"A popular name of the species of actinia and some other Actiniadae. It seems to have been first applied to them about a century ago by Ellis, one of the most celebrated investigators of the department of natural history to which they belong, who remarks that 'their tentacles, being disposed in regular circles, and tinged with a variety of bright lively colors, very nearly represent the beautiful petals of some of our most elegantly fringed and radiated flowers, such as the carnation, marigold, and anemone.'" — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Anemone

"A popular name of the species of actinia and some other Actiniadae. It seems to have been first applied…

"A popular name of the species of actinia and some other Actiniadae. It seems to have been first applied to them about a century ago by Ellis, one of the most celebrated investigators of the department of natural history to which they belong, who remarks that 'their tentacles, being disposed in regular circles, and tinged with a variety of bright lively colors, very nearly represent the beautiful petals of some of our most elegantly fringed and radiated flowers, such as the carnation, marigold, and anemone.'" — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Anemone

"A popular name of the species of actinia and some other Actiniadae. It seems to have been first applied…

"A popular name of the species of actinia and some other Actiniadae. It seems to have been first applied to them about a century ago by Ellis, one of the most celebrated investigators of the department of natural history to which they belong, who remarks that 'their tentacles, being disposed in regular circles, and tinged with a variety of bright lively colors, very nearly represent the beautiful petals of some of our most elegantly fringed and radiated flowers, such as the carnation, marigold, and anemone.'" — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Anemone

"A popular name of the species of actinia and some other Actiniadae. It seems to have been first applied…

The popular name given to a number of animals of the subkingdom Coelenterata and class Actinozoa, including the genus Actinia and other genera.

Sea Anemones

The popular name given to a number of animals of the subkingdom Coelenterata and class Actinozoa, including…

The evolute spiral angle is a wave pattern that mimics the wave of the sea.

Evolute Spiral Angles

The evolute spiral angle is a wave pattern that mimics the wave of the sea.

The evolute spiral angle is a wave pattern that mimics the wave of the sea.

Evolute Spiral Angles

The evolute spiral angle is a wave pattern that mimics the wave of the sea.

"At sea the declination is generally observed by means of an azimuth compass invented by Kater. It consists of a magnet with a graduated compass card attached to it. At the side of the instrument opposite the eye there is a frame which projects upwards from the plane of the instrument in a nearly vertical direction, and this frame contains a wide rectangular slit cut into two parts by a wire extending lengthwise. The eye-piece is opposite this frame, and the observer is supposed to point the instrument in such a manner that the wire above mentioned shall bisect the sun's visible disk. There is a totally reflecting glass prism which throws into the eye-piece an image of the scale of the graduated card, so that the observer, having first bisected the sun's disk by the wire, must next read the division of the scale which is in the middle of the field of view." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Azimuth Compass

"At sea the declination is generally observed by means of an azimuth compass invented by Kater. It consists…

Sun and sea banner

Banner

Sun and sea banner

Seahorse and wave banner.

Banner

Seahorse and wave banner.

An illustration looking seaward from a country road near Mobile, Alabama.

Beach

An illustration looking seaward from a country road near Mobile, Alabama.

Abandoned boat with a boy in it.

Boat

Abandoned boat with a boy in it.

The evolute spiral border is a wavelike pattern that mimics the wave of the sea. Designed by Sebastian Serlio during the 16th century. The interstices (small opening) between the lines is decorated with leaves and flower buds.

Evolute Spiral Border

The evolute spiral border is a wavelike pattern that mimics the wave of the sea. Designed by Sebastian…

"This feeds on fish as well as sea-weed; it is not much esteemed for eating; common in European seas." — Goodrich, 1859

Sea Bream

"This feeds on fish as well as sea-weed; it is not much esteemed for eating; common in European seas."…

This image depicts a woman catching live sardines in San Sebastian, Spain.

Woman Catching Live Sardines

This image depicts a woman catching live sardines in San Sebastian, Spain.

The evolute spiral central junction is a wave pattern that mimics the wave of the sea.

Evolute Spiral Central Junction

The evolute spiral central junction is a wave pattern that mimics the wave of the sea.

A Junk is a native Chinese vessel. It is a clumsy craft, with very high forecastle and poop, and pole masts carrying square sails of matting, and is slow and awkward to handle. Junks are often of large size, their tonnage sometimes reaching 1,000 tons.

Chinese Junk

A Junk is a native Chinese vessel. It is a clumsy craft, with very high forecastle and poop, and pole…

Small plant of Chondrus crispus, Carrageen Moss; the spots represent the fructification, consisting of numerous tetraspores in bunches in the substance of the plant.

Chondrus Crispus

Small plant of Chondrus crispus, Carrageen Moss; the spots represent the fructification, consisting…

Two of the tetraspores from the Chondrus crispus.

Chondrus Crispus Tetraspores

Two of the tetraspores from the Chondrus crispus.

A type of acanthopterygian fish.

Cirrites

A type of acanthopterygian fish.

Natural and columnar sections at each end and in the center of a line 100 miles long and extending at right angles to the original shore line.

Clastic Deposits in the Sea

Natural and columnar sections at each end and in the center of a line 100 miles long and extending at…

A type of shell.

Clymenia

A type of shell.

A family of irregular sea urchins, flattened into a discoidal or shield like shape, with a mouth central and furnished with a masticatory apparatus.

Clypeastrid

A family of irregular sea urchins, flattened into a discoidal or shield like shape, with a mouth central…

The Common Guillemot (<i>Uria troile</i>) is a member of the auk family. It breeds on all rocky coasts of the North Atlantic. The bill is long, straight, and strong, the wings and tail short. In spring, the upper surface of the body is brownish black, the under white, save for the dark throat; in winter, the throat becomes white or mottled. All guillemots lay a single pear-shaped on the ledge of a sea-cliff. They make no nest whatever, and large colonies brood in company.

Common Guillemot

The Common Guillemot (Uria troile) is a member of the auk family. It breeds on all rocky coasts of the…

The growing end of a branching Conferva (Cladophora glomerata), showing how, by a kind of budding growth, a new cell is formed by a cross partition separating the newer tip from the older part below; also, how the branches arise.

Conferva

The growing end of a branching Conferva (Cladophora glomerata), showing how, by a kind of budding growth,…

The Constitution engaging two British ships, the Cyane and Levant.

The Consititution Capturing the Cyane and Levant

The Constitution engaging two British ships, the Cyane and Levant.

A piece of coral reef.

Coral

A piece of coral reef.

A living coral, a marine organism in the class Anthozoa.

Coral

A living coral, a marine organism in the class Anthozoa.

A fossilized coral.

Coral Fossil

A fossilized coral.

The reef forming the island is of limestone, derived form countless skeletons of minute polyps that once lived beneath the surface of the waters.

Coral Island

The reef forming the island is of limestone, derived form countless skeletons of minute polyps that…

"The Red Sea Crab - Lupea Pelagica" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Red Sea crab

"The Red Sea Crab - Lupea Pelagica" — Goodrich, 1859

Illustration of a man using a cross-staff, a navigation tool used largely at sea. It was originally created for use in land navigation and finds latitude by measuring the distance of a star above the horizon. It cannot find longitude. The man in the drawing has the cross-staff positioned with the rod on his cheek. There is a star above him. He is wearing a wide, floppy-brimmed hat.

A Cross-Staff Used for Navigation at Sea

Illustration of a man using a cross-staff, a navigation tool used largely at sea. It was originally…

A simple cup-coral attached to the sea-bottom.

Cup-coral

A simple cup-coral attached to the sea-bottom.

A man in the grasp of a large cuttlefish on the sea-shore." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Cuttlefish and man

A man in the grasp of a large cuttlefish on the sea-shore." — Goodrich, 1859

Section through a conceptacle of Delesseria Leprieurei, showing the spores, which are single specialized cells, two or three in a row.

Delesseria Lepriuerei

Section through a conceptacle of Delesseria Leprieurei, showing the spores, which are single specialized…

"Dionysus at Sea" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Dionysus Sea

"Dionysus at Sea" — Gayley, 1893

"When one is at sea, or standing on the sea-shore, the first part of a ship seen at a distance, is its mast. As the bessel advances, te mast rises higher and higher above the horizon, and finally the hull, and whole ship, become visible. Now, were the Earth's surface an exact plane, no such appearance would take place, for we should then see the hull long before the mast or rigging, because it is much the largest object." -Comstock 1850

Spheroidal Form of the Earth

"When one is at sea, or standing on the sea-shore, the first part of a ship seen at a distance, is its…

"An eel-like fish, <i>Nemichthys scolopaceus</i>; any member of the <i>Nemichthyidae</i>. The snipe eel attains a length of 3 feet; it is pale-colored above, the back somewhat speckled; the belly and anal fin are blackish. It is a deep-water fish of the Atlantic often taken off the Atlantic coast." &mdash;Whitney, 1889

Snipe Eel

"An eel-like fish, Nemichthys scolopaceus; any member of the Nemichthyidae. The snipe eel attains a…

The circular evolute spiral is a wave pattern that mimics the wave of the sea. It is a round circular panel.

Circular Evolute Spiral

The circular evolute spiral is a wave pattern that mimics the wave of the sea. It is a round circular…

Magnified section through a fertile conceptacle of Rockweed, showing the large spores in the midst of threads of cells.

Fertile Conceptacle of Rockweed

Magnified section through a fertile conceptacle of Rockweed, showing the large spores in the midst of…

A fig commonly seen in Adriatica; a body of water separating the Italian peninsula from the Balkan.

Adriatic Fig

A fig commonly seen in Adriatica; a body of water separating the Italian peninsula from the Balkan.

<i>Lepidopus caudatus</i>. "1. A fish of the family <i>Lepidopodidae, Lepidopus caudatus,</i>of the Mediterranean and Atlantic shores of Europe, as well as of New Zealand, of a bright silvery color, with a long dorsal and rudimentary anal fin: so called from suggesting by its form the sheath of a sword. Also called a scale fish and a frost fish." &mdash;Whitney, 1889

Scabbard Fish

Lepidopus caudatus. "1. A fish of the family Lepidopodidae, Lepidopus caudatus,of the Mediterranean…

Fishermen on a boat with a small boy. A sailboat can be seen in the background as well.

Fishermen

Fishermen on a boat with a small boy. A sailboat can be seen in the background as well.

A seaside community with small boats on the shore and a large ship out to sea.

Fishing Community

A seaside community with small boats on the shore and a large ship out to sea.

Confederate forces bombarding Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861

Bombardment of Fort Sumter, April 12, 1861

Confederate forces bombarding Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861

The evolute spiral frieze is a wavelike pattern that mimics the waves of the sea. Its interstices (small openings) between the lines is decorates with leaves and flower buds. This design is found in the Otto-Heinrich building of Heidelberg Castle in Germany.

Evolute Spiral Frieze

The evolute spiral frieze is a wavelike pattern that mimics the waves of the sea. Its interstices (small…

"Two feet long, with the under jaw greatly protruded; it swims near the surface; bites at a hook; makes violent resistance when drawn up, and emits a strong smell when just taken." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gar

"Two feet long, with the under jaw greatly protruded; it swims near the surface; bites at a hook; makes…

Glacier descending into the sea, where its front is buoyed up by the water and becomes broken up into icebergs.

Glacier

Glacier descending into the sea, where its front is buoyed up by the water and becomes broken up into…

Grenadiers or rattails (less commonly whiptails) are generally large, brown to black gadiform marine fish of the family Macrouridae. Found at great depths from the Arctic to Antarctic, members of this family are among the most abundant of the deep-sea fishes.

Grenadier

Grenadiers or rattails (less commonly whiptails) are generally large, brown to black gadiform marine…

Halimeda tuna, a lime-secreting green alga from the modern sea; attached to rocks.

Halimeda Tuna

Halimeda tuna, a lime-secreting green alga from the modern sea; attached to rocks.

The name of a genus of gasteropodous mollusca. These animals are slug-like in appearance, and derive their popular name from the prominent character of the front pair of tentacles, which somewhat resemble the ears of a hare

Sea Hare

The name of a genus of gasteropodous mollusca. These animals are slug-like in appearance, and derive…

The Imperial Hotel in Lynton.

Imperial Hotel

The Imperial Hotel in Lynton.

As part of a mutiny, Henry Hudson is seized and set adrift along with the loyal carpenter and the sick crew members.

Henry Hudson

As part of a mutiny, Henry Hudson is seized and set adrift along with the loyal carpenter and the sick…

"And Jehovah prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah; and Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights." Jonah 1:17 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jonah, looking up towards the sky, as he is swallowed by an enormous fish. The fishes scales, fins, and tail can be seen thrashing in the waves. Some shells are pictured in front of Jonah (bottom left).

Jonah is Swallowed by a Great Fish Sent by God

"And Jehovah prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah; and Jonah was in the belly of the fish three…

A boy riding a seagull with a staff in hand.

King of the Gulls

A boy riding a seagull with a staff in hand.

A lamprey is an animal which, though often regarded as a fish, differs from a fish in the absence of paired fins and scales, in the rounded suctorial mouth without supporting jaws, in the presence of gill-pockets in place of the gills of fish, as well as in numerous internal peculiarities. In consequence, the lamprey and the related hag are placed in a distinct class known as cyclostomes, or round mouths. the body is elongated and eel-like, its most conspicuous feature being the seven slits on either side of the neck which communicate with the gill-pockets. The mouth resembles that of the hag in the presence of a muscular rasp known as the tongue. The food consists of all sorts of small animals, as well as of the dead bodies of larger ones, and even of the flesh and blood of living creatures, to which the lampreys attach themselves after the fashion of the hag. They also attach themselves by their mouths to stones, whence the generic name, 'stone-sucker'. Internally there is much general resemblance to the hag; but the lamprey has well-developed eyes, and has a delicate series of cartilages known as as the branchial basket-work, which supports the pharynx. The adults die soon after spawning near the heads of rivers or creeks; the young, which in many respects differ from their parents, were formerly placed in a separate genus as Ammocoetes. The great sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus), sometimes 3 feet long, is found on both coasts of the N. Atlantic. Several smaller species inhabit the lakes and rivers of the United States.

Sea Lamprey

A lamprey is an animal which, though often regarded as a fish, differs from a fish in the absence of…

A lemming is a small, yellowish-brown rodent, closely related to the vole, and belonging to the genus Myodes. The Norwegian lemming (M. lemmus) is about five inches in length, with the tail extremely short. It excavates shallow burrows in the soil of the mountain meadows in which it lives, and in winter tunnels beneath the snow for its food, which is wholly vegetable, consisting of roots, shoots, catkins, moss, and lichens. Special interest attaches to this rodent from the fact that at irregular intervals, varying from five to twenty years, it suddenly appears in vast numbers in Northern Europe; great bodies, said to number millions of individuals, migrate from place to place in search of food, leaving behind them a track of desolation as they eat their way through fields of corn and grass. They show a remarkable persistency both in the act of migration and in the general direction of the movement, and swim without hesitation any bodies of water which may block their path. As, from the contour of the Scandinavian peninsula, they inevitably come eventually to the sea, those which have not perished from overcrowding, from disease, or from the attacks of their enemies, die in attempting to swim across it. The lemming of Northern Europe is known is replaced in North America by the allied M. obensis and the banded lemming (Cuniculus torquatus); the latter is circumpolar, and turns white in winter. Other allies, called lemming-mice, inhabit Northwestern Canada, and have somewhat similar habits, but rarely, if ever, migrate from their habitat.

Lemming

A lemming is a small, yellowish-brown rodent, closely related to the vole, and belonging to the genus…

"A tower or other elevated structure bearing a light at the top and erected at the entrance of a harbor or on some rock or headland to serve as a guide or warning of danger to navigators at night." -Foster, 1921

Lighthouse

"A tower or other elevated structure bearing a light at the top and erected at the entrance of a harbor…

An illustration of a Galapagos sea lizard.

Galapagos sea lizard

An illustration of a Galapagos sea lizard.

"It is of thick, massive form, and often weighs as much as six or seven pounds; it is of a purplish-black color, variegated with red and brown above; the belly is crimson; the flesh soft and insipid." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Lumpfish

"It is of thick, massive form, and often weighs as much as six or seven pounds; it is of a purplish-black…

An illustration of a man and woman looking over the deck of a ship.

Man And Woman Looking Over Deck

An illustration of a man and woman looking over the deck of a ship.