"Herakles, from the eastern pediment of the temple of Athena."-Whitney, 1902

Æginetan Sculpture

"Herakles, from the eastern pediment of the temple of Athena."-Whitney, 1902

"Ægis- Varvakeion Statuette of Athena."-Whitney, 1902

Ægis

"Ægis- Varvakeion Statuette of Athena."-Whitney, 1902

"The act of lying or reclining; specifically, the ancient practice, derived from the Orient, of eating meals in a recumbent position." -Whitney, 1902

Accubation

"The act of lying or reclining; specifically, the ancient practice, derived from the Orient, of eating…

The Acropolis at Athens.

Acropolis

The Acropolis at Athens.

"Acropolis, 'the highest point of the city.' Many of the important cities of Greece and Asia Minor were protected by strongholds, so named. The A. occupied a lofty position, commanding the city and its environs; inaccessible on all sides except one, which had, for the most part, artificial defences. It contained some of the most important public buildings, especially temples, besides affording a last refuge in case of a hostile attack." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Acropolis

"Acropolis, 'the highest point of the city.' Many of the important cities of Greece and Asia Minor were…

"The Acropolis of Athens Restored." — Smith, 1882

Acropolis restored

"The Acropolis of Athens Restored." — Smith, 1882

"Aeschines owes the perpetuity of his fame to the fact he was the only rival of Demosthenes. He was five years older than the great orator, being born in 389 B.C. In early life he served as a soldier, then as a public clerk, and afterwards undertook the role of an actor." — The Delphian Society, 1913

Aeschines

"Aeschines owes the perpetuity of his fame to the fact he was the only rival of Demosthenes. He was…

The Greek akroter serves as an ornamental finish to the apex of a gable. It is painted in the temple of Wingless Victory in Athens, Greece.

Greek Akroter

The Greek akroter serves as an ornamental finish to the apex of a gable. It is painted in the temple…

This Greek akroter is painted in Acropolis, Athens. It serves as the ornamental finish to the apex of a gable.

Greek Akroter

This Greek akroter is painted in Acropolis, Athens. It serves as the ornamental finish to the apex of…

"Besides Sappho, her friend, perhaps lover, Alcaeus is almost the sole representative of the Aeolic school of poetry. He was a noble of Mytilene, the capital of Lesbos. With other nobles he opposed and drove into exile the tyrant of this city." — The Delphian Society, 1913

Alcaeus

"Besides Sappho, her friend, perhaps lover, Alcaeus is almost the sole representative of the Aeolic…

"The first noted public appearance of [Alcibiades] was on the occasion of the coming of the Lacedaemonian ambassadors requesting the surrender of Pylus. He at first violently opposed the petition, and even went so far as to urge the sending of an embassy to Argos to solicit that city to become a member in a new Athenian league. In spite of the earnest efforts of Nicias and of the protests of the Spartan ambassador, Alcibiades, by means of intrigue and bluster, succeeded in this work, and not only Argos, but also Elis and Mantinea, agreed to maintain an alliance with Athens for a hundred years."—Ridpath, 1885

Alcibiades

"The first noted public appearance of [Alcibiades] was on the occasion of the coming of the Lacedaemonian…

(356 B.C.-323 B.C.) Greek leader

Alexander the Great

(356 B.C.-323 B.C.) Greek leader

"Coin of Alexander the Great. Alexander, at the time of his father's death, was in his twentieth year, having been born in B.C. 356." — Smith, 1882

Coin of Alexander the Great

"Coin of Alexander the Great. Alexander, at the time of his father's death, was in his twentieth year,…

"Jar for carrying wine, <em>Amphora</em>." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Amphora

"Jar for carrying wine, Amphora." — The Delphian Society, 1913

"Though Anacreon has been famous as the poet of wine and love, few geniune fragments of his songs have come down to us. Those which pass under his name belong to his Greek imitators in later times. Specimens are given here in relief after the prosing of historians and philosophers." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Anacreon

"Though Anacreon has been famous as the poet of wine and love, few geniune fragments of his songs have…

The anemone fulgens flower is a dazzling scarlet color with a black central patch of stamens. This flower grows in Greece and southern Europe.

Anemone Fulgens Flower

The anemone fulgens flower is a dazzling scarlet color with a black central patch of stamens. This flower…

Anta-cap from the Erechtheion, Athens.

Anta-Cap

Anta-cap from the Erechtheion, Athens.

Painted terra cotta antefix.

Antefix

Painted terra cotta antefix.

Painted marble antefix.

Antefix

Painted marble antefix.

Painted terra cotta antefix.

Antefix

Painted terra cotta antefix.

Antefix from Parthenon.

Antefix

Antefix from Parthenon.

"From a Greek vase."-Whitney, 1902

Anthemia

"From a Greek vase."-Whitney, 1902

"From a Greek vase."-Whitney, 1902

Anthemia

"From a Greek vase."-Whitney, 1902

Anthemion with voluted scrolls.

Anthemion

Anthemion with voluted scrolls.

Single, open anthemion band.

Anthemion

Single, open anthemion band.

Single, closed anthemion band.

Anthemion

Single, closed anthemion band.

Greek anthemion motive.

Anthemion Motive

Greek anthemion motive.

Greek anthemion motive.

Anthemion Motive

Greek anthemion motive.

Greek anthemion motive.

Anthemion Motive

Greek anthemion motive.

Greek anthemion motive.

Anthemion Motive

Greek anthemion motive.

Greek anthemion motive.

Anthemion Motive

Greek anthemion motive.

Greek <em>aplustria</em>, or stern ornament.

Aplustria

Greek aplustria, or stern ornament.

"Apollo, the principal deity of the Dorians." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Apollo

"Apollo, the principal deity of the Dorians." — Smith, 1882

"It was the universal practice of the Greeks to undertake no matter of importance without first asking the advice of the gods; and there were many sacred spots in which the gods were always ready to give an answer to pious worshippers. The oracle of Apollo at Delphi surpassed all the rest in importance, and was regarded with veneration in every part of the Grecian world. In the center of the temple of Delphi there was a small opening in the ground from which it was said that a certain gas or vapour ascended. Whenever the oracle was to be consulted, a virgin priestess called <em>Pythia</em> took her seat upon a tripod which was placed over the chasm." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Tripod of Apollo

"It was the universal practice of the Greeks to undertake no matter of importance without first asking…

An ancient sculpture representing an athlete using a strigil to scrape sweat and dust off his body.

Apoxyomenos

An ancient sculpture representing an athlete using a strigil to scrape sweat and dust off his body.

"Navigation for the purpose of commerce, and the art of writing, are said to have originated with the Phoenicians. On their arrival in Greece, Inachus and his friends founded the city of Argos, at the head of what is now called the Gulf of Napoli, in the Peloponnesus." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Founding of Argos

"Navigation for the purpose of commerce, and the art of writing, are said to have originated with the…

A stature of Aristophanes, who was a prolific and commonly celebrated playwright of comedy. He is also known as the Father of Comedy.

Aristophanes

A stature of Aristophanes, who was a prolific and commonly celebrated playwright of comedy. He is also…

"Aristotle was born in 384 B.C., at Stagira, a seaport town of Chalcidice, whence he is frequeently called the Stagirite. At the age of 17, Aristotle, who had then lost both father and mother, repaired to Athens. Plato considered him his best scholar, and called him "the intellect of his school."" — Smith, 1882

Aristotle

"Aristotle was born in 384 B.C., at Stagira, a seaport town of Chalcidice, whence he is frequeently…

"Jar for unguents, <em>Aryballos</em>." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Aryballos

"Jar for unguents, Aryballos." — The Delphian Society, 1913

The temple of Asklepios.

Temple of Asklepios

The temple of Asklepios.

"Pericles, after divorcing a wife with whom he had lived unhappily, took his mistress Aspasia to his house, and dwelt with her till his death on terms of the greatest affection. She was distinguished not only for her beauty, but also for her learning and accomplishments. Her intimacy with Anaxagoras, the celebrated Ionic philosopher, was made a handle for wounding Pericles in his tenderest relations." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Bust of Aspasia

"Pericles, after divorcing a wife with whom he had lived unhappily, took his mistress Aspasia to his…

"Athena (Minerva), the national deity of the Athenians." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Athena

"Athena (Minerva), the national deity of the Athenians." — Smith, 1882

"Athena (Minerva) superintending the building of the Argo." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Athena and Argo

"Athena (Minerva) superintending the building of the Argo." — Smith, 1882

"A tablet of Pentelic marble. Athena, leaning on her spear, is gazing with downcast head at a grave monument."&mdash;Webster, 1913

Mourning Athena

"A tablet of Pentelic marble. Athena, leaning on her spear, is gazing with downcast head at a grave…

"A decree of the Council and Assembly dating from about 450 B.C."&mdash;Webster, 1913

An Athenian Inscription

"A decree of the Council and Assembly dating from about 450 B.C."—Webster, 1913

An illustration of a group of Athenian youth on horses.

Athenian Youth on Horses

An illustration of a group of Athenian youth on horses.

"Athens restored, from the Pnyx." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Athens restored

"Athens restored, from the Pnyx." — Smith, 1882

"The mosted noted of the orations of Isocrates is the Panathenaicus or Panegyric of Athens, a work on which he spent ten years, and in which he uses all the resources of his art to extol Athens and magnify the benefits she conferred o nthe whole of Greece." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Ancient athens

"The mosted noted of the orations of Isocrates is the Panathenaicus or Panegyric of Athens, a work on…

View of Athens.

Ancient Athens

View of Athens.

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive "tholos" tomb at Mycenae, Greece (on the Panagitsa Hill) constructed around 1250 BCE. The lintel stone above the doorway weighs 120 tons. The tomb was used for an unknown period of time.

Treasury of Atreus

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive "tholos" tomb at Mycenae, Greece (on the…

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive "tholos" tomb at Mycenae, Greece (on the Panagitsa Hill) constructed around 1250 BCE. The lintel stone above the doorway weighs 120 tons. The tomb was used for an unknown period of time.

Treasury of Atreus Doorway

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive "tholos" tomb at Mycenae, Greece (on the…

The Tomb of Atreus also known as the Treasury of Atreus is a tomb located in Mycenae, Greece built between 1250 and 1300 B.C. The face of the tomb consists of columns and has a triangle above the doorway. The tomb has an interior that is formed of a semi-underground circular room with a beehive tomb, also known as the tholos.

Tomb of Atreus

The Tomb of Atreus also known as the Treasury of Atreus is a tomb located in Mycenae, Greece built between…

Bias, one of the seven sages of Greece; a native of Priene, an Ionia; celebrated for his practical knowledge and strict regard to justice. He flourished about 550 B.C., and died at a very advanced age.

Bias

Bias, one of the seven sages of Greece; a native of Priene, an Ionia; celebrated for his practical knowledge…

A group of Greeks rowing a boat.

Greek boat

A group of Greeks rowing a boat.

"The masts were usually taken down when the vessel arrived in port, and raised again when it was about to depart." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Greek boat

"The masts were usually taken down when the vessel arrived in port, and raised again when it was about…

"The Olympic games were of greater efficacy than the Amphictyonic Council in promoting the spirit of union among the various branches of the Greek race, and in keeping alive a feeling of their common origin. They were open to all persons who could prove their Hellenic blood, and were frequented by spectators from all parts of the Grecian world. They were celebrated at Olympia, on the banks of the alpheus, in the territory of Elis." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Boxing

"The Olympic games were of greater efficacy than the Amphictyonic Council in promoting the spirit of…

"Ancient bridge in Laconia." — Smith, 1882

Bridge

"Ancient bridge in Laconia." — Smith, 1882

"The <em>buccina</em> is curved for the convenience of the performer, with a very wide mouth, to diffuse and increase the sound." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Curved buccina

"The buccina is curved for the convenience of the performer, with a very wide mouth, to diffuse…

"A copy of an ancient sculpture taken from Blanchini's work, it still retains the original form of the shell." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Straight buccina

"A copy of an ancient sculpture taken from Blanchini's work, it still retains the original form of the…

Greek Corinthian volutes.

Capital

Greek Corinthian volutes.