The coat of arms of Alberta, a province of Canada.

Alberta Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of Alberta, a province of Canada.

Illustration of a red Canadian apple.

Red Canada apple

Illustration of a red Canadian apple.

Illustration of a cross section of a red Canadian apple.

Red Canada apple

Illustration of a cross section of a red Canadian apple.

Also known as Abies balsamea. A North American fir, generally found in most of the eastern and central areas of the United States and Canada.

Pine Cone of Balsam Fir

Also known as Abies balsamea. A North American fir, generally found in most of the eastern and central…

Also known as Salix bebbiana. The branch of a Beaked Willow, native to Canada and the northern United States.

Branch of Beaked Willow

Also known as Salix bebbiana. The branch of a Beaked Willow, native to Canada and the northern United…

Canada blue-grass, also known as wire-grass. Suitable for soils too poor to support Kentucky blue-grass.

Canada blue-grass

Canada blue-grass, also known as wire-grass. Suitable for soils too poor to support Kentucky blue-grass.

A seal representing the country of Canada.

Canada

A seal representing the country of Canada.

A French explorer who claimed the land that is now Canada for France.

Cartier

A French explorer who claimed the land that is now Canada for France.

Jacques Cartier (1491 – September 1, 1557) claimed what is now Canada for France. He was the first who described and mapped the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River.

Jacques Cartier

Jacques Cartier (1491 – September 1, 1557) claimed what is now Canada for France. He was the first…

Portrait of Jacques Cartier discoverer of Canada

Jaques Cartier, discoverer of Canada

Portrait of Jacques Cartier discoverer of Canada

This chair was manufactured in Montreal, Canada as a present to the Queen of England.

Chair

This chair was manufactured in Montreal, Canada as a present to the Queen of England.

Samuel de Champlain, "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, geographer, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, ethnologist, diplomat, chronicler, and the founder of Quebec City on July 3, 1608, of which he was the administrator for the rest of his life.

Samuel de Champlain

Samuel de Champlain, "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, geographer, cartographer, draughtsman,…

Also known as Magnolia acuminata. The branch of a Cucumber tree, native to the northeastern United States and Southern Ontario Canada.

Branch of Cucumber Tree

Also known as Magnolia acuminata. The branch of a Cucumber tree, native to the northeastern United States…

William Henry Draper (March 11, 1801 – November 3, 1877) was a lawyer, judge and political figure in Upper Canada and Canada West.

William Henry Drayton

William Henry Draper (March 11, 1801 – November 3, 1877) was a lawyer, judge and political figure…

A title of Peerage of the United Kingdom, created for the prominent Whig politician John Lambton. He authored the famous Durham Report, which is an important document in the history of Canada.

Earl of Durham

A title of Peerage of the United Kingdom, created for the prominent Whig politician John Lambton. He…

(1845-1927) Fifth Governor General of Canada.

Henry Charles Keith Petty Fitzmaurice

(1845-1927) Fifth Governor General of Canada.

Fort Chambly at the foot of the Chambly rapids on the Richelieu River in Quebec, Canada, was built by the French in 1711.

Fort Chambly

Fort Chambly at the foot of the Chambly rapids on the Richelieu River in Quebec, Canada, was built by…

Fort Erie was captured and destroyed during the War of 1812.

Ruins of Fort Erie, 1860

Fort Erie was captured and destroyed during the War of 1812.

Also known as Abies fraseri. A species of fir native to the eastern United States mountains.

Pine Cone of Fraser Fir

Also known as Abies fraseri. A species of fir native to the eastern United States mountains.

Sir Martin Frobisher (c. 1535 or 1539 – November 22, 1594) was an English seaman (from Wakefield, Yorkshire) who made three voyages to the New World to look for the Northwest Passage.

Martin Frobisher

Sir Martin Frobisher (c. 1535 or 1539 – November 22, 1594) was an English seaman (from Wakefield,…

(1817-1893) English Canadian statesman and one of the fathers of the Canadian Confederation.

Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt

(1817-1893) English Canadian statesman and one of the fathers of the Canadian Confederation.

Also known as the wild goose of America, the Canada goose averages about forty inches in length fully-grown, and is known for its yearly migration between Canada and the United States.

Canada Goose

Also known as the wild goose of America, the Canada goose averages about forty inches in length fully-grown,…

A section of Graham Island in British Columbia, Canada.

Graham Island

A section of Graham Island in British Columbia, Canada.

Graham Island, as it appeared on Sept. 29, 1831.

Graham Island

Graham Island, as it appeared on Sept. 29, 1831.

Athlete from Canada, "putting the shot."

George R. Gray

Athlete from Canada, "putting the shot."

Also known as the spotted or spruce grouse, the Canada grouse is found in the northerly latitudes of the North American contitent.

Canada Grouse

Also known as the spotted or spruce grouse, the Canada grouse is found in the northerly latitudes of…

William Johnston was born in Canada in 1780 and was an American spy on the Canada frontier during the War of 1812.

William Johnston

William Johnston was born in Canada in 1780 and was an American spy on the Canada frontier during the…

Also known as Amelanchier canadensis. The branch of a Juneberry bush, native to eastern North America, primarily Canada.

Branch of Juneberry

Also known as Amelanchier canadensis. The branch of a Juneberry bush, native to eastern North America,…

(1841-1919) Seventh Prime Minister of Canada.

Sir Wilfrid Laurier

(1841-1919) Seventh Prime Minister of Canada.

(1815-1891) Canadian politician

Sir J. A. Macdonald

(1815-1891) Canadian politician

(1822-1892) Canadian statesman

Hon A. Mackenzie

(1822-1892) Canadian statesman

A view of Main Street, Dawson City in the Yukon, Canada in July of 1897.

Main Street, Dawson City, July 1897

A view of Main Street, Dawson City in the Yukon, Canada in July of 1897.

The coat of arms of Manitoba, a Canadian province.

Manitoba Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of Manitoba, a Canadian province.

Her Majesty's Royal Chapel of the Mohawks, the oldest church in Ontario, is one of six Royal chapels outside of the United Kingdom, and one of two in Canada.

Mohawk Church

Her Majesty's Royal Chapel of the Mohawks, the oldest church in Ontario, is one of six Royal chapels…

The headquarters of Louis Montcalm, the commander of the French forces in the French and Indian War.

Montcalm's Headquarters

The headquarters of Louis Montcalm, the commander of the French forces in the French and Indian War.

French marshall in Canada

Louis Montcalm

French marshall in Canada

The Montmorency Falls form a large waterfall in Quebec, Canada, located near Quebec City.

Montmorency Falls

The Montmorency Falls form a large waterfall in Quebec, Canada, located near Quebec City.

View of Montreal, Canada and its walls in 1760. (From an old French print)

View of Montreal in 1760

View of Montreal, Canada and its walls in 1760. (From an old French print)

The coat of arms for New Brunswick, a province of Canada.

New Brunswick Coat of Arms

The coat of arms for New Brunswick, a province of Canada.

Niagara Falls in New York.

Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls in New York.

Newspapers and speakers especially condemned the "land embargo" — the cutting-off trade with Canada. The trade so suddenly thrown into confusion by it was represented in a caricature by a bewildered serpent which had been suddenly stopped in its movements by two trees, marked, respectively, "Embargo" and "Non-Importation Act." The wondering snake is puzzled to know what has happened, and the head cries out, "What's the matter, tail?" The latter answers, "I can't get out." A cock, representing France, stands by, joyfully.

Non Importation Act

Newspapers and speakers especially condemned the "land embargo" — the cutting-off trade with Canada.…

Also known as Quercus rubra. The branch of a Northern Red Oak tree, native to northeastern United States.

Branch of Northern Red Oak

Also known as Quercus rubra. The branch of a Northern Red Oak tree, native to northeastern United States.

Parliament House at Ottawa, Canada, 1901.

Parliament House

Parliament House at Ottawa, Canada, 1901.

The Canada owl, also known as the day or hawk owl. It feeds primarily on small birds.

Canada Owl

The Canada owl, also known as the day or hawk owl. It feeds primarily on small birds.

Also known as Salix amygdaloides. The branch of a Peachleaf Willow tree, native to southern Canada and northern United States.

Branch of Peachleaf Willow

Also known as Salix amygdaloides. The branch of a Peachleaf Willow tree, native to southern Canada and…

5th Marquis of Landsowne, he was Governor General of Canada, Viceroy of India, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

Henry Petty-FitzMaurice

5th Marquis of Landsowne, he was Governor General of Canada, Viceroy of India, Secretary of State for…

Quebec in 1759.

Quebec in 1759

Quebec in 1759.

The Battle of Queenston Heights was a British victory during the War of 1812 which took place on October 13, 1812, near Queenston, Ontario.

Queenston in 1812

The Battle of Queenston Heights was a British victory during the War of 1812 which took place on October…

Originally named Rivière aux Canards ("Duck River"), the River Canard community is home to one of the last vestiges of the French-speaking inhabitants of the Detroit River region, settled from France and Quebec in the 18th century. At St. Joseph's parish, one can still today (2007) hear the mass in French.

View from Rivière Aux Canards

Originally named Rivière aux Canards ("Duck River"), the River Canard community is home to one…

A drawing of the barracks at Sandwich in Canada.

Barracks at Sandwich

A drawing of the barracks at Sandwich in Canada.

A Hydro-electric station of the Cedar Rapids (Canada) Manufacturing and Power Company.

Station

A Hydro-electric station of the Cedar Rapids (Canada) Manufacturing and Power Company.

The Battle of Stoney Creek was fought on June 6, 1813, during the War of 1812 near present day Stoney Creek, Ontario.

Battleground of Stony Creek

The Battle of Stoney Creek was fought on June 6, 1813, during the War of 1812 near present day Stoney…

Cirsium arvense is a species of Cirsium, native throughout Europe and northern Asia, and widely introduced elsewhere. The standard English name in its native area is Creeping Thistle. It is a tall herbaceous perennial plant, forming extensive clonal colonies from an underground root system that sends up numerous erect stems each spring, reaching 1–1.2 m tall (occasionally more); the stems often lie partly flat by summer but can stay erect if supported by other vegetation. The leaves are very spiny, lobed, up to 15–20 cm long and 2–3 cm broad (smaller on the upper part of the flower stem). The inflorescence is 10–22 mm diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). The flowers are usually dioecious, but not invariably so, with some plants bearing hermaphrodite flowers. The seeds are 4–5 mm long, with a feathery pappus which assists in wind dispersal.

Canada Thistle

Cirsium arvense is a species of Cirsium, native throughout Europe and northern Asia, and widely introduced…

Three sister mountains in Canmore, Alberta.

Three Sisters

Three sister mountains in Canmore, Alberta.

University of Toronto, 1901

University of Toronto

University of Toronto, 1901

Also known as Juglans cinerea. A species of walnut native to the eastern United States and southeast Canada.

Branch of White Walnut Tree

Also known as Juglans cinerea. A species of walnut native to the eastern United States and southeast…

Wolfe's Cove

Wolfe's Cove

Wolfe's Cove