The right auricle (atrium) and ventricle of the heart opened, and a part of their right and anterior walls removed, so as to show their interior; 1/2, 1, superior vena cava; 2, inferior vena cava; 2', hepatic veins cut short; 3, right auricle; 3', placed in the fossa ovalis, below which is the Eustachian valve; 3", is placed close to the aperture of the coronary vein; +, +, placed n the auriculo-ventricular groove, where a narrow portion of the adjacent walls of the auricle and ventricle has been preserved; 4, 4, cavity of the right ventricle; the upper figure is immediately below the semilunar valves; 4', large columna carnea or musculus papillaris; 5, 5', 5", tricuspid valve; 6, placed in the interior o the pulmonary artery, a part of the anterior wall of that vessel having been removed, and a narrow portion of it preserved at its commencement where the semilunar valves are attached; 7, concavity of the aortic arch close to the cord of the ductus arteriosus; 8, ascending part of sinus of the arch covered at its commencement by the auricular appendix and pulmonary artery; 9, placed between the innominate and left carotid arteries; 10, appendix of the left auricle; 11, 11, the outside of the left ventricle, the lower figure near the apex.

Right Atrium and Ventricle of the Heart

The right auricle (atrium) and ventricle of the heart opened, and a part of their right and anterior…

<em>L.A.</em>, left auricle; <em>R.A.</em>, right auricle; <em>A</em>, opening of the inferior vena cava; <em>B</em>, superior vena cava; <em>C</em>, cardiac vein of right auricle laid open; <em>D</em>, left pulmonary veins; <em>E</em>, eight pulmonary veins; <em>F</em>, muscular fibers surrounding the openings between the left auricle and left ventricle, and the right auricle and right ventricle; <em>G, H, K,</em> and <em>L</em>, muscular fibers surrounding the great veins of the heart." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Muscular fibers of the auricle

L.A., left auricle; R.A., right auricle; A, opening of the inferior vena…

This illustration shows a representation of the circulation of the blood, in its essential features. The arrows indicate the course of the blood. a, arteries; aur., auricle or receiving portion of the heart; d, digestive tract; c. d., capillaries of the digestive tract; c.r., capillaries of the respiratory organs; c.s., capillaries of the system; va., valves; ve, veins; vt, ventricle.

Blood Circulation

This illustration shows a representation of the circulation of the blood, in its essential features.…

Branchi of the lungs, the heart, and blood vessels. Labels: 1, left auricle; 2, right auricle; 3, left ventricle; 5, pulmonary artery; 6, arch of the aorta; 7, superior vena cava; 8, arteria innominata; 9, left primitive carotid artery; 10, left subclavian artery; 11, trachea; 12, larynx; 13, upper lobe of right lung; 14, upper lobe of left lung; 15, trunk of right pulmonary artery; 16, lower lobes of the lungs.

Branchi and Blood Vessels

Branchi of the lungs, the heart, and blood vessels. Labels: 1, left auricle; 2, right auricle; 3, left…

"Diagram of the principal vessels in the circulation of a fish, ventral view. a, aorta; au., auricle; br.a., afferent branchial arteries; br.e., efferent branchial arteries; bu., bulbus (or conus) arteriosus; c, carotid; c.a., caudal artery; c.v.r., right cardinal vein; c.v.l., left cardinal vein; d.a., dorsal artery; d.c., ductus Cuvieri; g, gills; h.v., hepatic vein; h.p., hepatic portal vein; i, intestine; j, jugular vein; k, kidney; l, liver; r.p., renal portal vein; s.v., sinus venosus; v, ventricle." &mdash; Galloway

Fish Circulation

"Diagram of the principal vessels in the circulation of a fish, ventral view. a, aorta; au., auricle;…

Front view of the heart and great vessels. The pulmonary artery has been cut short close to its origin. Labels: 1, right ventricle; 2, left ventricle; 3, root of the pulmonary artery; 4, 4', arch of the aorta; 4'', the descending thoracic aorta; 5, part of the right auricle; 6, part of the left auricle; 7, 7', innominate veins joining to form the vena cava superior; 8, inferior vena cava; 9, one of the large hepatic veins; X, placed in the right auriculo-ventricular groove, points to the right or posterior coronary artery; X, X, placed in the anterior interventricular groove, indicate the left or anterior coronary artery.

Heart

Front view of the heart and great vessels. The pulmonary artery has been cut short close to its origin.…

A diagram of the heart. Labels: 1. Left auricle. 2, Right auricle. 3, Left ventricle. 4, Right ventricle. 5, Right and left pulmonary veins. 6, Trachea.

The Heart

A diagram of the heart. Labels: 1. Left auricle. 2, Right auricle. 3, Left ventricle. 4, Right ventricle.…

A diagram of the heart. Labels: 1. Right auricle. 2, Left auricle. 3, Right ventricle. 4, Left ventricle. 5, Right and left pulmonary veins. 6, Trachea.

The Heart

A diagram of the heart. Labels: 1. Right auricle. 2, Left auricle. 3, Right ventricle. 4, Left ventricle.…

The heart. Labels: A, the right ventricle; B, the left ventricle; C, the right auricle; D, the left auricle.

Heart

The heart. Labels: A, the right ventricle; B, the left ventricle; C, the right auricle; D, the left…

View of the heart with its several chambers exposed and the vessels in connection with them. Labels: 1, the superior vena cava. 2, the inferior vena cava. 3. the chamber called the auricle. 4. the right ventricle. 5. the line marking the passage between the two chambers, and the points of attachment of one margin of the valve. 6. the septum between the two ventricles. 7. the pulmonary artery, arising from the right ventricle, and dividing at 8 into right and left, of the corresponding lungs. 9. the four pulmonary veins, bringing the blood from the lungs into 10, the left auricle. 11. the left ventricle. 12. the aorta, arising from the left ventricle, and passing down behind the heart, to distribute blood to every part of the system. Thus the blood moves in a double circle, one from the heart to the body, and from the body back to the heart, called the systemic circle; the other, from the heart to the lung, and from the lung back to the heart, called the pulmonic circle.

Heart and its Chambers

View of the heart with its several chambers exposed and the vessels in connection with them. Labels:…

The heart and lungs. 1, right ventricle; 3, right auricle (atrium); 6, 7, pulmonary artery; 9, aorta; 10, superior vena cava; 11, innominate artery; 12, right subclavian vein; 14, innominate vein; 15, left common carotid; 17, trachea; 20, pulmonary veins; 22 to 25, lungs, partially turned back to show veins on left side.

Heart and Lungs

The heart and lungs. 1, right ventricle; 3, right auricle (atrium); 6, 7, pulmonary artery; 9, aorta;…

The heart of a frog (Rana esculenta) from the front. Labels: V, ventricle, Ad, right auricle; As, left auricle; B, bulbus arteriosus, dividing into right and left aorta.

Heart of a Frog

The heart of a frog (Rana esculenta) from the front. Labels: V, ventricle, Ad, right auricle; As, left…

Diagram to illustrate the action (pumping) of the heart. Labels: aur., auricle; vent., ventricle; v, veins; a, aorta; m, mitral valve; s, semilunar valves. In A, auricle contracting, ventricle dilated, mitral valve open, semilunar valves closed. In B, auricle dilated, ventricle contracting, mitral valve closed, semilunar valves open.

Diagram Showing the Pumping of the Heart

Diagram to illustrate the action (pumping) of the heart. Labels: aur., auricle; vent., ventricle; v,…

The left auricle and ventricle laid open, the posterior walls of both being removed.

Heart with Left Auricle and Ventricle Laid Open

The left auricle and ventricle laid open, the posterior walls of both being removed.

The right auricle and ventricle laid open, the anterior walls of both being removed.

Heart with Right Auricle and Ventricle Laid Open

The right auricle and ventricle laid open, the anterior walls of both being removed.

Base of ventricles exposed by removal of the auricles.

Heart with Ventricles Exposed

Base of ventricles exposed by removal of the auricles.

Anterior view of the heart, dissected, after long boiling to show the superficial muscular fibers. The aorta (b') and pulmonary artery (a') have been cut short close to the semilunar valves. Labels: a, right ventricle; b, left ventricle; c, c, groove between ventricles; d, d', right auricle (atrium); e, e', left auricle (atrium); f, superior vena cava; g', g", right and left pulmonary veins. The fibers are seen running a circular, oblique, transverse, and longitudinal direction.

Anterior View of the Heart

Anterior view of the heart, dissected, after long boiling to show the superficial muscular fibers. The…

"<em>A</em>, superior vena cava; <em>B</em>, right auricle; <em>C</em>, right ventricle; <em>D</em> left ventricle; <em>E</em>, left auricle; <em>F</em> pulminary vein; <em>H</em>, pulminary artery; <em>K</em> aorta; <em>L</em>, right subclavian artery; <em>N</em>, left common carotid artery." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Anterior view of the heart

"A, superior vena cava; B, right auricle; C, right ventricle; D

The cavities of the right auricle and right ventricle of the heart.

Auricle and Ventricle of the Heart

The cavities of the right auricle and right ventricle of the heart.

"<em>A, B</em>, right pulmonary veins, <em>S</em>, openings of the left pulmonary veins; <em>E, D, C, aortic valves; <em>R</em>, aorta, <em>P</em>pulmonary artery, <em>O</em>, pulmonic valves, <em>H</em>, mitraal valve; <em>K</em>, columnae carneae, <em>M</em> right ventricular cavity." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Cavities of the heart

"A, B, right pulmonary veins, S, openings of the left pulmonary veins; E, D, C,

The chambers of the heart. Labels: A, right ventricle; B, left ventricle; C, right auricle; D, left auricle; E, tricuspid valve; F, bicuspid valve; G, semilunar valves; H, valves of the aorta; I , inferior vena cava: K, superior vena cava; L, pulmonary veins.

Chambers of the Heart

The chambers of the heart. Labels: A, right ventricle; B, left ventricle; C, right auricle; D, left…

The right auricle and ventricle opened, and a part of their right and anterior walls removed, so as to show their interior. Labels: 1, superior vena cava; 2, inferior vena cava; 2', heptic veins cut short; 3, right auricle; 3', placed in the fossa ovalis, below which is the Eustachian valve; 3", is placed close to the aperture of the coronary adjacent walls of the auricle and ventricle has been preserved; 4, cavity of the right carnea or musculus papillaris; 5, 5', 5", tricuspid valve; 6, placed in the interior of the pulmonary artery, a part of the anterior wall of that vessel having been removed, and a narrow portion of it preserved at its commencement, where the semilunar valves are attached; 7, concavity of the aortic arch close to the cord of the ductus arteriosus; 8, ascending part or sinus of the arch covered at its commencement by the auricular arteries; 10, appendix of the left auricle; 11, the outside of the left ventricle, the lower figure near the apex.

A Diagram of the Heart

The right auricle and ventricle opened, and a part of their right and anterior walls removed, so as…

The left auricle and ventricle opened and a part of their anterior and left walls removed. The pulmonary artery has been divided at its commencement; the opening into the left ventricle is carried a short distance into the aorta between two of the segments of the semilunar valves; and the left part of the auricle with its appendix has been removed. The right auricle is out of view. Labels: 1, the two right pulmonary veins cut short; their opening are seen within the auricle; 1' , placed within the cavity of the auricle on the left side of the septum and on the right side and on the part which forms the remains of the valve of the foramen ovale, of which the crescentic fold is seen towards the left hand of 1'; 2, a narrow portion of the wall of the auricle and ventricle preserved round the auriculo-ventricular orifice; 3, 3', the cut surface of the walls of the ventricle, seen to become very much thinner towards 3", at the apex; 4, a small part of the anterior wall of the left ventricle which has been preserved with the principle anterior columna carnea or musculus papillaris attached to it; 5. ,musculi papillares; 5', the left side of the septum, between the two ventricles, within the cavity of the left ventricle; and above the three segments of its semilunar valve which are hanging loosely together; 7', the exterior of the great aortic sinus; 8, the root of the pulmonary artery and its semilunar valves; 8' the separated portion of the pulmonary artery remaining attached to the aorta by 9, the cord of the ductus arteriosus; 10, the arteries rising from the summit of the aortic arch.

A Diagram of the Heart

The left auricle and ventricle opened and a part of their anterior and left walls removed. The pulmonary…

"Diagram of the passages of the heart. 1. left auricle. 2. left ventricle, 3. Right auricle. 4. Right ventricle." &mdash;Brown, 1884

Diagram of the heart

"Diagram of the passages of the heart. 1. left auricle. 2. left ventricle, 3. Right auricle. 4. Right…

A representation of the heart as it really appears showing the front view. At <em>a</em> is the right auricle that receives blood from all pats of the body by two large veins h and i. At <em>b</em> is the right ventricle, which receives the blood from the auricle and sends it to the lungs by the pulmonary artery <em>f</em>. At <em>c</em> is the left auricle, which receives the blood from the lungs by the pulmonary veins <em>g, g, g</em>. At <em>d</em> is the left ventricle which receives blood from the auricle and forces it all over the body through the aorta <em>e</em>.

Heart, Front View of

A representation of the heart as it really appears showing the front view. At a is the right…

Left side of heart. Labels: 1, cavity of left auricle (atrium); 3, opening of right pulmonary veins; 5, left pulmonary veins; 5, left pulmonary veins; 6, auriculo-ventricular opening; 8, wall of left ventricle; 9, cavity of left ventricle; a, mitral valve (its flaps are attached by the chordae tendineae to the muscular pillars (b,b); d, arch of aorta); e, pulmonary artery.

Left Side of Heart

Left side of heart. Labels: 1, cavity of left auricle (atrium); 3, opening of right pulmonary veins;…

"<em>L.A.</em>, left auricle; <em>R.A.</em>, right auricle; <em>R.V.</em>, right ventricle; <em>A</em>, opening of the inferior vena cava; <em>B</em>, superior vena cava; <em>C</em>, right pulmonary veins; <em>D</em>, left pulmonary veins; <em>E</em>aorta; <em>F</em>, left branch of pulmonary artery; <em>G</em>, great cardiac vein; <em>H</em>middle cardiac vein. the cardiac lymphatics which follow the course of the cardiac veins are also shown." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Posterior view of the heart

"L.A., left auricle; R.A., right auricle; R.V., right ventricle; A,…

The heart. Labels: RA, right auricle, RV; right ventricle; LA, left auricle; LV, left ventricle.

The Heart

The heart. Labels: RA, right auricle, RV; right ventricle; LA, left auricle; LV, left ventricle.

"<em>A</em>, a fold of peritoneum; <em>B</em>, lacteals and lymphatic glands; <em>C</em>, veins of intestines; <em>R.C.,</em>, receptacle of the chyle (receptaculum chyli); <em>P.V.</em>, portal vein; <em>H.V.</em>, hepatic veins; <em>S.V.C.</em>, superior vena cava; <em>R.A.</em>, right auricle of the heart; <em>I.V.C.</em>, inferior vena cava." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Intestinal absorption

"A, a fold of peritoneum; B, lacteals and lymphatic glands; C, veins of intestines;…

"<em>L.A.</em>, left ventricle; <em>B</em>, right ventricle; <em>F</em>, pulmonary artery; <em>G</em>, aorta; <em>H</em>, arch of the aorta; <em>K</em>, innominate artery; <em>L</em>, right common carotid artery; <em>M</em>, right subclavian artery; <em>N</em>, thyroid cartilage forming upper portions of the larynx; <em>O</em>, trachea." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Lungs

"L.A., left ventricle; B, right ventricle; F, pulmonary artery; G,…

"The outer ear consists of a plate of gristle, shaped somewhat like a shell, known as the pinna, or auricle, and of a tube about an inch long, called the auditory canal." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Pinna

"The outer ear consists of a plate of gristle, shaped somewhat like a shell, known as the pinna, or…

"The transverse section of the thorax. 1, anterior mediastinum; 2, internal mammary vessels; 3, triangularis sterni; 4, 5, phrenic nerves; 6, thoracic duct; 7, esophagus; 8, vena azygos major; 9, thoracic aorta; 19, sympathetic; R. V., right ventricle; R. A., right auricle; P.A., pulmonary artery; A., aorta; C., superior vena cava; V., dorsal vertebra." &mdash; Richardson, 1906

Thorax

"The transverse section of the thorax. 1, anterior mediastinum; 2, internal mammary vessels; 3, triangularis…

Transverse section of the thorax. Labels: 1, anterior mediastinum; 2, internal mammary vessels; 3, triangularis sterni; 4, 5, phrenic nerves; 6, thoracic duct; 7, esophagus; 8, vena azygos major; 9, thoracic aorta; 10, sympathetic; R. V., right ventricle; R. A., right auricle; P. A. pulmonary artery; A., aorta; C., superior vena cava; V., dorsal vertebra.

Transverse Section of the Thorax

Transverse section of the thorax. Labels: 1, anterior mediastinum; 2, internal mammary vessels; 3, triangularis…

The right ventricle is in the shape of a crescent moon and the left ventricle is in the shape of a circle.

Ventricle

The right ventricle is in the shape of a crescent moon and the left ventricle is in the shape of a circle.

Transverse section of bullock's heart in a state of cadaveric rigidity.

Ventricles of the Heart

Transverse section of bullock's heart in a state of cadaveric rigidity.