This human anatomy ClipArt gallery offers 263 illustrations of the central nervous system, including external and dissected views of the brain and spinal cord.

Illustration of the reflex action of an animal. SE is the sensory nerve-ending. A stimulus passes through the sensory nerve-fiber SF to a nerve-cell SC in the ganglion of a dorsal or afferent (convey towards the center) root (DR) of a spinal nerve. The fiber divides in the spinal cord (SP C) where the message is relayed to an internuncial nerve-cell (A). MO is motor nerve-cell, VR is ventral or efferent nerve, ME is nerve plate, and MU is muscle fiber.

Reflex Action

Illustration of the reflex action of an animal. SE is the sensory nerve-ending. A stimulus passes through…

A, Myelinic axons in fresh state, showing few nodes. B, Portion of a myelinic axon treated with boiling ether and alcohol to remove the myelin and leaving the neurokeratin network. a, axon.

Myelinic Axons

A, Myelinic axons in fresh state, showing few nodes. B, Portion of a myelinic axon treated with boiling…

Base of the brain and cerebellum, together with the cranial nerves.

Base of Brain and Cerebellum

Base of the brain and cerebellum, together with the cranial nerves.

Part of the central nervous system found in the skull.

Brain

Part of the central nervous system found in the skull.

Scheme showing the connection of the several parts to the brain.

Brain

Scheme showing the connection of the several parts to the brain.

A top view of the human brain.

Brain

A top view of the human brain.

Fissures and gyres of the lateral surface of the left hemicerebrum of the brain.

Brain

Fissures and gyres of the lateral surface of the left hemicerebrum of the brain.

Fissures and gyres of the mesal surface of the left hemicerebrum of the brain.

Brain

Fissures and gyres of the mesal surface of the left hemicerebrum of the brain.

Fissures and gyres of the basal surface of the cerebrum portion of the brain.

Brain

Fissures and gyres of the basal surface of the cerebrum portion of the brain.

"Profile and vertex views of cerebrum. Dr, the frontal lobe; Par, parietal; Oc, occipital; Ts, temporo-sphenoidal lobe; SS, Sylvian fissure; RR, fissure of Rolando; PO, parieto-occipital fissure; IP, intra-pariental fissure; PP, Parallel fissure; SF and IF, supero- and infero-frontal fissures; 1, inferior, 2 middle, and 3, superior frontal convolutions; 4, ascending frontal convolution; 5, ascending parietal, 5', postero-parietal, and 6, angular convolutions; A, supra-marginal, or convolution of the parietal eminence; 7, superior, 8, middle, and 9, inferior temporo-sphenoidal convolutions; 10, superior, 11, middle, and 12, inferior occipital convolutions." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Brain

"Profile and vertex views of cerebrum. Dr, the frontal lobe; Par, parietal; Oc, occipital; Ts, temporo-sphenoidal…

"Diagram illustrating the general relationships of the parts of the brain. A, fore-brain; b, midbrain; B, cerebellum; C, pons Varolii; D, medulla oblongata; B, C, and D together constitute the hind-brain." —Martin, 1917

Brain

"Diagram illustrating the general relationships of the parts of the brain. A, fore-brain; b, midbrain;…

"The brain from the left side. Cb, the cerebral hemispheres forming the main bulkl of the fore-brain; Cbl, the cerebellum; Mo, the medulla oblongata; P, the pons Varolii; *, the fissure of Sylvius; Ro, the fissure of Rolando; Po, the Parieto-occipital fissure." —Martin, 1917

Brain

"The brain from the left side. Cb, the cerebral hemispheres forming the main bulkl of the fore-brain;…

"Diagram of the left half of a vertical median section of the brain. H, H, convoluted inner surface of left cerebral hemisphere; Cc, corpus callosum; Th, optic thalamus; c.q., corpora quadrigemina; Cb, cerebellum; Sp.c, spinal cord; Mo, medulla oblongata; P, pons Varolii; oc, oculo-motor nerve; pt, pituitary body; op, optic nerve; Ro, fissure of Rolando; Po, parieto-occipital fissure; Fr, frontal lobe; Pa, parietal lobe; O, occipital lobe." —Martin, 1917

Brain

"Diagram of the left half of a vertical median section of the brain. H, H, convoluted inner surface…

The brain seen from above. 1: Great fissure; 2: Anterior lobes; 3: Posterior lobes.

Brain

The brain seen from above. 1: Great fissure; 2: Anterior lobes; 3: Posterior lobes.

The brain seen from below. 1: Great fissure; 2: Anterior lobes of cerebrum; 3: Posterior lobes of cerebrum; 4: Lobes of cerebellum; 5: Cranial nerves; 6: Auditory nerve; 7: Optic nerve; 8: Olfactory nerve; 9: Main body of medulla oblongata; 10: End of medulla oblongata.

Brain

The brain seen from below. 1: Great fissure; 2: Anterior lobes of cerebrum; 3: Posterior lobes of cerebrum;…

Front view of the medulla, pons and mesencephalon of a full-time human foetus.

Brain

Front view of the medulla, pons and mesencephalon of a full-time human foetus.

Back view of the medulla, pons and mesencephalon of a full-time human foetus

Brain

Back view of the medulla, pons and mesencephalon of a full-time human foetus

Transverse section through the human medulla in the lower olivary region

Brain

Transverse section through the human medulla in the lower olivary region

Section through the lower part of the human pons varolii imediately above the medulla

Brain

Section through the lower part of the human pons varolii imediately above the medulla

Mesial section through the Corpus Callosum, the Mesencephalon, the Pons, Medulla and Cerebellum. Showing the third and fourth ventricles joined by the aqueduct of Sylvius

Brain

Mesial section through the Corpus Callosum, the Mesencephalon, the Pons, Medulla and Cerebellum. Showing…

Transverse section through a cerebellar folium.

Brain

Transverse section through a cerebellar folium.

Transverse section through the human mesencephalon at the level of the superior quadrigeminal body

Brain

Transverse section through the human mesencephalon at the level of the superior quadrigeminal body

Gyri and Sulci, on the outer surface of the cerebral hemisphere

Brain

Gyri and Sulci, on the outer surface of the cerebral hemisphere

Orbital surface of the left frontal lobe and the island of Reil; the tip of the temporo-sphenoidal lobe has been removed to display the latter.

Brain

Orbital surface of the left frontal lobe and the island of Reil; the tip of the temporo-sphenoidal lobe…

The Gyri and Sulci on the Mesial Aspect of the Cerebral Hemisphere

Brain

The Gyri and Sulci on the Mesial Aspect of the Cerebral Hemisphere

To show the Right Ventricle and the left half of the Corpus Callosum

Brain

To show the Right Ventricle and the left half of the Corpus Callosum

A deeper dissection of the Lateral Ventricle, and of the Velum Interpositum

Brain

A deeper dissection of the Lateral Ventricle, and of the Velum Interpositum

Horizontal section through the Right Cerebral Hemisphere at the Level of the Widest Part of the Lenticular Nucleus

Brain

Horizontal section through the Right Cerebral Hemisphere at the Level of the Widest Part of the Lenticular…

Diagram to illustrate Minute Structure of the Cerebral Cortex

Brain

Diagram to illustrate Minute Structure of the Cerebral Cortex

Diagram illustrating the general relationships of the parts of the brain. Labels: A, fore-brain; b, mid-brain; B, cerebellum; C, pons Varolii; D, medulla oblongata; B,c,and D together constitute the hind-brain.

Brain

Diagram illustrating the general relationships of the parts of the brain. Labels: A, fore-brain; b,…

The brain from the left side. Labels: Cb, the cerebral hemispheres forming the main bulk of the fore-brain; Cbl, the cerebellum; Mo, the medulla oblongata; P, the pons Varolii; *, the fissure of Sylvius.

Brain

The brain from the left side. Labels: Cb, the cerebral hemispheres forming the main bulk of the fore-brain;…

A cross section of the brain from left to right. Labels: 1, thalamus; 2, skull; 3, cerebral membrane; 4, cerebral hemisphere; 5, lateral ventricle; 6, optic lobe; 7, septum lucidum; 8, longitudinal sinus; 9, great longitudinal fissure; 10, corpus callosum; 11, median cerebral cavity; 12, cerebral hemisphere; 13, gray matter; 14, white matter; 15, Corpora Albicantia.

Brain

A cross section of the brain from left to right. Labels: 1, thalamus; 2, skull; 3, cerebral membrane;…

The brain and the cranial nerves seen partly in section and partly in side view. Labels: C, convolutions of the cerebrum; Cbl, cerebellum in section; MD medulla oblongata: Sp N, spinal nerve. The numbers indicate the twelve pairs of cranial nerves in order.

Brain and Cranial Nerves

The brain and the cranial nerves seen partly in section and partly in side view. Labels: C, convolutions…

Anterior view of the brain and spinal marrow. Labels: 1, 1, hemispheres of the cerebrum; 2, great middle fissure; 3, cerebellum; 4, olfactory nerves; 5, optic nerves; 6, corpora albicantia; 7, motor oculi nerves; 8, pons Varolii; 9, fourth pair of nerves; 10, lower portion of the medulla oblongata; 11, 11, medulla spinalis in its whole length; 12, 1, spinal nerves; 13, cauda equina.

Brain and Spinal Cord

Anterior view of the brain and spinal marrow. Labels: 1, 1, hemispheres of the cerebrum; 2, great middle…

The brain and spinal cord. Labels: 1, 1, hemispheres of cerebrum; 2, great middle fissure; 3, cerebellum; 4, olfactory nerves; 5, optic nerves; 6, corpora albicanlia; 7, motor oculi; 8, pons Varolii; 9, fourth nerve; 10, medulla oblongata; 11, 11, medulla spinalis; 12, 12, spinal nerves; 18, cauda equina.

Brain and Spinal Cord

The brain and spinal cord. Labels: 1, 1, hemispheres of cerebrum; 2, great middle fissure; 3, cerebellum;…

A back view of the brain and spinal cord. Labels: 1, The cerebrum. 2, The cerebellum. 3, The spinal cord. 4, Nerves of the face. 5, The brachial plexus of nerves. 6, 7, 8, 9, Nerves of the arm. 10, Nerves that pass under the ribs. 11, The lumbar plexus of nerves. 12, The sacral plexus of nerves. 13, 14, 15, 16, Nerves of the lower limbs.

A Back View of the Brain and Spinal Cord

A back view of the brain and spinal cord. Labels: 1, The cerebrum. 2, The cerebellum. 3, The spinal…

The brain and spine.

Brain and Spine

The brain and spine.

The brain and the origin of the twelve pairs of cranial nerves. Labels: F, E, the cerebrum; D, the cerebellum, showing the arbor vitae; G, the eye; H, the medulla oblongata; A, the spinal cord; C and B, the first two pairs of spinal nerves.

The Brain and the Cranial Nerves

The brain and the origin of the twelve pairs of cranial nerves. Labels: F, E, the cerebrum; D, the cerebellum,…

View of brain from above. F, Frontal lobe; P, Parietal lobe; O, Occipital lobe; T, Temporal lobe; S, fissure of Sylvius; S', horizontal; S", ascending ramus of the same; c, sulcus centralis (fissure of Rolando); A, ascending frontal convolutions; fr, superior, f2, inferior frontal sulcus; f3, precentral sulcus; P1, superior parietal lobule; P2, inferior parietal lobule consisting of P2, supramarginal gyrus, and P2', angular gyrus; ip, interparietal sulcus; cm, termination of callosomarginal fissure; O1, first O2, second, 03, third occipitals inferior; T1, first T2, second, T3, third temporal convolutions; tr, first , t2, second temporal fissures. Sr, end of horizontal ramus of fissure of Sylvius.

View of Brain from Above

View of brain from above. F, Frontal lobe; P, Parietal lobe; O, Occipital lobe; T, Temporal lobe; S,…

1. Hemispheres of the brain proper, or cerebrum. 2. Hemispheres of the smaller brain, or cerebellum. 3. Spinal cord continuous with the brain, and the spinal nerves proceeding from it on each side.

Brain Hemispheres and Spinal Cord

1. Hemispheres of the brain proper, or cerebrum. 2. Hemispheres of the smaller brain, or cerebellum.…

Simplified drawing of brain as seen in mesial section, showing relation of brain stem, cerebrum and cerebellum, and ventricular spaces.

Brain in Mesial Section

Simplified drawing of brain as seen in mesial section, showing relation of brain stem, cerebrum and…

The brain in relation to the skull and face, anterior view.

Brain in Relation to Skull and Face

The brain in relation to the skull and face, anterior view.

The brain in relation to the skull and face, lateral view.

Brain in Relation to Skull and Face

The brain in relation to the skull and face, lateral view.

Diagram of human brain in vertical section, showing the situation of the different ganglia and the course of fibers. Labels: 1, Olfactory ganglion. 2, Hemisphere. 3, Corpus striatum. 4, Optic thalamus. 5, Tubercula quadrigemina. 6, Cerebellum. 7, Ganglion of tuber annulare. 8, Ganglion of medulla oblongata.

Diagram of Human Brain in Vertical Section

Diagram of human brain in vertical section, showing the situation of the different ganglia and the course…

Diagram showing the brain connections of the vagus, glossopharyngeal, auditory, facial, abducent, and trigeminal nerves.

Connection of Brain Nerves

Diagram showing the brain connections of the vagus, glossopharyngeal, auditory, facial, abducent, and…

Schema showing the connections of the several parts of the brain.

Connection of the Brain Parts

Schema showing the connections of the several parts of the brain.

Labels: 1, longitudinal fissure separating the hemispheres; 2, frontal lobes of the cerebrum; 3, posterior lobes.

Brain Seen from Above

Labels: 1, longitudinal fissure separating the hemispheres; 2, frontal lobes of the cerebrum; 3, posterior…

Labels: 1, longitudinal fissure separating the hemispheres; 2 and 3, front and posterior lobes of the cerebrum; 4 cerebellum; 7, optic nerve; 8, olfactory nerve; 9, medulla.

Brain Seen from Below

Labels: 1, longitudinal fissure separating the hemispheres; 2 and 3, front and posterior lobes of the…

Diagram to show the connecting of the Frontal Occipital Lobes with the Cerebellum. The dotted lines passing in the crusta, outside the motor fibers, indicate the connection between the temporo-occipital lobe and the cerebellum. F.C., the fronto-cerebellar fibers, which pass internally to the motor tract in the crusta; I.F., fibers from the caudate nucleus to the pons. FR., frontal lobe; Oc, occipital lobe; AF. ascending frontal; AP., ascending frontal convolution; FR., fissure of Rolando; IPF., interparietal fissure, a section of crus is lettered on the left side. SN., substantia nigra; PY. pyramidal motor fiber, which on the right is shown as continuous lines converging to pass through the posterior limb of IC. internal capsule ( the knee or elbow of which is shown thus) upwards into the hemisphere and downwards through the pons to cross at the medulla in the anterior pyramids.

Brain Showing Connection of Frontal Occipital Lobe with Cerebellum

Diagram to show the connecting of the Frontal Occipital Lobes with the Cerebellum. The dotted lines…

Shown is the corpus callosum. The corpus callosum is a thick stratum of transversely directed nerve fibers, by which almost every part of one cerebral hemisphere is connected with the corresponding part of the other cerebral hemisphere.

Brain Showing Corpus Callosum

Shown is the corpus callosum. The corpus callosum is a thick stratum of transversely directed nerve…

The right lateral aspect of the brain stem after the cerebral hemisphere (except the Corpus striatum) and the cerebellum (except the Nucleus dentatus) have been removed.

Brain Stem and Adjacent Structures

The right lateral aspect of the brain stem after the cerebral hemisphere (except the Corpus striatum)…

Simplified drawing of brain as seen from below, showing relations of brain stem to spinal cord and cerebrum.

Relation of Brain Stem to Spinal Cord

Simplified drawing of brain as seen from below, showing relations of brain stem to spinal cord and cerebrum.

Sagittal section of brain stem; plane of section is somewhat lateral to midline.

Sagittal Section of Brain Stem

Sagittal section of brain stem; plane of section is somewhat lateral to midline.

The cerebral hemispheres viewed from above.

Brain Viewed From Above

The cerebral hemispheres viewed from above.

The brain viewed from above. Labels: 1, occipital convolution; 2, occipital lobe; 3, inner parietal convolution; 4, left cerebral hemisphere; 5, inner frontal convolution; 6, right cerebral hemisphere; 7, frontal lobe; 8, longitudinal fissure; 9, median frontal convolution; 10, occipital center convolution; 11, frontal center convolution; 12, outer frontal convolution; 13, outer parietal convolution; 14, median parietal convolution.

Brain Viewed from Above

The brain viewed from above. Labels: 1, occipital convolution; 2, occipital lobe; 3, inner parietal…

Lateral view of a brain hemisphere; cortical area V, damage to which produces "mind blindness" (word blindness); cortical area H, damage to which produced "mind deafness" (word deafness); cortical area S, damage to which caused the loss of audible speech; cortical area W, damage to which abolished the power of writing.

Association Area of the Brain

Lateral view of a brain hemisphere; cortical area V, damage to which produces "mind blindness" (word…

Under surface, or base of brain.

Base of Brain

Under surface, or base of brain.

The base of the brain. Labels: 1, longitudinal fissure; 2, 2, anterior lobes of cerebrum; 3, olfactory bulb; 7, optic commissure; 9, 3rd nerve, ; 11, 4th nerve; 13, 5th nerve; 14, crura cerebri, 15, 6th nerve; 16, pons Varolii; 17, 7th nerve; 19, 8th nerve; 20, medulla oblongata; 21, 9th nerve, 23, 10th nerve; 25, 11th nerve; 27, 12th nerve; 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, cerebellum.

Base of Brain

The base of the brain. Labels: 1, longitudinal fissure; 2, 2, anterior lobes of cerebrum; 3, olfactory…

The base of the brain. The cerebral hemispheres are seen overlapping all the rest. Labels: I, olfactory lobes; II, optic tract passing to the optic commissure from which the optic nerves proceed; III, the third nerve or motor oculi; IV, the fourth nerve or patheticus; V, the fifth nerve or trigeminalis; VI, the sixth nerve or abducens; VII, the seventh or facial nerve or portio dura; VIII, the auditory nerve or portio mollis; IX, the ninth or glosso-pharyngeal; X, the tenth or pneumogastric or vagus; XI, the spinal accessory; XII, the hypoglassal; ncI, the first cervical spinal nerve.

The Base of the Brain

The base of the brain. The cerebral hemispheres are seen overlapping all the rest. Labels: I, olfactory…

The base of brain. Labels: 1. Olfactory Bulb; 2. Second, or Optic Nerves; 3. Anterior Perforated Space; 4. Optic Tract; 5. Crus Cerebri; 6. 3rd Nerve; 7. 4th Nerve.; 8. 5th Nerve; 9. 6th Nerve; 10. Pyramid; 11. Olivary Body; 12. Vertebral Artery; 13. Anterior Spinal Artery; 14. Anterior Cerebral Artery; 15. Lamina Cinerea; 16. Middle Cerebral Artery; 17. Tuber Cinereum; 18. Corpora Albicantia; 19. Posterior Perforated Space; 20. Posterior Cerebral Artery; 21. Superior Cerebral Artery; 22. Pons Varolii; 23. Inferior Cerebellar Artery; 24. 7th and 8th Nerves; 25. 9th, 10th, and 11th Nerves; 26. 12th Nerve; 27. Cerebellum.

Base of the Brain

The base of brain. Labels: 1. Olfactory Bulb; 2. Second, or Optic Nerves; 3. Anterior Perforated Space;…