of the Mississippi."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Cotton Flower

"Cotton is a vegetable hair or filament constituting the wing of the seed of the different species of…

"Cotton is a vegetable hair or filament constituting the wing of the seed of the different species of Gossypium, a plant growing both in the temperate and tropical climates, indigenous in Asia, Africa, and south America. All the varieties of the plant require a dry and sandy soil. In general it flourishes most luxuriantly and yields produce of the best quality on the coast. In the United States a large proportion of the crop is grown W. of the Mississippi."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Cotton Flower

"Cotton is a vegetable hair or filament constituting the wing of the seed of the different species of…

Eli Whitney's cotton gin, which made the production of cotton many times more efficient.

Cotton Gin

Eli Whitney's cotton gin, which made the production of cotton many times more efficient.

A Cotton Gin (short for cotton engine) is a machine that quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers from the seedpods and the sometimes sticky seeds, a job previously done by workers. These seeds are either used again to grow more cotton or, if badly damaged, are disposed of. It uses a combination of a wire screen and small wire hooks to pull the cotton through the screen, while brushes continuously remove the loose cotton lint to prevent jams. The term "gin" is an abbreviation for engine, and means "machine".

Cotton Gin

A Cotton Gin (short for cotton engine) is a machine that quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers…

Cotton manufacturing. Fig. 2, roller gin.

Cotton Gin

Cotton manufacturing. Fig. 2, roller gin.

"Three-cylinder Opener, Beater, and Lap Machiine." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cotton Machine

"Three-cylinder Opener, Beater, and Lap Machiine." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cotton manufacture. Fig. 1, saw gin.

Cotton Manufacture

Cotton manufacture. Fig. 1, saw gin.

Spinning cotton in a mill.

Cotton Mill

Spinning cotton in a mill.

An illustration of a cotton mill in Columbus, Georgia. A cotton mill is a factory housing spinning and weaving machinery. Cotton was the leading sector in the Industrial Revolution, as a cotton spinning was mechanized in mills.

Cotton Mill

An illustration of a cotton mill in Columbus, Georgia. A cotton mill is a factory housing spinning and…

A machine used in the 19th century to open cotton.

Cotton Opener

A machine used in the 19th century to open cotton.

Cotton picking in Mississippi.

Cotton Picking

Cotton picking in Mississippi.

An illustration of African American slaves picking cotton in Alabama.

Cotton Picking

An illustration of African American slaves picking cotton in Alabama.

"Cotton is a vegetable hair or filament constituting the wing of the seed of the different species of Gossypium, a plant growing both in the temperate and tropical climates, indigenous in Asia, Africa, and south America. All the varieties of the plant require a dry and sandy soil. In general it flourishes most luxuriantly and yields produce of the best quality on the coast. In the United States a large proportion of the crop is grown W. of the Mississippi."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Cotton Plant

"Cotton is a vegetable hair or filament constituting the wing of the seed of the different species of…

"Cotton is a downy substance produced on the seeds of he cotton plant, Gossypium, which is herbaceous, and of a height varying from four to twenty feet." -Lupton

Cotton Plant

"Cotton is a downy substance produced on the seeds of he cotton plant, Gossypium, which is herbaceous,…

An illustration of the cotton plant.

Cotton Plant

An illustration of the cotton plant.

An example of the cotton plant.

The Cotton Plant

An example of the cotton plant.

A cotton plant.

cotton plant

A cotton plant.

An early, rapid fruiting, productive type of cotton plant, with low fruit limbs, short joints and continuous growing long fruit limbs. Leaves removed.

Fruitful cotton plant

An early, rapid fruiting, productive type of cotton plant, with low fruit limbs, short joints and continuous…

A late, slow fruiting, unproductive type of cotton plant, with high fruit limbs and long joints. Leaves removed.

Unfruitful cotton plant

A late, slow fruiting, unproductive type of cotton plant, with high fruit limbs and long joints. Leaves…

This illustration shows the tool used for pressing and baling cotton.

Cotton Press

This illustration shows the tool used for pressing and baling cotton.

An illustration of a cotton press which presses the cotton into compressed bundles which is helpful in transporting.

Cotton Press

An illustration of a cotton press which presses the cotton into compressed bundles which is helpful…

An image showing the process of picking cotton and then loading it upon merchant ships.

Picking and Loading Cotton

An image showing the process of picking cotton and then loading it upon merchant ships.

A short fruit limb of cotton bolls.

Short fruit limb of cotton bolls

A short fruit limb of cotton bolls.

An illustration of a river boat stacked with bundles of cotton.

Transporting Cotton

An illustration of a river boat stacked with bundles of cotton.

Whitney's cotton gin had a permanent influence on America's slavery. With-out a cotton-gin a slave could seperate only 1 pound of cotton a day. With the cotton-gin, a slave could seperate a thousand pounds.

Eli Whitney's Cotton-Gin

Whitney's cotton gin had a permanent influence on America's slavery. With-out a cotton-gin a slave could…

A primitive cotton-gin used to seperate seeds from the cotton.

Primitive Cotton-Gin

A primitive cotton-gin used to seperate seeds from the cotton.

A plant of several species, all growing in warm climates, and bearing the cotton of commerce.

Cotton-plant

A plant of several species, all growing in warm climates, and bearing the cotton of commerce.

A corn and cotton stalk cutter, used to cut the stalks before plowing.

Stalk cutter

A corn and cotton stalk cutter, used to cut the stalks before plowing.

Cotton manufacturing. Fig. 4D, Dobby motion: The knife beam (A), rises and falls with the motion of the loom, and the hooks in the upright position (B) rise and fall with (A); a revolving drum (D), fitted with pegs (E), forces back the springs (F), and y the rods (H) with hooks (G) are thrown back, and the healds attached to these do not rise with (A).

Dobby Motion

Cotton manufacturing. Fig. 4D, Dobby motion: The knife beam (A), rises and falls with the motion of…

"Drawing Frame." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Drawing Frame

"Drawing Frame." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cotton manufacturing. Fig. 4B, drawing frame.

Drawing Frame

Cotton manufacturing. Fig. 4B, drawing frame.

The chintz fabric is a cotton fabric imprinted with a colorful floral pattern.

Chintz Fabric

The chintz fabric is a cotton fabric imprinted with a colorful floral pattern.

The chintz fabric is a cotton fabric imprinted with a colorful floral pattern.

Chintz Fabric

The chintz fabric is a cotton fabric imprinted with a colorful floral pattern.

A typical cotton field with many workers

Cotton Field

A typical cotton field with many workers

"Self-stripping Flat Carding Machine" — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Flat Carding Machine

"Self-stripping Flat Carding Machine" — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cotton grass, a member of the sedge family.

Cotton Grass

Cotton grass, a member of the sedge family.