The Lathes and Milling Machines ClipArt gallery offers 21 illustrations of machines designed to shape parts out of solid blocks of wood or metal.

This illustration shows a Blake Ore Breaker (stone crusher), used in a gold stamp mill. This crusher breaks the large, mined rocks containing the gold (ore) into small pieces, to then be reduced to the finest powder by stamps.

Blake Ore Breaker

This illustration shows a Blake Ore Breaker (stone crusher), used in a gold stamp mill. This crusher…

"Break lathes can take in work of considerable length as well as of large diameter,—the treble-geared headstock and all other parts being in their case made of sufficient strength to bear the heavy strains which result from the increased size and weight of the work, a quality in which gap lathes are not unfrequntly deficient." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Break Lathe

"Break lathes can take in work of considerable length as well as of large diameter,—the treble-geared…

This illustration shows a double discharge mortar, used in a Stamp Mill.

Double Discharge Mortar

This illustration shows a double discharge mortar, used in a Stamp Mill.

A lathe is a machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, or deformation with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object which has symmetry about an axis of rotation.

Large Power Lathe

A lathe is a machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various operations such as cutting,…

A machine-tool for turning or shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material.

Lathe

A machine-tool for turning or shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material.

A machine for shaping a piece of material, such as wood or metal, by rotating it rapidly along its axis while pressing a fixed cutting or abrading tool against it.

Appliance Lathe

A machine for shaping a piece of material, such as wood or metal, by rotating it rapidly along its axis…

A convenient screw cutting using a lathe to create threads on the metal rod.

Screw Cutting Device using Lathe

A convenient screw cutting using a lathe to create threads on the metal rod.

Machine used to form specialized parts by cutting (milling) material from a solid block of metal.

Milling Machine

Machine used to form specialized parts by cutting (milling) material from a solid block of metal.

A machine used for planing large blocks of wood.

Planing Machine

A machine used for planing large blocks of wood.

"A modern mechanic's lathe, has very different demands made upon it. For this the greatest possible steadiness in all the working parts is the main desideratum, and it is of great advantage to have the means of obtaining a slow speed, so as to be able to take the heaviest cuts which its strength and the power available to warrant." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Mechanic's Lathe

"A modern mechanic's lathe, has very different demands made upon it. For this the greatest possible…

"The workpiece is fastened on a round platen, which in turn is attached to the table of a large and heavy vertical boring machine. The mill arbor bears a profile mill with inserted teeth, and the table has power feed. The operation is cheaper than turning in the lathe." —Grimshaw, 1902

Ring Milling

"The workpiece is fastened on a round platen, which in turn is attached to the table of a large and…

This illustration shows a cross-section of a modern flour mill. 
Wheat is received in bin a, and first passes to the separator b, where it falls over vibrating screens, c, c, and a current of air draws light rubbish through  pipe e to fan d. Next, in scourer f, it passes through revolving beaters, and meets a current of air. In the brush g, revolving brushes further clean and polish the wheat, which then passes to the 'cylinder' h. This  revolving cylinder has grooves which pick up any small seeds, carrying them around until near the top of its revolution they drop into trough k and discharge by l at n, while the wheat grains too large for the grooving to affect, fall into the trough m, and are carried by the elevator p to the 'first break rolls', o. Here the wheat is partly crushed by rolls q, q, and passed to the 'scalper' r. Here, revolving brushes and beaters force the small particles through the fixed cage to the shoot s, while the larger are delivered at the end of the cage and pass to the second pair of rolls, t, and the second scalper, u. The coarse particles from u, chiefly bran, pass through a third set of rolls, v, and then to the 'bran duster', w, a cylinder where revolving brushes clean all flour from the bran and force it through perforations towards shoot x, the bran  being delivered at y. The flour is carried by elevator p' to the 'reel' z, a finely perforated cylinder which revolves rapidly, an the finer part passes by shoot s' to the 'centrifugal' u'; the coarser part delivered at the end of the cylinder, passes to the 'purifier' r', where a current of air removes light dust as it travels over a moving sieve, and thence to a set of rolls at t' for further reduction, after which it is delivered to the centrifugal u'. This is a revolving drum, covered with silk, through which the flour is thrown by centrifugal force, and is delivered finished at v', the offals passing out at the end of the drum to the shoot w'.

Modern Flour Mill

This illustration shows a cross-section of a modern flour mill. Wheat is received in bin a, and first…

"The ordinary self-acting planing machine. Its action bears no resemblance to the familiar process of wood planing, but is analogous to that by which the successive cuts of a narrow tool produce a cylindrical surface in a slide lathe. A transverse table carries the work and forces it against the tool, which is stationary while making its cut, but between the cuts has a slight "feed" motion along its horizontal slide." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Planning Machine

"The ordinary self-acting planing machine. Its action bears no resemblance to the familiar process of…

An illustration of a boring rod by using a hand cranked lathe. This device creates a cylinder with a hollow center from rods.

Hand Crank Lathe Boring Rod

An illustration of a boring rod by using a hand cranked lathe. This device creates a cylinder with a…

A mechanical boring rod machine to create a cylinder with a hollow center.

Mechanical Boring Rod

A mechanical boring rod machine to create a cylinder with a hollow center.

"A self-acting screw-cutting lathe with double-geared headstock, of a type now well established, the arrangements for obtaining and varying this traversing motion may be observed. A steel leading screw runs along the front of the lathe bed, and with it the slide rest can be connected at pleasure. Two or more change wheels, properly proportioned as to the number of their teeth, connect the head of the screw with the hinder end of the mandrel." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Screw-Cutting

"A self-acting screw-cutting lathe with double-geared headstock, of a type now well established, the…

"The machine is in fact a lathe with a few special features, such as the hollow mandrel, which enables it to operate upon a bar of any length. Dies mounted on a modified form of slide-rest cut the thread to the full depth at a single traverse, and a simple arrangement enables nuts to be tapped with equal facility. In some other varieties of screwing machines, more particularly those intended for hand power only, the outward resemblance to the turning lathe is less apparent, but if their action is looked into it will be found that in them as in almost all machine tools it is the principle of the slide which is mainly conducive to their success." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Screwing Machine

"The machine is in fact a lathe with a few special features, such as the hollow mandrel, which enables…

"For work of moderate size shaping machines, which are more recent indroduction than either slotting or planning machines, both of which they resemble in theiraction, are in some respects more convenient. The slide which carries the tool is in their case horizontal, and its short but variable strokes are in a direction transverse to the bed, along which it can travel, just as a slide-rest travels along a lathe bed." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Shaping Machine

"For work of moderate size shaping machines, which are more recent indroduction than either slotting…

"Emery Shaping Machine." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Shaping Machine

"Emery Shaping Machine." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

A stamp mill facilitates the crushing of ore (in this case, gold ore) into very small grains, with many mechanical parts, including: the ore car, to carry ore from the mine to the Mill (a); the trestle, the tunnel from the mine to the mill that the ore car travels through (b); the grizzly (c); the crushing floor (d); the bin for crushed ore (e); the stamp, a vertical iron rod having a cast-iron or steel shoe, which, falling on the mortar block, crushes the ore (f); the mortar (g); and the apron plate (h).

Stamp Mill for Gold Ores (Sectional View)

A stamp mill facilitates the crushing of ore (in this case, gold ore) into very small grains, with many…

A lathe tool attachment for cutting a pulley in two or create grooves. The arm with the spinning tool extends to the wheel while it is spinning.

Pulley Cutting Tool

A lathe tool attachment for cutting a pulley in two or create grooves. The arm with the spinning tool…