The Roman acanthus constitutes a type, rather than a particular form of leaf. As compared with the Greek type, it is less massive, less pointed, more minutely modeled. It suggests a larger, thinner, more flexible and more complex leaf, with well-developed "eyes" at the bases of the lobes and "pipes" or ribs curving from these to the base of the leaf.

Acanthus Leaves

The Roman acanthus constitutes a type, rather than a particular form of leaf. As compared with the Greek…

Four types of acanthus leaves.

Acanthus Leaves

Four types of acanthus leaves.

This Roman Amphora is an unpainted vase made out of yellow clay. It was found in the area near Aquileia, Ancient Rome.

Roman Amphora

This Roman Amphora is an unpainted vase made out of yellow clay. It was found in the area near Aquileia,…

This Roman Amphora is made out of iridescent glass and was found in Pompeii, Ancient Rome.

Roman Amphora

This Roman Amphora is made out of iridescent glass and was found in Pompeii, Ancient Rome.

Roman carved anthemion.

Anthemion

Roman carved anthemion.

Roman carved anthemion.

Anthemion

Roman carved anthemion.

Roman carved anthemion.

Anthemion

Roman carved anthemion.

(86-161) Roman emperor.

Antoninus Pius

(86-161) Roman emperor.

(63 BC-AD 14) Roman Emperor

Emperor Augustus

(63 BC-AD 14) Roman Emperor

(121-180) Roman Emperor

Marcus Aurelius

(121-180) Roman Emperor

Simple water leaf molding.

Band Molding

Simple water leaf molding.

Enriched water leaf molding.

Band Molding

Enriched water leaf molding.

Acannthus leaf enriched molding.

Band Molding

Acannthus leaf enriched molding.

Fragment fdrom Temple of Vespasian, in Villa Aldobrandini.

Band Ornament

Fragment fdrom Temple of Vespasian, in Villa Aldobrandini.

Fragment from the Forum of Trajan in Latern Museum.

Band Pattern

Fragment from the Forum of Trajan in Latern Museum.

Oak leaf and rosette band.

Band Pattern

Oak leaf and rosette band.

Roman bucranes and festoon.

Bucranes and Festoon

Roman bucranes and festoon.

Candelabrum

Candelabrum

Candelabrum

Candelabrum on a triangular pedistal in Vatican Museum.

Candelabrum

Candelabrum on a triangular pedistal in Vatican Museum.

Tepidarium at the Baths of Caracalla.

Baths of Caracalla

Tepidarium at the Baths of Caracalla.

Typical Roman ceiling panel.

Ceiling Panel

Typical Roman ceiling panel.

(106BC-43) Roman orator, statesman and man of letters

Cicero

(106BC-43) Roman orator, statesman and man of letters

(106 - 43 B.C.) Roman orator, statesman and man of letters

Marcus Tullius Cicero

(106 - 43 B.C.) Roman orator, statesman and man of letters

Cinerary chest and urn in the Vatican Museum.

Cinerary Chest and Urn

Cinerary chest and urn in the Vatican Museum.

Arch of Titus.

Composite Order

Arch of Titus.

Enriched Corinthian base from the Temple of Concord.

Corinthian Base

Enriched Corinthian base from the Temple of Concord.

Enriched Corinthian base in the Baptistery of Constantine.

Corinthian Base

Enriched Corinthian base in the Baptistery of Constantine.

Corinthian capital from the Temple of Mars, Ultor.

Corinthian Capital

Corinthian capital from the Temple of Mars, Ultor.

Temple of Castor and Pollux.

Corinthian Order

Temple of Castor and Pollux.

Greco-Roman Corinthian order of Temple of Vesta.

Corinthian Order

Greco-Roman Corinthian order of Temple of Vesta.

Terra cotta dolphins.

Dolphins

Terra cotta dolphins.

Themoe of Diocletian.

Doric Order

Themoe of Diocletian.

Sarcophagus end, Ravenna, Italy.

Early Christian Sarcophagus

Sarcophagus end, Ravenna, Italy.

Detail of floor mosaic from Villa Italica, Seville.

Floor Mosaic

Detail of floor mosaic from Villa Italica, Seville.

Scroll detail from the so-called Florentine Tablet in the Uffizi Museum.

Florentine Tablet

Scroll detail from the so-called Florentine Tablet in the Uffizi Museum.

Detail from the so-called Florentine Tablet in the Uffizi Museum.

Florentine Tablet

Detail from the so-called Florentine Tablet in the Uffizi Museum.

Roman Ionic capital, front and side views.

Ionic Capital

Roman Ionic capital, front and side views.

Roman Ionic capital, front and side views.

Ionic Capital

Roman Ionic capital, front and side views.

Temple of Fortuna Virilis.

Ionic Order

Temple of Fortuna Virilis.

Silver krater from Hildesheim.

Silver Krater

Silver krater from Hildesheim.

Two Roman As, or mite, a denomination of Roman currency.

Mite

Two Roman As, or mite, a denomination of Roman currency.

The arena of Nimes is a roman amphitheater located in city of Nimes, France. The amphitheater was built around 70 A.D. during the time of Emperor Caesar Augustus. The structure is designed in an enclosed ellipsis.

The Arena of Nimes

The arena of Nimes is a roman amphitheater located in city of Nimes, France. The amphitheater was built…

The square house of Nimes is also known as Maison Carree. It is an ancient Roman temple located in Nimes, Souther France. It was built by Roman statesman and general, Marcus Agrippa in dedication to his sons. The temple is made up of corinthian columns in the front entrance and attached columns all around the structure.

The Square House of Nimes

The square house of Nimes is also known as Maison Carree. It is an ancient Roman temple located in Nimes,…

Enriched ove fdrom the Temple of Vespasian.

Ove

Enriched ove fdrom the Temple of Vespasian.

"The most important and most beautiful of circular buildings without columns surrounding it is the Pantheon at Rome, which was completed in the reign of Augustus, in the year 25 A.D."

Façade of the Pantheon at Rome

"The most important and most beautiful of circular buildings without columns surrounding it is the Pantheon…

"The most important and most beautiful of circular buildings without columns surrounding it is the Pantheon at Rome, which was completed in the reign of Augustus, in the year 25 A.D."

Interior of the Pantheon at Rome

"The most important and most beautiful of circular buildings without columns surrounding it is the Pantheon…

A building in Rome commissioned as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome.

The Panthéon

A building in Rome commissioned as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome.

Silver patera from Hildesheim.

Silver Patera

Silver patera from Hildesheim.

Pilaster fragment in Villa Medici, Rome.

Pilaster Fragment

Pilaster fragment in Villa Medici, Rome.

Pilaster fragment with double rinceau, in Palazzo Fano, Rome.

Pilaster Fragment

Pilaster fragment with double rinceau, in Palazzo Fano, Rome.

The plain of Latium is East of Rome of the Sabine Mountains.

Plain of Latium

The plain of Latium is East of Rome of the Sabine Mountains.

(c. 62-114) Roman senator who wrote a famous collection of letters

Pliny Minor

(c. 62-114) Roman senator who wrote a famous collection of letters

A plough used for cultivating the soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting.

A Roman Plough

A plough used for cultivating the soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting.

Pompeiian molding.

Pompeiian Molding

Pompeiian molding.

Pompeiian molding.

Pompeiian Molding

Pompeiian molding.

Pompeiian molding.

Pompeiian Molding

Pompeiian molding.

Carved Pompeiian rinceau.

Pompeiian Rinceau

Carved Pompeiian rinceau.

A Roman foot-race.

Race

A Roman foot-race.

Ramparts or limes, defensive walls or fortifications constructed for defense of ancient cities or settlement from aggressors. Some constructed as early as the 1st century A.D. when the Romans conquered the land and defended their position there by constructing a rampart (limes). A limes (or the Limes Romanus) was a border defense of Ancient Rome. It marked the boundaries of the Roman Empire. In ancient to modern times, they were used to enclose settlements. Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls.

Ramparts of Ulm

Ramparts or limes, defensive walls or fortifications constructed for defense of ancient cities or settlement…

A band design that includes a round stem, springing from a nest of acanthus leaves, then branching into scrolls. Example from the Forum of Trajan.

Rinceau

A band design that includes a round stem, springing from a nest of acanthus leaves, then branching into…