"Argent, an allerion gules. ALLERION. An eagle displayed, without beak or feet." -Hall, 1862

Allerion

"Argent, an allerion gules. ALLERION. An eagle displayed, without beak or feet." -Hall, 1862

"This charge is borne with a cable, and set fesse-wise, by the British Admiralty; but it is usual to place it in pale, and it depicted without a cable, unless the contrary is specified."—Aveling, 1891

Anchor

"This charge is borne with a cable, and set fesse-wise, by the British Admiralty; but it is usual to…

"Azure, an annulet argent. Annulets are added to arms for a difference. ANNULET. A small circle borne as a charge in coats of arms." -Hall, 1862

Annulet

"Azure, an annulet argent. Annulets are added to arms for a difference. ANNULET. A small circle borne…

"Fifth Son, the ANNULET. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number. They not only distinguish the sons of one family, but also denote the subordinate degrees in each house." -Hall, 1862

Annulet Difference

"Fifth Son, the ANNULET. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number. They…

The heraldic charge borne by the fifth eldest son in a family.

The Annulet

The heraldic charge borne by the fifth eldest son in a family.

"Argent, a fess gules" describes the red (gules) stripe (fess) on the silver (argent) field.

Argent, a Fess Gules

"Argent, a fess gules" describes the red (gules) stripe (fess) on the silver (argent) field.

"Azure, a dexter arm vambraced couped, the fist clenched proper. CLENCHED. The fingers pressed towards the palm of the hand." -Hall, 1862

Arm with Fist Clenched

"Azure, a dexter arm vambraced couped, the fist clenched proper. CLENCHED. The fingers pressed towards…

"Argent. Three arrows proper, banded. BANDED. Anything tied with a band." -Hall, 1862

Arrows Banded

"Argent. Three arrows proper, banded. BANDED. Anything tied with a band." -Hall, 1862

The heraldic shield of Ralph de Arundel.

Shield of Ralph de Arundel

The heraldic shield of Ralph de Arundel.

A machine that generates electrical charge using friction.

Atkinson Topler-Holtz Machine

A machine that generates electrical charge using friction.

"Ermine, on a chevron azure, three foxes' heads erased, argent. The augmentation is in a canton azure, a fleur-de-lis argent. AUGMENTATION. This word signifies in Heraldry a particular mark of honour, granted by the sovereign in consideration of some noble action, or by favour; and either quartered with the family arms, or on an escutcheon or canton." -Hall, 1862

Augmentation

"Ermine, on a chevron azure, three foxes' heads erased, argent. The augmentation is in a canton azure,…

"BADGE. A distinctive mark worn by servants, retainers, and followers of royalty or nobility, who, being beneath the rank of gentlemen, have no right to armorial bearings. The rose and crown is the badge of the servants, &c., of the Kings of England: they are displayed as in the annexed example." -Hall, 1862

Rose and Crown Badge

"BADGE. A distinctive mark worn by servants, retainers, and followers of royalty or nobility, who, being…

"Parted per pale, baron and femme, two coats; first, or, a chevron gules; second, barry of twelve pieces, azure and argent. In Heraldry, the husband and wife are called baron and femme; ... the shield is in heraldic language said to be parted per pale." -Hall, 1862

Baron and Femme

"Parted per pale, baron and femme, two coats; first, or, a chevron gules; second, barry of twelve pieces,…

"Parted per pale, baron and femme, three coats;—first, gules, on a bend (argent), three trefoils vert: second, parted per fess, in chief azure, a mascle or, with a label argent for difference. In base ermine, a fess, dancette gules. The same rule would apply if the husband had three or more wives; they would all be placed in the sinister division of the shield. If a widower marries again, the arms of both his wives are placed on the sinister side, which is parted per fess." -Hall, 1862

Baron and Femme

"Parted per pale, baron and femme, three coats;—first, gules, on a bend (argent), three trefoils…

"Baron and femme, two coats; first, gules, a saltier argent; second, on an escutcheon of pretence, azure, a chevron, or. Where the baron marries an heiress, he does not impale his arms with hers, as in the preceding examples, but bears them in an escutcheon of pretence in the centre of the shield." -Hall, 1862

Baron and Femme

"Baron and femme, two coats; first, gules, a saltier argent; second, on an escutcheon of pretence, azure,…

"Baron and femme, two atchievements. First, azure, a pile or, crest a star of six points, argent; second, gules, a cross flory argent, surmounted by an earl's coronet: supporters, on the dexter side a stag ducally gorged and chained, on the sinister side a griffin gorged and chained; motto, Honour and Truth. If a peeress in her own right, or the daughter of a peer, marries a private gentleman, their coats of arms are not conjoined paleways, as baron and femme, but are placed upon separate shields by the side of each other; they are usually inclosed in a mantel." -Hall, 1862

Baron and Femme

"Baron and femme, two atchievements. First, azure, a pile or, crest a star of six points, argent; second,…

"Bar-sinister. BATON-SINISTER, a well-known heraldic indication of illegitimacy. It is a diminutive of a Bend-sinister, one-fourth of its width, and couped at the ends." -Hazeltine, 1894

Baton Sinister

"Bar-sinister. BATON-SINISTER, a well-known heraldic indication of illegitimacy. It is a diminutive…

"The only abatement used in heraldry is the baton: this denotes illegitimacy. It is borne in the escutcheons of the dukes that assume the royal arms as the illegitimate descendants of King Charles the Second." -Hall, 1862

Shield Showing Baton

"The only abatement used in heraldry is the baton: this denotes illegitimacy. It is borne in the escutcheons…

"Argent, a battering ram proper. BATTERING RAM. An instrument used for battering down walls before gunpowder was known in Europe: it is frequently borne as a charge in a coat of arms." -Hall, 1862

Battering Ram

"Argent, a battering ram proper. BATTERING RAM. An instrument used for battering down walls before gunpowder…

"Argent, three battle axes gules two over one. BATTLE AXE. An ancient military weapon, frequently borne on arms as a mark of prowess." -Hall, 1862

Battle Axe

"Argent, three battle axes gules two over one. BATTLE AXE. An ancient military weapon, frequently borne…

"Argent, a barrulet gules, belled with three bells proper. BELLED. Having bells." -Hall, 1862

Barrulet Belled

"Argent, a barrulet gules, belled with three bells proper. BELLED. Having bells." -Hall, 1862

"Argent, a bend gules, invected between two hurts. INVECTED. A line formed with small semicircles, with the points turned inward. Any ordinary drawn with this line is called invected." -Hall, 1862

Bend Invected

"Argent, a bend gules, invected between two hurts. INVECTED. A line formed with small semicircles, with…

"Gules, three bezants figured. FIGURED. Those bearings which are depicted with a human face, are said to be figured." -Hall, 1862

Bezants Figured

"Gules, three bezants figured. FIGURED. Those bearings which are depicted with a human face, are said…

"Argent, three billets azure, two over one. BILLETS. This charge is, by some authors, supposed to represent tiles or bricks; by others that it represents a letter or billet. The name and form of the charge most accords with the latter opinion." -Hall, 1862

Billets

"Argent, three billets azure, two over one. BILLETS. This charge is, by some authors, supposed to represent…

"VOLANT. The French word for flying. It is used in Heraldry to express the same action." -Hall, 1862

Bird Volant

"VOLANT. The French word for flying. It is used in Heraldry to express the same action." -Hall, 1862

"The victory at Blue Ridge Pass, Sunday, September 14th, 1862- infantry charge, and rout of the Confederates. On Sunday, September 14th, 1862, having previously evacuated Frederick City, the rear of the Confederate army had reached the Blue Ridge Pass, on the line of the Federal road leading from Frederick City to Hagerstown and the fords of the Upper Potomac. Here it was overtaken by the Federal advance under Generals Hooker and Reno. The position was a strong one, and strongly guarded, but was carried after a severe action by the Federal forces, the Confederates falling back in disorder. In this engagement General Reno was killed on the Federal side, and General Garland on that of the Confederates." —Leslie, 1896

Blue Ridge Pass

"The victory at Blue Ridge Pass, Sunday, September 14th, 1862- infantry charge, and rout of the Confederates.…

"Argent, a boar's head proper couped. COUPED. The head or limbs of any animal cut close is called couped." -Hall, 1862

Boar Couped

"Argent, a boar's head proper couped. COUPED. The head or limbs of any animal cut close is called couped."…

"Argent, a boar's head, erased proper, tusked gules. TUSKED. Any animal having tusks of a different tincture from its body is said to he tusked." -Hall, 1862

Boar Tusked

"Argent, a boar's head, erased proper, tusked gules. TUSKED. Any animal having tusks of a different…

"Argent, a boar's head erect, and erased. ERECT. This is said of any animal or parts of animals, naturally horizontal, being placed in a perpendicular direction." -Hall, 1862

Boar's Head Erect

"Argent, a boar's head erect, and erased. ERECT. This is said of any animal or parts of animals, naturally…

"Boit's experiment which proved tat the charge resides on the surface." -Hawkins, 1917

Boit's Experiment

"Boit's experiment which proved tat the charge resides on the surface." -Hawkins, 1917

"Argent, a boujet proper. BOUJET. An ancient water bucket, frequently borne in shields of arms." -Hall, 1862

Boujet

"Argent, a boujet proper. BOUJET. An ancient water bucket, frequently borne in shields of arms." -Hall,…

"Argent, a broad arrow gules. BROAD ARROW. An ancient weapon of war, thrown by an engine. It is frequently borne as a charge in coats of arms." -Hall, 1862

Broad Arrow

"Argent, a broad arrow gules. BROAD ARROW. An ancient weapon of war, thrown by an engine. It is frequently…

"Argent, a caltrop proper. CALTROP. An iron instrument made to annoy an enemy's cavalry. They were formed of iron, being four spikes conjoined in such a manner that one was always upwards. It is found in many ancient coats of arms." -Hall, 1862

Caltrop

"Argent, a caltrop proper. CALTROP. An iron instrument made to annoy an enemy's cavalry. They were formed…

"CANTON. The French word for corner. It is a small square figure, generally placed at the dexter chief of the shield, as in the annexed example." -Hall, 1862

Canton

"CANTON. The French word for corner. It is a small square figure, generally placed at the dexter chief…

"CHAPEAU. Cap of maintenance or dignity, borne only by sovereign princes. It is formed of crimson or scarlet velvet, lined with ermine." -Hall, 1862

Chapeau

"CHAPEAU. Cap of maintenance or dignity, borne only by sovereign princes. It is formed of crimson or…

"Argent, a chaplet proper. CHAPLET. An ancient ornament for the head, granted to gallant knights for acts of courtesy. It is frequently borne as a charge in a shield of arms, and always tinted in its natural colours." -Hall, 1862

Chaplet

"Argent, a chaplet proper. CHAPLET. An ancient ornament for the head, granted to gallant knights for…

Human legs are not unfrequently born as charges in Heraldry, sometimes naked, sometimes booted, and they may even be couped.

Charge

Human legs are not unfrequently born as charges in Heraldry, sometimes naked, sometimes booted, and…

"CINQUE FOIL. Five leaves conjoined in the centre." -Hall, 1862

Cinque Foil

"CINQUE FOIL. Five leaves conjoined in the centre." -Hall, 1862

"CIVIC CAP. A cap of dignity borne by mayors of cities or corporate bodies: it is formed of sables garnished with ermine." -Hall, 1862

Civic Cap

"CIVIC CAP. A cap of dignity borne by mayors of cities or corporate bodies: it is formed of sables garnished…

"Azure, three clarions or. CLARION. A horn or trumpet borne in this shape in English and German coat-armour." -Hall, 1862

Clarion

"Azure, three clarions or. CLARION. A horn or trumpet borne in this shape in English and German coat-armour."…

"CLOSE. A bird with its wings closed." -Hall, 1862

Close

"CLOSE. A bird with its wings closed." -Hall, 1862

"Gules, an angel erect with wings expanded or, dress closegirt. CLOSEGIRT. A figure whose dress is fastened round the waist." -Hall, 1862

Closegirt

"Gules, an angel erect with wings expanded or, dress closegirt. CLOSEGIRT. A figure whose dress is fastened…

"COCKATRICE. A chimerical animal, a cock with a dragon's tail and wings." -Hall, 1862

Cockatrice

"COCKATRICE. A chimerical animal, a cock with a dragon's tail and wings." -Hall, 1862

"A field of any charge divided into a row of small squares."—Aveling, 1891

Componée

"A field of any charge divided into a row of small squares."—Aveling, 1891

"Two or more annulets interlacing each other."—Aveling, 1891

Annulet Conjoined

"Two or more annulets interlacing each other."—Aveling, 1891

"Degraded means placed upon degrees, or steps."—Aveling, 1891

Cross Nowed, Degraded and Conjoined

"Degraded means placed upon degrees, or steps."—Aveling, 1891

"Azure, a crescent argent. CRESCENT. The half moon with its horns turned upwards." -Hall, 1862

Crescent

"Azure, a crescent argent. CRESCENT. The half moon with its horns turned upwards." -Hall, 1862

"A half-moon shaped charge, with its horns turned upwards."—Aveling, 1891

Crescent

"A half-moon shaped charge, with its horns turned upwards."—Aveling, 1891

"Second Son, the CRESCENT. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number. They not only distinguish the sons of one family, but also denote the subordinate degrees in each house." -Hall, 1862

Crescent Difference

"Second Son, the CRESCENT. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number.…

The heraldic charge borne by the second eldest son in a family.

The Crescent

The heraldic charge borne by the second eldest son in a family.

"Cross bottonny. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Bottonny

"Cross bottonny. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of…

"Cross crosslet. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Crosslet

"Cross crosslet. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of…

"Cross Crosslet on Grieces. GRIECE. In heraldry, a degree or step, as one of the steps upon which crosses are sometimes placed." -Whitney, 1911

Cross Crosslet on Grieces

"Cross Crosslet on Grieces. GRIECE. In heraldry, a degree or step, as one of the steps upon which crosses…

A Cross engrailed.

Cross Engrailed

A Cross engrailed.

"Cross fitchy. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Fitchy

"Cross fitchy. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the…

A heraldic shield with a charge cross in which the extremities terminate with fleurs-de-lis.

Cross Fleur-De-Lis

A heraldic shield with a charge cross in which the extremities terminate with fleurs-de-lis.

"A Cross Fleury, or Fleurie, is borne in the arms of Lord Brougham and Vaux. It is not very unlike the Cross Patonce, but the extremities are less spreading."—Aveling, 1891

Cross Fleury

"A Cross Fleury, or Fleurie, is borne in the arms of Lord Brougham and Vaux. It is not very unlike the…

"Cross flory. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Flory

"Cross flory. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the…

"In heraldry, forked; having the extremities divided into two: said of any bearing, especially of a cross." -Whitney, 1911

Cross Fourché

"In heraldry, forked; having the extremities divided into two: said of any bearing, especially of a…

"Eighth Son, the CROSS MOLINE. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number. They not only distinguish the sons of one family, but also denote the subordinate degrees in each house." -Hall, 1862

Cross Moline

"Eighth Son, the CROSS MOLINE. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number.…