The Roman Mythology gallery offers 98 images of ancient Roman mythology and religion. Similar to Greek mythology, Roman mythology deals with the trials of humans, usually during the construction and establishment of Rome. It differs by rarely having divine intervention of deities.

Roman goddess of abundance.

Abundantiat

Roman goddess of abundance.

"A breastplate covered with metal in the form of scales, not used to support the shield, as was done with the more ancient aegis, but extending equally on both sides, from shoulder to shoulder." — Anthon, 1891

Aegis

"A breastplate covered with metal in the form of scales, not used to support the shield, as was done…

The shield of Jupiter, which had been fashioned by Hephaestus. When Jupiter was angry he waved and shook the shield making a soung like that of a tempest, by which nations were overawed.

Aegis

The shield of Jupiter, which had been fashioned by Hephaestus. When Jupiter was angry he waved and shook…

"According to the ancient authorities, it was made of bronze, and its form was oval, but with the two sides receding inward with an even curvature, and so as to make it broader at the ends than in the middle. The original ancile was said to have fallen from the skies in the time of Numa. To secure its preservation, Numa ordered eleven other shields to be made exactly like it. These twelve <em>ancilia</em> were kept in the temple of Mars Gradivus, and were taken from it only once a year, on the kalends of March. The feast of the god was then observed during several days; when the Salii, or priests of Mars, twelve in number, carried the sacred shields about the city, singing songs in praise of Mars, Numa, and Mamurius Veturius, who made the eleven. They at the same time performed a dance, in which they struck the shield with rods, so as to keep time with their voices and with the movements of the dance." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Ancilia

"According to the ancient authorities, it was made of bronze, and its form was oval, but with the two…

"Apollo" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Apollo

"Apollo" — Gayley, 1893

"The hair was drawn up around the head, and fastened in a knot." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Apollo and diana

"The hair was drawn up around the head, and fastened in a knot." — Anthon, 1891

"Apollo Belvedere" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Apollo Belvedere

"Apollo Belvedere" — Gayley, 1893

"Apollo in the Vatican" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Apollo Vatican

"Apollo in the Vatican" — Gayley, 1893

"Ares Ludovisi" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Ares Ludovisi

"Ares Ludovisi" — Gayley, 1893

"Artemis" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Artemis

"Artemis" — Gayley, 1893

"Represents a Roman augur, with his litmus or divining staff, observing the signs in the heavens." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Roman augur

"Represents a Roman augur, with his litmus or divining staff, observing the signs in the heavens." —…

Roman god of wine and intoxication

Bacchus

Roman god of wine and intoxication

"Bacchus embracing Semele" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Bacchus

"Bacchus embracing Semele" — Gayley, 1893

"Shows a priestess of Bacchus in the attitude of offering a <em>nebris</em> to Bacchus or to one of his ministers." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Priestess of Bacchus

"Shows a priestess of Bacchus in the attitude of offering a nebris to Bacchus or to one of…

"Boreas" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Boreas

"Boreas" — Gayley, 1893

"Boreas carrying off Orithyia" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Boreas

"Boreas carrying off Orithyia" — Gayley, 1893

A centaur is a half-man half-horse mythical being.

Centaur

A centaur is a half-man half-horse mythical being.

Roman goddess of agriculture

Ceres

Roman goddess of agriculture

Head of Circe, daughter of the sun.

Circe

Head of Circe, daughter of the sun.

Roman goddess of concord

Concordia

Roman goddess of concord

Generally represented as a beatiful boy with wings, carrying a bow and quiver arrows, and is often spoken as blind or being blindfolded.

Cupid

Generally represented as a beatiful boy with wings, carrying a bow and quiver arrows, and is often spoken…

Roman goddess of nature and fertility

Cybele

Roman goddess of nature and fertility

Roman goddess of nature, fertility and childbirth

Diana

Roman goddess of nature, fertility and childbirth

Roman goddess of nature, fertility and childbirth

Diana

Roman goddess of nature, fertility and childbirth

Roman goddess of nature, fertility and childbirth

Diana

Roman goddess of nature, fertility and childbirth

Diana was a goddess of the Romans. She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto, twin sister of Apollo, and the goddess of hunting and chastity.

Diana

Diana was a goddess of the Romans. She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto, twin sister of Apollo, and…

"Diana, the goddess of the chase."&mdash;Colby, 1899

Diana

"Diana, the goddess of the chase."—Colby, 1899

Diana, attired for the chase.

Diana

Diana, attired for the chase.

"Diana (Artemis) of Versailles" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Diana

"Diana (Artemis) of Versailles" — Gayley, 1893

Roman goddess of nature, fertility and childbirth

Sacrifice to Diana

Roman goddess of nature, fertility and childbirth

"Eirene (Peace)." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Eirene

"Eirene (Peace)." —Bulfinch, 1897

"Eros" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Eros

"Eros" — Gayley, 1893

"Europa on the Bull" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Europa Bull

"Europa on the Bull" — Gayley, 1893

"Farnese Bull" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Farnese Bull

"Farnese Bull" — Gayley, 1893

"The Three Fates" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Fates

"The Three Fates" — Gayley, 1893

Roman goddess of blossoming flowers

Flora

Roman goddess of blossoming flowers

"Flying Mercury" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Flying Mercury

"Flying Mercury" — Gayley, 1893

"The Forge of Vulcan" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Forge Vulcan

"The Forge of Vulcan" — Gayley, 1893

Roman personification of good fortune

Fortuna

Roman personification of good fortune

Fortuna, the goddess of chance in Roman mythology.

Fortuna

Fortuna, the goddess of chance in Roman mythology.

"Rape of Ganymede" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Ganymede

"Rape of Ganymede" — Gayley, 1893

"Ganymede" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Ganymede

"Ganymede" — Gayley, 1893

"Genius Loci" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Genius Loci

"Genius Loci" — Gayley, 1893

"By a beautiful image, the mother herself, who is so deeply interested in the fortunes of her son, is to be the immediate agent in effecting his deification after death. The enrolment of a mortal among the gods was termed his <em>apotheosis.</em>" &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Apotheosis of Germanicus

"By a beautiful image, the mother herself, who is so deeply interested in the fortunes of her son, is…

"Hermes Psychopompos" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Hermes

"Hermes Psychopompos" — Gayley, 1893

"Iris carrying Child" &mdash; Gayley, 1893

Iris

"Iris carrying Child" — Gayley, 1893

Janus, the Roman god, seated.

Janus

Janus, the Roman god, seated.

Roman queen of the gods, sister and wife of Jupiter

Juno

Roman queen of the gods, sister and wife of Jupiter

The goddess of marriage, women, and good counsel.

Juno

The goddess of marriage, women, and good counsel.

Supreme god of the Roman pantheon

Jupiter

Supreme god of the Roman pantheon

Roman goddess of the moon

Luna

Roman goddess of the moon

God of War

Mars

God of War

Head of Mars, Roman god of war.

Mars

Head of Mars, Roman god of war.

The god of war, corresponding to the Greek Ares. He was the son of Juno, and as father of Romulus was the traditional founder of the Roman race.

Mars

The god of war, corresponding to the Greek Ares. He was the son of Juno, and as father of Romulus was…

God of trade and profit.

Mercury

God of trade and profit.

"Mercury." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Mercury

"Mercury." —Bulfinch, 1897

"Mercury, with his caduceus, summons the souls of the departed from Orcus, or the low world, as in the case of Protesilaus, for example, who obtained permission from Pluto and Proserpina to visit for a short period the regions of light." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Mercury with caduceus

"Mercury, with his caduceus, summons the souls of the departed from Orcus, or the low world, as in the…

Roman goddess of wisdom

Minerva

Roman goddess of wisdom

Head of Minerva, Roman goddess of war, medicine, wisdom, and the arts.

Minerva

Head of Minerva, Roman goddess of war, medicine, wisdom, and the arts.

A statue of Minerva, with a serpent depicted at the goddesses' feet.

Minerva

A statue of Minerva, with a serpent depicted at the goddesses' feet.