<i>Salvadora Persica</i>. Also called toothbrush tree, mustard tree, and mustard bush. This image includes the female flower and the fruit. The fibrous branches of this plant have been used for centuries as a natural toothbrush. a. The female flower. b. The fruit  &mdash; Whitney, 1889

Salvadora

Salvadora Persica. Also called toothbrush tree, mustard tree, and mustard bush. This image includes…

"Upper part of stem with the inflorescence of Samphire (Crithmum maritimum). (a), a flower; (b), the fruit; (c), transverse section of one of the fruitlets." -Whitney, 1911

Rock Samphire

"Upper part of stem with the inflorescence of Samphire (Crithmum maritimum). (a), a flower; (b), the…

The fruit of Hura crepitans, the sandbox tree.

Sandbox Tree

The fruit of Hura crepitans, the sandbox tree.

The fruit of the Sandbox Tree (Hura crepitans).

Sandbox Tree Fruit

The fruit of the Sandbox Tree (Hura crepitans).

"Sapodilla (Sapota zapotilla). (a), the fruit; (b), the same, transversely cut." -Whitney, 1911

Sapodilla

"Sapodilla (Sapota zapotilla). (a), the fruit; (b), the same, transversely cut." -Whitney, 1911

This is the chicle fruit known to be used in the process of creating bubble gum.

Fruiting Sapodilla

This is the chicle fruit known to be used in the process of creating bubble gum.

"Sassafras (Sassafras sassafras). 1. Branch with fruits. 2. Branch with sterile flowers. a, b, c, different forms of leaves." -Whitney, 1911

Sassafras

"Sassafras (Sassafras sassafras). 1. Branch with fruits. 2. Branch with sterile flowers. a, b, c, different…

This is the fruit of the Sassafras,(Keeler, 1915).

Sassafras Fruit

This is the fruit of the Sassafras,(Keeler, 1915).

Also known as Nematus ribesii. A common pest of gooseberries.

Gooseberry Sawfly

Also known as Nematus ribesii. A common pest of gooseberries.

"Flowering plant of saxifrage (Saxifraga virginiensis). a, a flower; b, the fruit." -Whitney, 1911

Early Saxifrage

"Flowering plant of saxifrage (Saxifraga virginiensis). a, a flower; b, the fruit." -Whitney, 1911

"Scabiosa atropurpurea. 1. a flower; 2. the involucre opened to show the ovary and calyx; 3. perpendicular section of fruit." -Lindley, 1853

Sweet Scabious

"Scabiosa atropurpurea. 1. a flower; 2. the involucre opened to show the ovary and calyx; 3. perpendicular…

Each scale of the pine cone is a whole pistillate flower. (Gray, 1858).

Scale

Each scale of the pine cone is a whole pistillate flower. (Gray, 1858).

Each scale of the pine cone is a whole pistillate flower. (Gray, 1858).

Scale

Each scale of the pine cone is a whole pistillate flower. (Gray, 1858).

A drawing of the newly hatched larva, viewed from beneath, with enlargements of anal extremity viewed from above.

Black Scale

A drawing of the newly hatched larva, viewed from beneath, with enlargements of anal extremity viewed…

This shows the staminate flower of Scarlet Oak, Quercus coccinea, (Keeler, 1915).

Scarlet Oak Flowers

This shows the staminate flower of Scarlet Oak, Quercus coccinea, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the pistillate flower of Scarlet Oak, Quercus coccinea, (Keeler, 1915).

Scarlet Oak Flowers

This shows the pistillate flower of Scarlet Oak, Quercus coccinea, (Keeler, 1915).

Also known as Pandanus utilis. It is a tropical tree with an edible fruit. It is native to Madagascar and Mauritius.

Screwpine

Also known as Pandanus utilis. It is a tropical tree with an edible fruit. It is native to Madagascar…

Fruit of the common scurvey grass.

Fruit of scurvey grass

Fruit of the common scurvey grass.

The outer coat is sometimes close and even, and fitted to the kernel, as in this Morning-glory, (Gray, 1858).

Seed-coat

The outer coat is sometimes close and even, and fitted to the kernel, as in this Morning-glory, (Gray,…

The outer coat is extended into a thin border or wing as in this Trumpet Creeper, (Gray, 1858).

Seed-coat

The outer coat is extended into a thin border or wing as in this Trumpet Creeper, (Gray, 1858).

The outer seed-coat of the milkweed is furnished with a tuft of long hairs, (Gray, 1858).

Seed-coat

The outer seed-coat of the milkweed is furnished with a tuft of long hairs, (Gray, 1858).

A branch of the Canadian Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), a shrub or small tree, showing fruit.

Canadian Serviceberry

A branch of the Canadian Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), a shrub or small tree, showing fruit.

"Sesamum indicum. 1. a ripe fruit; 2. one of its halves; 3. a seed; 4. a cross section of it." -Lindley, 1853

Sesame

"Sesamum indicum. 1. a ripe fruit; 2. one of its halves; 3. a seed; 4. a cross section of it." -Lindley,…

These are the staminate flowers of Shellbark Hickory, Hicoria ovata, (Keeler, 1915).

Shellbark Hickory Flower

These are the staminate flowers of Shellbark Hickory, Hicoria ovata, (Keeler, 1915).

This side-board is made out of mahogany, traditionally used in the dining room for serving food. It has an Italian design that shows a young Bacchus (Greek God of wine) with a lion on each side. In the center of the back piece is a medallion of a Bacchante (female follower of Bacchus), and at each corner is one of a Bacchanal (festivities). The remainder of this piece is filled with wreaths of the grape-vine and its fruit.

Side-Board

This side-board is made out of mahogany, traditionally used in the dining room for serving food. It…

This sideboard is carved in walnut wood in a French Renaissance style. It is richly decorated with human figures and fruit at the top half, and at the base various animals.

Sideboard

This sideboard is carved in walnut wood in a French Renaissance style. It is richly decorated with human…

"The Silicua is a variety of the capsule, composed of two carpels opening from the base upward, and having a framework called the replum, which forms a spurious dissepiment."&mdash;Darby, 1855

Silicula

"The Silicua is a variety of the capsule, composed of two carpels opening from the base upward, and…

"Silique, the fruit of certain cruciferous plants, consisting of a pair of valves which seperate from a central septum"&mdash;Finley, 1917

Silique

"Silique, the fruit of certain cruciferous plants, consisting of a pair of valves which seperate from…

The staminate flowers of the Silver Maple, Acer saccharinum, (Keeler, 1915).

Silver Maple Flower

The staminate flowers of the Silver Maple, Acer saccharinum, (Keeler, 1915).

The pistillate flowers of the Silver Maple, Acer saccharinum, (Keeler, 1915).

Silver Maple Flower

The pistillate flowers of the Silver Maple, Acer saccharinum, (Keeler, 1915).

The seeds of the Silver Maple, Acer saccharinum, (Keeler, 1915).

Silver Maple Seed

The seeds of the Silver Maple, Acer saccharinum, (Keeler, 1915).

"Halesia tetraptera. 1. its fruit; 2. a perpendicular; 3. a transverse, section of it." -Lindley, 1853

Carolina Silverbell

"Halesia tetraptera. 1. its fruit; 2. a perpendicular; 3. a transverse, section of it." -Lindley, 1853

These are the flowers of the Silverbell-tree, Mohrodendron carolinum, (Keeler, 1915).

Silverbell-Tree Flowers

These are the flowers of the Silverbell-tree, Mohrodendron carolinum, (Keeler, 1915).

Composite, or compound flower, from one of the largest botanical orders. 4, single fruit.

Single Fruit

Composite, or compound flower, from one of the largest botanical orders. 4, single fruit.

These are the fruit, or samara, of Slippery Elm, Ulmus pubescens, (Keeler, 1915).

Slippery Elm Fruit

These are the fruit, or samara, of Slippery Elm, Ulmus pubescens, (Keeler, 1915).

<i>Sansevieria Zeylanica</i> is the Latin name, but this plant is also called a Mother-in-law's Tongue. "A genus of monocotyledonous plants of the order of <i>Haemodoraceae</i> and tribe <i>Ophiopogoneae</i>. It is characterized by a long and slender perianth-tube, six filiform filaments, and a free ovary, fixed by a broad base, containing three cells and three erect ovules." &mdash;Whitney, 1889

Snake Plant

Sansevieria Zeylanica is the Latin name, but this plant is also called a Mother-in-law's Tongue. "A…

"Flowering plant of sanicle (Sanicula marilandica). (a), a male flower; (b), the fruit." -Whitney, 1911

Maryland Black Snakeroot

"Flowering plant of sanicle (Sanicula marilandica). (a), a male flower; (b), the fruit." -Whitney, 1911

"<i>Polygala senega</i> of eastern North America. It sends up several stems from hard knotty root-stocks, bearing single close racemes of white flowers. It is the source of the officinal senegaroot, and from being much gathered is said to have become scarce in the east." &mdash;Whitney, 1889
<p>This illustration shows the knotty roots and the lower portion of the stem.

Seneca Snakeroot - Roots and Base of the Stem

"Polygala senega of eastern North America. It sends up several stems from hard knotty root-stocks, bearing…

"<i>Polygala senega</i> of eastern North America. It sends up several stems from hard knotty root-stocks, bearing single close racemes of white flowers. It is the source of the officinal senegaroot, and from being much gathered is said to have become scarce in the east." &mdash;Whitney, 1889
<p>This illustration is of the fruit of the plant.

Seneca Snakeroot - the Fruit

"Polygala senega of eastern North America. It sends up several stems from hard knotty root-stocks, bearing…

"2. corolla of Antirrhinum majus cut open; 3. its pistil; 4. its ripe fruit; 5. cross section of its ovary; 6. section of its seed." -Lindley, 1853

Snapdragon

"2. corolla of Antirrhinum majus cut open; 3. its pistil; 4. its ripe fruit; 5. cross section of its…

This is the fruit of the Snowdrop-tree, Mohrodendron dipterum, (Keeler, 1915).

Snowdrop-tree Fruit

This is the fruit of the Snowdrop-tree, Mohrodendron dipterum, (Keeler, 1915).

Also known as Yucca schidigera. A flowering plant that is native to the Mojave Desert in the Western United States.

Branch of Spanish Bayonet

Also known as Yucca schidigera. A flowering plant that is native to the Mojave Desert in the Western…

This shows two leaves of Spanish Oak, Quercus digitata, (Keeler, 1915).

Spanish Oak Leaves

This shows two leaves of Spanish Oak, Quercus digitata, (Keeler, 1915).

The Raspberry Spanworm (Synchlora aerata) is the larva of a species of Geometer moth.

Raspberry Spanworm

The Raspberry Spanworm (Synchlora aerata) is the larva of a species of Geometer moth.

Fruit of the spindle tree.

Spindle tree fruit

Fruit of the spindle tree.

"Euonymus europaeus. 1. a section of a fruit; 2. a seed enveloped in its aril; 3. a perpendicular section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

European Spindle

"Euonymus europaeus. 1. a section of a fruit; 2. a seed enveloped in its aril; 3. a perpendicular section…

"Stemless Palm. b, spadix, with spathe forming a hood over fruit; c, fruit, about one-fifth natural size." &mdash; Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Stemless Palm

"Stemless Palm. b, spadix, with spathe forming a hood over fruit; c, fruit, about one-fifth natural…

This is a young, forming strawberry, divided lengthwise,(Gray, 1858).

Strawberry

This is a young, forming strawberry, divided lengthwise,(Gray, 1858).

A strawberry.

Strawberry

A strawberry.

An illustration of a strawberry plant with fruit.

Strawberry Plant

An illustration of a strawberry plant with fruit.

"Large oblong or oblong conical, sometimes flattene, seeds but slightly imbedded; color scarlet; flesh firm, solid; nearly white, of good flavor." &mdash;Fuller, 1910

Durand strawberry

"Large oblong or oblong conical, sometimes flattene, seeds but slightly imbedded; color scarlet; flesh…

"Large round; pale crimson or deep scarlet; seeds slightly sunken, rather soft, acid, without richness, but highly perfumed. A wonderfully hardy and productive variety; extensively cultivated a few years since for market, as it succeeds on a great variety of soils, and when left to grow with little or no cultivation." &mdash;Fuller, 1910

Green prolific strawberry

"Large round; pale crimson or deep scarlet; seeds slightly sunken, rather soft, acid, without richness,…

"Large conical; bright crimson, excellent flower; a strong and vigorous grower on rich and heavy soils, but almost worthless on light or sandy soils." &mdash;Fuller, 1910

Jucunda strawberry

"Large conical; bright crimson, excellent flower; a strong and vigorous grower on rich and heavy soils,…

"3. perpendicular section of a flower of Fragaria indica (Duchesnea indica); 4. the same section of its half ripe fruit, showing the torus covered with carpels; 5. a single carpel of it; 6. one of its achaenia cut open to show the seed inside." -Lindley, 1853

Mock Strawberry

"3. perpendicular section of a flower of Fragaria indica (Duchesnea indica); 4. the same section of…

The seeds of the Striped Maple, Acer pennsylvanicum, (Keeler, 1915).

Striped Maple seed

The seeds of the Striped Maple, Acer pennsylvanicum, (Keeler, 1915).

"Details of the fructification of Struthanthus. 1. flower magnified; 2. section of calyx, ovary, and style; 3. fruit invested by the adnate calyx; 4. section of ditto after the calyx is removed; 5. an embryo with 4 cotyledons." -Lindley, 1853

Struthanthus

"Details of the fructification of Struthanthus. 1. flower magnified; 2. section of calyx, ovary, and…

"Styrax leiophylla. 1. a flower natural size; 2. ditto cut open; 3. stamen seen in front; 4. ovary, with half the calyx removed; 5. longitudinal section of ovary; 6. transverse ditto; 7. ripe fruit; 8. longitudinal section of seed." -Lindley, 1853

Styrax

"Styrax leiophylla. 1. a flower natural size; 2. ditto cut open; 3. stamen seen in front; 4. ovary,…

Embryo of Sugar Maple,(Gray, 1858).

Sugar Maple Embryo

Embryo of Sugar Maple,(Gray, 1858).

The seeds of the Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum, (Keeler, 1915).

Sugar Maple seed

The seeds of the Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows part of the fruiting ament of the Swamp Cottonwood, Populus heterophylla, (Keeler, 1915).

Swamp Cottonwood Fruit

This shows part of the fruiting ament of the Swamp Cottonwood, Populus heterophylla, (Keeler, 1915).