This ClipArt gallery offers 181 illustrations of various machines used in agriculture, such as reapers, spreaders, and cultivators.

This illustration shows a cross-section of a modern flour mill. 
Wheat is received in bin a, and first passes to the separator b, where it falls over vibrating screens, c, c, and a current of air draws light rubbish through  pipe e to fan d. Next, in scourer f, it passes through revolving beaters, and meets a current of air. In the brush g, revolving brushes further clean and polish the wheat, which then passes to the 'cylinder' h. This  revolving cylinder has grooves which pick up any small seeds, carrying them around until near the top of its revolution they drop into trough k and discharge by l at n, while the wheat grains too large for the grooving to affect, fall into the trough m, and are carried by the elevator p to the 'first break rolls', o. Here the wheat is partly crushed by rolls q, q, and passed to the 'scalper' r. Here, revolving brushes and beaters force the small particles through the fixed cage to the shoot s, while the larger are delivered at the end of the cage and pass to the second pair of rolls, t, and the second scalper, u. The coarse particles from u, chiefly bran, pass through a third set of rolls, v, and then to the 'bran duster', w, a cylinder where revolving brushes clean all flour from the bran and force it through perforations towards shoot x, the bran  being delivered at y. The flour is carried by elevator p' to the 'reel' z, a finely perforated cylinder which revolves rapidly, an the finer part passes by shoot s' to the 'centrifugal' u'; the coarser part delivered at the end of the cylinder, passes to the 'purifier' r', where a current of air removes light dust as it travels over a moving sieve, and thence to a set of rolls at t' for further reduction, after which it is delivered to the centrifugal u'. This is a revolving drum, covered with silk, through which the flour is thrown by centrifugal force, and is delivered finished at v', the offals passing out at the end of the drum to the shoot w'.

Modern Flour Mill

This illustration shows a cross-section of a modern flour mill. Wheat is received in bin a, and first…

A mower used for cutting hay.

Mower

A mower used for cutting hay.

A machine with a rotating blade for cutting grass.

Lawn Mower

A machine with a rotating blade for cutting grass.

This is a mechanical drawing depict the top view of a lawn mower.

Machine, Mowing

This is a mechanical drawing depict the top view of a lawn mower.

The Peteler locust crushing machine was a horse drawn device used to trap and kill locusts. Locusts were a serious hazard to agriculture in the 1800's; this device was one of many used in an attempt to cut back on overwhelming locust populations.

Peteler locust crushing machine

The Peteler locust crushing machine was a horse drawn device used to trap and kill locusts. Locusts…

A machine used to separate cotton from dirt, twigs, etc.

Picker

A machine used to separate cotton from dirt, twigs, etc.

The Cole corn planter, well-suited for planting large acreages of corn.

Cole corn planter

The Cole corn planter, well-suited for planting large acreages of corn.

This corn planter featured an adjustable dropping device. This allowed the operator to drop the corn in the intended place on the furrows.

Corn Planter

This corn planter featured an adjustable dropping device. This allowed the operator to drop the corn…

A tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting.

Plow

A tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting.

The plow is a tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in reparation for sowing seed or planting. It has been a basic instrument for most of recorded history, and represents one of the major advances in agriculture.

Cultivation Plow

The plow is a tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in reparation for sowing seed or…

A four-horse gang plow. One man can plow nearly as fast as two ment with two-horse plows.

Four-horse gang plow

A four-horse gang plow. One man can plow nearly as fast as two ment with two-horse plows.

A Steam-Driven Gang Plow.

Gang Plow

A Steam-Driven Gang Plow.

Two or more plows attached to a stock or frame. Generally having wheels as a sulky plow has, with adjustable devices for regularting the depth of furrows.

Gang Plow

Two or more plows attached to a stock or frame. Generally having wheels as a sulky plow has, with adjustable…

A double-wheeled hand plow.

Hand plow

A double-wheeled hand plow.

A farm tool having one or more heavy blades to break the soil and cut a furrow prior to sowing

Motile Plow

A farm tool having one or more heavy blades to break the soil and cut a furrow prior to sowing

This gang plow is a combination of two plows in one frame.

Multiple Drum Gang Plow

This gang plow is a combination of two plows in one frame.

A machine invented by Andrew Meikle to seperate grain from stalks and husks.

Portable Threshing-Machine

A machine invented by Andrew Meikle to seperate grain from stalks and husks.

"Potato digger with agitating rear rack and vine separator."—The Federal Digest, 1921

Potato Digger

"Potato digger with agitating rear rack and vine separator."—The Federal Digest, 1921

This potato planter is a cup type planter for autonomous planing or graded seed potatoes. It plants tubers apart in the row and hills the row all at once.

Potato Planter

This potato planter is a cup type planter for autonomous planing or graded seed potatoes. It plants…

"Some forms of centrifugal pump, however, have been designed for use with horse power and even for windmills."—Government Printing Office, 1897

Centrifugal Pump

"Some forms of centrifugal pump, however, have been designed for use with horse power and even for windmills."—Government…

Farm implement for hauling hay or straw.

Hay Rack

Farm implement for hauling hay or straw.

Self-acting horse rake.

Horse Rake

Self-acting horse rake.

"Hussey's Reaping-machine (cutting part)." — Chambers, 1881

Reaping-machine

"Hussey's Reaping-machine (cutting part)." — Chambers, 1881

A gang plow has two or more plow bottoms.

Riding Gang Plow

A gang plow has two or more plow bottoms.

One of the best known machines of its type, the Riley Locust-Catcher was employed to exterminate mass numbers of locusts plaguing fields. This device funneled locusts into a bag, sometimes containing poison, that would trap and kill the locusts.

Riley Locust-Catcher

One of the best known machines of its type, the Riley Locust-Catcher was employed to exterminate mass…

"Scutching-machine or Scutcher for Flax. a, feed-table on which the flax is fed to the fluted rollers b, b', which seize it and present it to the scutches or beaters c, fastened by supports d to the rotating drum e. The latter revolves in a case f, with a grating at the bottom. The feed-rolls are driven by gearing i." -Whitney, 1911

Scutcher

"Scutching-machine or Scutcher for Flax. a, feed-table on which the flax is fed to the fluted rollers…

A cream separator is device invented by Martin Wiberg to separate cream from milk (see also Gustaf de Laval). Before milk-cream separators, cream was separated from milk by letting milk sit until the cream floated to the top and could then be skimmed off by hand. The separator was first made by Gustaf de Laval in 1877. With it, it was possible to separate the cream from the milk. When it spins, the milk, which is heaviest, is pushed outward against the walls and the cream, which is lighter, is collected in the middle.

Power Cream Separator

A cream separator is device invented by Martin Wiberg to separate cream from milk (see also Gustaf de…

This corn sheller design allowed corn to dropped to a hopper which was then carried using the rotational energy of the sheller wheel until the cob stroked the guard.

Corn Sheller

This corn sheller design allowed corn to dropped to a hopper which was then carried using the rotational…

The disc plow is the result of an attempt to reduce plowing draft due to sliding friction.

Single Disc Plow

The disc plow is the result of an attempt to reduce plowing draft due to sliding friction.

Single disk drill.

Single disk drill

Single disk drill.

"Adjustable sled-marker." — Baily, 1898

Adjustable sled-marker

"Adjustable sled-marker." — Baily, 1898

the Sod Cutter is also known as the shave off technique, shovels, hoes, or similar machinery are used to shave off the surface of the existing lawn, which is then carted away. Once the grass has been removed, the surface is usually rotovated so as to loosen the ground somewhat. If the exposed soil is not of high quality, a layer or two of topsoil may be applied prior to the installation of the sod. The soil is then nicely graded and the sod is installed on top of it.

Combined Disk Harrow, Sod Cutter, and Roller

the Sod Cutter is also known as the shave off technique, shovels, hoes, or similar machinery are used…

Spring tooth harrow.

Spring tooth harrow

Spring tooth harrow.

Illustrated is a square tower used for spraying insecticide. It gives more working space for the nozzle-men than the conical form.

Square Tower

Illustrated is a square tower used for spraying insecticide. It gives more working space for the nozzle-men…

Side view of a steam apparatus constructed by Stephen Hoyt's Sons, New Canaan, Conn.

Steam Apparatus

Side view of a steam apparatus constructed by Stephen Hoyt's Sons, New Canaan, Conn.

Steam apparatus owned by the Farmington Forestry Club, Farmington, Conn.

Steam Apparatus

Steam apparatus owned by the Farmington Forestry Club, Farmington, Conn.

"Smith's Steam Cultivator as at work." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Steam Cultivator

"Smith's Steam Cultivator as at work." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

A Steam plow, 1901. The travel of the plows is at right angles to the travel of the engine.

Steam plow

A Steam plow, 1901. The travel of the plows is at right angles to the travel of the engine.

A machine used to excavate land.

Steam Shovel

A machine used to excavate land.

A straw stacker features the combination of a centrifugal discharger, of a feeding device comprising a spiral blade extending longitudinally of the straw chamber and secured to the discharger shaft.

Straw Stacker

A straw stacker features the combination of a centrifugal discharger, of a feeding device comprising…

Stump pullers are the primitive method of extracting stumps. This method is to hitch on a yoke of oxen, and after cutting away the earth from around the stump as much as possible, drag the latter from the soil by main strength. Explosives are frequently employed to blow the stump to pieces.

Stump Puller

Stump pullers are the primitive method of extracting stumps. This method is to hitch on a yoke of oxen,…

In a sugarcane mill, sugarcane is washed, chopped, and shredded by revolving knives.

A Sugarcane Mill

In a sugarcane mill, sugarcane is washed, chopped, and shredded by revolving knives.

A swathe turner.

Swathe Turner

A swathe turner.

Tedder.

Tedder

Tedder.

The Anderson Coal-oil Contrivance was a simple and effective locust extermination device. A flat pan was filled with coal tar or kerosene, and dragged over the surface of a locust infested field. Locusts would panic and jump into the pan, falling into the kerosene/tar, and die.

The Anderson Coal-oil Contrivance.

The Anderson Coal-oil Contrivance was a simple and effective locust extermination device. A flat pan…

The Flory-locust machine was a horse-drawn implement used by farmers to exterminate locust populations. This device was employed with moderate effect. Locusts would be startled into jumping as it rolled over them, and crushed in the moving belts.

The Flory-locust machine

The Flory-locust machine was a horse-drawn implement used by farmers to exterminate locust populations.…

"Probably no inventive contribution has been offered to the cotton trade more important than the mule. Samuel Crompton of Bolton completes in 1775 his invention of the mule jenny, contriving which he had been engages for several years. But this machine, possessing great merit and advantages, did not come into general use, nor was its value known, until after the expiration of Arkwright's patent, the spinner till then being confined to the rove prepared from common jenny spinning, which was unsuitable to the mule jenny." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

The Mule

"Probably no inventive contribution has been offered to the cotton trade more important than the mule.…

The Price pan was a simple and effective locust extermination device. A flat pan was filled with coal tar or kerosene, and dragged over the surface of a locust infested field. Locusts would panic and jump into the pan, falling into the kerosene/tar, and die.

The Price Oil-Pan

The Price pan was a simple and effective locust extermination device. A flat pan was filled with coal…

A machine to thrash with.

Thrashing-machine

A machine to thrash with.

Thresher with feedre, wind stacker, and elevator with wagon spout.

Thresher

Thresher with feedre, wind stacker, and elevator with wagon spout.

A farm machine used to seperate seeds or grain from the stocks.

Thresher

A farm machine used to seperate seeds or grain from the stocks.

Various tobacco planters were invented in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The tobacco planters were used to automate the process of making the hole, fertilizing it, and guiding the plant inward all with one motion.

Two Wheeled Tobacco Planter

Various tobacco planters were invented in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The tobacco planters…

Illustrated is a walking single row four shovel tongue cultivator.

Tongue Cultivator

Illustrated is a walking single row four shovel tongue cultivator.

The Buckeye mower was manufactured between 1875 and 1899 by Buckeye Mower and Reaper Co. Considered a outstanding mower, with top quality material and workmanship, easy handling, durablity, with minimal repairs needed in comparision to other mowers of its time.

Buckeye Mower

The Buckeye mower was manufactured between 1875 and 1899 by Buckeye Mower and Reaper Co. Considered…

Horse-rakes are on a footing different from mowing machines. Grass may be cut in the morning, in the evening, or in a cloudy day. But the hay must be raked at the very right time, or it may be entirely spoiled.

Carpenter's Improved Horse-rake

Horse-rakes are on a footing different from mowing machines. Grass may be cut in the morning, in the…

The Walter A. Wood Mowing and Reaping Machine Co. manufactured this reaper. By 1860 he had an improved mower and a new combined mower - reaper. He soon decided the combination machine wasn’t as good a mower as his separate mower. The mower version of the combined machine was sold as a separate mowing attachment to the reaper. This increased its cost to near that of the separate mower while providing a "combined" machine for those who insisted in buying one. The reaper was improved and became the chain-rake reaper – an early machine that no longer needed a second operator to rake the grain from the platform. Wood had all the patents for this early one-man machine, and was able to sell a license for the reaper and the improved mower to Hart Massey for sale in Canada.

Wood Mower

The Walter A. Wood Mowing and Reaping Machine Co. manufactured this reaper. By 1860 he had an improved…

This weed destroyer is an agricultural implement which aids in the removal of weeds from landscapes.

Weed Destryoyer

This weed destroyer is an agricultural implement which aids in the removal of weeds from landscapes.

A weeder used for harrowing small grains.

Weeder

A weeder used for harrowing small grains.

The Wilson-Rhode locust catcher was a horse-drawn device used to trap and kill locusts. Locusts were a serious hazard to agriculture in the 1800's; this device was one of many used in an attempt to cut back on overwhelming locust populations.

Wilson-Rhode locust catcher

The Wilson-Rhode locust catcher was a horse-drawn device used to trap and kill locusts. Locusts were…

"Devices for lifting water are older than written history, and various forms of pumps are used on almost every farm in the country, every citizen being familiar with a number of ways of lifting water."—Government Printing Office, 1897

Homemade Jumbo Windmill

"Devices for lifting water are older than written history, and various forms of pumps are used on almost…