"Nelsonia campestris. 1. flowers; 2. pistil; 3. capsule; 4. cross section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

Acanthus

"Nelsonia campestris. 1. flowers; 2. pistil; 3. capsule; 4. cross section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

"Aculeus.--A prickle or sharp point, from the bark." -Newman, 1850

Aculeus

"Aculeus.--A prickle or sharp point, from the bark." -Newman, 1850

"Axillary.--Placed in the axilla (arm-pit). A term by which the angle formed by the union of the leaf and the stem is designated." -Newman, 1850

Axillary

"Axillary.--Placed in the axilla (arm-pit). A term by which the angle formed by the union of the leaf…

The bacca of a plant.

Bacca

The bacca of a plant.

"Callicarpa longifolia. 1. flower opened longitudinally; 2. part of fruit of C. americana; 3. its seed." -Lindley, 1853

Beautyberry

"Callicarpa longifolia. 1. flower opened longitudinally; 2. part of fruit of C. americana; 3. its seed."…

"Wahlenbergia procumbens. 1. an entire flower; 2. stamens; 3. a stigma; 4. transverse section of the ovary; 5. a vertical section of a seed, showing the embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Bellflower

"Wahlenbergia procumbens. 1. an entire flower; 2. stamens; 3. a stigma; 4. transverse section of the…

"Bracteae.--Small leaves placed between the proper leaves of the plant and the flower-cup." -Newman, 1850

Bractea

"Bracteae.--Small leaves placed between the proper leaves of the plant and the flower-cup." -Newman,…

"Bragantia Blumei. 1. a section of its wood; 2. one of its flowers; 3. a seed; 4. the same divided perpendicularly; 5. anthers and stigma of Asarum." -Lindley, 1853

Bragantia

"Bragantia Blumei. 1. a section of its wood; 2. one of its flowers; 3. a seed; 4. the same divided perpendicularly;…

"Buds.--Coverings of the germ." -Newman, 1850

Buds

"Buds.--Coverings of the germ." -Newman, 1850

"a.-- Truncated bulb of onion; b.-- onion leaf dissected off; c.-- bulb of lily. Bulb, a modified leaf-bud, formed on a plant upon or beneath the surface of the ground, emitting roots from its base, and producing a stem from its center." -Vaughan, 1906

Various Bulbs

"a.-- Truncated bulb of onion; b.-- onion leaf dissected off; c.-- bulb of lily. Bulb, a modified leaf-bud,…

"1. Flowering plant of Bulrush (Scirpus lacustris). 2. The inflorescence. a, a flower; b, the fruit." -Whitney, 1911

Bulrush

"1. Flowering plant of Bulrush (Scirpus lacustris). 2. The inflorescence. a, a flower; b, the fruit."…

"Inflorescence and flowers of the burdock (Arctium minus). a, Inflorescences; b, longitudinal section of the same; c, bud of individual flower; d, mature flower; sty, stigma; stig, style; a, ring of syngenesius anthers; c, corolla; p, pappus (calyx); ov, ovary; e, mature seed." -Gager, 1916

Lesser Burdock

"Inflorescence and flowers of the burdock (Arctium minus). a, Inflorescences; b, longitudinal section…

"Sanguisorba officinalis. 1. a flower with a pair of bracts; 2. the same with half the calyx cut away; 3. a ripe fruit, from which the calyx has been removed; 4. a vertical section of fruit and calyx; 5. transverse section of a fruit." -Lindley, 1853

Great Burnet

"Sanguisorba officinalis. 1. a flower with a pair of bracts; 2. the same with half the calyx cut away;…

"Pinguicula vulgaris. 1. calyx, &c. 2. stamen; 3. pistil; 4. longitudinal section of it; 5. half a fruit; 6. seeds, natural size; 7. embryo very much magnified." -Lindley, 1853

Common Butterwort

"Pinguicula vulgaris. 1. calyx, &c. 2. stamen; 3. pistil; 4. longitudinal section of it; 5. half a fruit;…

"Byrsanthus Brownii. 1. diagram of the flower; 2. section of a flower; 3. section across the ovary; 4. section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

Byrsanthus

"Byrsanthus Brownii. 1. diagram of the flower; 2. section of a flower; 3. section across the ovary;…

"Cassipourea elliptica. 1. a flower; 2. stamens; 3. pistil; 4. cross section of the ovary." -Lindley, 1853

Cassipourea

"Cassipourea elliptica. 1. a flower; 2. stamens; 3. pistil; 4. cross section of the ovary." -Lindley,…

"Diagram showing tissue-systems in young stem of castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis), as seen in cross-section. ep, epidermis; cor, cortex; p, pith or medulla; b, fibro-vascular bundle; ph, phloem; ca, cambium; x, xylem; ic, interfascicular cambium." -Gager, 1916

Castor-Oil Plant Stem

"Diagram showing tissue-systems in young stem of castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis), as seen in cross-section.…

"The castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis). Portion of cross-section of young stem. co, Cortex; p, pith or medulla; e, epidermis; ph, phloem; ca, cambium; x, xylem. The last three elements compose the fibro-vascular bundle, the cambium being continuous from bundle to bundle; the portion between the bundles is called interfascicular cambium." -Gager, 1916

Castor-Oil Plant Stem

"The castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis). Portion of cross-section of young stem. co, Cortex; p, pith…

"Moquileae canomensis. 1. a flower; 2. an ovary; 3. a perpendicular section of the last; 4. a fruit; 5. a kernel." -Lindley, 1853

Couepia

"Moquileae canomensis. 1. a flower; 2. an ovary; 3. a perpendicular section of the last; 4. a fruit;…

Cycadaceae is an order with more or less woody plants. The stems are thick, unbranched, columnar, or tuberous. Ginkogoaceae is an order of much branched trees with deciduous leaves.

Cycadaceae and Ginkogoaceae

Cycadaceae is an order with more or less woody plants. The stems are thick, unbranched, columnar, or…

"Cytinus Hypocistis. 1. A flower; 2. a head of anthers; 3. a transverse section of the ovary." -Lindley, 1853

Cytinus

"Cytinus Hypocistis. 1. A flower; 2. a head of anthers; 3. a transverse section of the ovary." -Lindley,…

"Deutzia crenata. 1. a flower with the petals removed; 2. a fruit; 3. a portion of the same, showing the placentation; 4. section of a seed very highly magnified." -Lindley, 1853

Deutzia

"Deutzia crenata. 1. a flower with the petals removed; 2. a fruit; 3. a portion of the same, showing…

"Martynia lutea. 1. a flower; 2. the pistil; 3. a section of its ovary." -Lindley, 1853

Devil's Claw

"Martynia lutea. 1. a flower; 2. the pistil; 3. a section of its ovary." -Lindley, 1853

"Cuscuta verrucosa. 1. ovary and calyx; 2. section of do.; 3. its fruit; 4. section of a seed of a Cuscuta; 5. its embryo pulled out." -Lindley, 1853

Dodder

"Cuscuta verrucosa. 1. ovary and calyx; 2. section of do.; 3. its fruit; 4. section of a seed of a Cuscuta;…

"Corolla, scales and stamens of, 1. Cuscuta europaea; 2. Cuscuta trifolii." -Lindley, 1853

Greater Dodder

"Corolla, scales and stamens of, 1. Cuscuta europaea; 2. Cuscuta trifolii." -Lindley, 1853

"Benthamia japonica. 1. a flower; 2. a perpendicular section of the pistil; 3. a head of fruit; 4. a section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

Dogwood

"Benthamia japonica. 1. a flower; 2. a perpendicular section of the pistil; 3. a head of fruit; 4. a…

"Sambucus nigra; 1. a flower; 2. a young pistil; 3. a cross section of its ovary; 4. a perpendicular section of the fruit." -Lindley, 1853

Elder

"Sambucus nigra; 1. a flower; 2. a young pistil; 3. a cross section of its ovary; 4. a perpendicular…

"Pholidia scoparia. 1. a corolla opened; 2. perpendicular section of ripe fruit; 3. cross section of it; 4. longitudinal section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

Silver Emubush

"Pholidia scoparia. 1. a corolla opened; 2. perpendicular section of ripe fruit; 3. cross section of…

A leaf which has "the form of a fiddle or violin; pandurate or panduriform: applied in botany to an obovate leaf which is contracted above the base." -Whitney, 1911

Fiddle-Shaped Leaf

A leaf which has "the form of a fiddle or violin; pandurate or panduriform: applied in botany to an…

The capsule of a flowering plant.

Flower Capsule

The capsule of a flowering plant.

"The parts of the flower. cal, calyx; cor, corolla; st, stamens; p, pistil." -Bergen, 1896

Flower Parts

"The parts of the flower. cal, calyx; cor, corolla; st, stamens; p, pistil." -Bergen, 1896

A flower spike.

Flower Spike

A flower spike.

"6. flower of Geissoloma marginatum; 7. ditto divided perpendicularly; 9. ovule; 10. anther." -Lindley, 1853

Geissoloma

"6. flower of Geissoloma marginatum; 7. ditto divided perpendicularly; 9. ovule; 10. anther." -Lindley,…

"Globularia orientalis. 1. a flower; 2. section of calyx and ovary; 3. section of fruit." -Lindley, 1853

Globe Daisy

"Globularia orientalis. 1. a flower; 2. section of calyx and ovary; 3. section of fruit." -Lindley,…

"Eccremocarpus scaber. 1. cross section of its ovary; 2. longitudinal section of it; 3. seed." -Lindley, 1853

Glory Vine

"Eccremocarpus scaber. 1. cross section of its ovary; 2. longitudinal section of it; 3. seed." -Lindley,…

"Glume.--A part of the floral envelopes of grass." -Newman, 1850

Glume

"Glume.--A part of the floral envelopes of grass." -Newman, 1850

"Fescue-grass (Festuca pratensis). A, spikelet; B, a flower, the lodicules in front and the palea behind; C, a lodicule; D, ovary." -Bergen, 1896

Fescue Grass

"Fescue-grass (Festuca pratensis). A, spikelet; B, a flower, the lodicules in front and the palea behind;…

The head of a flower.

Head

The head of a flower.

"Bulb of hyacinth. Exterior view and split lengthwise." -Bergen, 1896

Hyacinth Bulb

"Bulb of hyacinth. Exterior view and split lengthwise." -Bergen, 1896

"Hypocyrta gracilis. 1. section of a flower; 2. cross section of a fruit; 3. seed with it embryo exposed to view." -Lindley, 1853

Hypocyrta

"Hypocyrta gracilis. 1. section of a flower; 2. cross section of a fruit; 3. seed with it embryo exposed…

"Roots, rootstocks, and leaves of iris." -Bergen, 1896

Iris

"Roots, rootstocks, and leaves of iris." -Bergen, 1896

"Lardizabala triternata. 1. petals and stamens of male flower; 2. carpels; 3. fruit of a Lardizabala; 4. a cross section of it; 5. a seed; 6. a section of it, showing the embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Lardizabala

"Lardizabala triternata. 1. petals and stamens of male flower; 2. carpels; 3. fruit of a Lardizabala;…

"Legume.--A pod; applied to the fruit of leguminous plants, such as the pea, &c." -Newman, 1850

Legume

"Legume.--A pod; applied to the fruit of leguminous plants, such as the pea, &c." -Newman, 1850

"Lobelia siphilitica. 1. an entire flower; 2. the stamens; 3. perpendicular section of the ovary; 4 and 5 stigmas." -Lindley, 1853

Great Blue Lobelia

"Lobelia siphilitica. 1. an entire flower; 2. the stamens; 3. perpendicular section of the ovary; 4…

The lyme of a flower.

Lyme

The lyme of a flower.

"Hippuris vulgaris. 1. a complete flower; 2. a section of the pistil, showing the position of the ovule; 3. a section of the ripe fruit and seed." -Lindley. 1853

Common Mare's Tail

"Hippuris vulgaris. 1. a complete flower; 2. a section of the pistil, showing the position of the ovule;…

The narcissus of a flower.

Narcissus

The narcissus of a flower.

"Tube nectary of Nasturtium." -Newman, 1850

Nasturtium

"Tube nectary of Nasturtium." -Newman, 1850

A nutmeg plant and its parts. "a, fruit bursting open; b, the same with one valve removed; c, section of seed; d, seed with the covering removed." -Foster, 1921

Nutmeg

A nutmeg plant and its parts. "a, fruit bursting open; b, the same with one valve removed; c, section…

The perianth of a flower.

Perianth

The perianth of a flower.

"Brunonia sericea. 1. a complete flower; 2. the pistil; 3. a ripe fruit; 4. embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Blue Pincushion

"Brunonia sericea. 1. a complete flower; 2. the pistil; 3. a ripe fruit; 4. embryo." -Lindley, 1853

"Zannichellia palustris. 1. A flower; 2. a cluster of ripe ovaries; 3. an ovary opened to exhibit the ovule; 4. a vertical section of a seed, showing the folded up embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Potamogetonaceae

"Zannichellia palustris. 1. A flower; 2. a cluster of ripe ovaries; 3. an ovary opened to exhibit the…

"Racemes.--When flowers are arranged round a filiform simple axis, each particular flower being stalked, they are said to be in racemes." -Newman, 1850

Raceme

"Racemes.--When flowers are arranged round a filiform simple axis, each particular flower being stalked,…

"Rhabdia lycioides. 1. its flower; 2. the corolla opened; 3. a cross section of the ovary; 4. a perpendicular section of a seed." -Lindley, 1853

Rhabdia

"Rhabdia lycioides. 1. its flower; 2. the corolla opened; 3. a cross section of the ovary; 4. a perpendicular…

A creeping root.

Creeping Root

A creeping root.

A taproot.

Taproot

A taproot.

A tuberous root.

Tuberous Root

A tuberous root.

"Diagram to illustrate a root-hair (h) in the soil, and its relation to the soil-particles, the capillary film of water (w), and the air spaces (a); e, epidermal cell of the root, of which the root-hair is an out-growth, or branch." -Gager, 1916

Roots in Soil

"Diagram to illustrate a root-hair (h) in the soil, and its relation to the soil-particles, the capillary…

Fascicled roots.

Fascicled Roots

Fascicled roots.

Fibrous roots.

Fibrous Roots

Fibrous roots.