"Abutilon macropodum. 1. an unexpanded flower; 2. the stamens and styles; 3. a ripe fruit, consisting of many carpels, whose upper extremities are free and radiant." -Lindley, 1853

Abutilon

"Abutilon macropodum. 1. an unexpanded flower; 2. the stamens and styles; 3. a ripe fruit, consisting…

"Bixa orellana. 1. a pistil and two stamens; 2. a cross section of the ovary; 3. a ripe fruit. 4. a cross section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

Achiote

"Bixa orellana. 1. a pistil and two stamens; 2. a cross section of the ovary; 3. a ripe fruit. 4. a…

This shows a sprouting acorn (Keeler, 1915).

Acorn

This shows a sprouting acorn (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Bear Oak, Quercus ilicifolia, (Keeler, 1915).

Bear Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Bear Oak, Quercus ilicifolia, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Black Jack Oak, Quercus marilandica, (Keeler, 1915).

Black Jack Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Black Jack Oak, Quercus marilandica, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Black Oak, Quercus velutina, (Keeler, 1915).

Black Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Black Oak, Quercus velutina, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Bur Oak, Quercus macrocarpa, (Keeler, 1915).

Bur Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Bur Oak, Quercus macrocarpa, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of chestnut Oak, Quercus prinus, (Keeler, 1915).

Chestnut Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of chestnut Oak, Quercus prinus, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Chinquapin Oak, Quercus prinoides, (Keeler, 1915).

Chinquapin Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Chinquapin Oak, Quercus prinoides, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Pin Oak, Quercus palustris, (Keeler, 1915).

Pin Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Pin Oak, Quercus palustris, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Post Oak, Quercus minor, (Keeler, 1915).

Post Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Post Oak, Quercus minor, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Red Oak, Quercus rubra, (Keeler, 1915).

Red Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Red Oak, Quercus rubra, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Scarlet Oak, Quercus coccinea, (Keeler, 1915).

Scarlet Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Scarlet Oak, Quercus coccinea, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Shingle Oak, Quercus imbricaria, (Keeler, 1915).

Shingle Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Shingle Oak, Quercus imbricaria, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows acorns of Spanish Oak, Quercus digitata, (Keeler, 1915).

Spanish Oak Acorn

This shows acorns of Spanish Oak, Quercus digitata, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Swamp White Oak, Quercus platanoides, (Keeler, 1915).

Swamp Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Swamp White Oak, Quercus platanoides, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Willow Oak, Quercus phellos, (Keeler, 1915).

Willow Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Willow Oak, Quercus phellos, (Keeler, 1915).

This shows the acorn of Yellow Oak, Quercus acuminata, (Keeler, 1915).

Yellow Oak Acorn

This shows the acorn of Yellow Oak, Quercus acuminata, (Keeler, 1915).

"Agrimony (Agrimonia Eupatoria) showing branch, flowering spray, and fruit."-Whitney, 1902

Agrimensor

"Agrimony (Agrimonia Eupatoria) showing branch, flowering spray, and fruit."-Whitney, 1902

"Allaria officinalis. a, upper part of stem, with leaves and flowers; b, extremity of a branch, in fruit." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Allaria Officinalis

"Allaria officinalis. a, upper part of stem, with leaves and flowers; b, extremity of a branch, in fruit."…

A ripe fruit of hip of the Carolina Allspice.

Carolina Allspice

A ripe fruit of hip of the Carolina Allspice.

The almond is native to Iran, from northwestern Saudi Arabia, north through western Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, western Syria, to southern Turkey. It is a small deciduous tree, growing to between 4 and 10 meters in height, with a trunk of up to 30 centimeters in diameter. The young shoots are green at first, becoming purplish where exposed to sunlight, then grey in their second year. The leaves are 1 cm long and 1.2–4 cm broad, with a serrated margin and a 2.5 cm petiole. The flowers are white or pale pink, 3–5 cm diameter with five petals, produced singly or in pairs before the leaves in early spring. The fruit is a drupe 3.5–6 cm long, with a downy outer coat. The outer covering or exocarp, (fleshy in other members of Prunus such as the plum and cherry), is instead a leathery grey-green coating called the hull, which contains inside a hard shell, and the edible seed, commonly called a nut in culinary terms. Generally, one seed is present, but occasionally there are two. In botanical terms, an almond is not a true nut. The reticulated hard woody shell (like the outside of a peach pit) surrounding the edible seed is called the endocarp. The fruit is mature in the autumn, 7–8 months after flowering.

Almond Tree and Fruit

The almond is native to Iran, from northwestern Saudi Arabia, north through western Jordan, Israel,…

This shows the leaf of the Almondleaf Willow, Salix amygdaloides, (Keeler, 1915).

Almondleaf Willow Leaf

This shows the leaf of the Almondleaf Willow, Salix amygdaloides, (Keeler, 1915).

An illustration of an anamirta cocculus fruit. Anamirta cocculus is an Southeast Asian and Indian climbing plant. Its fruit, Cocculus indicus, is the source of picrotoxin, a poisonous alkaloid with stimulant properties. The plant is large-stemmed (up to 10cm in diameter); the bark is "corky gray" with white wood. The "small, yellowish-white, sweet-scented" flowers vary between 6 to 10 centimeters across; the fruit produced is a drupe, "about 1 cm in diameter when dry".

Anamirta cocculus Flower (Female)

An illustration of an anamirta cocculus fruit. Anamirta cocculus is an Southeast Asian and Indian climbing…

A a type of fruit.

Apocarpous

A a type of fruit.

An apple, split in half.

Apple

An apple, split in half.

An apple, split in quarters.

Apple

An apple, split in quarters.

Apple

Apple

Apple

Half an apple, showing the inside.

Apple

Half an apple, showing the inside.

An apple.

Apple

An apple.

"Perpendicular section of the fruit of Pyrus malus." -Lindley, 1853

Apple

"Perpendicular section of the fruit of Pyrus malus." -Lindley, 1853

An illustration of an apple.

Apple

An illustration of an apple.

A illustration of an apple.

Apple

A illustration of an apple.

An illustration of an apple.

Apple

An illustration of an apple.

An illustration of a group of people picking apples.

Apple Picking

An illustration of a group of people picking apples.

"Large specimen of self-pollinated Baldwin apple." -Department of Agriculture, 1899

Baldwin Apple

"Large specimen of self-pollinated Baldwin apple." -Department of Agriculture, 1899

"Small specimen of self-pollinated Baldwin apple." -Department of Agriculture, 1899

Baldwin Apple

"Small specimen of self-pollinated Baldwin apple." -Department of Agriculture, 1899

A plants fruit whose fruit is a round gourd.

Bitter Apple

A plants fruit whose fruit is a round gourd.

The Calville Blanche Apple is best used for desserts. This apple is one of the larger varieties. This apple can be found October through December.

Calville Blanche Apple

The Calville Blanche Apple is best used for desserts. This apple is one of the larger varieties. This…

The Court Pendu Plat apple is used is desserts and other cooking purposes. This apple can be found November through April.

Court Pendu Plat Apple

The Court Pendu Plat apple is used is desserts and other cooking purposes. This apple can be found November…

An illustration of an early york apple.

An Early York apple

An illustration of an early york apple.

"Portions of the rotting pulp were placed on a microscopic slide, divided into hundredths and thousandths of an inch. Fig. 21, A B, represents such a scale, the larger division, A B, representing the one-hundredth of an inch, and the smaller subdivision the one-thousandth of an inch; 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, represent the cells of which the apples are mostly composed. The granular dottings represent apple starch. The branching cellular structure represents the mycelium of a fungus penetrating the cells. At 9, three small starch granuals are represented in a line, and are confined within the division of the one-thousandth of an inch." -Watts, 1874

Microscopic view of a fermented apple

"Portions of the rotting pulp were placed on a microscopic slide, divided into hundredths and thousandths…

One apple.

One Apple

One apple.

The Reinette Du Canada apple is used as a dessert apple. The skin is a greenish-yellow and brown color. The flavor is brisk and juicy. This apple can be found November through May.

Reinette Du Canada Apple

The Reinette Du Canada apple is used as a dessert apple. The skin is a greenish-yellow and brown color.…

The blossom of the well-known apple tree.

Apple-blossom

The blossom of the well-known apple tree.

Two apples. One is whole and the other is split in half.

Apples

Two apples. One is whole and the other is split in half.

Two apples. One is cut in half on the plate, beside the knife. The other is still whole.

Apples

Two apples. One is cut in half on the plate, beside the knife. The other is still whole.

An illustration of crab apples growing on a tree branch.

Crab Apples

An illustration of crab apples growing on a tree branch.

Four apples.

Four Apples

Four apples.

Two Jonathan apples

Jonathan Apples

Two Jonathan apples

Two Pewaukee apples

Pewaukee Apples

Two Pewaukee apples

A bunch of Seckel apples

Seckel Apples

A bunch of Seckel apples

Three apples.

Three Apples

Three apples.

Two apples.

Two Apples

Two apples.

Two Wagner apples

Wagner Apples

Two Wagner apples

An illustration of wild apples growing on a tree branch.

Wild Apples

An illustration of wild apples growing on a tree branch.

"Apricot (Prunus Armeniaca)."-Whitney, 1902

Apricot

"Apricot (Prunus Armeniaca)."-Whitney, 1902

Illustration of a hemskirke apricot.

A Hemskirke Apricot

Illustration of a hemskirke apricot.

"Triglochin palustre. 1. A flower; 3. a ripe fruit; 4. one ripe carpel opened and exhibiting a seed; 5. embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Arrowgrass

"Triglochin palustre. 1. A flower; 3. a ripe fruit; 4. one ripe carpel opened and exhibiting a seed;…

Arum maculatum: "A single fruit divided vertically, so as to show the seeds in situ. A perpendicular section of one of the seeds." -Lindley, 1853

Wild Arum Fruit and Seed

Arum maculatum: "A single fruit divided vertically, so as to show the seeds in situ. A perpendicular…